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The FReeper Foxhole - Engineers in Korea - Three of them earned the Medal of Honor - Oct. 17th, 2005
see educational sources | Nov, 2002 | by Gary Turbak for VFW Magazine

Posted on 10/16/2005 10:47:48 PM PDT by snippy_about_it



Lord,

Keep our Troops forever in Your care

Give them victory over the enemy...

Grant them a safe and swift return...

Bless those who mourn the lost.
.

FReepers from the Foxhole join in prayer
for all those serving their country at this time.



...................................................................................... ...........................................

U.S. Military History, Current Events and Veterans Issues

Where Duty, Honor and Country
are acknowledged, affirmed and commemorated.

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The FReeper Foxhole is dedicated to Veterans of our Nation's military forces and to others who are affected in their relationships with Veterans.

In the FReeper Foxhole, Veterans or their family members should feel free to address their specific circumstances or whatever issues concern them in an atmosphere of peace, understanding, brotherhood and support.

The FReeper Foxhole hopes to share with it's readers an open forum where we can learn about and discuss military history, military news and other topics of concern or interest to our readers be they Veteran's, Current Duty or anyone interested in what we have to offer.

If the Foxhole makes someone appreciate, even a little, what others have sacrificed for us, then it has accomplished one of it's missions.

We hope the Foxhole in some small way helps us to remember and honor those who came before us.

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Engineers in Combat:




Combat Engineers are builders by trade, but in Korea they also served as infantrymen.
Three of them earned the Medal of Honor posthumously - Korean War


In Korea, one side or the other seemed always in forceful advance--or hasty retreat. Roads, bridges and other infrastructure that one day served an attacking U.S. Army might the next day merit destruction to slow a pursuing enemy. Building, demolition and rebuilding became daily routine, and invariably these tasks fell to the Army's combat engineers.



But these men were much more than contractors in uniform. Never far from their bulldozers and blasting caps were the rifles and grenades that might at any moment turn them from engineers into infantrymen. Over and over, combat conditions led engineers to fight bravely, hit the enemy hard and pay the ultimate price. No fewer than three engineers received the Medal of Honor for battlefield heroism.

Engineers in Korea had two main tasks--get American troops and materiel to where they were needed and frustrate similar enemy movements whenever possible. Combat engineers built roads through rice paddies and over mountain passes, often under extreme weather conditions and enemy fire.



"One road we built over a mountain took so much dynamite that we called it Demolition Drive," recalls Dan Teoro of the 2nd Engineers. They also constructed scores of bridges over the largest rivers in Korea--including five separate spannings of the Han and a 2,400-foot railroad-ready crossing of the Taedong.



More than once, engineers built roads and bridges to facilitate an American advance only to destroy those same structures later during a withdrawal. "It didn't always seem to make much sense, but that's what the Army needed" says Ray Miller of the 62nd Engineers.

In their "spare" time, the engineers built airstrips and training facilities, assisted with the landing at Inchon, created sewage and drainage systems, rehabilitated war-torn railroads and buildings, and set up water towers and POW camps. One engineering unit established a telephone exchange. Another built a 500-bed, 62-building hospital campus. Yet another constructed a Korean "Boys Town" for war orphans. And for Christmas 1953, engineers even built a nativity scene.

Ready to Fight

But these men were trained for combat as well as construction. "We were always ready to fight" says Teoro. "When a big bunch of Chinese would come in, the infantry needed all the help they could get."



In July 1950, the 2nd Engineers helped defend Yongsan, not far from Pusan. In August, the 14th Engineers fought as infantry on the Naktong River line. When the push north came in September, the 3rd Engineers were in the thick of the fighting. And so it went throughout the war--engineers building one moment and fighting the next.

In September 1950, Pfc. Melvin Brown (8th Engineers) showed just how good an engineer could be at fighting. Under attack by North Korean troops at Kasan, Brown found himself atop a 50-foot wall that protected the American position. With an automatic rifle, he raked the attackers with deadly accuracy. When his ammunition ran out, he lobbed grenades into the advancing enemy at the base of the wall, and when his own grenades were gone, other GIs began tossing him theirs.

With the grenade supply exhausted and the attackers still trying to come over the wall, Brown held his position, smashing each enemy in turn with a shovel as the attacker climbed to the top of the wall. Eventually, however, a shovel was no match for bullets, and Brown was killed.

Sometimes engineers served as the final rear guard, holding a road or bridge open in the face of advancing enemy while other GIs and artillery withdrew.

In July 1950, the 3rd Engineers were the last U.S. soldiers to cross the Kum River during the brief Allied defense of that line.

And in November, the 2nd Engineers held off attacking Chinese troops while elements of the U.S. 8th Army withdrew from the Pyongyang region of North Korea. Once the last American artillery units had passed safely southward, the engineers pulled out, too, but with tremendous casualties. When the battalion eventually regrouped, only 266 of its original 977 men remained.

Fighting Withdrawal

During another American withdrawal--from Taejon in July 1950--Sgt. George Libby (3rd Engineers) became the sole uninjured survivor of an enemy attack on a troop truck. Hailing a passing artillery tractor, Libby helped several wounded aboard.

Then, as this makeshift ambulance lumbered down the road--stopping repeatedly to load more wounded--he positioned himself between the driver and the intense enemy fire. Though wounded almost immediately, Libby continued to blaze away at the enemy as the vehicle broke through hostile roadblocks.

When multiple wounds made it impossible for him to fire any longer, he used his body to shield the driver. Eventually, the tractor and its precious cargo broke free of the enemy, but Libby later died from his wounds.

Cpl. Dan Schoonover was another hero engineer. In July 1953, Schoonover (13th Engineers) was in charge of a demolition squad working with an infantry company to dislodge the enemy from Pork Chop Hill. When hostile fire prevented his men from performing their engineering job, Schoonover led them, as a rifle squad, up the steep hill.

For the rest of that day and into the next, he made victory his personal goal, killing an untallied number of enemy with rifle, pistol, grenades and machine gun. Even when the infantry company was relieved, Schoonover remained on the hill to fight. He was eventually killed while mowing down attacking troops with an automatic rifle.

Brown, Libby and Schoonover all received the Medal of Honor--posthumously--for their bravery.

In all, engineering units in Korea suffered 2,706 battle casualties, including 850 battlefield deaths.



But even when the war ended, the engineers' work did not. In August 1954, the 84th Engineers sculpted two terraces on a hillside just north of the Imjin River, and in two weeks created a miniature city there. With great solemnity, the bodies of American war dead were brought to this lonely place and afforded the respect and dignity they deserved.


SEABEES IN ACTION



The Navy had its own version of combat engineers--the Seabees. Created during World War II, the Seabees became a potent force in Korea, too, as their strength grew from 3,300 to 14,000 men during the war. Although officially called "amphibious construction battalions," the Seabees operated wherever they were needed and quickly became known for their daring, can-do approach to solving problems.



Seabees saw their first Korean action in September 1950 at Inchon, where they succeeded in building a flexible, floating causeway from ship to shore--despite heavy enemy fire, swift currents and 30-foot tides.

Then, with American troops and materiel bottlenecked at the port, a handful of Seabees sneaked through enemy lines. They commandeered a pair of locomotives abandoned by the North Koreans and triumphantly braved enemy fire to deliver the engines to the Army for moving men and supplies inland.



Another Seabee specialty was airfield construction and repair. In 1952, waves of Navy planes daily attacked targets inland from the North Korean port of Wonsan. Many of the aircraft took hits, often forcing the pilots to choose between ditching at sea or landing in enemy territory.



In 16 days, the Seabees built an emergency airstrip on Yo Do Island in Wonsan Harbor, under the very nose--and pounding fire--of the enemy. Within hours after the 2,400-foot runway was complete, seven U.S. planes had made emergency landings.




FReeper Foxhole Armed Services Links




TOPICS: VetsCoR
KEYWORDS: engineers; freeperfoxhole; history; koreanwar; moh; samsdayoff; usarmy; usnavy; veterans
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PFC Brown, Melvin L. Army
Medal of Honor

PRIVATE FIRST CLASS MELVIN L. BROWN



Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company D, 8th Engineer Combat Battalion. Place and date: Near Kasan, Korea, 4 September 1950. Entered service at: Erie, Pa. Birth: Mahaffey, Pa. G.O. No.: 11, 16 February 1951.

Citation. Pfc. Brown, Company D distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. While his platoon was securing Hill 755 (the Walled City), the enemy, using heavy automatic weapons and small arms, counterattacked. Taking a position on a 50-foot-high wall he delivered heavy rifle fire on the enemy. His ammunition was soon expended and although wounded, he remained at his post and threw his few grenades into the attackers causing many casualties. When his supply of grenades was exhausted his comrades from nearby foxholes tossed others to him and he left his position, braving a hail of fire, to retrieve and throw them at the enemy. The attackers continued to assault his position and Pfc. Brown weaponless, drew his entrenching tool from his pack and calmly waited until they 1 by 1 peered over the wall, delivering each a crushing blow upon the head. Knocking 10 or 12 enemy from the wall, his daring action so inspired his platoon that they repelled the attack and held their position. Pfc. Brown's extraordinary heroism, gallantry, and intrepidity reflect the highest credit upon himself and was in keeping with the honored traditions of the military service. Reportedly missing in action and officially killed in action, September 5, 1950.

Awarded Posthumously




Sergeant Libby, George D. Army
Medal of Honor

SERGEANT GEORGE D. LIBBY



Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 3d Engineer Combat Battalion, 24th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Taejon, Korea, 20 July 1950. Entered service at: Waterbury, Conn. Birth: Bridgton, Maine. G.O. No.: 62, 2 August 1951.

Citation: Sgt. Libby distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action. While breaking through an enemy encirclement, the vehicle in which he was riding approached an enemy roadblock and encountered devastating fire which disabled the truck, killing or wounding all the passengers except Sgt. Libby. Taking cover in a ditch Sgt. Libby engaged the enemy and despite the heavy fire crossed the road twice to administer aid to his wounded comrades. He then hailed a passing M-5 artillery tractor and helped the wounded aboard. The enemy directed intense small-arms fire at the driver, and Sgt. Libby, realizing that no one else could operate the vehicle, placed himself between the driver and the enemy thereby shielding him while he returned the fire. During this action he received several wounds in the arms and body. Continuing through the town the tractor made frequent stops and Sgt. Libby helped more wounded aboard. Refusing first aid, he continued to shield the driver and return the fire of the enemy when another roadblock was encountered. Sgt. Libby received additional wounds but held his position until he lost consciousness. Sgt. Libby's sustained, heroic actions enabled his comrades to reach friendly lines. His dauntless courage and gallant self-sacrifice reflect the highest credit upon himself and uphold the esteemed traditions of the U.S. Army.

Awarded Posthumously






Corporal Schoonover, Dan D. Army
Medal of Honor

CORPORAL DAN D. SCHOONOVER



Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company A, 13th Engineer Combat Battalion, 7th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Sokkogae, Korea, 8 to 10 July 1953. Entered service at: Boise, Idaho. Born: 8 October 1933, Boise, Idaho. G.O. No.: 5, 14 January 1955.

Citation: Cpl. Schoonover, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. He was in charge of an engineer demolition squad attached to an infantry company which was committed to dislodge the enemy from a vital hill. Realizing that the heavy fighting and intense enemy fire made it impossible to carry out his mission, he voluntarily employed his unit as a rifle squad and, forging up the steep barren slope, participated in the assault on hostile positions. When an artillery round exploded on the roof of an enemy bunker, he courageously ran forward and leaped into the position, killing 1 hostile infantryman and taking another prisoner. Later in the action, when friendly forces were pinned down by vicious fire from another enemy bunker, he dashed through the hail of fire, hurled grenades in the nearest aperture, then ran to the doorway and emptied his pistol, killing the remainder of the enemy. His brave action neutralized the position and enabled friendly troops to continue their advance to the crest of the hill. When the enemy counterattacked he constantly exposed himself to the heavy bombardment to direct the fire of his men and to call in an effective artillery barrage on hostile forces. Although the company was relieved early the following morning, he voluntarily remained in the area, manned a machine gun for several hours, and subsequently joined another assault on enemy emplacements. When last seen he was operating an automatic rifle with devastating effect until mortally wounded by artillery fire. Cpl. Schoonover's heroic leadership during 2 days of heavy fighting, superb personal bravery, and willing self-sacrifice inspired his comrades and saved many lives, reflecting lasting glory upon himself and upholding the honored traditions of the military service.

Awarded Posthumously





Today's Educational Sources and suggestions for further reading:

www.vfw.org/
www.army.mil/cmh-pg/


1 posted on 10/16/2005 10:47:55 PM PDT by snippy_about_it
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To: alfa6; Allen H; Colonial Warrior; texianyankee; vox_PL; Bigturbowski; ruoflaw; Bombardier; ...



"FALL IN" to the FReeper Foxhole!



Good Monday Morning Everyone.

If you want to be added to our occasional ping list, let us know.


2 posted on 10/16/2005 10:49:54 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: All

Looks like not posting has made me kind of rusty. Sorry for the error of the MOH medal not showing and for using the 20th's Engineer Brigade unit patch when none of these guys was in the 20th.

I'm going back into retirement!


3 posted on 10/16/2005 10:55:11 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
I'm going back into retirement!

Nein. Es ist verboten.

4 posted on 10/16/2005 11:26:13 PM PDT by PAR35
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To: snippy_about_it

SEMI-retirement is both acceptable and well-earned.

NOBODY is ever truly "retired" until they're dead.

Your birdstore couldn't yet withstand your demise, nor can we Foxholers. There's also your partner in birdcrime to consider!

I'm TRYING to say that I and many others are grateful for, and appreciate, all the work you have done, and are doing , for this little corner of FR, history, and the wealth of information dispersed by this (these) thread(s)

Thank you from the bottom of my heart for showing just how minor and insignificant my worries really are.


5 posted on 10/17/2005 12:23:45 AM PDT by Don W (Stress is when you wake up screaming, and then you realize you haven't fallen asleep yet.)
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To: Don W

My reply was delayed (for 4 minutes) for no reason *I* can think of, so here's what I sent to the admin mod and Jimrob.

It's one thing to monitor comments to potentially controversial threads by newbies, or even threads BY newbies and the comments derived therefrom.

However, I am somewhat affronted by the unwarranted delay in *allowing* my thanks to "snip" (my personal nick for her).

Perhaps this may be related to my attempt earlier today at responding to (and factually refuting ALL) the arguments of an attempted troll (PRE-ZOT, the thread lasted less than the time it took to refute his 3000+ word essay, which I had well in hand, and the dismissal was far better constructed than his ATTACK on everything that makes our society great).

The fact remains that my mere thank-you note HAD TO BE VETTED by one of the moderators in order to be posted.

I am truly disappointed in you. I thought that a longtime supporting member and hardcore conservative (though I AM Canadian) could post with MINIMAL interference by "the powers that be".

I was merely trying to THANK "snippy_about_it" for her hard work and dedication in research, collation, amalgamation and presentation of the "Freeper Foxhole" threads.


6 posted on 10/17/2005 1:06:11 AM PDT by Don W (Stress is when you wake up screaming, and then you realize you haven't fallen asleep yet.)
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To: Don W
No one delays your posts. Our database and web processing systems are distributed over several servers. We also have server side caching running in an attempt to get maximum use of our available bandwidth and other resources. This usually works great and our system is able to handle thousands of requests per second. However, occasionally logjams form in the processing que and one server or more may get ahead or behind the others. I've seen lagtimes of a few seconds to sometimes a minute or so. I suppose in extreme cases it can go four minutes, but I doubt that would happen very often.

No we do not place ourselves between you and the servers. Your posts are untouched by human hands or eyes until they hit the pages.
7 posted on 10/17/2005 1:25:09 AM PDT by Jim Robinson
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To: Jim Robinson

I really AM having a bad day. I'll STFU now. DANG it's annoying when stuff hits the fan....


8 posted on 10/17/2005 1:38:28 AM PDT by Don W (Stress is when you wake up screaming, and then you realize you haven't fallen asleep yet.)
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To: snippy_about_it
Combat Engineers are an elite group within all armies to my knowledge.

The memory of our three lads, so gallant and brave, so willing to do their whole duty and more when needed should be held in our hearts forever.

SAM mentioned Combat Engineers blowing bridges far behind enemy lines during the Ardennes Offensive, the Bulge. A most excellent story that must be, a story with which I am unfamiliar. To my chagrin.

The last image before the beginning of the SeaBee section is of a Cav fellow removing the detonators from anti-tank mines based on a British design. Got some pictures somewhere, where I don't know! I don't think they are actual British mines because they seem too big. Very possible they are Russian take-offs on the British units.

The can contains jellied nitroglycerin and the detonator slips under the raised flat plate on the top of the can (as our guy is holding the mine). The detonator in the picture seems to be a conventional wired blasting cap. There was a special crushing fired detonator used in WWII made of glass tubing with sealed ends and containing sulfuric acid with the whole thing wrapped and soldered into lead foil. When the glass was broken sulfuric acid escaped and ignited a pellet of stuff like the white tip of kitchen matches, then black powder, and then mercury fulminate.

The British would lay them by the truckload in front of their barbed wire going out for hundreds of yards within hours of occuping the postion. Americans scoffed but this system worked very well. The mine was designed to blow the track off of a tank and was very rarely buried.

9 posted on 10/17/2005 1:44:24 AM PDT by Iris7 ("Let me go to the house of the Father.")
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To: snippy_about_it
Good morning, Snippy and everyone at the Freeper Foxhole.

((HUGS))

10 posted on 10/17/2005 3:02:27 AM PDT by E.G.C.
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; All

snippy's back, if only for the moment :-)

Off to work I go, have a maint. shutdown the nest few days, busy, busy.

Regards

alfa6 ;>}

11 posted on 10/17/2005 3:16:37 AM PDT by alfa6 (Work....the curse of the drinking class.)
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To: snippy_about_it

Good morning Snippy, Sam and every one.


12 posted on 10/17/2005 3:53:22 AM PDT by GailA (Glory be to GOD and his only son Jesus.)
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To: snippy_about_it; alfa6; SAMWolf; All

Good Monday morning. Good to see you guys again.

Thanks for the thread.


13 posted on 10/17/2005 4:45:24 AM PDT by texianyankee
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To: snippy_about_it; bentfeather; Samwise; Peanut Gallery; Wneighbor; Valin; alfa6; Iris7; SAMWolf; ...
good morning ladies. Flag-o-Gram.


14 posted on 10/17/2005 6:10:53 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Yes, the world does revolve around us. We picked the coordinate system.)
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To: snippy_about_it

October 17, 2005

Beware Of A Judgmental Spirit!

Read:
Matthew 7:1-5

Judge not, that you be not judged. —Matthew 7:1

Bible In One Year: Matthew 8-11

cover A young married man began going to a pornography store. When his parents learned of this, they gently and tactfully confronted him, but made no accusations. The son responded with anger and said that he saw no harm in what he was doing. He accused his parents of being judgmental. With broken hearts they had to stand by and watch him as he left his wife and family, lost his job, and eventually ruined his life.

Many people today would say that his parents had no right to imply that he was doing wrong. They may even quote Jesus' words: "Judge not, that you be not judged" (Matthew 7:1).

But the Bible makes it clear that we are responsible to humbly confront fellow believers when we see them caught in sin (Galatians 6:1-2). These parents were lovingly doing just that.

Jesus wasn't saying we shouldn't confront sin. He was saying we must be very careful in making judgments. Paul wrote that love thinks no evil (1 Corinthians 13:5). We must give others the benefit of the doubt, recognizing our own limitations. And we must reject any feeling of spiritual superiority, lest we also fall into sin.

Confronting someone is a serious responsibility. Exercise it carefully, and always beware of judging. —Herb Vander Lugt

Your Word instructs us not to judge;
So, Lord, we humbly pray,
"Restrain our lips when we would speak
The things we should not say." —D. De Haan

Judge yourself before you judge another.

FOR FURTHER STUDY
When We Love Too Much

15 posted on 10/17/2005 6:23:24 AM PDT by The Mayor ( Pray as if everything depends on God; work as if everything depends on you.)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; Professional Engineer; alfa6; Valin; The Mayor; PhilDragoo; radu; ...

Good morning, FOXHOLE!

16 posted on 10/17/2005 6:44:33 AM PDT by Soaring Feather (If down is up, is up, down. Feathers in the wind.)
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To: snippy_about_it

I'm in.

Didn't the Seabees or Army Corps of Engineers use the capsized hull of a freighter as a jetty and built a dock on it someplace?


17 posted on 10/17/2005 6:57:53 AM PDT by Darksheare (Cellphones, the Wholly Roamin' Empire.)
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To: Professional Engineer

Howdy, PE. Thanks for the Flag-o-gram.

What's Bittygirl been up to??


18 posted on 10/17/2005 7:04:49 AM PDT by Soaring Feather (If down is up, is up, down. Feathers in the wind.)
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To: snippy_about_it

On This Day In History


Birthdates which occurred on October 17:
1711 Jupiter Hammon 1st American black to publish poetry (Complete Works)
1817 Samuel Ringgold Ward Maryland, minister/abolitionist/author
1848 William "Candy" Cummings created the curve ball
1886 Spring Byington Colo Springs, actress (Lily Ruskin-December Bride)
1903 Irene Ryan El Paso Texas, actress (Granny-Beverly Hillbillies)
1903 Jerry Colonna Boston Mass, comedian (Bob Hope USO shows. Jerry Colonna Show)
1912 John Paul I 263rd Roman Catholic pope (1978)
1915 Arthur Miller playwright (Death of a Salesman, The Crucible)
1919 Rita Hayworth NY (Alzheimer victim), actress (Gilda, Pal Joey)
1920 Montgomery Clift actor (From Here to Eternity)
1921 Maria Gorokhovskaya USSR, gymnast (Olympic-gold-1952)
1921 Tom Poston Columbus Ohio, actor (Steve Allen Show, Newhart)
1926 Karl G Henize Cincinnati Ohio, astronaut (STS 51F)
1928 James "Junior" Gilliam Dodgers (NL rookie of year 1953)
1930 Jimmy Breslin Queens NYC, columnist (NY Post, News, Newsday)
1933 William A Anders Hong Kong, Maj Gen, USAF/astronaut (Apollo 8)
1934 Jeannine Decker and known as Soeur Sourire (The Singing Nun)
1938 Robert "Evel" Knievel motorcycle daredevil
1942 Gary Puckett vocalist (& the Union Gap-Woman Woman, Young Girl)
1946 Bob Seagren Pomona Calif, actor (Soap)/pole vaulter (Olympic-gold-68)
1947 Michael McKean NYC, actor (Lenny-Laverne & Shirley)
1948 George Wendt Chicago Ill, actor (NORM!-Cheers)
1948 Margot Kidder Yellowknife, actress (Lois Lane, Amityville Horror)
1956 Mae C Jemison Decatur Alabama, MD/astronaut (Sked:STS 47)
1959 Dolph Lundgren actor(?) (Rocky 4, Masters of the Universe)



Deaths which occurred on October 17:
0532 Boniface II, 1st "German" Pope, dies
1740 Anna Ivanova Romanova empress of Russia (1730-40), dies at 47
1806 Jean Jacques Dessalines Emperor of Haiti, dies
1887 Gustav Kirchoff discoverer of the laws of spectroscopy, dies
1910 Julia Ward Howe composer (Battle Hymn of the Republic), dies at 91
1944 Hans Krasa, Czech-Jewish composer, died at Auschwitz
1984 Alberta Hunter US blues singer/composer, dies at 89
1990 Ralph Abernathy civil rights leader, dies
1993 Frank J Del Giudice US industrial designer (Boeing 747), dies at 77
1994 Dmitri Cholodov Russian journalist, murdered at 27


Take A Moment To Remember
GWOT Casualties

Iraq
17-Oct-2003 1 | US: 1 | UK: 0 | Other: 0
US Specialist Michael L. Williams Baghdad Hostile - hostile fire - IED attack



Afghanistan
A GOOD DAY


http://icasualties.org/oif/
Data research by Pat Kneisler
Designed and maintained by Michael White
//////////
Go here and I'll stop nagging.
http://soldiersangels.org/heroes/index.php


On this day...
0532 Boniface II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1244 The Sixth Crusade ends when an Egyptian-Khwarismian force almost annihilates the Frankish army at Gaza
1415 Jewish autonomy in Palestine ends, as Raban Gamliel leaves office
1483 The Reverend Tomas de Torquemada, OP, appointed inquisitor-general of Spain
1492 Columbus sights isle of San Salvador (Watling Island, Bahamas)
1691 New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth

1777 British General John Burgoyne surrenderes over 5,000 British and Hessian troops to American troops in Saratoga, N.Y., a turning point of the Revolutionary War.

1781 Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown

1787 Boston blacks, petition legislature for equal school facilities
1806 Napoleon Bonaparte arrives at the island of St. Helena in the South Atlantic, where he has been banished by the Allies.
1808 Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
1829 Delaware River & Chesapeake Bay Canal formally opened
1835 The first resolution formally creating the Texas Rangers is approved
1850 Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
1855 Bessemer steelmaking process patented
1860 1st pro golf tournament held (Scotland) (Willie Park wins)
1862 Battle of Leetown & Thoroughfare Gap, VA
1868 Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes into effect
1871 President Grant suspends writ of habeas corpus
1894 Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man
1904 Bank of Italy (Bank of America) opens its doors
1906 Wilhelm Voigt, a 57-year-old German shoemaker, impersonates an army officer and leads an entire squad of soldiers to help him steal 4,000 marks.
1918 Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
1919 Radio Corporation of America (RCA) created
1920 Chicago Bears (as Decatur Staleys) play 1st NFL game, win 7-0
1931 Al Capone convicted of tax evasion, sentenced to 11 years in prison
1933 Albert Einstein arrives in the US, a refugee from Nazi Germany
1934 "The Aldrich Family" premieres on radio
1941 1st US destroyer (Kearney) torpedoed off Iceland
1941 Gen’l. Hideki Toho (1885-1948) became Premier and Minister of War in Japan.
1943 British Liberators sank U-540 and U-631
1945 Juan Per¢n becomes dictator of Argentina
1956 England's 1st large scale nuclear power station opens
1957 French author Albert Camus awarded Nobel Prize in Literature
1959 Queen Elizabeth is fined $140 for withdrawing her race horse
1961 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 33,100 m
1961 Battle of Paris -- police kill 210 Algerians who were protesting against police oppression and the curfew imposed against their community in Paris.
1961 NY Museum of Modern Art hung Henri Matisse's "Le Bateau" upside-down, It wasn't corrected until December 3rd
1964 Yanks fire Manager Yogi Berra
1967 Memorial service for Brian Epstein at New London Synagogue
1967 Pete Knight in X-15 reaches 85 km
1967 The play "Hair" is 1st performed
1969 Soyuz 7 returns to Earth
1973 5-mo oil embargo by Arab states against US & Netherlands begins
1974 NBA New Orleans Jazz begin a 28 game road losing streak
1974 Oakland A's beat LA Dodgers, 4 games to 1 in 71st World Series, makes A's the only team other than Yanks to win 3 straight series
1975 UN passes resolution saying "Zionism is a form of racism"
1975 1st Space Shuttle main engine test at Natl Space Tech Labs, Miss
1977 Canada begins regular live TV coverage of Parliament
1977 West German commandos storm hijacked Lufthansa in Mogadishu, Somalia freeing all 86 hostages & killing 3 of the 4 hijackers
1978 NY Yankees beat Dodgers, 4 games to 2 in 75th World Series
1978 Pres Carter signs bill restoring Jefferson Davis citizenship
1978 Yanks win 22nd World Championship capping their great comeback year
1979 D Bautista of Mexico completes 20,000 m walk in record 1:20:06.8

1979 Mother Teresa of India, awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

1979 Pitts Pirates beat Balt Orioles, 4 games to 3 in 76th World Series
1986 US Senate approved immigration bill prohibiting hiring of illegal aliens & offered amnesty to illegals who entered prior to 1982
1987 1st lady Nancy Reagan undergoes a modified radical mastectomy
1987 1st World Series game in a covered stadium (Minnesota Metrodome) (World Series #84)
1988 Lyndon LaRouche pleads innocent to fraud, conspiracy indictment(It's all a plot)
1988 Phillip Morris announces $11 Billion tender offer for Kraft
1988 Rockin Robin beats "Sensational" Sherri Martel for WWF women's title
1988 Traveling Wilbury's 1st release "Handle With Care"
1989 Earthquake in SF (6.9) cancels 3rd game of 86th World Series - kills 67
1994 Israel and Jordan initial a draft peace treaty.
2001 Researchers at Lucent’s Bell Labs reported the development of a tiny new transistor made of a simple cluster of organic molecules
2003 A new family of frogs is discovered in western India. The purple, burrowing frog family, named Nasikabatrachus sahydrensis, appeared to date back some 200 million years
2004 Jordan's military prosecutor indict Abu Musab al-Zarqawi,


Holidays
Note: Some Holidays are only applicable on a given "day of the week"

Haiti : Dessalines Day (1806)
Malawi : Mother's Day
Gourmet Coffee Week (Day 3)
National Shampoo Week (Day 2)
Co-op Awareness Month.
Getting the World to Beat a Path to Your Door Week (Day 2)
National Wear Something Gaudy Day
National Applejack Month!!
National Sarcastics' Awareness Month


Religious Observances
Anglican : St Ethelred's Day
RC : St Hedwig
Ang, RC, Luth : Memorial of Ignatius, bishop of Antioch, martyr
Old Catholic : Feast of St Margaret Mary Alacoque (now 10/16)


Religious History
1483 Pope Sixtus IV launched the Spanish Inquisition, placing it under joint direction of the Church and state. Tomas de Torquemada, 63, was appointed Grand Inquisitor in charge of removing Jews and Muslims from Spain.
1582 Birth of German scholar Johann Gerhard, most influential of the 17th century Lutheran theologians. His writings attained a European circulation second only to the Bible and Thomas a Kempis' "Imitation of Christ."
1651 French scientist Blaise Pascal wrote in a letter: 'Jesus Christ suffered and died to sanctify death and suffering; he has been all that was great, and all that was abject, in order to sanctify in himself all things except sin, and to be the model of every condition.'
1792 Birth of John Bowring, English statesman, linguist, merchant, theologian and author of the hymn, "In the Cross of Christ I Glory."
1812 In Washington Co., PA, the first of seven eventual conferences convened, leading ultimately to the founding in 1836 of the Evangelical Lutheran Joint Synod of Ohio and Other States.

Source: William D. Blake. ALMANAC OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH. Minneapolis: Bethany House, 1987.


Bulgarian is Europe's top Chessboxer

A Bulgarian has become the first ever European Heavyweight Chessboxing Champion.
Tihomir 'Tiger' Titschko walked off with the title at the Chessboxing Championships in Germany.
The WCBO (World Chess Boxing Organisation) organised the event where so-called chessboxers went through interchanging four-minute-rounds of chess and two-minute boxing rounds.

According to the rules, in a maximum of eleven rounds, a K.O. or checkmate can lead to an early victory.
Titschko, 26, weighing 14 stone, won the title after beating German champion Andreas 'Doomsday' Schneider with a check-mate following a dragon-variation of the Sizilian opening in the ninth round.

A spokesperson for the World Chess Boxing Organisation said: "The basic idea in chessboxing is to combine the no.1 thinking sport and the no.1 fighting sport into a hybrid that demands the most of its competitors - both mentally and physically."



Thought for the day :
"Everybody likes a kidder, but nobody lends him money."
Arthur Miller


19 posted on 10/17/2005 7:43:45 AM PDT by Valin (The right to do something does not mean that doing it is right.)
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To: snippy_about_it
Sorry for the error of the MOH medal not showing and for using the 20th's Engineer Brigade unit patch when none of these guys was in the 20th.

Hey! What's wrong with the 20th!!



"ESSAYONS"

20 posted on 10/17/2005 8:15:46 AM PDT by SAMWolf (The cost of feathers has risen, now even down is up)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf
Morning Glory~

Excellent read and another topic that could only be learned in the Foxhole.

God bless . . .

21 posted on 10/17/2005 8:17:38 AM PDT by w_over_w (GO ASTROS!!! Make it to the big one . . . this time?)
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To: Iris7

If you get a chance, read "Those Damned Engineers". HArd book to find.

As long as there have been armies, engineers have provided critical support with both construction and demolition.

Beside the Dead Sea in Israel, one can still climb to the mountain redoubt of Masada, where Jewish Zealots made their last stand against Rome in AD 73, and when their fortress was at last breached, chose death over surrender. The fortress still stands as an Israeli monument to the spirit of its defenders.

Alongside the mountain stands another monument in the form of an earthen ramp built by engineers of Roman Legio X--with the help of thousands of laboring prisoners--to allow siege equipment and troops to reach the heights and breach the walls. From the Romans' perspective, the suicide pact at Masada was of secondary importance to their demonstrating to all within the empire that nobody who challenged Rome would escape reprisal. On a more universal military note, the ramp and the remains of the Roman camps beside Masada are among the oldest monuments to a branch of service that has often made the difference between victory and defeat--the engineers.

This issue of Military History includes two articles that deal with engineers. The "Weaponry" department gives a thumbnail history of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, which has left behind a few lasting legacies of its own, including the Alcan Highway and the Panama Canal. The interview focuses on their U.S. Navy cousins, the construction battalions--which my father and a good many other Seabee veterans will undoubtedly greet with cries of "It's about time!"

When Paul Guttman enlisted in the Navy in 1942, the recruiter spoke glowingly of a newly formed elite unit called the Seabees. "That sounds great," Dad said. "What do they do?"

The recruiter hadn't the foggiest idea. "But they're the Seabees," he insisted, as if the very name should speak for them. Hardly the first or last recruit to succumb to a good song and dance, Dad signed up. During the next two years, he saw the Seabees perform feats throughout the Pacific that would ensure that in the future, their very name would speak for them.

"At Camp Bradford, the amphibious Marine base at Little Creek, Va., I took my training," Dad recalled, "and I was in an eight-man tent." There were also Marines at the base, mostly teenagers, their heads shaved nearly bald, and they referred to Guttman--then 22 years old--as the "Old Man." Most of the Seabees, in contrast, were men of the world, at least five years Dad's senior. "Some were in their 50s or even 60s," he recalled, "and these guys all called me 'Kid.'"

Trained as a camouflage specialist, Dad entered combat with the 59th Construction Battalion, but by early 1944 he had taken on a new task as a combat photographer. Whenever he was assigned to an island, however, Dad sought out the Seabees. "If I wanted a good night's sleep or a good meal or a shower or some booze, they were the guys to hook up with. They were the greatest dog-robbers in the world. They'd rig a windmill to work a pump to provide hot and cold running water. They'd steal inner tubes from trucks, cut them into strips and stretch them across a framework to make a pretty good mattress. There was always someone from West Virginia who knew how to build a still--practically anything that fermented would go into it."

Beside those prosaic accomplishments, the Seabees left behind monuments throughout the Pacific in the form of bases, installations and airfields, including the mammoth Boeing B-29 air base on Tinian. They could also fight when they had to--and their underwater demolition teams, which saved many a Marine landing from slaughter by eliminating countless beach obstacles, later evolved into the sea-air-land or "Seal" teams of today.

As for the Seabees' U.S. Army engineer colleagues' ability to be destructive as well as creative, arguably the best testimonial came during the Battle of the Bulge on December 18, 1944, when German SS Lt. Col. Joachim Peiper's armored spearhead closed on Trois-Ponts, only to see its bridges--and his hopes of driving on to Liège and Antwerp--blow up in his face one by one. Peiper was heard to mutter, "Those damned engineers!" The 291st Combat Engineer Battalion, to be exact.

Add their names, and many more, to the men who built the castles and forts, and the sappers who devised ways to penetrate them. From the Persians who laid a pontoon bridge across the Hellespont for King Xerxes, to the Viet Cong who dug their underground tunnel complex right under the U.S. base at Cu Chi; from Sebastien le Prestre de Vauban to Thaddeusz Kosciuszko to Captain Robert E. Lee (during the Mexican War in 1847), engineers have played a role in warfare that is too often taken for granted by other fighting men, who might often have quipped, like wartime cartoonist Bill Mauldin's Willie and Joe: "Yer lucky--yer learnin' a trade."


22 posted on 10/17/2005 8:27:17 AM PDT by SAMWolf (The cost of feathers has risen, now even down is up)
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To: Darksheare

IIRC, The hull of one of the battleships sunk at Pearl Harbor was used to build a dock.


23 posted on 10/17/2005 8:29:15 AM PDT by SAMWolf (The cost of feathers has risen, now even down is up)
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To: PAR35

:-)


24 posted on 10/17/2005 8:35:30 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Don W

Thank you Don W. You are very sweet and kind.


25 posted on 10/17/2005 8:36:17 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Don W
I was merely trying to THANK "snippy_about_it"

Well you don't have to get snippy about it! LOL. You poor thing. I wake up like this lots of mornings. Grrrr.

26 posted on 10/17/2005 8:38:06 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Iris7

Good morning Iris. Trying to get any job done while trying to stay alive in a war zone has got to be tough.


27 posted on 10/17/2005 8:41:24 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: E.G.C.

Good morning EGC.


28 posted on 10/17/2005 8:41:57 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: alfa6

Thanks alfa6. I've got to head out of here too. I'll check back in when I get to work.


29 posted on 10/17/2005 8:42:34 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf
Good morning, folks.

We took our dog out to the lake yesterday. He had a great time. He really loves the water.

We've had to take him off of the bones last week. He'd been having problems digesting some food. Vets recmommend not giving dogs bones.

Weather's been nice here. Storms in the forecast for later this week.

30 posted on 10/17/2005 9:02:06 AM PDT by E.G.C.
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To: SAMWolf

This issue of Military History includes two articles that deal with engineers. The "Weaponry" department gives a thumbnail history of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

The latest issue?


31 posted on 10/17/2005 9:22:23 AM PDT by Valin (The right to do something does not mean that doing it is right.)
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To: SAMWolf

In some book somewhere in my dusty collection of tomes, there is a pic from the Korean War where either the Seabees or Army Corps of Engineers used a 'sunk previously' freighter as a harbor expedient jetty to build on.
Now I just have to find the book!

Also has pics of pilots whose helmets barely stopped rifle rounds (Mustang pilots in Korea early on, double layer K-Pot style helmet) and one guy stuck a cleaning rod straight through the holes.


32 posted on 10/17/2005 9:43:56 AM PDT by Darksheare (Cellphones, the Wholly Roamin' Empire.)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; alfa6; Peanut Gallery
We spent the weekend at Msdrby's mom's place. I had known both Msdrby's dad and grandad were degreed Electrical Engineers. Msdrby's dad spent the largest part of his career at Bell Helicopter. Her grandad did all kinds of things including owning several business (Philco repair) and time in uniform.

Going through a photo album, I discovered he had been in Korea during that war. His uniform colar had LT bars and one of these:

After that Msdrby pulled a display case out of the closet which had a bunch of pins, devices etc. all surrounding one of these:

I'm sensing some interesting family history here. ;-)

33 posted on 10/17/2005 10:04:44 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Yes, the world does revolve around us. We picked the coordinate system.)
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To: bentfeather

hi miss Feather

Bittygirl has been up to about 100.5. She has some kind of cold or virus. ;-(


34 posted on 10/17/2005 10:08:13 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Yes, the world does revolve around us. We picked the coordinate system.)
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To: GailA

Good morning Gail. How's the dating going?


35 posted on 10/17/2005 10:08:44 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Professional Engineer

Oh shoot, so sorry!!

HUGS to Bittygirl.


36 posted on 10/17/2005 10:09:09 AM PDT by Soaring Feather (If down is up, is up, down. Feathers in the wind.)
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To: texianyankee

Good morning tex. You're welcome.


37 posted on 10/17/2005 10:09:51 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: bentfeather

Oops I sent too fast.

Yesterday BG fell asleep during breakfast. She was eating freedom toast with syrup. When I woke her up, her cheek and hair was stuck to the plate. She was less than happy.


38 posted on 10/17/2005 10:10:36 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Yes, the world does revolve around us. We picked the coordinate system.)
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To: The Mayor

Thank you Mayor.


39 posted on 10/17/2005 10:10:49 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Professional Engineer

Ewwwwwwwwww, poor tiker. She has my sympathy.


40 posted on 10/17/2005 10:12:59 AM PDT by Soaring Feather (If down is up, is up, down. Feathers in the wind.)
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To: Valin
1919 Rita Hayworth NY (Alzheimer victim), actress (Gilda, Pal Joey)

SpankenTruppen Recruit of the Century.


41 posted on 10/17/2005 10:13:17 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Yes, the world does revolve around us. We picked the coordinate system.)
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To: Professional Engineer

Way cool about msdrby's family.


42 posted on 10/17/2005 10:13:44 AM PDT by Soaring Feather (If down is up, is up, down. Feathers in the wind.)
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To: Valin
1777 British General John Burgoyne surrenderes over 5,000 British and Hessian troops to American troops in Saratoga, N.Y., a turning point of the Revolutionary War.

1781 Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown

Dead old guy bump!

43 posted on 10/17/2005 10:16:02 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Yes, the world does revolve around us. We picked the coordinate system.)
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To: Darksheare

Sounds like something they would do. Can't think of anything specific.

Good morning.


44 posted on 10/17/2005 10:18:18 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Valin
1967 The play "Hair" is 1st performed

I'm still waiting for the first performance of "Beard!".

45 posted on 10/17/2005 10:18:34 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Yes, the world does revolve around us. We picked the coordinate system.)
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To: bentfeather

Good morning feather.


46 posted on 10/17/2005 10:19:09 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it

Hi snippy, how's it going today??

Cold and damp here. Ugh. Typical weather for the East Coast.


47 posted on 10/17/2005 10:21:18 AM PDT by Soaring Feather (If down is up, is up, down. Feathers in the wind.)
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To: SAMWolf
Hey! What's wrong with the 20th!!

LOL. I expect it's your fault anyway that I found the patch so familiar that I posted it.

48 posted on 10/17/2005 10:21:49 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Valin

Thanks for the history Valin. We look forward to it everyday. You know we are open 7 days a week but Monday still feels like Monday. Argggh.


49 posted on 10/17/2005 10:23:00 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: w_over_w

xoxoxo


50 posted on 10/17/2005 10:23:23 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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