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The FReeper Foxhole Profiles The Assassination of Lincoln and the Accused - October 5th, 2003
educational resources listed ^

Posted on 10/05/2003 3:49:54 AM PDT by snippy_about_it



Lord,

Keep our Troops forever in Your care

Give them victory over the enemy...

Grant them a safe and swift return...

Bless those who mourn the lost.
.

FReepers from the Foxhole join in prayer
for all those serving their country at this time.



...................................................................................... ...........................................

U.S. Military History, Current Events and Veterans Issues

Where Duty, Honor and Country
are acknowledged, affirmed and commemorated.

Our Mission:

The FReeper Foxhole is dedicated to Veterans of our Nation's military forces and to others who are affected in their relationships with Veterans.

In the FReeper Foxhole, Veterans or their family members should feel free to address their specific circumstances or whatever issues concern them in an atmosphere of peace, understanding, brotherhood and support.

The FReeper Foxhole hopes to share with it's readers an open forum where we can learn about and discuss military history, military news and other topics of concern or interest to our readers be they Veteran's, Current Duty or anyone interested in what we have to offer.

If the Foxhole makes someone appreciate, even a little, what others have sacrificed for us, then it has accomplished one of it's missions.

We hope the Foxhole in some small way helps us to remember and honor those who came before us.

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Assassination of President Lincoln

And the Accused



On the evening of April 14, 1865, while attending a special performance of the comedy, "Our American Cousin," President Abraham Lincoln was shot. Accompanying him at Ford's Theater that night were his wife, Mary Todd Lincoln, a twenty-eight year-old officer named Major Henry R. Rathbone, and Rathbone's fiancee, Clara Harris. After the play was in progress, a figure with a drawn derringer pistol stepped into the presidential box, aimed, and fired. The president slumped forward.



The assassin, John Wilkes Booth, dropped the pistol and waved a dagger. Rathbone lunged at him, and though slashed in the arm, forced the killer to the railing. Booth leapt from the balcony and caught the spur of his left boot on a flag draped over the rail, and shattered a bone in his leg on landing. Though injured, he rushed out the back door, and disappeared into the night on horseback.

A doctor in the audience immediately went upstairs to the box. The bullet had entered through Lincoln's left ear and lodged behind his right eye. He was paralyzed and barely breathing. He was carried across Tenth Street, to a boarding-house opposite the theater, but the doctors' best efforts failed. Nine hours later, at 7:22 AM on April 15th, Lincoln died.



At almost the same moment Booth fired the fatal shot, his accomplice, Lewis Paine, attacked Lincoln's Secretary of State, William Henry Seward. Seward lay in bed, recovering from a carriage accident. Paine entered the mansion, claiming to have a delivery of medicine from the Secretary's doctor. Seward's son, Frederick, was brutally beaten while trying to keep Paine from his father's door. Paine slashed the Secretary's throat twice, then fought his way past Seward's son Augustus, an attending hospital corps veteran, and a State Department messenger.



Paine escaped into the night, believing his deed complete. However, a metal surgical collar saved Seward from certain death. The Secretary lived another seven years, during which he retained his seat with the Johnson administration, and purchased Alaska from Russia in 1867.

There were at least four conspirators in addition to Booth involved in the mayhem. Booth was shot and captured while hiding in a barn near Bowling Green, Virginia, and died later the same day, April 26, 1865. Four co-conspirators, Paine, George Atzerodt, David Herold, and Mary Surratt, were hanged at the gallows of the Old Penitentiary, on the site of present-day Fort McNair, on July 7, 1865.

~Background~




John Wilkes Booth, born May 10, 1838, was an actor who performed throughout the country in many plays. He was the lead in some of William Shakespeare's most famous works. Additionally, he was a racist and Southern sympathizer during the Civil War. He hated Abraham Lincoln who represented everything Booth was against. Booth blamed Lincoln for all the South's ills. He wanted revenge.

In late summer of 1864 Booth began developing plans to kidnap Lincoln, take him to Richmond (the Confederate capital), and hold him in return for Confederate prisoners of war. By January, 1865, Booth had organized a group of co-conspirators that included Samuel Arnold, Michael O'Laughlen, John Surratt, Lewis Powell (also called Lewis Paine or Payne), George Atzerodt, and David Herold. Additionally, Booth met with Dr. Samuel Mudd both in Maryland (where Mudd lived) and Washington, and he began using Mary Surratt's boardinghouse to meet with his co-conspirators.



On March 17, 1865, the group planned to capture Lincoln who was scheduled to attend a play at a hospital located on the outskirts of Washington. However, the President changed plans and remained in the capital. Thus, Booth's plot to kidnap Lincoln failed.

On April 9, 1865, General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox. Two days later Lincoln spoke from the White House to a crowd gathered outside. Booth was present as Lincoln suggested in his speech that voting rights be granted to certain blacks. Infuriated, Booth's plans now turned in the direction of assassination.



On the morning of Friday, April 14, Booth dropped by Ford's Theatre and learned that the President and General Grant were planning to attend the evening performance of Our American Cousin. He held one final meeting with his co-conspirators. He said he would kill Lincoln at the theatre (he had since learned that Grant had left town). Atzerodt was to kill Vice-President Andrew Johnson at the Kirkwood House where Johnson resided. Powell was assigned to kill Secretary of State William Seward. Herold would accompany Powell. All attacks were to take place simultaneously at approximately 10:15 P.M. that night. Booth hoped the resulting chaos and weakness in the government would lead to a comeback for the South.


This is the knife used by Booth to stab Major Henry Rathbone. The knife has a 7 1/4 inch blade and was razor sharp.


The Presidential party arrived at Ford's at about 8:30 P.M. Armed with a single shot derringer and a hunting knife, Booth arrived at Ford's at about 9:30 P.M. Joseph Burroughs, a boy who worked at the theatre, held his horse in the rear alley. Booth went next door to a saloon for a drink. He entered the front of Ford's Theatre around 10:07 P.M. Slowly he made his way toward the State Box where the Lincolns were sitting with Clara Harris and Henry Rathbone. Lincoln's bodyguard, John Parker of the Metropolitan Police Force, had left his post. At about 10:15 P.M. Booth opened the door to the State Box, shot Lincoln in the back of the head at near point-blank range, and struggled with Rathbone.


This is the black walnut rocking chair Abraham Lincoln was sitting in when he was shot by John Wilkes Booth. It was the president's favorite and was brought from John T. Ford's personal apartment in the theatre. There was a dark stain on the red upholstery of the back of the chair due to soiling from the hair pomade that was fashionable for men at the time. At one time this was thought to be the president's blood, but it is not.


Booth stabbed Rathbone in the arm and jumped approximately 11 feet to the stage below. When he hit the floor he snapped the fibula bone in his left leg just above the ankle. Many in the theatre thought he yelled "Sic Semper Tyrannis" (Latin for "As Always to Tyrants"). Mrs. Lincoln screamed, Booth flashed his knife at the audience, and he made his way across the stage in front of more than 1,000 people. Everything happened so fast no one had time to stop him. Booth went out the back door, climbed on his horse, and escaped from the city using the Navy Yard Bridge.


John Wilkes Booth shot President Lincoln in the back of the head near the left ear with this single-shot derringer. It was manufactured by Henry Deringer of Philadelphia and so marked. It is about 6 inches long with a 2 1/2 inch barrel. Its weight is only eight ounces. It fired a large ball that was .44 caliber. The trigger and mountings were made of German silver, and there was a small box in the butt of the gun for an extra percussion cap. The derringer was found on the floor of the State Box at Ford's Theatre by William T. Kent after the assassination. Today it's in the museum in the basement of Ford's Theatre.



Military Commission


Within days Booth's co-conspirators were arrested by the government. They were tried by a military tribunal, and all were found guilty. Mrs. Surratt, Powell, Atzerodt, and Herold were all hanged on July 7, 1865. Dr. Mudd, O'Laughlen, and Arnold were given life terms in prison. Edman "Ned" Spangler, a Ford's stagehand who was convicted of helping Booth escape from the theatre, received a sentence of 6 years in prison. The convictions of Mary Surratt and Dr. Mudd have been hotly debated throughout the years. John Surratt escaped to Canada and then to Europe. He was captured abroad and was tried in 1867 in a civil court. The trial ended with a deadlocked jury, and Surratt went free. O'Laughlen died in prison (Ft. Jefferson in the Dry Tortugas near Key West) in 1867. Dr. Mudd, Arnold, and Spangler were all pardoned by President Andrew Johnson early in 1869.

Atzerodt made no attempt to kill Johnson, and Powell stabbed Seward but failed to kill him. Herold escaped from the capital using the same bridge as Booth. The two met in Maryland and stopped briefly around midnight at Mary Surratt's leased tavern in Surrattsville where Mrs. Surratt had earlier left the message to have supplies ready and had dropped off a wrapped package that contained Booth's field glasses. About 4:00 A.M. Booth and Herold arrived at Dr. Mudd's home where Mudd set and splinted Booth's broken leg. Back in Washington Lincoln never regained consciousness and passed away at 7:22 A.M. on the morning of April 15 at the Petersen House (across the street from the theatre).


Mistaken headline; Seward was not killed


Booth and Herold departed from Dr. Mudd's during the afternoon of April 15 and traveled south. Federal authorities caught up with them at Garrett's farm near Port Royal, Virginia, early in the morning of April 26. Hiding in a barn, Harold gave up. Booth refused, so the barn was set on fire. Booth still didn't come out and was shot to death by Sergeant Boston Corbett. Corbett had not been under orders to do this. Booth's body was searched, and a diary was among the things found. Booth's remains were returned to Washington where positive identification was made and an autopsy performed.

Booth planned to assassinate Abraham Lincoln, Vice-President Andrew Johnson, Secretary of State William Seward, and General Ulysses S. Grant. Booth was out for revenge, and he thought creating chaos in the federal government might lead to a comeback for the Confederacy. The Grants declined the Lincolns' theater invitation; thus Ulysses' life was spared. No attempt was made on Johnson's life. Seward was brutally attacked in his home, but he survived. Only Lincoln died. Booth, himself, never went to trial because he was killed while being captured.

After the assassination the government arrested several hundred people. Most were soon released due to lack of evidence. However, the government did charge 8 people with conspiracy. On May 1, 1865, President Andrew Johnson ordered the formation of a military commission to try the accused persons. The actual trial began on May 10th and lasted until June 30th. It took place on the 3rd floor of the Old Arsenal Penitentiary (nowadays on the grounds of Fort Lesley J. McNair). Judge Advocate General Joseph Holt of the United States Army presided. The defendants were allowed to have lawyers and witnesses, but they were not allowed to testify themselves.


Mary Surratt, 42, the first woman to be hanged by the U.S. Government, is the body hanging at the left. Virtually everyone expected her sentence to be commuted by President Andrew Johnson, but it was not. From the left, after Mary Surratt, hang the bodies of Lewis Paine, David Herold, and George Atzerodt. Roughly 1,000 people, viewing from windows, walls, the courtyard, and buildings, witnessed the affair.



Because such a large number of people wished to view the execution, tickets had been issued to limit the actual number in the courtyard.


At approximately 1:26 P.M., July 7, 1865, General John F. Hartranft clapped his hands together three times. After the third time two soldiers underneath the gallows knocked away the supporting posts with long poles and the trap doors snapped downward. The bodies of the four victims dropped about 5 to 6 feet and then came up with a sharp jerk at the end of each rope. After the hanging about 25 minutes elapsed, and the bodies were cut down.



They were then examined by doctors as they lay on top of their coffins (which were really just crude gun boxes). The bodies (with hanging-caps still on) were buried in shallow graves next to the gallows. Pieces of the gallows were soon distributed as souvenirs. Outside the prison a large crowd was celebrating with lemonade and cakes.



In 1867 the remains of Mary Surratt, Lewis Paine, George Atzerodt, and David Herold were removed from the shallow graves in the prison yard. They were placed in a storage building nearby. In February, 1869, President Andrew Johnson issued an order allowing the bodies to be released to their respective families. All bodies were claimed by family members except for Lewis Paine.


Lincoln's funeral procession






The FReeper Foxhole's Armed Forces Links





TOPICS: VetsCoR
KEYWORDS: abrahamlincoln; fordstheatre; freeperfoxhole; johnwilkesbooth; michaeldobbs; samsdayoff; seward; surrat; veterans
Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.
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Clic on the individual pictures to visit one of the educational website chosen for some of today's lesson and learn more about each convicted conspirator

Left to right: Lewis Paine, David Herold, George Atzerodt

 

Left to right: Michael O'Laughlen, Samuel Arnold, Edman Spangler

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MARY SURRATT

Mary Surratt Society Photograph

bar3.gif (9051 bytes)

DR. SAMUEL MUDD

JOHN WILKES BOOTH

Booth was killed while being captured and never went to trial.

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Today's Educational Sources and suggestions for further reading:

www.memory.loc.gov/
www.iment.com/
http://members.aol.com/RVSNorton
1 posted on 10/05/2003 3:49:55 AM PDT by snippy_about_it
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To: All

2 posted on 10/05/2003 3:51:31 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: mark502inf; bedolido; The Mayor; Prof Engineer; PsyOp; Samwise; comitatus; copperheadmike; ...
.......FALL IN to the FReeper Foxhole!

.......Good Sunday Morning Everyone!


If you would like added to our ping list let us know.
3 posted on 10/05/2003 3:52:28 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: All
We Replaced Patrick Leahy's Brains With Folger's Crystals. Let's See If Anyone Notices!

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4 posted on 10/05/2003 3:54:21 AM PDT by Support Free Republic (Your support keeps Free Republic going strong!)
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To: snippy_about_it
Good morning, Snippy and everyone here at the Freeper Foxhole.
5 posted on 10/05/2003 4:33:19 AM PDT by E.G.C.
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To: E.G.C.
Good morning EGC.
6 posted on 10/05/2003 4:47:43 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
Good morning snippy and Sam, everyone.
7 posted on 10/05/2003 5:14:26 AM PDT by Soaring Feather (~Poets' Know the Unknown~)
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To: snippy_about_it
Good Morning


8 posted on 10/05/2003 5:21:29 AM PDT by GailA (Millington Rally for America after action http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/872519/posts)
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To: snippy_about_it
Another good read. I never knew that multiple assassinations were planned. I have also just figured out why I never liked history class. History was always taught to me as names and dates; my teachers never told me the story behind the headline fact. Memorization was all history class ever was. What a disservice that is. Perhaps history should be left to the story tellers. Thanks for your hard work.
9 posted on 10/05/2003 5:36:28 AM PDT by Samwise (There are other forces at work in this world, Frodo, besides the will of evil.)
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To: bentfeather
Good morning feather. Still in MO?
10 posted on 10/05/2003 5:37:08 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: GailA
Good morning Gail.
11 posted on 10/05/2003 5:37:38 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Samwise
You are so right. I remember trying to memorize dates and names for history classes. Seems that was all the tests were about.

My mother is an avid reader (even today at 79 with a magnifying glass and partially blind). She also has strong conservative values.

As a toddler, any free time was spent at the library and I was taught to look things up and to do independent research from the moment I could read. I only lived with my mother until about the age of eight but I was fortunate to have her instill reading, curiosity and daydreaming in me at a young age so it stuck! A gift to last a lifetime.

12 posted on 10/05/2003 5:48:40 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
Cheers to your mom!
13 posted on 10/05/2003 5:56:10 AM PDT by Samwise (There are other forces at work in this world, Frodo, besides the will of evil.)
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To: snippy_about_it

Today's classic warship, USS Massachusetts (BB-2)

Indiana class battleship
displacement. 10,288
length. 350'11"
beam. 69'3"
draft. 24'
speed. 16.21 k.
complement. 586
armament. 4 13", 8 8", 4 6", 2 3", 20 6-pdrs., 6 1-pdrs., 6 18" tt.

The USS Massachusetts (BB-2) was laid down by William Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia, Pa., 25 June 1891; launched 10 June 1893; sponsored by Miss Leila Herbert, daughter of Secretary of the Navy Hilary Herbert; and commissioned 10 June 1896, Capt. Frederick Rodgers In command.

Underway for shakedown 4 August 1896, Massachusetts conducted trials and maneuvers off the middle Atlantic coast until 30 November, when she entered New York Navy Yard for overhaul. Following a brief voyage to Charleston, S.C., 12 to 20 February 1897, the battleship departed New York 26 May for Boston, arriving 2 days later for a celebration in her honor, including the presentation of the Massachusetts Coat of Arms 16 June, and a gift of a statue of victory the next day. She departed Boston on the 19th to cruise to St. Johns, Newfoundland, arriving 23 June. Sailing on the 28th the warship operated off the Atlantic coast for the next 10 months, participating in training maneuvers with the North Atlantic Squadron off Florida, and making calls at major east coast ports. On 27 March 1898, she was ordered to Hampton Roads, Va., to join the "Flying Squadron" for the blockade of Cuba.

Massachusetts departed Norfolk 13 May for Cienfuegos, Cuba, where she took up blockade duties on the 22d. On the afternoon of 31 May In company with battleship Iowa (BB-4) and cruiser New Orleans, she bombarded the forts at the entrance to Santiago de Cuba, and exchanged fire with Spanish cruiser Cristobal Colon, forcing the enemy ship to retire into the inner harbor of Santiago. The battleship remained on patrol off Santiago, intermittently bombarding Spanish fortifications, until 3 July, when she stood out to coal at Guantanamo Bag. Missing the Battle of Santiago, the battleship steamed back to her station on the 4th, arriving in time to help battleship Texas force cruiser Reina Mercedes to beach and surrender at midnight 6 July. Following duty in support of the American occupation of Puerto Rico, 21 July to 1 August, Massachusetts steamed for home, arriving New York 20 August.

During the next 7 years, Massachusetts cruised the Atlantic coast and eastern Caribbean as a member of the North Atlantic Squadron. From 27 May to 30 August 1904, the warship served as a training ship for Naval Academy midshipmen off New England and then entered New York Yard for overhaul. Departing New York 13 January 1905, the battlewagon then steamed for the Caribbean on training maneuvers, operating there until she returned north to cruise off New England in May. Putting into New York 12 November 1905, she underwent inactivation overhaul and then decommissioned 8 January 1906.

Massachusetts was placed in reduced commission 2 May 1910 to serve as a summer practice ship for Naval Academy midshipmen. During the next 4 years she made three midshipman cruises-twice to Western Europe before entering the Atlantic Reserve Fleet in September 1912. Following a brief voyage to New York 5 to 16 October for the Presidential Fleet Review, the warship returned to Philadelphia where she remained until decommissioning 23 May 1914.

Massachusetts recommissioned 9 June 1917 at Philadelphia. Sailing 9 October, she arrived at the Naval Training Station, Newport, R.I., on the 15th, where she embarked Naval Reserve guncrews for gunnery training in Block Island Sound. Continuing on this duty until 27 May 1918, the old battleship then underwent repairs at Philadelphia Navy Yard. Assigned to battle practice, "A" Division, Battleship Force 1, Atlantic Fleet, 9 June 1918, the veteran battlewagon steamed to Yorktown, Va., the same day, and for the remainder of World War I served as a heavy gun target practice ship in Chesapeake Bay and local Atlantic waters. Massachusetts returned to Philadelphia 16 February 1919. Redesignated Coast Battleship No. 2, 28 March, the warship decommissioned for the final time on the 31st. She was struck from the Navy list 22 November 1920 and loaned to the War Department as a target ship. Scuttled off Pensacola Bay, Fla., 6 January 1921, the hulk was bombarded by batteries from Fort Pickens for 4 years and then returned to the Navy 20 February 1925. Though offered for sale for scrap, no acceptable bids were received and finally, on 15 November 1956, the ship was declared the property of the state of Florida. Her hulk still rests under the waters off Pensacola today, a popular site for divers.

14 posted on 10/05/2003 6:19:37 AM PDT by aomagrat (IYAOYAS)
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To: snippy_about_it
Goin to Church, I'll be back ..
15 posted on 10/05/2003 6:19:39 AM PDT by The Mayor (He who waits on the Lord will not be crushed by the weights of adversity.)
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To: Samwise
Thanks.
16 posted on 10/05/2003 6:33:27 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: aomagrat; *all
aomagrat, your classics always make me want to read more. Today I found more than I think I ever have as far as photos. I'll share my finding with our Foxhole family.


U.S.S. Massachusetts, figure of victory between 1896 and 1901 by Edward H. Hart


U.S.S. Massachusetts, on the berth deck between 1896 and 1901 - by Edward H. Hart
Clic here for more great photos of this ship and crew


17 posted on 10/05/2003 6:47:09 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: The Mayor
Good morning, see you after church.
18 posted on 10/05/2003 6:47:33 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
What a sad, sad day for America
19 posted on 10/05/2003 7:19:54 AM PDT by apackof2 (Watch and pray till you see Him coming, no one knows the hour or the day)
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To: snippy_about_it
Present!
20 posted on 10/05/2003 7:20:40 AM PDT by manna
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To: snippy_about_it
On This Day In History


Birthdates which occurred on October 05:
1703 Jonathan Edwards US, theologian/philosopher (Original Sin)
1713 Denis Diderot France, encyclopedist (Dictionnaire Encyclop‚dique)
1830 Chester Alan Arthur Fairfield Vt, (R) 21st Pres (1881-85)
1840 John Addington Symonds Brit historian/writer (Probs in Greek Ethics)
1864 Louis LumiŠre with brother Auguste made 1st motion picture in 1895
1882 Robert Hutchings Goddard Worcester Mass, rocket pioneer
1887 Ren‚ Cassin pacifist (Nobel Peace Prize 1968)
1902 Ray Kroc Illinois, founder of McDonalds/owner (San Diego Padres)
1904 John Hoyt Bronxville NY, actor (Gimme a Break, Tom Dick & Mary)
1908 Joshua Logan Broadway producer (South Pacific)
1912 Tony Martin Brooklyn NY, announcer (Arthur Godfrey)
1919 Allen Ludden Mineral Point Wisc, TV host (Password)
1919 Donald Pleasence Worksop England, actor (Fantastic Voyage, Halloween)
1921 Bill Willis AAFC, NFL guard (Cleveland Browns)
1923 Glynis Johns Pretoria South Africa, actress (Mary Poppins)
1923 Philip Berrigan militant priest (Chicago 7)
1924 Bill Dana Quincy Mass, comedian/actor (Jose Jimenez)
1925 Gail Davis Little Rock Ark, actress (Annie Oakley)
1929 Richard F Gordon Jr Seattle, Capt USN/astronaut (Gemini 11, Apol 12)
1930 Pavel R Popovich Ukraine, cosmonaut (Vostok 4, Soyuz 14)
1930 Skip Homeier Chicago Illinois, actor (Beachhead, Dakota Incident)
1933 Diane Cilento Australia, actress (Agony & Ecstasy, Wicker Man)
1935 Peter Brown NYC, actor (Lawman, Laredo, Bold & Beautiful)
1937 Barry Switzer football coach (Oklahoma)
1941 Ricardo Hoffmann marathon swimmer (299 miles)
1943 Steve Miller Milwaukee, rocker (Abracadabra, Space Cowboy)
1948 Sal Viscuso Brooklyn NY, actor (Soap, Montefuscos)
1950 Jeff Conway NYC, actor (Bobby-Taxi)
1951 Bob Geldof pop musician (Boomtown Rats, Band Aid)
1951 Karen Allen Illinois, actress (Cruising, Starman, Wanderers)
1951 Leah Poulos-Mueller US, speed skater (Olympic-gold-1980)
1952 Clive Barker producer (Hell Raiser)
1954 Duncan Regehr Alberta Canada, actor (Wizards & Warriors)
1955 Leo Barnes rocker (Hothouse Flowers-Don't Go)
1957 Jeanne Evert tennis player, Chris' sister
1958 Brent W Jett Jr Pontiac Mich, USN Lt Commander/astronaut
1958 Lee Thompson sax (Madness-Baggy Trousers)
1959 Maya Lin, American architect who designed the Vietnam Memorial in Washington, D.C.
1962 Ken Noda NYC, pianist (Rivalry)
1962 Michael Andretti Indy-car racer/Auto Hall of Fame (elected 1986)
1965 Mario Lemieux Montreal, Pitts Penguin (#66) high scorer
1965 Penny Baker Buffalo NY, playmate (January, 1984)
1969 Karyn Parsons actress (Hilary-Fresh Prince of Bel Air)
1974 Douglas Emerson Glendale Calif, actor (Robbie-Herbie The Love Bug)
1975 Scott E Weinger NYC, actor (Steve Taylor-The Family Man)
2176 Winston Matthew Kyle Perth, Australia (Star Trek)



Deaths which occurred on October 05:
0578 Justinus II, Byzantine emperor (565-78),
1285 Philippe III, the Stout, King of France (1270-85),
1813 Tecumseh, Shawnee Indian chief/English Gen
1941 Louis D Brandeis 1st Jewish Supreme Court Justice, dies at 84
1967 Clifton C Williams Jr astronaut, dies at 35, in T-38 jet crash
1976 Barbara Nichols actress (Pajama Game, Loved One), dies at 46
1981 Gloria Grahame actress (Sue-Rich Man Poor Man), dies at 55
1981 Jud Strunk singer/comedian (Laugh-In), dies at 48
1984 Leonard Rossiter actor, dies of a heart attack at 57
1990 Meir Kahane founder of Jewish defense league, assassinated at 58



Reported: MISSING in ACTION

1965 BARRETT THOMAS J. LOMAX IL.
[02/12/73 RELEASED BY DRV, ALIVE AND WELL 98]
1965 HIVNER JAMES O. ELIZABETHTOWN PA.
[02/12/73 RELEASED BY DRV, ALIVE AND WELL 98]
1965 POGREBA DEAN A. THREE FORKS MT.
1965 SEEBER BRUCE G. LOWPOINT IL.
[02/12/73 RELEASED BY DRV, ALIVE AND WELL 98]
1966 ANDREWS WILLIAM RICHARD EUGENE OR.
[VOICE CONTACT WOUNDED REMAINS RETURNED 9/90]
1966 BEENE JAMES A. BURBANK CA.
[ACFT BROKE UP OVER WATER]
1967 MATHENY DAVID P. BAKERSFIELD CA.
[02/19/68 RELEASED]
1967 TRAUTMAN KONRAD W. OBERLIN PA.
[03/14/73 RELEASED BY DRV, ALIVE AND WELL 98]
1968 LAWRENCE GREGORY P. PHENIX AL.
1968 STRIDE JAMES D. JR. DENISON TX.
1968 WESTER ALBERT D. TERRELL TX.
1970 DAVIDSON DAVID A. EAST RIVERSIDE MD.
1970 GASSMAN FRED A. FORT WALTON BEACH FL.
1972 ALPERS JOHN H. JR. BOULDER CO.
[03/29/73 RELEASED BY DRV, ALIVE AND WELL 98]
1972 BATES RICHARD L. PLAZA ND.
[03/29/73 RELEASED BY DRV, ALIVE AND WELL 98]
1972 LATHAM JAMES D. MISSION HILLS KS.
[03/29/73 RELEASED BY DRV, ALIVE IN 98]
1972 LEWIS KEITH H. CLEVELAND OH.
[03/29/73 RELEASED BY DRV, ALIVE AND WELL 98]

POW / MIA Data & Bios supplied by
the P.O.W. NETWORK. Skidmore, MO. USA.


On this day...
0610 Heraclitus' fleet takes Constantinople
869 4th Council of Constantinople (8th ecumenical council) opens
1450 Jews are expelled from Lower Bavaria by order of Ludwig IX
1582 Gregorian calendar introduced in Italy, other Catholic countries
1762 The opera "Orfeo Ed Euridice" is produced (Vienna)
1813 Battle of the Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British
1863 Confederate sub David damages Union ship Ironsides
1864 Battle of Allatoona, 1/3 of Union troops die repulsing the South
1864 Most of Calcutta destroyed by cyclone (approx 60,000 die)
1867 Last day of Julian calendar in Alaska
1875 Palace Hotel on Market Street, SF opens
1877 Nez Perce Chief Joseph surrenders to Colonel Nelson Miles in Montana Territory, after a 1,700-mile trek to reach Canada falls 40 miles short
1892 Dalton Gang ends in shoot-out in Coffeyville, Kansas bank holdup
1906 Henry Mathewson (NY Giants) walks 14 men
1907 Interprovincial Rugby Football Union plays 1st game (Mtl 17 Tor 8)
1907 Phila A's Rube Vickers no-hits Wash Senators, 4-0 in 5 inning game
1908 Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar
1910 Portugal overthrows monarchy, proclaims republic
1912 Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
1912 Yanks win final game at Hilltop stadium
1921 1st World Series radio broadcast, Yanks beat Giants 3-0 (World Series #18)
1921 Present constitution of Liechtenstein comes into effect
1922 Yanks & Giants play an infamous 3-3 tie world series game (World Series #19)
1923 Edwin Hubble identifies Cepheid variable star
1925 WSM-AM in Nashville Tenn begins radio transmissions
1931 1st nonstop transpacific flight, Japan to Wash (Herndon & Pangborn)
1941 Mickey Owens drops a 3rd strike, Tom Hendrick reaches 1st safely, would have been the last out, instead Yanks score 4 and win 7-4
1942 St Louis Cards beat NY Yankees, 4 games to 1, in 39th World Series
1942 5,000 Jews of Dubno Russia massacred
1945 "Meet the Press" premieres on radio
1947 1st Presidential address televised from White House-HS Truman
1947 Al Gionfriddo makes a great catch off Joe Dimaggio in world series (World Series #44)
1953 50th World Series sees NY Yankees beat Dodgers, 4 games to 2, as NY
1953 Earl Warren sworn in as 14th chief justice of the US
1953 Yankees break own record with 5th consecutive World Series win - Billy Martin's 12 hits set record (World Series #50)
1954 Hurricane Hazel hits Eastern US
1956 Yogi Berra becomes the 4th Yank to hit a World Series Grand Slam (World Series #53)
1960 Eastern AL Electra turbo-prop crashed in Boston Harbor (61 die)
1962 Beatles release their 1st record "Love Me Do"
1963 Hyde St Pier re-opens as State Historical Park
1964 SF Fire Department Museum is dedicated
1965 Chuck Linster performs 6,006 consecutive push-ups
1965 Dick McInnes stays aloft almost 12 hours in a kite
1969 Tom Dempsey of New Orleans Saints kicks 55-yard field goal
1969 Monty Python's Flying Circus begins airing on BBC
1970 PBS becomes a network
1970 Quebec seperatists kidnap British trade commissioner James Cross
1972 Herbert Mullin first kills, to prevent earthquakes
1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer wins the Nobel Prize for literature
1980 Yanks set AL attendance mark at 2,627,417
1981 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg becomes an honarary American
1982 NJ Devils 1st game, ties Pitts Penguins 3-3 at the Meadowlands
1982 Unmanned rocket sled reaches 9,851 kph at White Sands, NM
1983 Lech Walesa wins the Nobel Peace Prize
1984 13th Space Shuttle Mission (41-G)-Challenger 6-launched
1985 Grambling's Eddie Robinson wins record 324th football game
1986 London Sunday Times reports Israel is stocking nuclear arms
1988 Israel bans Meir Kahane's Kach Party on grounds of racism
1990 Cincinnati jury acquits art gallery of obscenity (Mapplethorpe photos)
1991 Actor Ted Shackelford (Knots Landing) weds Annett Wolf


Holidays
Note: Some Holidays are only applicable on a given "day of the week"

Azores, Guinea-Bisau, Maderia, Portugal : Republic Day (1910)
Bulgaria : Independence Day (1908)
Indonesia : Army Day
Lesotho : Sports Day
Massachusetts : Grandparents Day (Sunday)
Missouri : Missouri Day (Monday)
World : Child Health Day, Universal Children's Day (1928) (Monday)
Get Organized Week Begins
Mental Illness Awareness Week Begins
Family History Awareness Month



Religious Observances
RC : Commemoration of St Placid & his companions, martyrs
Christian : Commemoration of St Flora of Beaulieu, virgin
Feast of St. Flora of Beaulieu, Virgin, (A.D. 1347).


Religious History
_869 The Fourth Constantinople (8th Ecumenical) Council opened under Pope Adrian II in the West and Emperor Basil I in the East. During its six sessions, the council condemned iconoclasm. It was the last ecumenical council held in the East.
1744 Following his ordination, David Brainerd, 26, began three years of intense missionary labors among the Indians along the Susquehannah River in New Jersey. Increasing illness from the elements led to Brainerd's premature death, after only three years.
1833 Birth of William G. Tomer, American Civil War veteran and Methodist hymnwriter. It is to his tune, FAREWELL, that today we sing the hymn, "God Be With You Till We Meet Again."
1969 Death of Harry Emerson Fosdick, 91. He pastored Riverside Church in New York City 1926-46, and authored the enduring hymn, "God of Grace and God of Glory."
1989 Ten months after being indicted by a federal grand jury, televangelist Jim Bakker, 50, was found guilty on 24 counts of mail and wire fraud. Three weeks later, on October 24th, Bakker was fined $500,000 and sentenced to 45 years in prison.

Source: William D. Blake. ALMANAC OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH. Minneapolis: Bethany House, 1987.


Thought for the day :
"In my youth I stressed freedom, and in my old age I stress order. I have made the great discovery that liberty is a product of order."


You might be in the army if...
you wont let your wife go to the px because the laundry room failed inspection.


Murphys Law of the day...(Liebling's Law)
If you just try long enough and hard enough, you can always manage to boot yourself in the posterior.


It's a little known fact that...
The Lone Ranger's "real" name is John Reid.

21 posted on 10/05/2003 7:52:05 AM PDT by Valin (I have my own little world, but it's okay - they know me here.)
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To: Valin
1962 Beatles release their 1st record "Love Me Do"

Listen

22 posted on 10/05/2003 8:16:00 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
Good Morning Snippy.

I didn't know about the assassination attempt on Seward. I learned something new again.

As a piece of trivia:

Thank heavens for books, therefore, especially ones such as "Devious Derivations," written by Hugh Rawson and published by Crown. Mr Rawson devotes an entire page in his book to the theory you have evidently heard: that the phrase "Your name will be mud" is connected somehow to the Dr. Samuel A. Mudd who treated President Abraham Lincoln's assassin, John Wilkes Booth. Doctor Mudd may or may not have been in on the 1865 assassination conspiracy with Booth, who had broken his leg escaping from the scene of his crime. In any case, Mudd was convicted of conspiracy in the trial that followed, and his name, to the general public, certainly became "mud" in the sense of the phrase -- despised and reviled.

But Doctor Mudd's name is certainly no more than an interesting coincidence, for it cannot have been the source of the phrase. "Mud" had already been in use for more than 200 years, since at least 1708, as a slang term for a fool. According to Christine Ammer, in her book "Have A Nice Day -- No Problem!" (a very fine dictionary of cliches published by Plume), "mud" was commonly applied in the 19th century British Parliament to any member who lost an election or otherwise disgraced himself.

http://www.word-detective.com/100297.html
23 posted on 10/05/2003 8:16:19 AM PDT by SAMWolf (This Tagline is umop apisdn)
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To: E.G.C.
Morning E.G.C. Another clooudy day here. No rain yet.
24 posted on 10/05/2003 8:16:55 AM PDT by SAMWolf (This Tagline is umop apisdn)
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To: bentfeather
Morning Feather.
25 posted on 10/05/2003 8:17:20 AM PDT by SAMWolf (This Tagline is umop apisdn)
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To: GailA
Morning GailA.

Nice Collectors plate.
26 posted on 10/05/2003 8:18:04 AM PDT by SAMWolf (This Tagline is umop apisdn)
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To: Samwise
Morning Samwise.

I agree, some teachers concentrated more on memorizing dates and places than they did on what happened and why. The good teachers told you what happened and discussed why it happened and how it affected other events.
27 posted on 10/05/2003 8:20:49 AM PDT by SAMWolf (This Tagline is umop apisdn)
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To: apackof2; *all
Good morning apackof2, you might be interested in this for further reading.

From the diary of Mary Henry

[April] 15th. We were awakened this morning by an announcement which almost made our hearts stand still with consternation. The President was shot last night in the Theater. When the morning paper was issued he was still alive although little or no hopes were entertained of his recovery but now the tolling bells tell us he has ceased to breathe. He is dead. Mr. De Bust has just told Hannah he died at ½ 7 o'clock. Deeply must the country mourn this death for although uncouth & ungainly he was true hearted, magnanimous and kind and in the present crisis ready to follow the such a course with the defeated belligerants as would win them back to their allegiance to the Government and subdue the rebellion in their hearts as well as subjugate their aims.

The South has lost in him a good & judicious friend. His successor Johnson heartily desires the death of the leaders of the rebellion & is in every way ultra in his views. I have not given the particulars of the disaster. It was announced in the yesterday's papers that the President with Gen Grant would be at Ford's Theater in the evening and a large crowd collected there in consequence. Gen Grant however left the city before night for N.Y. Mrs. Lincoln had not been well & the President went to the place of amusement with reluctance, not wishing to disappoint the audience.

Link to complete diary

28 posted on 10/05/2003 8:25:41 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: aomagrat
Morning aomagrat.

Everytime I see a picture of the battleships of this era I can't help thinking about:


29 posted on 10/05/2003 8:31:25 AM PDT by SAMWolf (This Tagline is umop apisdn)
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To: The Mayor
Morning Mayor
30 posted on 10/05/2003 8:31:48 AM PDT by SAMWolf (This Tagline is umop apisdn)
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To: snippy_about_it
Thanks Snippy. Makes you wonder if maybe they should have spent money on accomodations for the crew rather than all that fancy "artwork"
31 posted on 10/05/2003 8:33:33 AM PDT by SAMWolf (This Tagline is umop apisdn)
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To: manna
Hi Manna!


32 posted on 10/05/2003 8:34:15 AM PDT by SAMWolf (This Tagline is umop apisdn)
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To: Valin
1970 PBS becomes a network

And it's been bashing conservatives ever since.

33 posted on 10/05/2003 8:41:10 AM PDT by SAMWolf (This Tagline is umop apisdn)
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To: snippy_about_it
I wonder how different the reconstruction period would have bee if Lincoln had not been assassinated. IMHO Booth helped bring about the very thing he feared by killing Lincoln.
34 posted on 10/05/2003 8:43:39 AM PDT by SAMWolf (This Tagline is umop apisdn)
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To: SAMWolf
LOL, that's better! Thanks.
35 posted on 10/05/2003 8:46:29 AM PDT by manna
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To: manna

36 posted on 10/05/2003 8:52:18 AM PDT by SAMWolf (This Tagline is umop apisdn)
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To: SAMWolf
There was thread last year(?) about Booth, there were people actually trying to defend what Booth did and saying he was a hero. Just some proof that someone can be conserative and an idiot.
37 posted on 10/05/2003 8:54:09 AM PDT by Valin (I have my own little world, but it's okay - they know me here.)
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To: Valin
Just some proof that someone can be conserative and an idiot.

Booth was a murderer and conspirator, nothing heroic about that.

38 posted on 10/05/2003 8:56:57 AM PDT by SAMWolf (This Tagline is umop apisdn)
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To: snippy_about_it
This is a wonderfully detailed account of everyone connected to the Lincoln assasination. If your'e not a professional historian, snippy, you should be.

I've been to Ford's Theater National Historical Site and it's really interesting. We always buy books, literature, in the National Parks bookstores, but there wasn't anything there as comprehensively put together as this. I bought books there and didn't learn nearly as much.

One of those prisoner masks was on display in the Ford's Theater Museum. No wonder Paine was "traumatized", it scared the fire out of me. And I have no sympathy for Paine, the account in the link you gave about his attack in the Seward house was vicious. His gun misfired when he aimed at Frederick Seward's head, and then he went to pistol-whipping, knife-slashing and stabbing. If his gun hadn't misfired at the start, he probably would have killed several, instead of leaving five wounded who recovered.

John Surratt certainly made out like a bandit; fleeing to Canada, then Europe and finally tried in 1867 after the hysteria had died down. He walked after his wife had swung from a rope.

Lincoln's bodyguard, John Parker of the Metropolitan Police Force, had left his post.

Don't you know, it must have been rough to live with that? And it hadn't been clear to me that if all the designated victims had been killed, the U.S. government would have been thrown into chaos as to swearing in a new president, and who knows have that would have come out.

Excellent account, and is a list of the Foxhole threads posted somewhere?

39 posted on 10/05/2003 9:02:42 AM PDT by xJones
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To: xJones
s a list of the Foxhole threads posted somewhere?

Criminy, it's up there at top! Doh!!!!

40 posted on 10/05/2003 9:06:12 AM PDT by xJones
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To: SAMWolf
Now you're going to the other extreme!!
41 posted on 10/05/2003 9:13:26 AM PDT by manna
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To: xJones
Thank you. We don't write them, we just pulled them together from researching material already available.

We read and search and pick and choose until we come up with enough material to cover a subject without being too much material for our readers to digest in a day. That's why we give the educational links at the end of the first post so you all can read more later or see where we got the info.

There is only one spot for a linkable source so other places we pull material from are always listed as additional educational sources if we've garnered info from more than one place.

Most documentation on the web is lacking in pictures, or if they do have pics they have very few so that is sometimes a chore hunting down pics that go with the stories.

There is no way we could write a daily thread, takes long enough just to put one together for each and every day! LOL.

I'm glad you found the links. LOL. You can always just select the FReeper Foxhole button on FR's front page or VETSCor to find the Foxhole links.

I plan to have a list of linkable Foxhole threads available on our anniversary this year so folks can cut and paste the link or save the anniversary thread in their bookmarks to make it easy.

42 posted on 10/05/2003 9:18:40 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; MistyCA; AntiJen; SpookBrat; PhilDragoo; All
Great thread, Snippy. Thank you.

I like this graphic, hope you like it too.


43 posted on 10/05/2003 11:24:47 AM PDT by Victoria Delsoul (Arnold has the conviction and the fighting spirit to lead California into a new age of recovery)
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To: Victoria Delsoul
Good afternoon Victoria. Sure, I like it, too.
44 posted on 10/05/2003 11:32:14 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: manna
What? He's not that old!
45 posted on 10/05/2003 12:54:10 PM PDT by SAMWolf (This Tagline is umop apisdn)
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To: snippy_about_it; xJones
Thanks Snippy.


xjones, see why I say Snippy is the best thing to happen to the Foxhole, she's has all the bases covered.
46 posted on 10/05/2003 12:57:35 PM PDT by SAMWolf (This Tagline is umop apisdn)
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To: Victoria Delsoul
Hi Victoria. Finally managed to chase my wife off my computer.
47 posted on 10/05/2003 12:58:25 PM PDT by SAMWolf (This Tagline is umop apisdn)
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To: SAMWolf
Aww gee, thank you SAM.
48 posted on 10/05/2003 1:03:53 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: SAMWolf
Now, calm down Sam. I didn't say he was THAT old. I said he was out of my bracket. I'm sure he's a very nice man. ;~)
49 posted on 10/05/2003 1:13:57 PM PDT by manna
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To: SAMWolf
xjones, see why I say Snippy is the best thing to happen to the Foxhole, she's has all the bases covered.

Wait a minute...........what would Abbott have been without Costello? Wilie Coyote without the Roadrunner? Batman without Robin? In other words, it takes both of you to put on a great show.:D

50 posted on 10/05/2003 1:15:41 PM PDT by xJones
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