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Cause Of Death Of Russian Baby Mammoth Discovered
Science Daily ^ | 3-20-2008 | Informnauka (Informscience) Agency.

Posted on 03/20/2008 3:15:56 PM PDT by blam

Cause Of Death Of Russian Baby Mammoth Discovered

ScienceDaily (Mar. 20, 2008) — On September 27, 2004, the front part of a baby mammoth’s body was found in Olchan mine in the Oimyakon Region of Yakutia. Specialists of the Museum of Mammoth of the Institute of Applied Ecology of the North, Academy of Sciences of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), have been thoroughly studying the finding and they have published the first outcomes.

There remained only the head, part of the proboscis, the neck area and part of the breast of the baby mammoth’s body. The body is practically cut off behind the withers and shoulder area. The skin on the head is torn on the forehead and cinciput, the skull is damaged, the proboscis is torn off. The baby mammoth’s skin is well preserved, it is smooth, greyish-brown, the tawny hair fell out and froze into the ice near the body.

Under the skin, there remained muscles and the alveole with a permanent 76 millimeter long tusk, which had come through. Since the replacement of milk-tusks by permanent ones happened with mammoths at the age of one year the earliest, the researchers decided that the baby they had found perished approximately at this age. As the tusk is short, it can be assumed that the Oimyakon mammoth was a female (male’s tusks are longer).

The animal’s remains were investigated by the X-ray computer-aided tomography methods at the National Centre of Medicine in Yakutsk. Roentgenograms allowed to determine the baby’s age more accurately: judging by the teeth state, the mammoth was at least one year old but no more than a year and a half. The baby mammoth was already able to feed on vegetation independently. There are adipose deposits along the neck and practically from the skull foundation through to the withers area, the adipose deposits are up to seven centimetres thick. These deposits form real adipose “pockets” and they get over to the body sides.

The Stone Age artists often used to draw mammoths with a big hump on the back. Some specialists assume that mammoths laid adipose tissue on the withers like zebu or camels do, others believe that the hump on the back could be the consequence of vigorous muscles development, the third group thinks that mammoths’ “gibbosity” in the drawings of ancient human beings reflects the large mane development. In the Yakutsk researchers’ opinion, the adipose tissue discovered by them on the baby mammoth’s withers is the evidence that mammoths used to accumulate significant adipose deposits particularly in this part of the body. Such deposits helped them to survive the most severe conditions and water shortage during snowless winters.

Judging by radiocarbon dating performed at the University of Groningen (Netherlands), the little mammoth perished during the Kargin interglacial period, 413000±900 years ago. The sediments that contained the mammoth’s dead body preserved pollen, which mainly belonged to herbaceous and shrubby plants. The little mammoth lived among sedge and motley grass swamps. Now, these places are covered by larch woodland with a touch of alder-trees.

Specialists have checked the Oimyakon mammoth for presence of particularly dangerous infections, but found nothing. The baby did not die from an infectious disease. Apparently, it got stuck and drowned in a waterlogged place. Complete hair shedding and skin exfoliation on some parts of the body testify to the fact that the mammoth’s body stayed in water for a long time. Most probably, the little mammoth drowned in autumn, because its body froze into the ice soon and then it was covered by mudslide, thanks to which the body remained in the frozen state.

At present, the baby mammoth is still frozen. The researchers are sure that integrated study of this object will provide the scientific community with a lot of new data about the height, development, molecular and genetic peculiarities of the mammoths, as well as multiple data on paleo-ecology of the late pleistocene.

Adapted from materials provided by Informnauka (Informscience) Agency.


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: baby; death; mammoth; russian

1 posted on 03/20/2008 3:15:57 PM PDT by blam
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To: blam
Paleontologists Study A Remarkably Well-preserved Baby Siberian Mammoth

Researchers are applying a dilute formalin solution to discourage the further growth of fungi that colonized the carcass after it eroded out of a Siberian riverbank. (Credit: Daniel Fisher, University of Michigan)

2 posted on 03/20/2008 3:17:59 PM PDT by blam (Secure the border and enforce the law)
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To: blam

Let me guess....global warming?


3 posted on 03/20/2008 3:18:33 PM PDT by Joe 6-pack (Que me amat, amet et canem meum)
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To: blam

cute and fascinating


4 posted on 03/20/2008 3:21:08 PM PDT by mel
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To: Joe 6-pack
Have they checked it for lead poisoning?
5 posted on 03/20/2008 3:22:58 PM PDT by Red_Devil 232 (VietVet - USMC All Ready On The Right? All Ready On The Left? All Ready On The Firing Line!)
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To: blam

Dental records show a mammoth underbite! Braces would not have been a orthodontic possibility.


6 posted on 03/20/2008 3:23:22 PM PDT by Young Werther (Julius Caesar (Quae Cum Ita Sunt. Since these things are so.))
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To: blam

I read recently that these beasts lived in northern Siberia up unto 1500 BC.

Not that long ago.


7 posted on 03/20/2008 3:28:11 PM PDT by Conan the Librarian (The Best in Life is to crush my enemies, see them driven before me, and the Dewey Decimal System)
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To: blam
I had watched the show about this and at the end they said they were going to need further study to find out what happened. I was a wee bit PO'd. I figured I'd never find out what happened.

Thanks for the post and Always wear your PFD.

8 posted on 03/20/2008 3:29:18 PM PDT by BallyBill (Serial Hit-N-Run poster)
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To: blam

413000±900 years ago.

What kind of number is that? Or is that code for they are clueless?


9 posted on 03/20/2008 3:31:45 PM PDT by Siberian-psycho (An oppressed class which did not try to possess arms, would deserve to be treated as slaves." Lenin)
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To: blam

Bill Clinton would hit that!


10 posted on 03/20/2008 3:32:03 PM PDT by Defiant (McCain's big vein drains mainly from his brain.)
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To: blam

Amazing picture.


11 posted on 03/20/2008 3:32:07 PM PDT by Bahbah
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To: Siberian-psycho

I think the 4 is a typo. It’s 13,000 plus or minus 900 years.


12 posted on 03/20/2008 3:32:55 PM PDT by Defiant (McCain's big vein drains mainly from his brain.)
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To: blam
Apparently, it got stuck and drowned in a waterlogged place.

AHA! Clear evidence of The Flood!!!

13 posted on 03/20/2008 3:36:38 PM PDT by null and void (..for dark is the suede that mows like a harvest.)
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To: blam

Yeah, so where was PETA when that little fellow needed them?


14 posted on 03/20/2008 3:38:06 PM PDT by mtbopfuyn (The fence is "absolutely not the answer" - Gov. Rick Perry (R, TX))
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To: blam

I read recently that these beasts lived in northern Siberia up unto 1500 BC.

Not that long ago.


15 posted on 03/20/2008 3:41:22 PM PDT by Conan the Librarian (The Best in Life is to crush my enemies, see them driven before me, and the Dewey Decimal System)
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To: blam
Cause Of Death Of Russian Baby Mammoth Discovered

Let me guess - Bush's fault?

16 posted on 03/20/2008 3:51:14 PM PDT by LearnsFromMistakes (Member VRWC - Volvo-owning right-wing conspiracy.)
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To: blam
Cause Of Death Of Russian Baby Mammoth Discovered

If you flip her over you can see the SUV bumper and tread marks.

17 posted on 03/20/2008 3:52:42 PM PDT by KarlInOhio (Rattenschadenfreude: joy at a Democrat's pain, especially Hillary's pain caused by Obama.)
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To: blam

Jus’ defrost it....


18 posted on 03/20/2008 3:55:43 PM PDT by Leo Carpathian (fffffFRrrreeeeepppeeee!)
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To: Leo Carpathian

Won’t fit in the microwave...


19 posted on 03/20/2008 3:57:34 PM PDT by null and void (..for dark is the suede that mows like a harvest.)
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To: blam
Gotta plug a book by an old friend of mine...


20 posted on 03/20/2008 4:08:12 PM PDT by Gondring (I'll give up my right to die when hell freezes over my dead body!)
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To: blam

Rove, you magnificent bastard.


21 posted on 03/20/2008 4:12:03 PM PDT by JRios1968 ("If you go over a cliff with all flags flying, you are still going over a cliff"óRonald Reagan)
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To: blam
Drowned huh!

Noah's flood killed and quickly preserved a lot of animals.

22 posted on 03/20/2008 4:20:27 PM PDT by ME-262 (Nancy Pelosi is known to the state of CA to render Viagra ineffective causing reproductive harm.)
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Comment #23 Removed by Moderator

To: null and void
Won’t fit in the microwave...

Neither does a cow, but that never stopped me.

Why, just last week I tried to fit my husbands ex in the microwave, and......

Oh, sorry. Wrong thread.

24 posted on 03/20/2008 4:41:18 PM PDT by fanfan ("We don't start fights my friends, but we finish them, and never leave until our work is done."PMSH)
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To: null and void

See, al bore is right. It’s the effects of global warming and it’s all Bush’s fault.


25 posted on 03/20/2008 6:48:37 PM PDT by chiefqc
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To: ME-262
Of course. Every drowned animal, no matter what animal, no matter where it was found, no matter its state of preservation is proof positive that that there was a global flood, isn't it?
26 posted on 03/20/2008 6:57:47 PM PDT by null and void (..for dark is the suede that mows like a harvest.)
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To: sandyeggo

“The photo shows a whole body, but the description in the text says otherwise. Am I missing something?”

The photo is of a different baby mammoth find in Siberia, made in 2007 of a complete body. The news item above refers to a find in 2004 of a partial carcass.


27 posted on 04/10/2008 2:47:25 PM PDT by Deklane
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