Skip to comments.Full Spectrum Operations in the Homeland: A “Vision” of the Future (CW2 Ping)
Posted on 08/05/2012 7:30:25 AM PDT by Travis McGee
The Scenario (2016)
The Great Recession of the early twenty-first century lasts far longer than anyone anticipated. After a change in control of the White House and Congress in 2012, the governing party cuts off all funding that had been dedicated to boosting the economy or toward relief. The United States economy has flatlined, much like Japans in the 1990s, for the better part of a decade. By 2016, the economy shows signs of reawakening, but the middle and lower-middle classes have yet to experience much in the way of job growth or pay raises. Unemployment continues to hover perilously close to double digits, small businesses cannot meet bankers terms to borrow money, and taxes on the middle class remain relatively high. A high-profile and vocal minority has directed the publics fear and frustration at nonwhites and immigrants. After almost ten years of race-baiting and immigrant-bashing by right-wing demagogues, nearly one in five Americans reports being vehemently opposed to immigration, legal or illegal, and even U.S.-born nonwhites have become occasional targets for mobs of angry whites.
In May 2016 an extremist militia motivated by the goals of the tea party movement takes over the government of Darlington, South Carolina, occupying City Hall, disbanding the city council, and placing the mayor under house arrest. Activists remove the chief of police and either disarm local police and county sheriff departments or discourage them from interfering. In truth, this is hardly necessary. Many law enforcement officials already are sympathetic to the tea partys agenda, know many of the people involved, and have made clear they will not challenge the takeover. The militia members are organized and have a relatively well thought-out plan of action.
With Darlington under their control, militia members quickly move beyond the city limits to establish check points in reality, something more like choke points -- on major transportation lines. Traffic on I-95, the East Coasts main north-south artery; I-20; and commercial and passenger rail lines are stopped and searched, allegedly for illegal aliens. Citizens who complain are immediately detained. Activists also collect tolls from drivers, ostensibly to maintain public schools and various city and county programs, but evidence suggests the money is actually going toward quickly increasing stores of heavy weapons and ammunition. They also take over the town web site and use social media sites to get their message out unrestricted.
When the leaders of the group hold a press conference to announce their goals, they invoke the Declaration of Independence and argue that the current form of the federal government is not deriving its just powers from the consent of the governed but is actually destructive to these ends. Therefore, they say, the people can alter or abolish the existing government and replace it with another that, in the words of the Declaration, shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. While mainstream politicians and citizens react with alarm, the tea party insurrectionists in South Carolina enjoy a groundswell of support from other tea party groups, militias, racist organizations such as the Ku Klux Klan, anti-immigrant associations such as the Minutemen, and other right-wing groups. At the press conference the masked militia members uniforms sport a unit seal with a man wearing a tricorn hat and carrying a musket over the motto Todays Minutemen. When a reporter asked the leaders who are the red coats the spokesman answered, I dont know who the redcoats are it could be federal troops. Experts warn that while these groups heretofore have been considered weak and marginal, the rapid coalescence among them poses a genuine national threat.
The mayor of Darlington calls the governor and his congressman. He cannot act to counter the efforts of the local tea party because he is confined to his home and under guard. The governor, who ran on a platform that professed sympathy with tea party goals, is reluctant to confront the militia directly. He refuses to call out the National Guard. He has the State Police monitor the roadblocks and checkpoints on the interstate and state roads but does not order the authorities to take further action. In public the governor calls for calm and proposes talks with the local tea party to resolve issues. Privately, he sends word through aides asking the federal government to act to restore order. Due to his previous stance and the appearance of being pro tea party goals the governor has little political room to maneuver.
The Department of Homeland Security responds to the governors request by asking for defense support to civil law enforcement. After the Department of Justice states that the conditions in Darlington and surrounding areas meet the conditions necessary to invoke the Insurrection Act, the President invokes it.
(From Title 10 US Code the President may use the militia or Armed Forces to:
§ 331 Suppress an insurrection against a State government at the request of the Legislature or, if not in session, the Governor.
§ 332 Suppress unlawful obstruction or rebellion against the U.S.
§ 333 Suppress insurrection or domestic violence if it (1) hinders the execution of the laws to the extent that a part or class of citizens are deprived of Constitutional rights and the State is unable or refuses to protect those rights or (2) obstructs the execution of any Federal law or impedes the course of justice under Federal laws.)
By proclamation he calls on the insurrectionists to disperse peacefully within 15 days. There is no violation of the Posse Comitatus Act. The President appoints the Attorney General and the Department of Justice as the lead federal agency to deal with the crisis. The President calls the South Carolina National Guard to federal service. The Joint Staff in Washington, D.C., alerts U.S. Northern Command, the headquarters responsible for the defense of North America, to begin crisis action planning. Northern Command in turn alerts U.S. Army North/Fifth U.S. Army for operations as a Joint Task Force headquarters. Army units at Fort Bragg, N.C.; Fort Stewart, Ga.; and Marines at Camp Lejuene, N.C. go on alert. The full range of media, national and international, is on scene.
Fix Darlington, but dont destroy it!
Upon receiving the alert for possible operations in Darlington, the Fifth Army staff begins the military decision making process with mission analysis and intelligence preparation of the battlefield. (Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield is the term applied to the procedures performed by the intelligence staff of all Army unit headquarters in the development of bases of information on the enemy, terrain and weather, critical buildings and facilities in a region and other points. Army units conduct operations on the basis of this information. The term is in Army doctrine and could be problematic when conducted in advance of operations on U.S. soil. The general form of the initial intelligence estimate is in figure 1.) In developing the intelligence estimate military intelligence planners will confront the first constraints on the conduct of full spectrum operations in the United States, as well as constraints on supporting law enforcement. The analytical steps of the Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield, or IPB, must be modified in preparing for and conducting operations in the homeland.
The steps of the IPB process are: define the operational environment/battlespace, describe environmental effects on operations/describe battlespace effects, evaluate the threat/adversary, and determine threat/adversary courses of action. (PSYOP was changed to Military Information Support Operations, MISO, by Secretary of Defense directive in June 2010.)
While preparing terrain and weather data do not pose a major problem to the G-2, gathering data on the threat and under civil considerations for intelligence and operational purposes is problematic to say the leasst.
(Much more of the long essay may be read at the original link.)
“Crime rates? Welfare dependency? Percentage of votes democrat?”
Come to think of it, it is all of the above.
I wish somebody would get the original SWJ essay over to Glenn Beck at The Blaze.
It needs to go national that our overlords are planning to use the Glorious 5th Homeland Army to crush the “evil white racist tea party militia.”
You’re welcome (I maintain the CWII ping list).
Very though provoking. Thanks for posting it Travis.
EDITORIAL: The Civil War of 2016
U.S. military officers are told to plan to fight Americans
Imagine Tea Party extremists seizing control of a South Carolina town and the Army being sent in to crush the rebellion. This farcical vision is now part of the discussion in professional military circles.
At issue is an article in the respected Small Wars Journal titled Full Spectrum Operations in the Homeland: A Vision of the Future. It was written by retired Army Col. Kevin Benson of the Army’s University of Foreign Military and Cultural Studies at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., and Jennifer Weber, a Civil War expert at the University of Kansas. It posits an extremist militia motivated by the goals of the tea party movement seizing control of Darlington, S.C., in 2016, occupying City Hall, disbanding the city council and placing the mayor under house arrest. The rebels set up checkpoints on Interstate 95 and Interstate 20 looking for illegal aliens. Its a cartoonish and needlessly provocative scenario.
The article is a choppy patchwork of doctrinal jargon and liberal nightmare. The authors make a quasi-legal case for military action and then apply the Armys Operating Concept 2016-2028 to the situation. They write bloodlessly that once it is put into play, Americans will expect the military to execute without pause and as professionally as if it were acting overseas. They claim that the Army cannot disappoint the American people, especially in such a moment, not pausing to consider that using such efficient, deadly force against U.S. citizens would create a monumental political backlash and severely erode government legitimacy.
The vision is hard to take seriously. As retired ArmyBrig. Gen. Russell D. Howard, a former professor at West Point, observed earlier in his career, I am a colonel, colonels write a lot of crazy stuff, but no one listens to colonels, so I dont see the problem. Twenty years ago, then-Air Force Lt. Col. Charles J. Dunlap Jr. created a stir with an article in Parameters titled The Origins of the American Military Coup of 2012. It carried a disclaimer that the coup scenario was purely a literary device intended to dramatize my concern over certain contemporary developments affecting the armed forces, and is emphatically not a prediction.
The scenario presented in Small Wars Journal isnt a literary device but an operational lay-down intended to present the rationale and mechanisms for Americans to fight Americans. Col. Benson and Ms. Weber contend, Army officers are professionally obligated to consider the conduct of operations on U.S. soil. This is a dark, pessimistic and wrongheaded view of what military leaders should spend their time studying.
A professor at the Joint Forces Staff College was relieved of duty in June for uttering the heresy that the United States is at war with Islam. The Obama administration contended the professor had to be relieved because what he was teaching was not U.S. policy. Because there is no disclaimer attached to the Small Wars piece, it is fair to ask, at least in Col. Bensons case, whether his views reflect official policy regarding the use of U.S. military force against American citizens.
The Washington Times”
Another bayonet to the heart!
Forgive my ignorance, but are there any Tea Party Militias? I can think of a single such entity ever being identified. So if there are none YET, what is the primary motivation of a progressive lapdog like Benson pretending there are such entities? ... And yes, that is sort of a rhetorical question, but I would like to know if any Tea Party Militia has ever been identified. I’d be inclined to join them!
And that's a bad sign, at least for Leavenworth. If the American military has any characteristic strength, it's overestimating the enemy. The two times the Pentagon underestimated the enemy, huge and bloody quagmires resulted. (The Civil War, Vietnam)
Leaving aside the silliness of the scenario, I sincerely hope that this duo is not representative of strategic planning in the Pentagon. The British Empire made the same mistake vis-a-vis the German Empire; all the worthies thought the war would be over by Christmas. It ended up being the bloodiest war ever until WW2 came along.
The wages of kicking the crap out of little countries every decade or so is hubris. The kind of hubris that will lead to an awful (and likely avoidable) war of attrition.
If I were in the Pentagon, I would keep those two far, far away from the contingency planning re mainland China.
Thanks for posting this thought provoking article and starting this great thread.
On the face of it the SWJ piece as others pointed out seemed cartoonish in it’s set-up. Broad stroke characterizations, straw man opponents, etc, the sort of thing a semi precocious teen would conceive. However, once I realized that the sought feedback I wonder if the act of publishing was an intelligence probe to gauge mood, temperament, capabilities, in effect opposition research and probe. Can’t be hard to track respondents on the SWJ site nor to follow the trails of the squirrels to find where the nuts are stashed. (I projecting their mind set with that remark). Quite a bit to think about.
Trav, you and others mentioned the number and skill sets of American hunters. Back at the beginning of the current regime the news of the huge increase in fire arms sales lead me to wonder, just how many people had armed themselves. NCIC check gross numbers indicate sales but not individuals. So I thought a better guess would be the number of hunting licenses issued. Turns out “The Deer Hunting Annual” did the work for me. Not having access to it for a full count I discovered that in 2009 Texas lead with 1.1 million rifle hunters. Add PA, NY, MI, WI, and the others and indeed, there damn near is a rifle behind every blade of grass.
I read the entire piece and I read all of the comments on SWJ to the piece.
I NB’ed the response Benson gave to the issue of his choice of the Tea Party.
What a bunch of mealy-mouthed BS.
This was a deliberately chosen scenario to comport with the higher-up thinking in the Pentagon and political circles. Benson is clearly shopping this inside the Beltway.
Please add me to your ping list.
An observation: The "southern racist redneck" is the original "cracker", a derogatory term so popular in certain segments of the population of late.
likewise please add me to your ping list.
The Insurrection Act does not need to be changed for the 21st century. Because it is broadly written, the law allows the flexibility needed to address a range of threats to the Republic.
What we must consider in the design of homeland defense or security exercises is translating the Act into action. The Army Operating Concept describes Homeland Defense as the protection of U.S. sovereignty, territory, domestic population, and critical defense infrastructure against external threats and aggression, or other threats as directed by the president (TD Pam 525-3-1, p. 27. Emphasis added.) Neither the operating concept nor recently published Army doctrine, FM 3-28 Civil Support Operations, goes into detail when considering the range of other threats. While invoking the Insurrection Act must be a last resort, once it is put into play Americans will expect the military to execute without pause and as professionally as if it were acting overseas. The Army cannot disappoint the American people, especially in such a moment. While real problems and real difficulties of such operations may not be perceived until the point of execution preparation will afford the Army the ability to not be too badly wrong at the outset.
Great post. Benson is acting extremely irresponsible by authoring this kind of crap. These kind of crazy ideas have a tendency to grow legs, especially under the currrent regime.
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