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World's Biggest Cave Found in Vietnam
National Geographic ^ | 7/24/09 | James Owen

Posted on 07/26/2009 8:10:11 PM PDT by LibWhacker

A massive cave recently uncovered in a remote Vietnamese jungle is the largest single cave passage yet found, a new survey shows.

At 262-by-262 feet (80-by-80 meters) in most places, the Son Doong cave beats out the previous world-record holder, Deer Cave in the Malaysian section of the island of Borneo.

Deer Cave is no less than 300-by-300 feet (91-by-91 meters), but it's only about a mile (1.6 kilometers) long.

By contrast, explorers walked 2.8 miles (4.5 kilometers) into Son Doong, in Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park, before being blocked by seasonal floodwaters—and they think that the passage is even longer.

In addition, for a couple of miles Son Doong reaches more than 460-by-460 feet (140-by-140 meters), said Adam Spillane, a member of the British Cave Research Association expedition that explored the massive cavern.

Spillane was in the first of two groups to enter the cave. His team followed the passage as far as a 46-foot-high (14-meter-high) wall.

"The second team that went in got flooded out," he said. "We're going back next year to climb that wall and explore the cave further."

(See photographs of the Son Doong cave.)

Laser Precision

A local farmer, who had found the entrance to the Son Doong cave several years ago, led the joint British-Vietnamese expedition team to the cavern in April.

The team found an underground river running through the first 1.6 miles (2.5 kilometers) of the limestone cavern, as well as giant stalagmites more than 230 feet (70 meters) high.

(See pictures of giant crystal formations in a Mexico cave.)

The explorers surveyed Son Doong's size using laser-based measuring devices.

Such modern technology allows caves to be measured to the nearest millimeter, said Andy Eavis, president of the International Union of Speleology, the world caving authority, based in France.

"With these laser-measuring devices, the cave sizes are dead accurate," he said. "It tends to make the caves smaller, because years ago we were estimating, and we tended to overestimate."

Eavis, who wasn't involved in the survey, agreed that the new findings confirm Son Doong's record status—despite the fact that he had discovered Borneo's now demoted Deer Cave.

"This one in Vietnam is bigger," Eavis conceded.

However the British caver can still claim the discovery of the world's largest cave chamber, Sarawak Chamber, also in Borneo.

"That is so large it may not actually be beaten," he said. "It's three times the size of Wembley Stadium" in London.

Noisy and Intimidating

Son Doong had somehow escaped detection during previous British caving expeditions to the region, which is rich in limestone grottos.

"The terrain in that area of Vietnam is very difficult," said expedition team member Spillane.

"The cave is very far out of the way. It's totally covered in jungle, and you can't see anything on Google Earth," he added, referring to the free 3-D globe software.

(Related: "Google Earth, Satellite Maps Boost Armchair Archaeology.")

"You've got to be very close to the cave to find it," Spillane said. "Certainly, on previous expeditions, people have passed within a few hundred meters of the entrance without finding it."

The team was told that local people had known of the cave but were too scared to delve inside.

"It has a very loud draft and you can hear the river from the cave entrance, so it is very noisy and intimidating," Spillane said.

Bigger Caves Waiting?

Of more concern to the caving team were the poisonous centipedes that live in Son Doong.

The explorers also spotted monkeys entering through the roof of the cave to feed on snails, according to Spillane.

"There are a couple of skylights about 300 meters [985 feet] above," he said. "The monkeys are obviously able to climb in and out."

A biologist will accompany the team on its return visit next year to survey the cave's subterranean wildlife.

Eavis, of the International Union of Speleology, added that there are almost certainly bigger cave passages awaiting discovery around the world.

"That's the fantastic thing about caving," he said.

Satellite images hint, for example, that caves even larger than Son Doong lie deep in the Amazon rain forest, he said.


TOPICS: Outdoors
KEYWORDS: biggest; cave; sondoong; speleology; vietnam; world

1 posted on 07/26/2009 8:10:11 PM PDT by LibWhacker
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To: LibWhacker

bfltr


2 posted on 07/26/2009 8:11:53 PM PDT by mnehring
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To: LibWhacker

3 posted on 07/26/2009 8:13:17 PM PDT by JoeProBono (A closed mouth gathers no feet)
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To: LibWhacker

Oh, wow! Take me....


4 posted on 07/26/2009 8:14:06 PM PDT by MeneMeneTekelUpharsin (Freedom is the freedom to discipline yourself so others don't have to do it for you.)
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To: LibWhacker

I’d toss in a couple of frag grenades before going in.


5 posted on 07/26/2009 8:15:03 PM PDT by lowbridge (It's not that liberals are ignorant, it's that they know so much that isn't so - Ronald Reagan)
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To: LibWhacker

So cool....


6 posted on 07/26/2009 8:16:11 PM PDT by Lancey Howard
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To: LibWhacker; Toddsterpatriot

Yes, but did they find some steel Old Style cans and the remnants of a fire inside? Or is this cave previously undiscovered by civilization?


7 posted on 07/26/2009 8:23:11 PM PDT by 1rudeboy
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To: JoeProBono

WOW! Mother nature is so awesome!


8 posted on 07/26/2009 8:26:10 PM PDT by Republic (Ubama OWES Sgt Crowley a HUGE APOLOGY right away...if he can man up, he will do this immediately)
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To: 1rudeboy

The cans were PBR.


9 posted on 07/26/2009 8:33:25 PM PDT by Toddsterpatriot (Math is hard. Harder if you're stupid.)
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To: LibWhacker

Possibly the world's largest cave passage, Hang Son Doong was discovered in the heart of the Vietnamese jungle by a British caving team. At 150m long and 200m high, it is seven times as high as York Cathedral

10 posted on 07/26/2009 8:33:29 PM PDT by JoeProBono (A closed mouth gathers no feet)
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To: lowbridge
Two frags and one WP for $50, Alex.

/johnny

11 posted on 07/26/2009 8:35:31 PM PDT by JRandomFreeper (God Bless us all, each, and every one.)
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To: LibWhacker

Need to book my next flight to Tan Son Nhat Airport! Great photos!


12 posted on 07/26/2009 8:37:27 PM PDT by Clemenza (Remember our Korean War Veterans)
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To: LibWhacker

A BIG ‘OL Vietnamese cave! How many rice paddy’s can fit in there?


13 posted on 07/26/2009 8:37:52 PM PDT by TRY ONE (NUKE the unborn gay whales!)
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To: 1rudeboy
Or is this cave previously undiscovered by civilization?

The article mentioned that the locals were aware of its existence but were afraid to go inside. But it's hard to believe that no one in the entire history of mankind had ever ventured inside. I'd bet there are lots of Paleolithic artifacts inside and it's going to be interesting to see what they find.

14 posted on 07/26/2009 8:49:04 PM PDT by LibWhacker (America awake!)
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To: LibWhacker

"Yeah, I remember that cave...."

15 posted on 07/26/2009 8:51:53 PM PDT by Extremely Extreme Extremist ("President Obama, your agenda is not new, it's not change, and it's not hope" - Rush Limbaugh 02/28)
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To: LibWhacker

Never would have thought that spelunking heaven would be in Nam.

Thanks for posting!!


16 posted on 07/26/2009 8:52:48 PM PDT by datura ("Against all enemies, both foreign and domestic")
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To: Clemenza

You see where they said they think there are bigger ones in the Amazon? Amazing that the world’s two or three largest caves may still be “undiscovered!”


17 posted on 07/26/2009 8:53:53 PM PDT by LibWhacker (America awake!)
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To: All

Thats not where my buddies EX lives....


18 posted on 07/26/2009 9:47:27 PM PDT by uncle fenders
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To: lowbridge

Yup, that sucker’s probably rotten with Hadals...


19 posted on 07/26/2009 11:38:54 PM PDT by Axenolith (Government blows, and that which governs least, blows least...)
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To: JRandomFreeper; lowbridge; JoeProBono
I hear this guy's not busy right now.....


20 posted on 07/26/2009 11:46:47 PM PDT by shibumi (" ..... then we will fight in the shade.")
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To: LibWhacker

Where is Looter Guy?

This seems to be a good place for him.


21 posted on 07/27/2009 3:28:14 AM PDT by Gatún(CraigIsaMangoTreeLawyer) ( ches)
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To: GSP.FAN

Thanks GSP.FAN for the link, and Happy New Year. Broke ‘em down thusly:

http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/01/largest-cave/peter-photography
National Geographic Society
Conquering an Infinite Cave
There’s a jungle inside Vietnam’s mammoth cavern. A skyscraper could fit too. And the end is out of sight.

http://pictopia.com/perl/ptp/natgeo?photo_name=1361051
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/01/largest-cave/img/01-vietnam-cave-714.jpg
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/01/largest-cave/img/largest-cave-60-01.jpg
Photograph by Carsten Peter
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http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/01/largest-cave/img/03-largest-subterrainian-passage-714.jpg
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Photograph by Carsten Peter
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http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/01/largest-cave/img/04-jungle-inside-cave-714.jpg
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Photograph by Carsten Peter
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http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/01/largest-cave/img/05-phong-nha-bang-mist-714.jpg
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Photograph by Carsten Peter
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Photograph by Carsten Peter
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Photograph by Carsten Peter
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http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/01/largest-cave/img/12-algae-skinned-maze-714.jpg
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Photograph by Carsten Peter
http://pictopia.com/perl/ptp/natgeo?photo_name=1361056
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/01/largest-cave/img/13-han-son-doong-skylight-714.jpg
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Photograph by Carsten Peter
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http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/01/largest-cave/img/14-passing-great-wall-714.jpg
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Photograph by Carsten Peter
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Photograph by Carsten Peter
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Photograph by Carsten Peter
http://pictopia.com/perl/ptp/natgeo?photo_name=1361051
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/01/largest-cave/img/18-hang-loong-con-714.jpg
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/01/largest-cave/img/largest-cave-60-18.jpg
Photograph by Carsten Peter
http://pictopia.com/perl/ptp/natgeo?photo_name=1361998
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/01/largest-cave/img/19-stalagmites-714.jpg
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/01/largest-cave/img/largest-cave-60-19.jpg
Photograph by Carsten Peter


22 posted on 01/01/2011 12:03:58 PM PST by SunkenCiv (The 2nd Amendment follows right behind the 1st because some people are hard of hearing.)
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