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TURKS DECLARE STATE OF EMERGENCY; REDS INTENSIFY DRIVE AGAINST FINNS (2/24/40)
Microfiche-New York Times archives, McHenry Library, U.C. Santa Cruz | 2/24/40 | George Axelsson, Guido Enderis, Raymond Daniell

Posted on 02/24/2010 5:32:30 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson

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TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: milhist; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile.
1 posted on 02/24/2010 5:32:31 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
Evolution of Plan Yellow, October 1939-January 1940
The Far East and the Pacific, 1941 – The Imperial Powers, 1 September 1939
2 posted on 02/24/2010 5:33:05 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson


William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

3 posted on 02/24/2010 5:34:09 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson


Winston S. Churchill, The Gathering Storm

4 posted on 02/24/2010 5:34:52 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
(Continued from Reply #3 on the February 23 thread)



Laura Hillenbrand, Seabiscuit: An American Legend

(To be continued.)

5 posted on 02/24/2010 5:35:48 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; GRRRRR; 2banana; henkster; ...
Phone Service Cut – 2-3
Railways Win Relief in Canadian Trucking – 3
The International Situation – 3
War of Propaganda Speeds Up in Balkans – 4
Canada Acts to End Swindles on Tourists; Their Money Needed to Finance War Effort – 4
Viborg Holds Out – 5-6
Welles Will Meet Hitler Next Week – 7
London Acclaims Naval Heroes From Cruisers Ajax and Exeter – 8-9
2 U-Boats Claimed by British Fliers – 10
Incidents in European Conflict – 11
Santa Anita Entries * - 12

* See reply #5 for back story.

6 posted on 02/24/2010 5:37:59 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1940/feb40/f24feb40.htm

Germans adopt “Manstein Plan”
Saturday, February 24, 1940 www.onwar.com

From Berlin... Revised orders for the attack in the west are issued. OKH has been conducting exercises throughout the winter and especially in the early days of this month because of dissatisfaction with the attack plan. Following Manstein’s conversation with Hitler on March 17th and an OKH presentation to him on the 18th it has been decided to revise the plans to emphasize the role of Army Group A and an attack through the Ardennes. As far as technique goes the plans are fairly traditional. The emphasis is still not yet fully on the possibilities of the panzer advance. Rundstedt and Bock, who will be the principal commanders are, despite their considerable abilities, wedded to the conventional infantry-based ideas. Although the direction of the attack is certainly bold, the old school see early problems when it becomes necessary to cross the Meuse River. The tank enthusiasts, like Guderian, are more concerned about exploiting the advance after the crossing.

In Copenhagen... A Scandinavian neutrality conference is held by the attending foreign ministers.

In Rome... Germany and Italy sign a trade agreement giving the Italians an increased coal supply.


7 posted on 02/24/2010 5:41:03 AM PST by abb ("What ISN'T in the news is often more important than what IS." Ed Biersmith, 1942 -)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://homepage.ntlworld.com/andrew.etherington/month/thismonth/24.htm

February 24th, 1940

UNITED KINGDOM: Hucclecote, Gloucester: The first prototype Hawker Typhoon (P5212) makes its maiden flight.

Spit Fort, Hampshire: Blackburn Botha (L6111) crashes into the sea during mine laying experiments.

RAF Bomber Command: ‘Security Patrols’ - Hornum - Borkum. 77 Sqn. Two aircraft. 102 Sqn. Two aircraft. Moderate opposition.

Westminster: The government is launching a big recruiting and training drive for the engineering and metal industries. At the same time it acknowledges that it will still fail to meet the vast demand for skilled labour.
Unemployed men aged between 17 and 45 will be given up to six months training at 22 Ministry of Labour centres. Within a year 40,000 should be ready for work in the arms factories.
Unemployed men over 45 will be accepted “if fit and handy”. Men between 20 and 25 are excluded from the scheme. They will soon be conscripted into the armed forces. All men in training will get free midday meals on each day of attendance at the centres.

Minesweeping trawlers HMS Hickory and Chestnut launched.

Battleship HMS Anson launched.

Corvette USS Restless (ex-HMS Periwinkle) launched.

Corvettes HMS Peony and Snowberry laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)

GERMANY: Munich: Hitler warns: “We cannot be defeated either economically or militarily ... The world may be full of devils but we will succeed.”

Germany and Italy sign a trade agreement giving the Italians an increased coal supply.

Berlin: Revised orders for the attack in the west are issued. The Army High Command (OKH) has been conducting exercises throughout the winter and especially in the early days of this month because of dissatisfaction with the existing attack plan. Following the conversation between Erich von Manstein, Commander of the XXXVIII Corps, and Chancellor Adolf Hitler on 17 February and an OKH presentation to him on the 18th it has been decided to revise the plans to emphasize the role of Army Group A and an attack through the Belgian Ardennes into France near Sedan. If successful the German forces would sweep towards Paris and the Channel coast, cutting off British forces from their French allies and by-passing the Maginot Line. As far as technique goes the plans are fairly traditional. The emphasis is still not yet fully on the possibilities of the panzer advance. Although the direction of the attack is certainly bold, the old school see early problems when it becomes necessary to cross the Meuse River. The tank enthusiasts are more concerned about exploiting the advance after the crossing. (Jack McKillop)

Plans were changed following the Mechelen incident when earlier invasion plans fell into allied hands.

DENMARK: Copenhagen: The Scandinavian foreign ministers meet to discuss war problems.

FINLAND: Today and tomorrow Brigadier Ling and the new British ambassador Gordon Vereker meet PM Risto Ryti and FM Väinö Tanner. They inform the Finns that the Allies could send 20 000 men. Finland has to request the aid by 5 March. (Mikko Härmeinen)

MALTA: U.S. freighter SS Scottsburg is detained for several hours by British authorities, but is allowed to proceed the same day. (Jack McKillop)

CANADA: Corvettes HMS Spikenard, Windflower and Hepatica laid down Lauzon, Province of Quebec.

U.S.A.: The Bureau of Aeronautics issue a contract for television equipment, including camera, transmitter, and receiver, that is capable of airborne operation. Such equipment promises to be useful both in transmitting instrument readings obtained from radio-controlled structural flight tests, and in providing target and guidance information necessary should radio-controlled aircraft be converted to offensive weapons. (Gordon Rottman)

Frances Langford records one of the classic songs of all time — and one that would become a Walt Disney trademark. “When You Wish Upon a Star” is recorded on Decca Records during a session in Los Angeles, California. One can hear the song not only on record, but as the theme in the opening credits of any Disney movie, video and TV program and those “I’m going to Disneyland/World!” commercials, too. (Jack McKillop)

ATLANTIC OCEAN:
SS Royal Archer struck a mine laid by U-21 on 4 Nov, 1939 and sank at 56.06N, 02.55W.

MS Santos was sunk off Kirkwall by U-63. Among the 31 dead were 3 passengers and 6 men from the Swedish merchant Liana, which was sunk by U-14 on 16 Feb. (Dave Shirlaw)


8 posted on 02/24/2010 5:42:54 AM PST by abb ("What ISN'T in the news is often more important than what IS." Ed Biersmith, 1942 -)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://worldwar2daybyday.blogspot.com/

Day 177 February 24, 1940
Copenhagen. Norwegian, Danish and Swedish foreign ministers reassert their neutrality. They make a joint declaration not to assist Finland and refuse to allow foreign troops access through their territory. However, British envoy to Finland Sir George Gordon Vereker indicates 20-22,000 Allied soldiers will leave for Finland on March 15, provided the Finns make a formal request by March 5.

At 9 PM, U-63 sinks Swedish MV Santos 70 miles East of the Orkneys (31 lives lost including 6 survivors from SS Liana, rescued by Santos on 16 Feb). Next day, 12 survivors including 2 from Liana will be taken to the Scottish mainland by destroyer HMS Gallant. http://www.uboat.net/allies/merchants/ships/277.html

First flight of Hawker Typhoon prototype, P5212, by Hawker’s test pilot Philip Lucas.


9 posted on 02/24/2010 5:43:48 AM PST by abb ("What ISN'T in the news is often more important than what IS." Ed Biersmith, 1942 -)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Anson_%2879%29

HMS Anson was a King George V-class battleship of the Royal Navy, named after Admiral George Anson.

Built at the Swan Hunter shipyard in Wallsend and launched in 1940, the ship was originally to be named Jellicoe, after the Grand Fleet commander at the Battle of Jutland, but she was renamed Anson in February 1940.

Anson saw service in the Second World War, including duty as an escort ship for Russian convoys. She was scrapped along with the other three survivors of her class in 1957. In 1945 Anson was the flag ship for the 1st battle squadron of the British Pacific Fleet. In 1946 Anson sailed from Sydney to Hobart to collect the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester and return them to Sydney.


10 posted on 02/24/2010 5:44:53 AM PST by abb ("What ISN'T in the news is often more important than what IS." Ed Biersmith, 1942 -)
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To: abb

HMS Anson seen underway in 1942
11 posted on 02/24/2010 5:49:04 AM PST by abb ("What ISN'T in the news is often more important than what IS." Ed Biersmith, 1942 -)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

I got $10 riding on ‘Come on Sam’.


12 posted on 02/24/2010 5:55:23 AM PST by dfwgator
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
some text
13 posted on 02/24/2010 6:11:24 AM PST by ecomcon
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To: ecomcon
The air raid warden of each house has been made responsible for providing suitable containers for collecting waste materials. Hitler Youth members will collect the waste and take it to schools, whence it will be picked up by Nazi party agents. A special division of the party is being organized to carry out these measures.

You got a problem with that? Ve haf vays of making you recycle.

14 posted on 02/24/2010 7:38:59 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

A special division of the Obama Youth will be instructed to inform officials if their parents fail to recycle properly.


15 posted on 02/24/2010 7:50:33 AM PST by ecomcon
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
You got a problem with that? Ve haf vays of making you recycle.

Well after opening the death camps, they took 'recycling' to a whole new level, didn't they?

16 posted on 02/24/2010 7:53:30 AM PST by dfwgator
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Day 87 of the Winter War, February 24, 1940


Karelian Isthmus: the Finnish 23rd Division takes advantage of a momentary lull in enemy pressure to attempt a counterattack to improve their defensive positions to the east of Lake Näykkijärvi.
Photo: SA-KUVA

Finnish troops take Reuhkavaara 'motti'


17 posted on 02/24/2010 8:31:06 AM PST by CougarGA7 (In order to dream of the future, we need to remember the past. - Bartov)
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To: dfwgator
Well after opening the death camps, they took 'recycling' to a whole new level, didn't they?

They are well on their way to doing that. Stutthof is the first of the Polish concentration camps with is location outside of Danzig selected even before the invasion. By the 15th of September there was already 60,000 prisoners in this camp, mostly affluent Poles, that were eventually executed by the SS. In this camp Professor Rudolf Spanner was stationed. Spanner also owned a small soap factory in Danzig and in 1940 figured a way to make soap from human fat. He called the product of his work "Reines Judische Fett" or "Pure Jewish Fat" (a little different from Dove).

More on this can be found here. Be warned that some of this material is not for the squeamish.

18 posted on 02/24/2010 8:57:40 AM PST by CougarGA7 (In order to dream of the future, we need to remember the past. - Bartov)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Maiden Flight of the Hawker Aviation Typhoon

From the World War II Database at www.ww2db.com

Contributor: C. Peter Chen

The Typhoon fighters were designed as the replacement for the Hawker Hurricanes. The design began in Mar 1937 by Sidney Camm. It received the confirmation to continue in Jan 1938 when the design matched what the British Air Ministry was requesting in the next generation of fighters. The first fighter of this design took flight in Oct 1939 with a Rolls-Royce engine; it immediately impressed the Royal Air Force, but the first batch of these fighters delivered was full of problems. The original designation for these new fighters was Tornado, and they suffered compression effects and a slow climb performance. The next batch, delivered in Feb 1940, named Typhoon, suffered from a damaging engine vibration problem. The design was cancelled by the RAF in May 1940, but in Oct 1940 the demand for aircraft gave this design another chance. In early 1941 the first Typhoon fighters rolled off the production line (actually, their design was of the Tornado). The first few fighters were rushed to the front lines to dogfight with the German Fw 190 fighters, and they performed poorly; their tails sometimes broke off when pulling out of dives. Subsequent Typhoon fighters were equipped with strengthening plates at key locations to remedy this problem. Another problem these production Typhoon fighters suffered was the leak of exhaust fumes into the cockpit, which required the pilots to always use oxygen. Despite the problems, the Typhoon design continued to be in production due to the demands of the war.

19 posted on 02/24/2010 9:04:29 AM PST by CougarGA7 (In order to dream of the future, we need to remember the past. - Bartov)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Giraurd’s army was the ONLY French reserve before the French decided to move it. It had been positioned behind Corap’s Ninth Army [reservists and second tier troops], which was located at Sedan - on the Meuse - right where Guderian’s XIXth Panzerkorps would cross.


20 posted on 02/24/2010 9:08:35 AM PST by PzLdr ("The Emperor is not as forgiving as I am" - Darth Vader)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Just to expand on Shirer's writing...

When he [Manstein] was summoned to the Reich Chancellery on 18 February together with von Brauchitsch, he was already able to submit a completely new operations plan that accommodated Hitler's ideas.

The result of that conference was the fourth deployment directive, which was submitted 24 February. The most important sentence in this last and final version of the operations plan for Fall Gelb (Case Yellow) reads as follows: "The Schwerpunkt of the attack to be mounted across the territory of Belgium and Luxembourg is sout of the Liège-Charleroi line." Army Group B had the mission of attacking north of that line to draw as many elements of the French-British army as possible toward it:

- Karl-Heinz Freiser, The Blitzkrieg Legend: The 1940 Campaign in the West, pp.67-68.
21 posted on 02/24/2010 9:22:46 AM PST by CougarGA7 (In order to dream of the future, we need to remember the past. - Bartov)
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To: CougarGA7

“Sedan and Dinant”... Guderian [Sedan], Rommel [Dinant]


22 posted on 02/24/2010 9:32:53 AM PST by PzLdr ("The Emperor is not as forgiving as I am" - Darth Vader)
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To: PzLdr

Rommel’s 7th Panzer. Or as the French called it, the “la division fantôme”. He would really give them headaches.


23 posted on 02/24/2010 9:50:40 AM PST by CougarGA7 (In order to dream of the future, we need to remember the past. - Bartov)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Just an FYI, I updated my profile to include my current library of reading and resources for World War II.


24 posted on 02/24/2010 12:14:40 PM PST by CougarGA7 (In order to dream of the future, we need to remember the past. - Bartov)
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