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LONDON BOMBED IN 4 AREAS, FIRE NEAR ST. PAULíS; NAVY PORTS HIT IN WIDE MASSED AIR ATTACKS (8/25/40)
Microfiche-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 8/25/40 | W.F. Leysmith, James MacDonald, Robert P. Post, C. Brooks Peters, Herbert L. Matthews

Posted on 08/25/2010 5:01:37 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson

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NEWS OF THE WEEK IN REVIEW

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TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: milhist; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile.
1 posted on 08/25/2010 5:01:42 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
German Fighter Range and British Radar Deployment
Marcks’ Plan, August 5, 1940
The Far East and the Pacific, 1941 – The Imperial Powers, 1 September 1939

Plus a special guest map from Michael Korda’s, “With Wings Like Eagles,” showing the air defenses of England and Wales, August 1940.

2 posted on 08/25/2010 5:02:25 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
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Winston S. Churchill, Their Finest Hour

3 posted on 08/25/2010 5:03:34 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
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Michael Korda, With Wings Like Eagles: The Untold Story of the Battle of Britain

4 posted on 08/25/2010 5:04:53 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; GRRRRR; 2banana; henkster; ...
Worst Damage Yet – 2-3
Britain to Make Scrap Of Famous Locomotive – 3
The International Situation – 4
British Pound Foe – 4-5
First London Raid Starts Fires; Populace Is Calm Under Bombing – 5-6
Britons Again on Alert For Parachute Menace – 5
Nazis Claim Hits on British Bases – 7
Italians Pressing Air Raids in Egypt – 7-8
The Weakness of Greece (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 8
Nazis Claim Sinking of Three More Ships – 9
Major Sports Yesterday – 9
Willkie Holds Lead in Gallup Test, But Roosevelt Picks Up Four States – 10-11
Hopkins Resigns from the Cabinet (by Bertram D. Hulen) – 12
The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the War – 13

News of the Week in Review
Twenty News Questions – 14
Campaign of Britain Entering a Third Phase – 15-16
Answers to Twenty News Questions – 16

5 posted on 08/25/2010 5:06:14 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

You know... Some of your headlined should only be read after the first cup of coffee. I thought the world was going to he’ll this AM.


6 posted on 08/25/2010 5:07:07 AM PDT by The Magical Mischief Tour
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

*Sigh* When journalism actually reported the facts. Sad one has to look back 70 years to see it.

Thanks for posting these articles.


7 posted on 08/25/2010 5:19:32 AM PDT by Rebelbase (Political correctness in America today is a Rip Van Winkle acid trip.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
LONDON BOMBED IN 4 AREAS, FIRE NEAR ST. PAUL’S

Muslims again? Oh, wait, this was the Nazis... Well, what's the difference?

8 posted on 08/25/2010 5:27:44 AM PDT by stripes1776
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1940/aug40/f25aug40.htm

Attrition ratio favors Germans

Sunday, August 25, 1940 www.onwar.com

Over Britain... The main German attack is against the fighter airfield at Warmwell. The attack is heavily escorted and, despite powerful British fighter forces being sent, the Germans only lose one bomber and each side loses 11 fighters. In total the Germans lose 20 aircraft and the British 16. This ratio favors the Germans in the long run. During the night the Germans attack Birmingham and other targets.

Over Germany... In response to the events of the previous night the RAF bombs Berlin. This is something of a shock to the German leaders who have claimed extravagantly that this is impossible.


9 posted on 08/25/2010 5:37:42 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://homepage.ntlworld.com/andrew.etherington/month/thismonth/25.htm

August 25th, 1940

UNITED KINGDOM: The first RAF Bomber Command raid on Berlin occurred during the night of 25/26 August. The participants were:

1. Nine Vickers Wellington Mk Is of No. 99 Squadron based at Newmarket, Suffolk, and

2. Eight Vickers Wellington Mk Is of No. 149 Squadron based at Mildenhall, Suffolk, and

3. Twelve Handley Page Hampdens Mk Is of No. 61 and No. 144 Squadrons, both based at Hemswell, Lincolnshire, and

4. Nine Armstrong Whitworth Whitley Mk Vs of No. 51 Squadron (4 Group) and five Whitley Mk Vs of No 78 Squadron (4 Group), both based at Dishforth, Yorkshire. (Jack McKillop)

4 Group (Whitley) Reports: Bombing - industrial targets at Berlin and the Ruhr.
51 Sqn. Nine aircraft to Berlin. Weather atrocious, two bombed primary.
58 Sqn. Ten aircraft. Three returned early, four bombed primary, three bombed alternative targets.
78 Sqn. Five aircraft. None bombed due to adverse weather.
Whitley and Wellington crews are told that their main target “is the Siemens and Halske factory at Siemenstadt, producing 85% of the electrical power used by the German forces.” Hampden crews are told to demolish Berlin’s Klingenberg power station. Other objectives are the Henschel Aircraft Factory, the Bucker training aircraft factory at Rangsdorf, Tempelhof aerodrome and Tegel’s gasworks.

Battle of Britain:
RAF Fighter Command: Attacks on RAF Driffield and Airfields in south-east, south and south-west (Warmwell), the bombers are heavily escorted.

No large raids appear until 16:00, when a strong force heads for Weymouth.

10 and 11 Groups face it with all available aircraft between Tangmere and Exeter. 87 and 609 Squadrons defend Portland and 17 Sqn. protects Warmwell. The Ju88s of II/KG 51 and II/KG 54 protected by Bf110s split into three groups to attack Weymouth, Portland and Warmwell. 87 Sqn. takes on the Portland Ju88s leaving the 110s to 609 Sqn. But the 110s are in turn escorted by Bf109s of JG53. 17 Sqn. found the bombers impossible to reach through the dense fighter screen.

One Ju88 was shot down but the RAF lost 12 fighters and 8 pilots.

The only other sizeable raid of the day develops over Kent around 18:00. Six 11 Group squadrons are in action, 32 Sqn operating from Hawkinge, and engaging a dozen Do17s until Bf109s drove them off and destroyed a Hurricane.

Losses: Luftwaffe, 20; RAF, 16.

GERMANY: U-110 launched. (Dave Shirlaw)

BALTIC SEA:
Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia are formally incorporated into the Soviet Union.

NORTH AFRICA: The remaining French airborne units, the 601st and 602nd GIA are disbanded. (Stuart Millis)

U.S.A.: The first parachute wedding ceremony is performed by Reverend Homer Tomlinson at the New York World’s Fair for Arno Rudolphi and Ann Hayward. The minister, bride and groom, best man, maid of honour and four musicians were all suspended from parachutes. (Jack McKillop)

Secretary of State Hull appeals for national unity behind the defence program and related foreign policies. (Dave Shirlaw)

ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-100 sank SS Jamaica Pioneer.
U-124 sank SS Fircrest, Harpalyce and damaged SS Stakesby in Convoy HX-65A.
U-48 sank SS Athelcrest and SS Empire Merlin in Convoy HX-65A.
U-37 sank SS Blairmore and SS Yewcrest in Convoy SC-1.
U-57 sank SS Pecten in Convoy HX-65B. (Dave Shirlaw)


10 posted on 08/25/2010 5:39:28 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://worldwar2daybyday.blogspot.com/

Day 360 August 25, 1940

Battle of Britain Day 47. Mist in the morning gives way to a clear, warm day but there is little German activity. At 5 PM, German raids approach the South coast. RAF airfield at Warmwell is damaged and Dover is also bombed. Czech pilot Count Manfred Czernin, flying for RAF in a Hurricane of 17 Squadron, shoots down 3 Bf110s in 1 minute. Overnight, Luftwaffe bombs South Wales, Bristol, Birmingham and other cities in the Midlands. German losses are 38 Messerschmitt fighters and 8 bombers shot down plus 6 aircraft downed by anti-aircraft fire. RAF loses 16 fighters and 2 Blenheim bombers (13 aircrew are killed and Sgt. P.T.Wareing is taken prisoner after crashing near Calais). Overnight, 81 Handley Page Hampden bombers of British Bomber Command attack Berlin in reprisal for yesterday’s bombing of London, shocking Göring who has claimed this is impossible. http://www.rafbombercommand.com/timeline/logbook2_v3.html

At 1.46 AM, U-37 sinks British steamer Blairmore in mid-Atlantic 500 miles West of Ireland (5 crew killed). 29 crew and 7 survivors from British sloop HMS Penzance (sunk by U-37 the previous day) are picked up by Swedish MV Eknaren and landed at Baltimore, USA. U-37 also sinks British steamer Yewcrest just before midnight. At 8 PM, U-100 sinks British banana boat Jamaica Pioneer, West of Ireland (2 dead).

Convoy HX-65 from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Liverpool suffers continuous U-boat attacks. At 2.45 AM, U-48 sinks steamer Empire Merlin (6830 tons of sulphur, 35 killed, 1 survivor picked up by corvette HMS Godetia) and tanker Athelcrest (carrying oil from Aruba, 30 dead, 6 rescued by HMS Godetia) 90 miles North of the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. At 7.48 PM, U-57 sinks tanker Pecten (9546 tons of Admiralty fuel oil, 49 crew killed, 8 survivors landed at Belfast) 75 miles North of Ireland. Between 11.50 and 11.56 PM, U-124 fires 4 torpedoes at the convoy 23 miles North of the Outer Hebrides, sinking British steamers Harpalyce (8000 tons of steel, 37 crew and 5 naval staff killed) and Fircrest (7900 tons of iron ore, all 39 crew lost) and damaging Stakesby which is towed on fire and beached at Stornaway.


11 posted on 08/25/2010 5:41:35 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Battle of Britain Campaign Diary

Date: 25th August 1940


12 posted on 08/25/2010 5:43:53 AM PDT by CougarGA7
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
After this bombing of London, Churchill will order Bomber Command to strike Berlin. Some of the senior staff of the R.A.F. will resist this stating that it would only incite the Germans to do more damage to urban areas to which Churchill responded:

"They had bombed London, whether on purpose or not, and the British people and London especially should know that we could hit back. It would be good for the morale of us all." - from Winston's War, Max Hastings

13 posted on 08/25/2010 6:36:32 AM PDT by CougarGA7
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
The Harry Hopkins story caught my attention -
14 posted on 08/25/2010 8:55:35 AM PDT by Tank-FL (Keep the Faith - Congratulations - Albert - your Old Corps Now!-)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

A BTT for one of my favorite projects, and thank you again for the trouble you’re taking to do it.


15 posted on 08/25/2010 9:09:25 AM PDT by Billthedrill
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To: Tank-FL
The Harry Hopkins story caught my attention -

From Hopkins' letter of resignation:

"We must marshall our complete economic strength for the task of defense. This means that instead of retreating from our social and economic objectives, we should push forward vigorously with a program to abolish poverty from the land. To do less would be to undermine our security."

I see that Democrat logic was fully evolved way back in 1940.

16 posted on 08/25/2010 12:48:36 PM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson; CougarGA7
"Willkie Holds Lead in Gallup Test, But Roosevelt Picks Up Four States – 10-11"

Interesting to note yet again how foreign 1940s era politics were to our assumptions today...

The "Solid South" which we today think of as solidly conservative -- the very heart of "Red State Country" -- was then solidly behind Socialist Roosevelt, the progenator of our own generation of Democrat leaders.

At the same time, today's People's Republics of New York, Illinois, Massachusetts, New Jersey, etc., etc., were the 1940's supposedly more conservative Republican strong-holds.

Goes to show that in the long run lots of things change...

17 posted on 09/02/2010 9:04:14 AM PDT by BroJoeK (a little historical perspective....)
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