Skip to comments.HULL DEFINES OUR POST-WAR PROGRAM, WANTS RAW MATERIALS, TRADE FOR ALL (5/19/41)
Posted on 05/19/2011 5:16:29 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
* Quarterly feature to follow evolution of American reading habits. This Above All and Random Harvest are competing for the top spot in fiction this time around. For Whom the Bell Tolls is nowhere to be seen. The collection of Churchill speeches called Blood, Sweat and Tears is boffo in the General category. Here are the earlier lists. They are near the end of the post in each case.
More German air strikes on Crete
Monday, May 19, 1941 www.onwar.com
In the Mediterranean... On Crete German air raids continue. These are in preparation for the coming landing and are designed to subdue the garrison and compel the RAF to withdraw its few aircraft from Crete.
In East Africa... The Duke of Aosta surrenders with the 7000 remaining Italian troops at Amba Alagi. The Allied forces have now killed or captured 230,000 of the Italian East Africa force. About 80,000 remain.
In Iraq... The British forces based at Habbaniyah airfield begin to operate more aggressively, attacking and capturing Fallujah. The British airfield is bombed by German planes.
May 19th, 1941
GERMANY: In return for greater collaboration from the Vichy regime. 100,000 French PoWs are released.
The OKW calls upon soldiers to eliminate all resistance ruthlessly, particularly Bolshevik agitators, partisans, saboteurs and Jews.
CRETE: The last RAF fighters leave for Egypt.
MALTA: Lieut_General Sir William Dobbie appointed Governor and C-in-C.
ETHIOPIA: Sgt Nigel Gray Leakey (b. 1913), King’s African Rifles, halted an assault by taking one tank and leading an attack on others before being killed. (VC) [Any relation to Dr.Leakey, the famous anthropologist?]
Amba Alagi: The largest Italian army still fighting in Ethiopia formally surrendered today. 18,000 Italian and colonial troops have marched out of the fortifications into prison camps. Few Italian troops now remain to be “mopped up” in Ethiopia.
The Duke of Aosta surrenders with 7,000 more Italian troops. Of the 230,000 Italians that started this campaign in East Africa only 80,000 remain.
Many of the prisoners returned to India or Australia or aboard the ‘Queens’ passenger liners that had taken the commonwealth soldiers to the North Africa and the Middle East. About 20,000 were in Australia. The rest went to other Commonwealth countries. From May 1943 the Italian prisoners were employed as farm labourers without supervision but under the supervision of nearby control centres staffed by the army. They were paid a minimum of one pound and the scheme was generally considered a success by the Government the prisoners and the farmers. The prisoners were not repatriated immediately after the war because of shortages of shipping, but all had returned home by January 1947. (Jim Paterson)
IRAQ: British forces based at Habbaniya capture Fallujah.
Baghdad: Iraqi Headquarters announced:
Our bombers have attacked British tank units, which have suffered substantial losses in men and material. Our reconnaissance flights over Cineldebbana and other locations have proceeded without incident. Enemy aircraft overflew the area surrounding the capital and released several bombs over the base at Rashid without inflicting much damage.
AUSTRALIA: Minesweeper HMAS Pirie laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)
CANADA: Submarine HMS Talisman departed Halifax to escort Convoy SC-32. (Dave Shirlaw)
U.S.A.: The New York Times reports an address by Dr. Fritz Reinhardt, German State Secretary of Finance in which states that, “with the German tax and other ordinary revenue estimated at the record sum of 40,000,000,000 marks for 1941 and the war debt considerably smaller than that of Britain, the finances of the Reich are in a healthier condition than ever and there can, therefore, be no question of using the printing press for the financing of the war.”
Destroyer USS Murphy laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)
ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-69 on her long voyage that paved the way for long-range U-boat operations off the US East Coast, refuelled from German tanker Egerland. At this time several German tankers and supply ships were at sea partly in preparation for the breakout of Bismarck and Prinz Eugen.
At 0324, the Empire Ridge, a straggler from Convoy HG-61, was torpedoed and sunk by U-96 90 miles west of Bloody Foreland. The master, 27 crewmembers and three gunners were lost. One crewmember and one gunner were picked up by destroyer HMS Vanquisher, transferred to HMS Legion and landed at Greenock. (Dave Shirlaw)
Day 627 May 19, 1941
At 11.15 AM, 4777 Italian and colonial troops formally surrender at Amba Alagi, Ethiopia. They march down the hill with their rifles passing British General Mayne, who takes their salute, and a guard of honour (1 officer and 25 men from each battalion of the 5th Indian Division). The pipe band of the 1st Transvaal Scottish plays. Duke of Aosta spends 1 more day in his mountain stronghold and formally surrenders next day. He will die from tuberculosis in a POW camp in Nairobi, Kenya, on March 3, 1942.
Luftwaffe again bombs anti-aircraft emplacements and RAF airfields on Crete, in preparation for the coming invasion. The last RAF aircraft are withdrawn to Egypt in the face of bombing and overwhelming numbers of German fighters.
Iraqis surrender the town of Fallujah after 57 RAF aircraft drop 10 tons of bombs and field guns bombard their positions (300 taken prisoner). Luftwaffe bombers attack RAF Habbaniya destroying several aircraft and inflicting casualties.
At 3.24 AM 50 miles Northwest of Ireland, U-96 sinks British SS Empire Ridge (31 killed, 2 rescued by destroyer HMS Vanquisher).
The feature on military uniforms and insignia reflects the national fascination with all things military we are seeing in things like advertisements and movies early in 1941. It is more widespread than I imagined it would be pre-Dec. 7. That article begins on page 68. I will leave it to PAR to provide the analysis of page 67.
Forgot to mention, regarding today’s headline, “Hull Defines our Post-War Program.” I think you’re jumping the gun a little on that one, Cordell.
There does seem to be a shift in the paradigm. I’m also impressed by how public opinion appears to be shifting. You certainly couldn’t have built a successful advertising campaign based on military involvement in 1939.
19 May 1941 (Monday):
0200. Bismarck departs Gotenhafen and begins her cruise west.
1200. Position 54º 45’ North, 13º 20’ East. Bismarck joins Prinz Eugen and destroyers Z-16 Friedrich Eckoldt and Z-23 off Rügen Island.
2230. Destroyer Z-10 Hans Lody joins the battle group.
Several pics of the KMS Bismarck that the blog says were taken on/about May 18 and 20.
The Zamzam even has its own website for those that want the details:
Interesting info on fraud by the travel agency - the passengers were told that the ship would be traveling under a neutral flag:
In the words of the Captain at a stopover in Baltimore:
“Its bad luck for a ship to have so many Bible punchers and sky pilots aboard. No good will come out of this.”
Just the nekkid statue in the ‘Art’ section and the gal skinny dipping and just teasing.