Skip to comments.GERMANS PUSH ON IN SOUTH RUSSIA; ALLIES BLAST ROMMELíS SUPPLIES (7/19/42)
Posted on 07/19/2012 1:28:11 PM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
The News of the Week in Review
In Russia and Egypt the Axis Wages Two Front War (map) 8
Twenty News Questions 9
The German Armies Drive Toward the Volga (map) 10
Hitler Striking Hard to Knock Out Russia (Baldwin) 11
Battle for Egypt Still in the Scales (Daniell) 12
V Armies Cut Down Nazi Strength (Axelsson) 15
Answers to Twenty News Questions 16
The New York Times Book Review
North Atlantic Patrol: The Log of a Seagoing Artist, by Lieut. Comdr. Griffith Baily Coale, U.S.N.R. (Duffus) 17-19
New York Times Magazine
We Can Out-Rommel the Rommels (by Harold Denny) 20-23
German army groups on the Don River
Sunday, July 19, 1942 www.onwar.com
On the Eastern Front... German Army Groups A and B make rapid progress. They have captured the towns of Kamensk and Voroshilovgrad and have reached the Don River as far east as Tsimlyansky.
From Germany... The final two U-boats left operating off of the American eastern seaboard are reassigned. They have had no successes due to improved convoy operations.
July 19th, 1942
FRANCE: Paris: SS Lieutenant-General decrees that if any identified resistant does not surrender within 12 days of his crime, his male relatives will be executed and female relatives sent to hard labour camps.
GERMANY: Berlin: Himmler orders the “total cleansing” of Jews from the General Government area of Poland by the end of the year.
ROMANIA: A He112 fighter of Escadrila 51 Vanatoare flies the Royal Romanian Air Force’s first night-time fighter sortie. (Greg Kelley)
U.S.S.R.: The 66th Naval Rifle Brigade (CO, Colonel A.D. Derzhavin) begins operations within the 64th Army on the Stalingrad strategic sector, having come to this sector from the Karelian Front.
At the same time the 154th Naval Rifle Brigade,which had formerly been in the Kalinin Front,began combat operations on the right bank of the Don. It also was placed within the composition of the 64th Army. A composite naval infantry battalion formed out of personnel from the Volga Naval Flotilla took an active part in the combat under the command of Capt.3rd Rank P.M. Televnyy. (Russell Folsom)(215, Chap. 3)
MALTA: Over the past five days Malta has been re-supplied by submarine and fast transport; the carrier HMS Eagle has ferried in 31 Spitfires.
AFRICA: In Libya, US Army, Middle East Air Force (USAMEAF) B-24 Liberators hit Benghazi while B-17s attack Tobruk in a continuing effort to disrupt movement of supplies.
The aircraft carrier USS Ranger (CV-4), part of Task Force 22, launches 72 USAAF P-40 fighters off Accra in Africa; the P-40s are destined for the Tenth Air Force in India and land at Accra, Gold Coast.. (Jack McKillop)
EGYPT: The British cruisers HMS DIDO and HMS EURYALUS and four destroyers bombard Mersa Matruh.
PACIFIC: The Australian Cruiser Squadron under the American designation of TF 44, under Rear-Admiral Victor A. C. Crutchley, VC, RN, arrives in Wellington. TF 44, nicknamed “MacArthur’s Navy”, is assigned to assist with Operation Watchtower, the US invasion of the southern Solomon Islands. (Michael Mitchell and Mark E. Horan)
A USAAF B-17, on a reconnaissance mission in the Bismarck Archipelago, sights a Japanese convoy including transports, leaving Rabaul and heading for New Guinea. (Jack McKillop)
- The 11th Air Force flies search missions are flown over Attu and Agattu Islands.
- The small seaplane tender USS Casco (AVP-12) establishes an advance base in Nazan Bay, Atka Island, to support PBY Catalina operations against Kiska.
- Task Force 8 consisting of the heavy cruisers USS Indianapolis (CA-35) and USS Louisville (CA-28); the light cruisers USS Honolulu (CL-48), USS Nashville (CL-43) and USS St. Louis (CL-49); and supporting destroyers, sorties from Kodiak Island to bombard Kiska. (Jack McKillop)
TERRITORY OF HAWAII: The Intelligence Center/Pacific Ocean Area (ICPOA) begins functioning today, using all of the CINCPAC’s structural suggestions along with a few additional offices suggested by the VCNO. These include an enemy documents office for captured literature, a prisoner of war (POW) interrogation office, and a dissemination office to ensure the information reached the proper personnel. From its inception, ICPOA employs approximately 190 men (officers and enlisted) and operates in an administrative building at Pearl Harbor. ICPOA still needs to borrow the services of other intelligence units within the US Navy such as the Photographic Reconnaissance and Interpretation Intelligence Center (PRISIC) on Ford Island. (Mike Yared)(184)
U.S.A.: “The Seventh Symphony”, by Shostokovich, is performed for the first time in the U.S. by Arturo Toscanini and the NBC Symphony Orchestra. (Jack McKillop)
Destroyer USS Saufley launched. (Dave Shirlaw)
ATLANTIC OCEAN: The final two U-Boats operating off the East Coast of the US are moved to other areas because of improving defenses using convoys.
The last five U-boats assigned to the area, U-89, U-132, U-402, U-458 and U-754, are reassigned to other areas. (Jack McKillop)
The German’s initial operations off the United States end as the last two U-boats operating off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, are ordered back to the North Atlantic. This was a result of the USN finally beginning to run convoys off the U.S. east coast in May 1942. The operations began on 11 January 1942 and during the next six months, German U-boats sank 397 vessels off the U.S. east coast while losing seven submarines. The operations shifted to the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean in May 1942; it took the USN until July to begin convoys in these areas and even then, it required the assistance of RN and RCN warships to implement the convoy system. The last ship was sunk in the Gulf of Mexico on 4 September 1942. (Jack McKillop)
At 1912, the unescorted Port Antonio was hit amidships by one torpedo from U-129 and sank within two minutes. The master and 12 crewmembers were lost. The survivors jumped into the water but managed to get into the starboard lifeboat. The U-boat surfaced, questioned the survivors and gave them the course for Cuba. After a search for more survivors they headed for land, reaching the coast near Santa Lucia on 21 July. One of the survivors, Jørgen Edvard Magnussen, had been on the Cadmus, which was sunk by the same U-boat on 1 Jul 1942. He had reached the coast after five days and joined the Port Antonio, only to be again shipwrecked within two weeks.
At 1655, the unescorted Leonidas M. was missed by U-332 with a torpedo. The U-boat began shelling the ship at 1711 and missed at 1725 with a second torpedo. The third torpedo fired at 1742 hit and sank the ship. Two crewmembers taken prisoner.
At 0230, U-564 attacked Convoy OS-34 about 200 miles north of the Azores and observed four detonations between 1 minute 15 seconds and 1 minute 27 seconds after firing. Suhren thought that he had hit four ships. However, only the Empire Hawksbill and Lavington Court were hit at this time. There were probably two hits each on the two ships. The master, 37 crewmembers and nine gunners from the Empire Hawksbill were lost. Five crewmembers, one gunner and one passenger (military personnel) from the Lavington Court were lost. The ship was taken in tow, but foundered on 1 August SW of Ireland in 49°40N/18°04W. The master, 33 crewmembers, five gunners and two passengers were picked up by sloop HMS Wellington and landed at Londonderry.
At 0645, the unescorted Baja California was hit by two torpedoes from U-84. The first hit at the forward end of #1 hatch on the port side and the second hit at the forward end of #3 hatch abaft the Chief Engineers room. She took a port list immediately and sank lying on its side in ten minutes 40 miles northeast from Rebecca Shoals. Of the 32 crewmen and five armed guards on board were three crewmen killed and the Chief Engineer and 10 others were serious injured. The survivors abandoned ship in one lifeboat and two rafts, because the explosion destroyed the other lifeboat. They were picked up at daylight on next day by the Cuban fishing schooner San Ignacio and were taken to Havana Naval Station, arriving there on 21 July. (Dave Shirlaw)
"These seven Poles were hanged by the German military in Plaszów for the crime of railway sabotage.
The Germans liked to hang those who defied them, as a deterrent to the local population."
Would you add me to your ping list, professor?
You are added to the list, although I am more of a humble facilitator than a professor.
You are joining at an opportune time. There are some stirrings in the Solomon Islands that could make for interesting reading in the near future.