Skip to comments.NASAís James Hansenís big cherry pick ( Summer heat... caused by Global Warming )
Posted on 08/07/2012 5:26:05 PM PDT by Ernest_at_the_Beach
From NASA: Research Links Extreme Summer Heat Events to Global Warming
A new statistical analysis by NASA scientists has found that Earths land areas have become much more likely to experience an extreme summer heat wave than they were in the middle of the 20th century. The research was published today in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Earths Northern Hemisphere over the past 30 years has seen more hot (orange), very hot (red) and extremely hot (brown) summers, compared to a base period defined in this study from 1951 to 1980. This visualization shows how the area experiencing extremely hot summers grows from nearly nonexistent during the base period to cover 12 percent of land in the Northern Hemisphere by 2011. Watch for the 2010 heat waves in Texas, Oklahoma and Mexico, or the 2011 heat waves the Middle East, Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio
Anthony comments on the NASA animation by Dr. James Hansen of surface temperature trends from 1955-1999:
There are many issues with this presentation. It seems to be a big Cherry Picking exercise.
1. Note all of the missing southern hemisphere data. There are operating weather stations during his time, but they are excluded from the analysis. Why?
2. The period chosen, 1955-1999 (in the bell curve animation) leaves out the warmer 1930′s and the cooler 2000′s. Why?
3. The period from 2000-present has no statistically significant warming. Leaving that period out (of the bell curve animation) biases the presentation.
4. The period chosen exhibits significant postwar growth, urbanization is not considered.
5. As for severe weather, Hansen ignores the fact that neither tornadoes nor hurricanes have shown any increase recently. Only smaller tornadoes show an increase, due to reporting bias thanks to easily affordable and accessible technology. NOAAs SPC reports that July 2012 seems to be at a record low for tornadoes.
6. My latest results in Watts et al 2012 suggest surface station data may be biased warmer over the last 30 years.
The statistics show that the recent bouts of extremely warm summers, including the intense heat wave afflicting the U.S. Midwest this year, very likely are the consequence of global warming, according to lead author James Hansen of NASAs Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York.
This summer people are seeing extreme heat and agricultural impacts, Hansen says. Were asserting that this is causally connected to global warming, and in this paper we present the scientific evidence for that.
Hansen and colleagues analyzed mean summer temperatures since 1951 and showed that the odds have increased in recent decades for what they define as hot, very hot and extremely hot summers.
The researchers detailed how extremely hot summers are becoming far more routine. Extremely hot is defined as a mean summer temperature experienced by less than one percent of Earths land area between 1951 and 1980, the base period for this study. But since 2006, about 10 percent of land area across the Northern Hemisphere has experienced these temperatures each summer.
James Hansen and colleagues use the bell curve to show the growing frequency of extreme summer temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere, compared to the 1951 to 1980 base period. The mean temperature for the base period is centered at the top of the green curve, while hotter than normal temperatures (red) are plotted to theright and colder than normal (blue) to the left. By 1981, the curve begins to shift noticeably to the right, showing how hotter summers are the new normal. The curve also widens, due to more frequent hot events. Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio
Download hi-res visualization
Comments from Anthony:
This bell curve proves nothing, as it has the same problems with data as the surface temperature visualization above: cherry picking period, missing data, and contradictory severe weather statistics. This is nothing but a political ploy from a man who has abandoned any pretext of professionally done science in favor of activism. However, in spite of this, it will be used as proof by non-thinking individuals like Bill McKibben to promote a political end. Prepare for a barrage of such stories trying to link any observed weather aberration to climate. Theyll use the same level of fact checking like we saw with the melting street lamps last week.
In 1988, Hansen first asserted that global warming would reach a point in the coming decades when the connection to extreme events would become more apparent. While some warming should coincide with a noticeable boost in extreme events, the natural variability in climate and weather can be so large as to disguise the trend.
To distinguish the trend from natural variability, Hansen and colleagues turned to statistics. In this study, the GISS team including Makiko Sato and Reto Ruedy did not focus on the causes of temperature change. Instead the researchers analyzed surface temperature data to establish the growing frequency of extreme heat events in the past 30 years, a period in which the temperature data show an overall warming trend.
NASA climatologists have long collected data on global temperature anomalies, which describe how much warming or cooling regions of the world have experienced when compared with the 1951 to 1980 base period. In this study, the researchers employ a bell curve to illustrate how those anomalies are changing.
A bell curve is a tool frequently used by statisticians and society. School teachers who grade on the curve use a bell curve to designate the mean score as a C, the top of the bell. The curve falls off equally to both sides, showing that fewer students receive B and D grades and even fewer receive A and F grades.
Hansen and colleagues found that a bell curve was a good fit to summertime temperature anomalies for the base period of relatively stable climate from 1951 to 1980. Mean temperature is centered at the top of the bell curve. Decreasing in frequency to the left of center are cold, very cold and extremely cold events. Decreasing in frequency to the right of center are hot, very hot and extremely hot events.
Plotting bell curves for the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s, the team noticed the entire curve shifted to the right, meaning that more hot events are the new normal. The curve also flattened and widened, indicating a wider range of variability. Specifically, an average of 75 percent of land area across Earth experienced summers in the hot category during the past decade, compared to only 33 percent during the 1951 to 1980 base period. Widening of the curve also led to the designation of the new category of outlier events labeled extremely hot, which were almost nonexistent in the base period.
Hansen says this summer is shaping up to fall into the new extreme category. Such anomalies were infrequent in the climate prior to the warming of the past 30 years, so statistics let us say with a high degree of confidence that we would not have had such an extreme anomaly this summer in the absence of global warming, he says.
Other regions around the world also have felt the heat of global warming, according to the study. Global maps of temperature anomalies show that heat waves in Texas, Oklahoma and Mexico in 2011, and in the Middle East, Western Asia and Eastern Europe in 2010 fall into the new extremely hot category.
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Are there any scientists that take this clown seriously?
Tends to excite the warministas every year. Suckers all.
It snowed in South Africa today. First time in forty years.
I would call Doc Hansen “king cherry picker” of all time.
I think we can actually round up a hundred twelve year-old kids now....who could actually argue against Doc Hansen in a public forum and give him a fairly good verbal argument against his logic.
He is obviously not “smarter than a fifth grader”. ;-)
If Al Gore had joined her, South Africa would be the new ski destination.
If it doesnt fit, you must omit
apologies to Johnny Cochrane.
A two front cold system.
They experienced global cooling in S. Africa where it snowed.
These are the same bunch that, when we point out that a particular winter has been very nasty despite global warming, always tell us that we’re confusing “weather” with “climate”.
Now they’re doing the same thing and calling it science.
Looks like the "many" are looking for a cause to get involved in despite evidence against global warming.
Does “global” include the Pacific Northwest, where it has been very cool and damp this summer?
Oh wait, I forgot.
Local climate that disproves the “global change” theory is not a part of the global data.
“Global” only includes those regions that provide evidence backing their AGW fraud.
SEE!!! It's climate change. That proves it conclusively. </sarcasm>
Hansen’s “NASA” should not be confused with the NASA that put Curiosity on Mars.
Not sure how you do it but I sure do like 'em!
Global warming causes that too. Where have you been?
Thank you so much!! (It’s a LOT of “pre-planning” but it’s fun.) Thanks again!!
Now that should be breaking news for the national media....all we hear is crickets....
Stephen Rasey says:
You know, there have been a spate of papers to prove the warming alarm via statistics.
Its time to use the same technique to show that GISS and CRU adjustments are also far from what can be expected by normal, random, unbiased forces and thus their warming signal is conclusively man-made.
David Ball says:
Waiting for James reply,
cue Jeopardy music. Great article Anthony. So sick of their selective science. How will Hansen be viewed by his peers in the future? Perhaps as one of the men who derailed science for political machinations (the cause).