Skip to comments.JAPANESE STRIKE HARD ON GUADALCANAL; STALINGRAD ARMY REPELS SPEARHEAD (9/16/42)
Posted on 09/16/2012 5:47:38 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945
Island Bombarded (Whitney) 2
Russians Pressed (Parker) 2-3
Pulitzer Winner Believed Captive * 3
Japanese Not on the Run, Nimitz Warns Navy Men 4
Towers Air Chief in Pacific Fleet 4-5
War News Summarized 6
Wuyi Recaptured in Big Chinese Push 7
Sales Tax Not Dead Yet (Krock) 8
Dieppe Raid Cost Canada 3,350 Men 8
The Texts of the Days Communiques on the War 9-10
* Larry Allen, another WWII+70 correspondent. Hes having a tough war. He was wounded in a naval battle in the Med last December . (See page 13.)
Allies control the air over New Guinea
Wednesday, September 16, 1942 www.onwar.com
Allies bombing Japanese positions on New Guinea [photo at link]
In New Guinea... Allied prospects are brighter as they establish local air superiority over Ioribaiwa. This halts the Japanese advance. American reinforcements brought into Port Moresby to join the Australians mean that an effective offense can now be planned.
September 16th, 1942
U.S.S.R.: At dawn in Stalingrad, the Soviet 42nd Regiment attacks into a hurricane of mortar fire, seeking the top of Mamayev Kurgan. A short and vicious hand-to-hand battle settles the issue, and Soviet troops gain the summit.As soon as they dig in, the Germans counterattack, but the Soviets hold on. (Jack McKillop)
BARENTS SEA: The German submarine U-457 is sunk in the Barents Sea northeast of Murmansk, USSR, in position 75.05N, 43.15E, by depth charges from the RN destroyer HMS Impulsive. All 45 hands on the U-boat are lost. (Jack McKillop)
SOUTH ATLANTIC: The German submarines U-156, U-506 and U-507 and the Italian submarine Capellini are engaged in rescuing survivors of the sinking of the British transport Lanconia on 12 September, when they are attacked by a USAAF B-24. (Jack McKillop)
U-558 sank SS Commercial Trader.
U-165 sank SS Joannis and damaged SS Essex Lance and SS Pan York in Convoy SQ-36. (Dave Shirlaw)
UNITED KINGDOM: Three Eagle Squadrons, consisting of American volunteers to the RAF, are to be transferred to USAAF command.
Frigate HMS Waveney commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)
GERMANY: U-647 and U-648 launched.
U-528 commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)
NORTH AFRICA: US Major General Lewis H Brereton, Commanding General US Army Middle East Air Force in Egypt, is officially assigned to the Middle East as a result of pressure from Major General Clayton L Bissell, new Commanding General Tenth Air Force in India, for clarification of the status of Brereton and other key staff officers and combat crews who had gone from India to the Middle East in June and July 1942. (Jack McKillop)
SUDAN: Sgt. Graham Leslie Parish (b.1912), RAFVR, tried to help an injured passenger from his crashed and blazing bomber. Unfortunately, both men died. (George Cross)
ALEUTIANS: The Japanese complete transfer of the Attu garrison to Kiska, begun on 27 August; all defensive positions on Attu were destroyed by the Japanese. A US 11th Air Force B-17 Flying Fortress and a B-24 Liberator fly photographic and reconnaissance runs over Adak. (Jack McKillop)
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC: In New Guinea, the Japanese ground offensive toward PortMoresby comes to a halt at Ioribaiwa; Australian troops are entrenched on Imita Range where they are preparing a counteroffensive. A lone US 5th Air Force B-17 attacks landing barges in the Sanananda area while a single A-20 Havoc bombs and strafes positions at Nauro and Menari in the Efogi area.
On New Britain Island, US 5th Air Force B-17s bomb the wharf and airfield at Rabaul and airfield on Gasmata Island off the south coast of New Britain Island. (Jack McKillop)
U.S.A.: A training program for the Women’s Auxiliary Flying Squadron (WAFS), under Jacqueline Cochran’s direction, is approved as the 319th Army Air Forces Flying Training Detachment (Women), or more simply Women’s Flying Training Detachment (WFTD), at Howard Hughes Field, Houston, Texas.
The motion picture “The Major and the Minor” is released today. This romantic comedy, directed by Billy Wilder (his directorial debut), stars Ginger Rogers, Ray Milland, Rita Johnson, Robert Benchley and Diana Lynn. The plot has Rogers posing as a 12-year-old to get a cheap rail fare home from New York City. She runs into Milland who is an Army major at a military school and ends up spending some time at the school being pursued by the cadets. (Jack McKillop)
Lloyds Register of Shipping did a survey and issued a certificate, dated 16 Sep 1942, giving permission for the tugs North Shore and North Lake to be sailed from New Orleans to Norfolk, Va, via inland waters, Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic coast. Apparently when the civilian crew was sailing North Lake by this route they grounded that tug which resulted in some damage to her steering gear.
Minesweeper USS Nuthatch launched. (Dave Shirlaw)
CANADA: Corvettes HMCS Weyburn and Lunenburg departed St. John’s for UK with Convoy SC-100 and support of Operation Torch, North African Landings.
Corvette HMCS Oakville arrived Halifax for repairs to damage. (Dave Shirlaw)
"Although the Rabbinate was abolished in the Lódz (Poland) Ghetto in September 1942, Jews continued to observe the religious holidays, and the chairman of the Jewish Council, Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski, took on the task of performing marriages.
Here, the generations of the Lódz Ghetto join in observance of the High Holy Days as an elderly Jew, holding his prayer book and wearing a tallit, sits with a young man, perhaps his grandson."
"Sonderkommando prisoners burn bodies at Auschwitz. When there were too many corpses for the ovens and/or when the ovens failed, other means of disposing of Jewish corpses were used.
The death camp at Sobibor had gas chambers but no crematoria ovens."
One of the most reviled killers to ever sit on death row at Sing Sing was a teenager. His name was Edward Haight. His shocking story . . . began in the tranquil village of Bedford in Westchester County. On September 15, 1942, two girls, Margaret Lynch, 7, and her sister Helen, 9 were seen getting into a Ford station wagon that was reported stolen in nearby Stamford, Connecticut. They were never seen alive again . . .
The very next day, a Connecticut state trooper was driving along a road in north Stamford when he observed Edward Haight, 16, drive by . . . When Haight was pulled over, police found a gas ration book from the stolen Ford station wagon in his pocket. He was taken into custody and soon confessed to the murder of both Lynch sisters. . . . Helen’s body was fished out of the Kensico Reservoir. Margaret had been strangled and her body was located in the woods near the reservoir. . . .
Haight was charged with two counts of first-degree murder and locked up in the Bedford jail . . . . During the trial, which opened on October 29, both the prosecution and defense psychiatrists offered conflicting opinions on the defendant’s sanity . . . . On November 5, Haight was found guilty of first-degree murder . . . . Deliberations lasted less than one hour . . . .
He was taken immediately over to death row in Sing Sing. Ironically, Edward’s father, Arnold Haight, once did four years at Sing Sing for a burglary back in 1932 . . . . On July 8, 1943, [Edward at 17] became the youngest person to be executed in Sing Sing’s electric chair. His father was unable to claim his body and Edward Haight was buried in a plot of quick lime in nearby Peekskill.
This is Senator McCain's grandfather, Annapolis '06. His father was class of '31. The Senator was class of '58.