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Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 10/1/42 | Daniel T. Brigham, Ralph Parker, Byron Darnton, Frank L. Kluckhohn

Posted on 10/01/2012 5:44:36 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson



















TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: milhist; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
1 posted on 10/01/2012 5:44:39 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
Papua, New Guinea, 1942
Allied Advance Across Owen Stanley Mountains, 26 Sept.-15 Nov. 1942
The Solomons: Guadalcanal and Florida, 1942
Southwest Russia, 1942: German Advance to Stalingrad, Operations, 24 July-18 November 1942
The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Status of Forces and Allied Theater Boundaries, 2 July 1942
India-Burma, 1942: Allied Lines of Communication, 1942-1943
2 posted on 10/01/2012 5:45:18 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
Nazi Sees Victory (Brigham) – 2
Fresh Units Gain (Parker) – 3-4
Crash Kills Uruguayan Air Head * – 4
Allies Take Naoro From Foe Retreating in New Guinea (Darnton) – 4-5
2 Navy Transports Lost in Solomons – 5
Churchill Says Raid on Dieppe Cost Allied Force Loss of Nearly 50% (Kluckhohn) – 6
War News Summarized – 6
The Texts of the Day’s War Communiques – 8-9

* That’s just mean.

3 posted on 10/01/2012 5:47:22 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

German armies advancing in the east
Thursday, October 1, 1942

On the Eastern Front... Germans gains at Stalingrad continue in the Orlovka region. North of Tuapse, along the coast of the Black Sea, heavy fighting continues between Soviet and German forces. German troops are also advancing towards Grozny.

In New Guinea... Australian troops begin to move forward on the Kokada Trail.

From Australia... General MacArthur issues orders for the coordinated allied advances in New Guinea. US forces are to take the Kapa Kapa Trail running parallel to the Kokada Trail in an effort to entrap the Japanese troops between the two allied forces, closing their retreat at the Kumusi River. Landings are also to be made on the northern coast between Milne Bay and Cape Nelson. Wanigela is a focus for a portion of the landings.

In the United States... Fuel oil is now rationed in most parts of the country.

4 posted on 10/01/2012 5:49:47 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

October 1st, 1942

UNITED KINGDOM: Construction work starts in secrecy on floating docks, designed for an Allied invasion of Europe.

Destroyer HMS Redoubt commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)

The Times praises Pope Pius XII for his condemnation of Nazism and his public support for their Jewish victims. “A study of the words which Pope Pius XII has addressed since his accession,” noted the Times, “leaves no room for doubt. He condemns the worship of force and its concrete manifestations in the supp- ression of national liberties and in the persecution of the Jewish race.” (Russell Folsom)(273, pp. 75)

GERMANY: U-642 commissioned. U-231, U-387, U-650 launched. (Dave Shirlaw)

DENMARK: The Germans have been able to round up just 360 out of 7,000 Jews for deportation to Theresienstadt.

U.S.S.R.: German forces are advancing toward Grozny against stiff Russian resistance. From Tuapse, north along the Black Sea, heavy fighting between the Germans and Russians is continuing.

Further north Russian forces begin crossing the river Dnieper.

Black Sea Fleet and Azov Flotilla: Submarine “M-118” sunk by aviation and surface ships gunfire, at Jerbiyanskaya Harbour. (Sergey Anisimov)(69)

MEDITERRANEAN SEA: US Army, Middle East Air Force B-24s bomb shipping in Pylos Bay, Greece, claiming 2 direct hits and several near misses on a large vessel; other B-24s dispatched to bomb a convoy at sea fail to find the target. (Jack McKillop)

EGYPT: The British Army forces the Axis from positions in region of El Alamein. (Jack McKillop)

CHINA: Chekiang: A ship carrying Allied prisoners of war became a sealed coffin today when she was torpedoed by the US submarine GROUPER off China. In all 840 British and Canadian PoWs from Hong Kong drowned after Japanese guards battened down the hatches before abandoning ship. The 7,152-ton LISBON MARU was carrying 1,816 PoWs. Some managed to force the hatches and dive overboard - only to face machine-gun fire from escorting warships. This is the deadliest American-on-British “friendly fire” incident in military history.

Just before dawn on October 1, 1942, an American submarine, the Grouper, identified the Lisbon Maru as a Japanese troopship and fired six torpedoes. Five either passed under their target or failed to detonate, but one smashed into her stern.

Before they abandoned ship, the Japanese crew battened down the hatches, trapping the PoWs in the hold and leaving six armed “suicide” guards on deck to ensure that no prisoners escaped.

After 24 hours packed in dark, airless chambers, with the water rising at their feet, a group of PoWs managed to cut their way out and overpowered the guards. There followed a rush to get out as the ship tilted and began to sink. In one of the holds the ladder snapped and seventy men were shut in: they could be heard singing It’s a Long Way to Tipperary as the ship went down. Others were trapped as they tried to wriggle through potholes and drowned as the water level rose.

Most got out and leapt overboard. Arthur Betts of the First Battalion of the Middlesex Regiment could not swim a stroke but he grabbed hold of a piece of flotsam. Luckily the current begins to carry him towards a group of islands.

In the water the prisoners were shot at by soldiers who were aboard circling Japanese patrol boats. Prisoners who tried to climb aboard these vessels were thrown back into the water; some were run over.

After several hours drifting in the sea, Mr Betts had a vision. “He felt he saw a vision of Christ,” Mrs Snowdon (his daughter) says. “Whether he was hallucinating for lack of food and water, I don’t know, but that’s what he said he saw, and it had a profound effect on him afterwards.”

Mark Fielding-Smith (his grandson) says: “He was always adamant about it, whenever he told the story. He had the vision, and then he began kicking in the direction of the islands. He would talk a bit about the PoW camps, but mainly it was about that swim. He told me about friends being taken by sharks next to him and friends just drowning, and people being shot in the water and run over.”

After about eight hours in the water, Mr Betts crawled ashore on one of the easternmost islands of the Zhoushan archipelago. About two hundred swimmers reached the islands, but some were smashed into the rocks as they attempted to clamber ashore. Arriving naked and exhausted, they were taken in by the islanders and fed and clothed. Chinese fishermen put to sea in sampans to pick up more of the swimmers, a development that apparently prompted the Japanese to start picking up other survivors. (Will Pavia)

NEW GUINEA: General MacArthur orders the Allies to attack Buna and Gona. A US force is to move over at Kapa Kapa Trail to join the Australians on the Kokoda Trail to cut the Japanese retreat at the Kumusi River.

A US force is to move over at Kapa kapa Trail to join the Australians on the Kokoda Trail to cut the Japanese retreat at the Kumusi River.

US Fifth Air Force B-17 Flying Fortresses and P-400 Airacobras pound forces and communications in the Owen Stanley Range, hitting Menari, Kagi, Myola Lake, the Kokoda area, Wairopi bridge, and the Buna-Wairopi trail. (Jack McKillop)

SOLOMON ISLANDS: IJN Destroyer Division 11, (Fubuki, Shirayuki, Hatsuyuki, and Muakumo), make a Tokyo Express Run to Guadalcanal. MG Nasu and the 4th Regiment are landed.

TERRITORY OF ALASKA: ALEUTIANS: A Japanese reconnaissance airplane over Adak Island establishes US occupation of the island. 7 US Eleventh Air Force B-24 Liberators on a search-attack and photo reconnaissance mission over Kiska Island hit hangars and ramps, starting several fires; 4 fighters appear and are engaged; 1 probable victory is claimed; 2 other B-24s take off, after a USN PBY Catalina sights a transport, but cannot locate it. (Jack McKillop)

CANADA: Submarine HMS P553 arrived Halifax for ASW training. Fairmiles HMC ML 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111 ordered. (Dave Shirlaw)
U.S.A.: Baseball!

Fuel is now rationed in most parts of the country.

The first American turbojet aircraft, the Bell Model 27 XP-59A-BE Airacomet, msn 27-1, USAAF s/n 42-108784, makes its first flight at Muroc AAB (now Edwards AFB), California. The flight was made with the landing gear in the down position and at 25 feet (7.62 meters) off the ground. Three more flights were made today in this aircraft.

The U.S.A. has now rationed fuel oil in most areas of the country.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt ends two-week trip to war plants across U.S. (Jack McKillop)

Destroyer USS Nields launched. Submarine USS Scorpion commissioned. Destroyer USS Waller commissioned. Destroyer USS Dashiell laid down. Destroyer escorts USS Wintle and Dempsey laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)

ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-407 attacked the great passenger liner Queen Mary with a four-torpedo fan shot, but all torpedoes missed.

U-175 sank SS Empire Tennyson.

U-202 sank SS Achilles.

(Dave Shirlaw)

5 posted on 10/01/2012 5:52:27 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Clive; exg; Alberta's Child; albertabound; AntiKev; backhoe; Byron_the_Aussie; Cannoneer No. 4; ...

Canada Ping!

6 posted on 10/01/2012 5:55:33 AM PDT by Squawk 8888 (True North- Strong Leader, Strong Dollar, Strong and Free!)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

ObamaCare is the medical plan that Hitler would approve of.

7 posted on 10/01/2012 5:57:30 AM PDT by ExTexasRedhead
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

More about Captian Marion E Carl on Page 7:

Went on to become a very decorated ace.

When the squadron left Guadalcanal in October, Carl was America’s second-ranking ace behind his commanding officer, Major John L. Smith.

In 1943, then Major Carl returned to the Pacific and led VMF-223 until the following summer. During additional combat in the Solomon Islands, he claimed two more enemy planes, finishing as the Corps’ seventh ranking ace with 18.5 victories.

Test pilot

In 1945, Carl graduated in the first test pilot class at Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Maryland. As a lieutenant colonel, he conducted pioneering jet operations from aircraft carriers and later commanded VMF-122, the first Marine jet squadron. He was also the first Marine to pilot a helicopter.

In 1947, Carl was one of two pilots selected to fly the Douglas D-558/I Skystreak in record-setting speed attempts. That August, he was recorded at 650 miles per hour (1,050 km/h), establishing a new world record. When Air Force Captain Chuck Yeager broke the sound barrier in October, he also broke Carl’s record.

He was promoted to brigadier general and, in 1965, he took the First Marine Brigade to Danang, South Vietnam. Despite his seniority, he repeatedly flew combat missions in helicopter gunships and jet fighters.

Carl returned to his native Oregon, where he and his wife Edna settled near Roseburg. Marion Carl’s memoir, Pushing the Envelope, coauthored with his friend Barrett Tillman, was published in 1994.

In 1998, at age 82, he was shot to death with a shotgun during a robbery, defending Edna from a home invader. Carl was buried with full military honors at Arlington National Cemetery.

His murderer, 19-year-old Jesse Fanus, was apprehended one week later. In April 1999, he was convicted on two counts of aggravated murder and sentenced to death. In 2003, his conviction and death sentence was upheld by the Oregon Supreme Court. In December 2011, the sentence was overturned.

8 posted on 10/01/2012 6:36:10 AM PDT by Mikey_1962 (Obama: The Affirmative Action President.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

lol. “Air Head”


Hey Adolf.... defensive warfare is not going to take Stalingrad, just saying.

9 posted on 10/01/2012 6:58:30 AM PDT by GeronL (
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

10 posted on 10/01/2012 7:07:15 AM PDT by CougarGA7 ("History is politics projected into the past" - Michael Pokrovski)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

How did the Times come by such detailed information on the military campaign?

11 posted on 10/01/2012 7:55:13 AM PDT by DManA
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

To all the ZeroHedge readers,

Welcome to Free Republic!
Free Republic is the premier online gathering place for independent, grass-roots conservatism on the web. We’re working to roll back decades of governmental largesse, to root out political fraud and corruption, and to champion causes which further conservatism in America. And we always have fun doing it. Hoo-yah!

Statement by the founder of Free Republic:

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Therefore, we wholeheartedly support the Bush Doctrine of pre-emptive strikes on known terrorist states and organizations that are believed to present a clear threat to our freedom or national security. We support our military, our troops and our Commander-in-Chief and we oppose turning control of our government back over to the liberals and socialists who favor appeasement, weakness, and subserviency. We do not believe in surrendering to the terrorists as France, Germany, Russia and Spain have done and as Kerry, Kennedy, Clinton and the Democrats, et al, are proposing.

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12 posted on 10/01/2012 8:29:16 AM PDT by JerseyHighlander
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Mein Führer, if you want to invade Stalingrad, you should go yourself!

13 posted on 10/01/2012 11:19:29 AM PDT by iowamark
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To: iowamark

Hilter: Ach. Ha! Gut time, er, gut afternoon.

Landlady: Oho, planning a little excursion, eh, Mr Hilter?

Hilter: Ja, ja, ve haff a little... (to Palin) was ist Abweise bewegen?

Bimmler: Hiking.

Hilter: Ah yes, ve make a little *hike* for Bideford.

Johnson: Ah yes. Well, you’ll want the A39. Oh, no, you’ve got the wrong map there. This is Stalingrad. You want the Ilfracombe and Barnstaple section.

Hilter: Ah! Stalingrad! Ha ha ha, Heinri...Reginald, you have the wrong map here you silly old leg-before-vicket English person.

Bimmler: I’m sorry mein Fuhrer, mein (cough) mein Dickie old chum.

Landlady: Oh, lucky Mr Johnson pointed that out. You wouldn’t have had much fun in Stalingrad, would you? Ha ha.

(stony silence)

I said, you wouldn’t have had much fun in Stalingrad, would you?

Hilter: Not much fun in Stalingrad, no.

14 posted on 10/01/2012 11:24:39 AM PDT by dfwgator (I'm voting for Ryan and that other guy.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Yankees lose....Th-a-a-a-a Yankees lose.

15 posted on 10/01/2012 11:26:02 AM PDT by dfwgator (I'm voting for Ryan and that other guy.)
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To: dfwgator

I’m picking the Cardinals to win in 5 games.

16 posted on 10/01/2012 11:27:45 AM PDT by dfwgator (I'm voting for Ryan and that other guy.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Still a couple of days until the air raids that would turn Stalingrad into an unimaginable nightmare, but by now the Germans know winter is coming, and the more imaginative among them can hear the ghost of Napoleon laughing at them. BTT.

17 posted on 10/01/2012 5:32:02 PM PDT by Billthedrill
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