Skip to comments.PRESIDENT FOR DRAFTING YOUTHS AT 18 YEARS; 3 U.S. CRUISERS SUNK IN EARLY SOLOMONS FIGHT (10/13/42)
Posted on 10/13/2012 4:54:20 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945
Germans on Volga in southern Stalingrad
Tuesday, October 13, 1942 www.onwar.com
On the Eastern Front... In the southern part of the city of Stalingrad, German 48th Panzer Corps, part of German 4th Panzer Army reaches the Volga River. However, to the north the Soviets hold on to the large factory buildings, continuing their counterattacks.
In the Solomon Islands... On Guadalcanal, 3000 American troops land from the convoy which were the subject of the Battle of Cape Esperance. The Japanese bring up the battleships Kongo and Haruna to bombard the airstrip at Henderson Field during the night. 50 American planes are destroyed on the ground, about one half of the aircraft present. While the shelling is occurring, Admiral Tanaka takes advantage of the break in American air cover and lands 4500 men and large quantities of supplies at Tassafaronga.
October 13th, 1942
UNITED KINGDOM: Submarine HNLMS Zwaardvis (ex-HMS Talent) laid down at Clydebank.
Sloop HMS Kite launched. (Dave Shirlaw)
GERMANY: U-773 laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)
U.S.S.R.: One Corps of the German 4th Panzer Army reach the Volga River in the southern part of Stalingrad. The Soviets continue to hold areas to the north in strength.
BALTIC STATES: The German authorities declare all Jewish property confiscated.
MEDITERRANEAN SEA: US Army, Middle East Air Force P-40s fly a fighter sweep, patrol, and interception missions west of El Alamein, Egypt; fighters claim 2 Bf 109s destroyed and 1 damaged. (Jack McKillop)
SOLOMON ISLANDS: Admiral Turner brings reinforcements to Guadalcanal. 210 men of the First Marine Aircraft Wing and 85 Marine replacements join 2,850 men of the Army’s 164th Infantry Regiment. The Marines are no longer alone on Guadalcanal.
At 1202 hours local, as the Army reinforcements are being put ashore, 27 “Betty” bombers (, Navy Type 1 Attack Bombers) escorted by 18 “Zeke” fighters (Mitsubishi A6M, Navy Type 0 Carrier Fighters), all based on Rabaul on New Britain Island, attack Henderson Field. The runway is cratered and 5,000 U.S. gallons (18,927 liters) of aviation fuel is destroyed. Forty two Navy and Marine F4F Wildcats and 13 USAAF P-39and P-400 Airacobras take off but only one bomber and a fighter are destroyed; one F4F is lost but the pilot is recovered.
At 1350 hours local, a second attack by 18 “Betty” bombers and 18 “Zeke” fighters occurs while the Cactus Air Fighters are being refuelled. The Henderson Field runway is further damaged.
A Japanese convoy of six transports and 8 destroyers is spotted, 200 miles (321.9 km) north of Guadalcanal, by the afternoon search of the Cactus Air Force. Under the direct command of Admiral Takama, 4,500 new soldiers, a battery of both 10cm and 15cm artillery, the 1st Independent Tank Company, and various supplies are headed for Japanese positions on Guadalcanal.
Six B-17s bomb Buka Island and Tonolai on Bougainville Island.
About 1830 hours local, the first shell from a Japanese 15cm howitzer, unloaded from the HIJMS Chitose, lands on Henderson Field. “Pistol Pete” is finally in battle.
Also heading down the Slot towards Guadalcanal tonight is Admiral Kurita with the battleships HIJMS Kongo and HIJMS Haruna on a bombardment mission. They carry special Type 3 shells designed for antiaircraft use, but equally deadly for bombardment use. For tonight spotting is assisted by a naval gunnery officer atop Mount Austen and another leading a group of spotter and illumination aircraft. (Jack McKillop)
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC: 15 Fifth Air Force B-17 Flying Fortresses again bomb Rabaul, New Britain Island, concentrating on Vunakanau and Lakunai Airfields. In New Guinea, a B-17 bombs Buna. (Jack McKillop)
NEW HEBRIDES: The Japanese submarine HIJMS I-7 launches a “Glen” reconnaissance aircraft (Kugisho E14Y, Navy Type 0 Small Reconnaissance Seaplane) to reconnoiter American installations on Espiritu Santo Island. (Jack McKillop)
CANADA: Corvettes HMCS Edmunston, Quesnel, Timmins, Dundas and New Westminster arrived Halifax from Esquimalt. (Dave Shirlaw)
U.S.A.: Marine Photo Squadron VMD-154 departs San Diego bound for operations out of Espiritu Santo in the Solomons.
Destroyers USS Philip and Renshaw launched.
Minesweeper USS Broadbill commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)
U-221 sank SS Ashworth, Fagersten and Senta in Convoy SC-104.
U-159 sank SS Empire Nomad.
1 man was killed and 3 wounded on U-453 in an accident during handling the machine gun. [Matrosengefreiter Horst Saupe + on 13th Oct., Steuermannsgefreiter Helmut Lorenz died 2 months later]. (Dave Shirlaw)
Kongo was a good bit longer and a lot faster than her contemporary, the USS Texas (and had one fewer rear turrets than the Texas) but the ships were about equal in displacement and both had 14 inch main guns.
The Texas is probably as close as one can come among existing ships.