Skip to comments.FOE MASSING FOR GUADALCANAL ATTACK; LOSES ALL OF 14 BOMBERS IN ONE RAID (10/19/42)
Posted on 10/19/2012 4:22:55 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
Big Battle is Near 2
3 Cruisers Are Attacked in 4 Allied Blows at Buin 3
War News Summarized 3
2 Destroyers Hit in U.S. Raid at Kiska 4
Flying Fortress Strafes 4 Planes 4
Navy Bees Build Pacific Airports 4
Nazis Hurled Back 5
Carrier Princeton Goes Down Ways 5
War Output Drive to be Started by Labor-Employer Body Today 6
Texts of Days War Communiques 7-8
A Correspondent in the Desert (photo) 8
More Chinese equipment made in USA
Monday, October 19, 1942 www.onwar.com
In Washington... The War Department agrees to provide equipment for another thirty Chinese divisions.
October 19th, 1942
UNITED KINGDOM: 542 Squadron (Photo Reconnaissance) is formed at RAF Benson. (Bob Hart)(137)
Submarine HMS Terrapin laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)
GERMANY: U-347 laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)
MEDITERRANEAN SEA: The air offensive preliminary to the British Eighth Army ground attack west of El Alamein, Egypt begins as RAF aircraft and US Army, Middle East Air Force B-25 Mitchells hit a landing ground and B-24s claim a direct hit on vessel at Tobruk, Libya. (Jack McKillop)
MADAGASCAR: East African troops press southward from Tananarive; the King’s African Rifles capture 800 Vichy troops near Ivato.
INDIA: Delhi: General Stilwell presents Chiang Kai-shek with new plans for Chinese forces in Burma, including the arming of 30 more divisions.
SOLOMON ISLANDS: The last elements of the IJA 2nd “Sendai” Division (Lieutenant General Masao Maruyama) step of along a primitive 20-mile road (the “Maruyama Road”) through Guadalcanal’s jungles and struggling toward attack positions south of the American-held airfields.
The “road” is a 24-inch (61 cm) wide trail hacked through the jungle for 20-miles (32.2 km). The initial march started on 16 October 16. Each member of the elite 2nd “Emperor’s Own” Infantry Division lugs his rifle, pack and a 30-pound (13.6 kg) artillery shell over ridges and gorges. General Maruyama is confident his division will massacre Henderson Field’s defenders with a surprise attack and his staff is already planning the surrender ceremony. Another 3,000 Japanese infantry supported by artillery and tanks are readying a diversionary attack west of the airfields. As yet, the Americans have not detected the moves.
During the day, a USN minesweeper arrives off Lunga Point with 175 55-U.S.-gallon (208.2 liter) drums of aviation fuel and a fuel barge is towed from the New Hebrides to Tulagi by a fleet tug. Cactus Air Force F4F Wildcats fly a constant CAP over the fuel.
SBDs Dauntless dive bombers of the USN’s Bombing Squadron Six (VB-6) and Scouting Squadron Seventy One (VS 71) and Marine Scout Bombing Squadron One Hundred Forty One (VMSB-141) from Henderson Field attack three Japanese destroyers north of Guadalcanal, damaging HIJMS Uranami. IJA artillery fire closes Henderson Field for part of the day.
The USN submarine USS Grampus (SS-207) lands Australian coastwatchers on Choiseul Island. (Jack McKillop)
NEW CALEDONIA: The IJN submarine HIJMS I-19 launches a “Glen” reconnaissance aircraft (Kugisho E14Y, Navy Type 0 Small Reconnaissance Seaplane) to reconnoiter Nouméa. (Jack McKillop)
TERRITORY OF ALASKA: Aleutians: An Eleventh Air Force B-17 Flying Fortress flies weather reconnaissance and bomb runs over Attu, Semichi, Kiska, and Amchitka Islands; 6 B-24 Liberators dispatched to bomb Kiska Island abort the mission due to weather. (Jack McKillop)
Corvette HMCS Sorel commenced refit Liverpool, Nova Scotia.
Corvette HMCS Summerside departed Halifax for UK and Operation Torch duties. (Dave Shirlaw)
U.S.A.: Destroyer escorts USS Levy and McConnell laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)
ATLANTIC OCEAN: The U.S. freighter SS Steel Navigator, straggling from convoy ON 137, is attacked by German submarine U-610; Steel Navigator briefly drives off the shadower with 5-inch (12.7 cm) gunfire, but the U-boat returns and torpedoes and sinks the freighter in position 49°20’N, 32°00’W. Hastily launched motor boat swamps in heavy seas; no.3 lifeboat swamps as the ship plunges and spills its 35 occupants into the sea. U-610 surfaces and approaches the survivors’ boats and rafts; when questions shouted by the submarine’s commander fail to get answers, the enemy threatens to cut a raft in two. After answers are given in the brief interrogation, the Germans refuse to provide a course to the nearest land and depart. Subsequently, survivors right no.3 boat and redistribute themselves; the boats becomes separated. (Jack McKillop)
U-116 (Type XB) is listed missing in the North Atlantic, details and position not known. 55 dead (all hands lost). The last radiogram was sent on 6 October from approximate position 45.00N, 31.30W. (Alex Gordon)
U-332 sank SS Rothley. (Dave Shirlaw)
Pardon me if this has been covered as a topic on your threads already. But noticing the word “Foe” here, any chance in these PC times that the NYT has replaced the commonly used “Japs” from that era onto the archives? The wording just seems off, but maybe it’s just me.
No I don't think you could do that with microfilm. These are photos of the original print versions. The term "Japs" is frequently used in the articles, mostly as part of quotations. Besides "Foe" has fewer characters than "Japs," an important factor for the headline writers.
Printing before the digital age was much more space-restricted. The three letters of ‘foe’ may have just fit the layout better than the four letters of ‘Japs’.
Another thought. I know other papers used “Japs” in the headlines, but the Times goes with “Japanese” when they need to be specific. Not PC, I believe, they just think of themselves as more highbrow than the other comics.
“Foe” works better than “Japs” in nursery rhymes too.
Fee fi foe fum....
That Japanese commander is in somewhat of a dream world thinking he can launch a “surprise” attack that has been forecast on the front page of the New York Times. Our guys may not yet know where, but they know its coming.