Skip to comments.U.S. FLIERS HAMMER JAPANESE TROOPS; RUSSIANS BEAT OFF STALINGRAD BLOWS (10/21/42)
Posted on 10/21/2012 4:44:50 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
"German Order Police humiliate Jews during an Aktion in Lukow, Poland, in 1942.
Almost 4,000 Jews were murdered during the liquidation of the ghetto on May 2, 1943.
Obvious Jewish symbols--such as prayer shawls, yarmulkes, and beards--made Jews seem 'more Jewish' and left them especially vulnerable to German assault."
* Darnton and another man were killed on October 18, 1942 when a B-25 bombed the wrong position.
Street fighting in Stalingrad
Wednesday, October 21, 1942 www.onwar.com
German machine gun located in a building at Stalingrad [photo at link]
On the Eastern Front... At Stalingrad, vicious fighting again is concentrated in small areas. The Germans are attacking the Barricades Factory and a housing estate. The attacks will continue over the next two days. The Germans make some gains in the Red October Factory area.
In the Solomon Islands... On Guadalcanal, the Japanese forces, mainly 2nd Infantry Division, under General Maruyama now number 20,000. The plan for the attack on the main American position involves simultaneous attacks to be made northward in the area between the Lunga and Tenaru Rivers, while secondary attacks are made on the American western outposts along the Matanika River. The Japanese lack accurate intelligence concerning the numbers and dispositions of the American troops.
In New Guinea... The Australian troops fighting on Kokoda Trail advance to the main Japanese positions in Eora. General MacArthur orders them to speed up their advance.
From Britain... The transports and escorts in support of Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of French North Africa, sail. Despite the presence of 21 German U-boats in the waters off Gibraltar and the Moroccan coast, the transports are only mentioned vaguely in dispatches to Italy and Germany.
In the Atlantic... Convoy SL-125 comes under attack from U-Boat forces.
October 21st, 1942
UNITED KINGDOM: Trawler HMS Campobello completed and loaned to RCN. (Dave Shirlaw)
FRANCE: The USAAF Eighth Air Force flies Mission 15 against two targets; three B-17 Flying Fortresses are lost: 66 B-17s and 24 B-24 Liberators are dispatched to hit the U-boat pens at Lorient but clouds prevent all but 15 B-17s from bombing from 17,500 feet (5 334 meters), 5,000 to 10,000 feet (1 524 to 3 048 meters) lower than usual; 36 Luftwaffe Fw 190s intercept and shoot down three B-17s. The second mission consisting of eight of 17 B-17s bomb Cherbourg Airfield; they claim 10-4-3 aircraft without loss. (Jack McKillop)
NETHERLANDS: During the day, three RAF Bomber Command Mosquitos are dispatched to Germany but only two are able to bomb targets, the Stork diesel engine factory at Hengelo and the airfield at Leeuwarden. No losses. (Jack McKillop)
During the night of 21/22 October, RAF Bomber Command dispatches seven Stirlings and seven Wellingtons to lay mines off Denmark and in the Frisian Islands of the Netherlands but the Wellingtons are recalled. Six of the seven Stirlings lay their mines in the Frisian Islands with the loss of one aircraft. (Jack McKillop)
U-681, U-855 laid down.
U-362, U-536, U-841 launched.
U-273, U-306, U-418, U-667 commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)
POLAND: After a seven-day action, 20,000 Jews have been sent from the Piotrkow ghetto to Treblinka for gassing.
U.S.S.R.: Baltic Fleet, Ladoga and Onega Flotillas, submarines. “S-7” torpedoed and sunk by Finnish submarine Vesihiisi (kapteeniluutnantti Olavi Aittola), close to Sederarm lighthouse, at Aland Sea. The Russian surfaces in the open sea at 1926 hours and is located by the Finn. only 8000 meters away. A single torpedo is fired from 2,000 meters hitting the Soviet boat in the stern sinking it. Only the four men standing on the bridge, including the captain survive and made PoW. (Sergey Anisimov and Mikko Härmeinen)(69)
A combined German, Finnish and Italian force launches an unsuccessful attack on Suho Island on Lake Ladoga to break the Soviet supply route to Leningrad.
German street fighters make gains in the Red October area of Stalingrad and over the next two days more than half of the Barrikady Factory and housing project in the north are taken in a series of vicious attacks.
MEDITERRANEAN SEA: German submarine U-431 is sunk about 75 nautical miles (139 kilometers) east of Cartagena, Spain, by depth charges from an RAF Wellington Mk. XIV, aircraft of No. 179 Squadron based at Gibraltar; all 53 crewmen are lost. (Jack McKillop)
FRENCH NORTH AFRICA: British submarine lands CAPT Jerauld Wright, USN and four Army officers at Cherchel, French North Africa, to meet with a French military delegation to learn the French attitude toward future Allied landings. (Dave Shirlaw)
In advance of the Allied North African landings, U.S. Major General Mark W. Clark, Deputy Commander in Chief Allied Expeditionary Force; Brigadier General Lyman M. Lemnitzer, Assistant Chief of Staff to Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean; two additional Army officers; and Navy Captain Jerauld Wright are landed at Cherchel, about 49 miles (79 kilometers) west of Algiers, from British submarine HMS/M Seraph (P 219) to meet with a French military delegation to ascertain French attitudes toward impending Allied operations. Among issues discussed is the French request for an American submarine to evacuate General Henri-Honeré Giraud, a POW in occupied France. Since none is available for that mission, a British submarine under temporary U.S. command will be substituted. The meeting comes to an abrupt halt after a servant tips off police who happen to belong to the resistance. Clark’s party gets a good soaking when their boat capsizes on return to HMS/M Seraph. (Jack McKillop)
LIBYA: US Army, Middle East Air Force B-24 Liberators dispatched against shipping at Bengasi fail to locate target because of bad weather; during the return flight, several B-24s bomb tent areas along the coast and also hit landing grounds; B-25 Mitchells, cooperating with the RAF, bomb a landing ground and tent area. (Jack McKillop)
CHINA: B-24 Liberators of the USAAF Tenth Air Force’s India Air Task Force (IATF) stage through Chengtu to bomb coal mines at Lin-hsi; the plan is to blast nearby power stations and pumping facilities and flood the mines; the attack fails to flood the mines but inflicts considerable damage to the target area; this marks the first use of heavy bombers in China and the first USAAF strike north of the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers. (Jack McKillop)
NEW GUINEA: Along the Kokoda Track a slow Australian advance encounters strong Japanese positions at Templetons Crossing. Seven days of attacks follow. (William L. Howard)
A 50-man patrol of Cannon Company, 126th Infantry, U.S. 32d Infantry Division, sets out from Jaure for the Kumusi River Valley, where it subsequently establishes a defence line and is joined by Captain Alfred Medendorpâs main group (Company E, 126th Infantry Regiment, Antitank and Cannon Companies and native carriers), the entire force being called the Wairopi Patrol. (Jack McKillop)
The Australians maintain pressure on the Japanese along the Kokoda Track, slowly gaining ground in flanking attacks. The 16th Brigade advances and finds that the Japanese have abandoned the positions they held yesterday. (Jack McKillop)
Australian General Thomas Blamey, Commander in Chief Allied Land Forces Southwest Pacific Area and Commander in Chief Australian Military Force, sends a message to Major General Arthur Allen, General Officer Commanding 7th Australian Division, stating, “You should consider acting with greater boldness...General MacArthur (considers) that progress on the trail is not repeat not satisfactory. The tactical handling of our troops in my opinion is faulty.” General Allen responds, “I feel that the difficulty of operations in this country are still not fully realised....the track between Alola and Myola is the roughest and most precipitous throughout the complete route.” (Jack McKillop)
SOLOMON ISLANDS: The Japanese 11th Air Fleet at Rabaul begins its attacks on Guadalcanal in support of the upcoming offensive. Nine “Betty” bombers (Mitsubishi G4M, Navy Type 1 Attack Bombers), escorted by 25 “Zeke” fighters (Mitsubishi A6M, Navy Type 0 Carrier Fighters) strike Henderson Field. USMC and USN F4F Wildcat pilots shoot down six “Zekes;” two F4Fs are lost. (Jack McKillop)
The Japanese army is supported by four battleships and four aircraft carriers, and numbers 20,000 soldiers. The infantry are supported by tanks and heavy artillery, but fail to cross the Mataniku river. the tanks are wiped out.
The IJA 2nd Division is advancing towards the point south of Henderson Field for their attack. They have been marching for 6 days and are heavily engaged by the jungle. Due to their lack of progress, the attack scheduled for tomorrow night is postponed one day.
The 8th US Marines land.
Submarine USS Gudgeon (SS-211) sinks an armed transport at 03-30 S, 150-30 E, south of Kavieng.
0000 hours: Submarine USS Greenling (SS-213) sinks a sampan at 39-37 N, 142-45 E.
1400 hours: Submarine USS Guardfish (SS-217) sinks a cargo ship at 27-25 N, 123-05 E.
1400 hours: USS Guardfish (SS-217) sinks a cargo ship at 27-20 N,123-42 E. (Skip Guidry)
The Japanese aircraft carrier HIJMS Hiyo is damaged by an engine room fire after departing Truk in the Caroline Islands and thus cannot participate in the Battle of Santa Cruz on 26 October. (Jack McKillop)
BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO: USAAF Fifth Air Force B-25 Mitchells hit Luscan Harbor on the south coast of New Britain Island. (Jack McKillop)
Naval college HMCS Royal Roads commissioned Esquimalt, British Columbia.
Corvette HMCS Weyburn Oerlikon fitting completed, to Mediterranean escort duty. (Dave Shirlaw)
U.S.A.: Admiral Ernest J. King, Chief of Naval Operations and Commander in Chief United States Fleet, informs Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, Commander of the Pacific Ocean Area and Commander of the Pacific Fleet, that the Joint Chiefs of Staff have agreed to strengthen air forces in South Pacific by 1 January 1943. (Jack McKillop)
The motion picture “For Me and My Gal” opens at the Astor Theater in New York City. Directed by Busby Berkeley, this romantic musical stars Judy Garland, George Murphy, Gene Kelly, Ben Blue, Horace (Stephan) McNally and Keenan Wynn. (Jack McKillop)
Minesweeper USS Bond launched.
Destroyer escort USS Edward C Daly launched.
Minesweeper USS Seer commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)
ATLANTIC OCEAN: In the Bay of Biscay, the British submarine HMS Graph (the former German U-boat U-570) fired a four-torpedo fan at U-333, but all torpedoes missed. (Dave Shirlaw)
In the North Sea, the 3,974 ton cargo/passenger ship SS Palatia departs Kristiansand, Norway, today. On board are 999 Russian POWs and 135 ships crew and guards, a total of 1,134 men. About an hour after sailing, the ship is torpedoed by a Hampden Mk. I torpedo bomber from No. 489 Squadron, Royal New Zealand Air Force, based at Wick, Caithness, Scotland. The Palatia sink near the Sangnvaar Lighthouse, with the loss of 954 men.
Well have Crowthers review tomorrow.
9/16/41, Milwaukee, Knox Tells Plans (L)
3/18/42, United States Army Headquarters, in Australia, MacArthur Party in 2 Planes Soars Over Japanese Fronts
3/19/42, United States Army Headquarters, in Australia, Brett Says One U.S. Flier Beats 2 of Foe Every Time
3/20/42, United States Army Headquarters, in Australia, MacArthurs Plan of Attack is in Operation in Australia
3/21/42, Melbourne, Australia, General Tells Aim (L)
3/23/42, United States Army Headquarters, in Australia, MArthur Works to Unify Command
3/24/42, United States Army Headquarters, in Australia, MArthur Outlines Plans for Victory
3/25/42, United States Army Headquarters, in Australia, MacArthur Party Used Boats He Made Navy Try Years Ago
3/26/42, Canberra, Australia, MacArthur to See Leaders
3/27/42, Canberra, Australia, MacArthur Tells Australia Free Men are Now United
3/29/42, Canberra, Australia, MArthurs Ways Win Australians (W)
4/4/42, At United Nations Headquarters, Australia, U.S. Fliers Reveal Heavy Toll in Java
4/14/42, At a United Nations Air Base, Southwestern Pacific, Brooklyn Youth, Gunner on Plane, Scores on His First War Mission
5/4/42, Advanced United Nations Base, Southwest Pacific, Lae and Salamaua Thrusts by Enemy Aim at Airfields
5/13/42, Advanced United Nations Base, Southwest Pacific, Japanese Step Up Pacific Air Raids
5/16/42, An Advanced United Nations Base, Australia, New Guinea Raid Spectators Lie Packed in Hole in Ground
5/24/42, Somewhere in Australia, New Guinea War Tests Our New Army (W)
5/26/42, United Nations Operational Base, in Australia, U.S. Flier Tells of Strange Combat with Japanese Plane, Its Pilot Dead
5/28/42, Port Moresby, New Guinea, Japanese, Raiding Port Moresby as They Promised, Get a Surprise
6/8/42, At an Operational Base, in the Southwest Pacific, Messages to U.S. are Sent by Fliers
6/9/42, At an Operational Base, in the Southwest Pacific, Japanese Fighter No Wonder Plane
6/10/42, At an Operational Base, in the Southwest Pacific, American Pilot Battles a Crocodile after Parachuting to Dense Jungle
6/23/42, Somewhere in Australia, MArthur Men Hail Jive Gift from U.S.
7/4/42, Melbourne, Australia, Australians Fear Overoptimism in U.S. Toward Their Situation
7/25/42, Somewhere in Australia, Four American Aces in Australia Describe Some of Their Air Battles
7/28/42, Somewhere in Australia, Fortress Fights 15 Zeros at Lae, Downs 3, Reaches Base Riddled
7/29/42, Somewhere in Australia, Japanese Move Harassing
8/2/42, Somewhere in Australia, Japanese Again Seize the Initiative (W)
8/9/42, Somewhere in Australia, Heavy Allied Air Action
8/11/42, Somewhere in Australia, MArthurs Fliers Cut Air Aid to Foe
8/13/42, Somewhere in Australia, U.S. Fliers Over Solomons Found Foe Massing Forces
8/15/42, Somewhere in Australia, Japans Spies Sly in Solomons Area
8/16/42, Somewhere in Australia, Action at Tulagi a Strategic Test (W)
8/18/42, Somewhere in Australia, Foe Bombs Port Moresby
8/19/42, At United Nations Headquarters, Australia, Pacific Command Lacks Full Unity
8/26/42, At United Nations Headquarters, Australia, Allied Fliers Sink Gunboat in Convoy Off New Guinea
8/27/42, At United Nations Headquarters, Australia, Landing is Costly
8/28/42, Somewhere in Australia, Allies Battle Foe on New Guinea Tip
8/29/42, Somewhere in Australia, MArthurs Troops Battle Japanese
8/30/42, Somewhere in Australia, Japanese Get Help in Milne Bay Fight
8/31/42, At United Nations Headquarters, Australia, Allies Mopping Up (L)
9/1/42, At United Nations Headquarters, Australia, Allies Mopping Up Foe at Milne Bay
9/6/42, Somewhere in Australia, Pacific Outlook is Improved (W)
9/8/42, Somewhere in Australia, Japanese Advance in New Guinea Fight
9/9/42, Somewhere in Australia, Allies Batter Foe in New Guinea Zone
9/10/42, Somewhere in Australia, Push in New Guinea
9/11/42, Somewhere in Australia, Foe Checked Nearer Port Moresby; Both Sides Lose Heavily in Battle
9/13/42, Somewhere in Australia, MArthurs Fliers Smash Up Foe at Buna Airfield in New Guinea
9/13/42, Somewhere in Australia, New Guinea Fight Rages amid Gorges and Jungles (W)
9/17/42, Somewhere in Australia, Worthy Targets are Kenneys Aim
9/22/42, Somewhere in New Guinea, Fliers Drop Clock Made in Japan on Foe at Lae with Varied Insults
9/24/42, Somewhere in New Guinea, Fliers Hurt Enemy in New Guinea Push
9/29/42, Somewhere in New Guinea, Pilot of Fortress Too Happy to Eat
9/30/42, Somewhere in New Guinea, Foe Built Palisade
10/1/42, Somewhere in New Guinea, Brighter On Top
10/3/42, Somewhere in New Guinea, Japanese Leave Dead
10/4/42, Somewhere in New Guinea, Japanese Retreat Studied
10/9/42, Somewhere in New Guinea, Rabaul Workers Accuse Japanese
10/11/42, Somewhere in New Guinea, Tremendous Damage Done
10/21/42, Somewhere in New Guinea, Darntons Last Dispatch Pictures Life of Correspondent as Less Luxurious Than in 1918, but Rich in Rewards
10/25/42, Somewhere in New Guinea, Jungle War Without Quarter (NY Times Magazine)
11/9/42, Somewhere in New Guinea, New Guinea Drive a Big Move by Air
“He was killed in 1942 by a bomb dropped from an American B-25 Mitchell bomber, the tenth American war correspondent killed in action in the war. “