Skip to comments.JAPANESE OPEN MAJOR ATTACK ON GUADALCANAL; HIT CARRIER, SINK DESTROYER (10/27/42)
Posted on 10/27/2012 4:23:13 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945
Germans near victory in Stalingrad
Tuesday, October 27, 1942 www.onwar.com
German soldier in Stalingrad [photo at link]
On the Eastern Front... At Stalingrad, German advances continue in the ground between the Red October and Barricades Factories. From this area, they can bring the landing stages on the Volga under direct machine gun fire. The remaining Soviet controlled areas are now on average of 300 yards deep, however, these are strongly held and fortified.
In North Africa... The Battle of Alamein. While the British concentrate on regrouping their forces, what Rommel intends as a major counterattack is defeated by a small British force at Kidney Ridge. Other attacks farther north meet with no success.
In the Solomon Islands... At Guadalcanal, the Japanese halt the offensive. They have suffered 3500 casualties with entire units being destroyed. Both sides are exhaustive by the heavy day and night fighting, but the initiative has passed to the Americans.
October 27th, 1942
UNITED KINGDOM: Submarines HMS Spirit, Vivid and Voracious laid down.
Minesweeper HMS Onyx launched. (Dave Shirlaw)
GERMANY: A 17-year-old youth is executed for listening to foreign news broadcasts.
U-1161 laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)
BALTIC SEA: The submerged U-339 collided with the cruiser Nürnberg. (Dave Shirlaw)
FINLAND: Finnish submarine Iku-Turso (Kapteeniluutnantti Eero Pakkala) torpedoes and sinks the Soviet submarine Shtsh 320 in Gulf of Finland. (Mikko Härmeinen)
U.S.S.R.: German forces continue to gain ground between the Red October and Barrikady Factories in Stalingrad. Those parts of Stalingrad still held by Soviet forces are strongly held and fortified. The Soviet policy at Stalingrad has been to feed new divisions in slowly, gaining experience. In the Moscow area new divisions are committed as a unit. Faulty intelligence allows the Germans to assume the northern policy is followed in Stalingrad. They therefore overestimate losses and underestimate remaining strength.
The German forces are now within firing distance of Soviet landing jetties on the west bank of the Volga. The Soviet-held strip is only 300 yards deep on average.
XII Squadriglia MAS removed from Lake Ladoga and transported to Tallinn via Helsinki. (Dave Shirlaw)
EGYPT: Rommel mounts an intended major counterattack and is held off by a small British force at Kidney Ridge in the Battle of El Alamein.
El Aqqaqir: Lt-Col. Victor Buller Turner (1900-72), Rifle Brigade, led an attack which knocked out 50 out of 90 tanks, helping, despite a head wound, to man a six-pounder gun himself. (Victoria Cross)
In the MTO 1st Lt. Lyman Middleditch Jr., 64th FS/57th FG, USAAF, becomes the first USAAF fighter pilot in the ETO or North Africa to score a triple victory when he downs three Bf 109s. Middleditch will end the war as an ace with five victories. (Skip Guidry)
CHINA: Peking: Wang Ching-wei, the leader of the Chinese puppet government in Nanking, today made an official visit to Peking. He attended the third national convention of the Hsin-min-hui [New People’s Society], north China’s central collaborationist political organization.
Though Wang Ching-wei is officially leader of the puppet “central” government of occupied China, in the north the Hsin-min-hui is effectively in control. The organization’s purpose is simple: the inculcation of a Japanese philosophy of life, based on Confucian principles, in the people of the region.
PACIFIC OCEAN: 2200 hours: USS Tautog (SS-199) sinks a transport-cargo ship at 10-20 N, 108-43 E. (Skip Guidry)
CANADA: Minesweeper HMCS Milltown arrived Halifax from builder Port Arthur, Ontario.
U.S.A.: LST-325 is launched.
Minesweepers USS Triumph and Logic laid down.
Destroyer USS Stephen Potter laid down.
Destroyer USS Aulick commissioned.
Minesweeper USS Strive commissioned.
Destroyers USS Bush and Spence launched.
Submarines USS Lapon and Balao launched.
Minesweeper USS Caravan launched. (Dave Shirlaw)
ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-627 (Type VIIC) which had left Kiel for its first combat patrol on 15 Oct is sunk 12 days later south of Iceland, at position 59.14N, 22.49W, by depth charges from a British Fortress aircraft (Sqdn. 206/F). 44 dead (all crew lost). (Alex Gordon)
U-436 damaged SS Frontenac, Gurney E Newlin and sank HMS LCT-2281, SS Sourabaya in Convoy HX-212.
U-509 sank SS Pacific Star and SS Stentor in Convoy SL-125.
U-604 sank SS Anglo Mærsk (already torpedoed the previous day) in Convoy SL-125.
After an explosion during torpedo loading on U-67 one man was killed. [Matrosenobergefreiter Heinz Hartmann] .
The same day 3 men were washed overboard from the U-706, 2 men died but the third was saved by U-463. [Leutnant zur See Erich Eichmann, see right, Matrosenobergefreiter Ralf Köhler].
U-117 laid some mines off Iceland, but no sinkings resulted from this field. (Dave Shirlaw)
"The Ukrainian town of Mizoch contained a relatively small ghetto of 1700 Jews.
But when the Germans attempted to liquidate the ghetto in mid-October 1942, they met a brief but determined resistance from the inhabitants.
In the end the ghetto was successfully liquidated.
Among those executed south of the nearby town of Rovno by Ukrainian and German police were these naked Jewish women, a few of whom were holding infants.
Often, babies were not shot but were buried alive with their mothers."
"Some victims of Nazi Aktionen survived the final shooting.
This photo shows one of the German policemen shooting women who were still alive after the mass execution of Jews in Mizoch, Ukraine.
It was not unusual for the perpetrators to take photos such as this one.
A German policeman named Hille, who took this photo and others, gave them to a lawyer in Czechoslovakia, where Hille had settled after the war.
In 1946 the Czech government seized the photos, which eventually became public."
In the first year of the war, we have lost four carriers: Lexington, Yorktown, Wasp, and Hornet. We have only the damaged Saratoga and Enterprise left in the Pacific. New carriers are on the way, but it will be several months until the first, the Essex, is ready for action.
“contemplating the moon,
the enemy’s sacrifice.”
That is great,and so is “Mysterious voice breaks in on German radio broadcast” “In one minute you will hear Herr Goebbels lying news.” That sounds like there is a story behind it.
We do have many carriers on the way; at least 12 Essex class fleet carriers are in the process of construction. And yes, while it will be many more months before Essex is available, as an emergency stop-gap, six Cleveland class light cruiser hulls are being converted into Independence class light carriers, and they will be ready before the Essex class come on line. Merchant hulls are also being converted into escort carriers. Not really fit to fight a fleet engagement, they will have to do for a while. The Japanese have already done the same, converting some passenger liners and merchant ships into carriers.
But there is one big difference between the USN and IJN; no later than mid-1944, the USN is going to be absolutely gigantic. In the meantime, the IJN will only complete ONE fleet carrier, Taiho.
Kido Butai was Japan’s one and only strategic weapons system at the start of the war. It has been gutted at Midway, and while the remaining shell can still assert local superiority in the Pacific, that superiority is temporary. Once lost it will never be regained.
Every admiral on both sides of the Pacific know it, too.
In the manuscript of his memoirs, Erwin Rommel’s chapter on El Alamein is entitled “Battle Without Hope.”
” Lexington, Yorktown, Wasp, and Hornet”
Let’s not forget the Langley. Although classed as a seaplane tender by that point, she was used for ASW and ferrying aircraft until sunk by the Nips. I think she was still classified as a CV at that point.
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