Skip to comments.RUSSIANS OPEN OFFENSIVE AT STALINGRAD; BRITISH BATTER ARMORED UNIT IN TUNISIA (11/23/42)
Posted on 11/23/2012 5:54:30 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson
Red Army traps Germans at Stalingrad
Monday, November 23, 1942 www.onwar.com
On the Eastern Front... The Soviet offensive in the south continues. The bridge over the Don River at Kalach is captured by Soviet forces from the north. After crossing the bridge, the advance units link with the tanks forces of 51st Army and the Soviet encirclement of the German forces, in front of Stalingrad, 6th Army and most of 4th Panzer Army, begins. At this time, the Soviet’s believe that the German forces are about 85,000. In fact an army of 300,000 has been encircled. Near Raspopinskaya, five division from the Romanian 3rd Army surrender.
In North Africa... After heavy fighting near Agedabia, the Axis troops fall back to El Aghelia. General Montgomery halts his forces advance for reorganization. They have chased Rommel’s troops almost 600 miles in 14 days. The British are criticized for over caution in the operation, however, German booby traps and demolition’s have caused delays.
November 23rd, 1942
Admiral Sir Dudley Pound, First Lord of the Admiralty, writes to Lieutenant General Ira C Eaker, Commanding USAAF General Eighth Air Force, praising the effects of the US bomber attacks on disorganizing the servicing schedule of the German U-boat bases on the French west coast. (Jack McKillop)
Frigates HMS Berry and Blackwood launched.
Destroyer HMS Stevenstone launched.
Submarine HMS Vandal launched. (Dave Shirlaw)
NETHERLANDS: During the night of 23/24 November, 15 RAF Bomber Command aircraft lay mines in the Frisian Islands. (Jack McKillop)
FRANCE: The USAAF Eighth Air Force’s VIII Bomber Command flies Mission 23: 50 B-17 Flying Fortresses and eight B-24 Liberators are dispatched to hit the St Nazaire submarine base for the fifth time in two weeks; the cumulative effect of the operation on the base is large though the sub shelter shows little permanent damage. Twenty eight B-17 and eight B-24s hit the target with the loss of four B-17 Flying Fortresses; the USAAF crews report a change in fighter tactics from rear to head-on attack as the Luftwaffe learns that the B-17 and B-24 are weak in forward firepower. (Jack McKillop).
During the night of 23/24 November, RAF Bomber Command aircraft lay mines off five Bay of Biscay ports: four lay mines in the River Gironde Estuary; three each lay mines off Bayonne, Lorient and St. Nazaire; and two lay mines off St. Jean de Luz. (Jack McKillop)
GERMANY: Rastenburg: Hitler orders Germans at Stalingrad to “dig in and await relief”, refusing to yield any ground.
U.S.S.R.: Soviet forces capture the bridge over the Don River at Kalach, in a surprise attack. Linking up with the tank forces of the Soviet 51st Army the encirclement of Stalingrad begins. The priority is to methodically destroy the Germans at Stalingrad. They believe there are 85,000 that will be cut off. The German forces actually number some 300,000.
ITALY: SARDINIA: USAAF Twelfth Air Force B-17 Flying Fortresses, with P-38 Lightning escort, sent to bomb the airfield at Elmas abort due to bad weather. (Jack McKillop)
NORTH AFRICA: The Axis forces withdraw from Agedabia to the El Agheila position where they halt to reorganize. Montgomery halts to reorganize after an advance of over 600 miles in 14 days. German mines and booby traps have been one cause of delay for the British leading to some speculation that the advance was too cautious.
ALGERIA: Algiers: Admiral Darlan announces that the French colony of Senegal in west Africa now accepts his authority and joins the Allies. This includes the important port of Dakar.
Allied Force Headquarters (AFHQ) is moved from Gibraltar to Algiers. (Jack McKillop)
1st Kompanie of Schwere Panzer Abteilung 501 (Heavy Tank Battalion 501) 1. /sPz. Abt.501 (20 Tiger tanks) are unloaded at Bizerte. (Russ Folsom)
TUNISIA: The Germans take the first step against the Jews here, when they arrest four leaders of the Jewish community, among them its president, Moise Borgel. (118)
A verbal agreement is reached that all troops north of the Le Kef-Zaghouan Line are to be under command of the British First Army and those south of it under French command. (Jack McKillop)
FRENCH WEST AFRICA: Dakar, Senegal, falls to Allied forces without a shot. (Jack McKillop)
INDIAN OCEAN: In the Arabian Sea, the 10,006 ton British India SN Company passenger/cargo liner SS Tilawa is torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine HIJMS I-29 about 809 nautical miles (1 497 kilometers) north-northeast of the Seychelles Islands in position 07.36N, 61.08E. The ship is en route from Bombay, India, to Mombasa, Kenya, and Durban, South Africa, with 6,472 tons (6 116 metric tonnes) of cargo. The explosion creates great panic among the native passengers who rush the lifeboats. The ship is carrying 222 crewmen, four gunners and 732 passengers. Of the 958 people on board, 252 passengers and 28 crew are lost. The British light cruiser HMS Birmingham (19) rescues 678 survivors. (Jack McKillop)
CHINA: Six B-25 Mitchells and 17 P-40s of the USAAF Tenth Air Force’s China Air Task Force attack Tien Ho Airfield at Canton claiming 40+ aircraft destroyed on the field. These strikes follow three weeks of missions in support of Chinese forces along the Siang-Chiang River. (Jack McKillop)
FRENCH INDO CHINA: Nine B-25 Mitchells and seven P-40s of the USAAF Tenth Air Force’s China Air Task Force feint at Hong Kong, then fly to the Gulf of Tonkin and sink a freighter and damage two others near Haiphong. (Jack McKillop)
NEW GUINEA: In Papua New Guinea, the main body of the Australian 25th Brigade, 7th Division, arrives at the front and begins an assault on Gona against determined resistance. The 3d Battalion, 126th Infantry Regiment, U.S. 32d Infantry Division, continues toward Sanananda; Company L, on the right, is pinned down by fire at edge of food dump. The airfield at Popondetta becomes operational, and four guns are flown in and emplaced just south of Soputa. The 2d Battalions of the 126th and 128th Regiments are combined to form the Urbana Force under command of the commanding officer, 128th Infantry Regiment. The 2d Battalion of the 128th Infantry Regiment is slowed by extremely difficult terrain as it advances against the Triangle along the main track and swamps on either side of it. After ineffective preparatory fire against Japanese bunkers, the 1st Battalion of the 128th Infantry Regiment and the detachment of the1st Battalion, 126th Infantry Regiment, attack along the coast toward Cape Endaiadere, gaining some 300 yards (274 meters) against intense fire. The Australian 2/16th Independent Company makes limited progress toward the eastern end of New Strip. (Jack McKillop)
In Papua New Guinea, USAAF Fifth Air Force A-20 Havocs and B-26 Marauders bomb Sanananda Point as Australian forces begin their assault on Gona and U.S. forces approach Sanananda. (Jack McKillop)
SOLOMON ISLANDS: The frontline companies, west of the Matanikau River on Guadalcanal, withdraw about 300 yards this morning. 3 Btns of artillery pounded the Japanese lines for 30 minutes. The counterattack is held up, because it is too narrow and is halted. The Cactus AF also provided support and wounded General Hyakutake and his Chief of Staff for the 17th Army. Japanese mortar fire wounds Lt. Col. Hall of the 3rd Btn, 164th Regiment. This halt will result in a stalemate for the next 6 weeks.
Six Cactus Air Force SBD Dauntlesses attack the Munda area on New Georgia Island. (Jack McKillop)
AUSTRALIA: Japanese bombers attack targets in the Northern Territory. At around midnight on the night of 22/23 November, a formation of high-flying bombers attack RAAF Coomalie Creek Airfield. All the bombs fall in the scrub and do no damage to the airfield. At least two Japanese bombers are shot down. Between 0300 and 0439 hours, the bombers attack the Darwin town area and RAAF Darwin. (Jack McKillop)
Destroyer HMAS Warramunga commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)
TERRITORY OF ALASKA: ALEUTIAN ISLANDS: USAAF Eleventh Air Force aircraft fly a reconnaissance mission over Japanese-held Kiska and Attu Islands and Agattu, and Amchitka Islands. (Jack McKillop)
CANADA: Stone frigate HMCS Bytown commissioned Ottawa, Ontario. (Dave Shirlaw)
U.S.A.: Secretary of State Hull announced that a satisfactory agreement had been reached between the American negotiators and local authorities in Martinique. He stated that it would be unnecessary for American troops to occupy Martinique or other French possessions in the West Indies, and that the new agreement covered all French Caribbean possessions and French Guyana.
The Bill authorizing the Women’s Reserve, U.S. Coast Guard (SPARS) is signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. (Jack McKillop)
Destroyer USS Hale laid down.
Minesweeper USS Saunter laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)
German submarine U-172 torpedoes and sinks the 6,630 ton British freighter SS Benlomond about 254 nautical miles (470 kilometers) north of Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil, in position 00.30N, 38.45W. The ship is en route from Port Said, Egypt, via Cape Town, South Africa, to Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana. The only survivor of the 47-man crew is Poon Lim, the 49-year-old chief steward, who climbs into an empty raft and spends the next 133 days floating in the Atlantic Keeping alive with fish he catches with a crude fishing line and hook, he eventually is rescued by a Brazilian fishing boat which takes him to Belim Para, Brazil, 595 nautical miles (1 101 kilometers) west of where the ship sank. There, the British consul arranges for him to return to the U.K. where he is awarded the British Empire Medal and the Ben Line Shipping Company presents him with a gold watch. Poon Lim now holds the world’s record as the longest lifeboat survivor. (Jack McKillop)
U-518 sank SS Caddo.
U-601 sank SS Kusnec Lesov in Convoy QP-15.
U-625 sank SS Goolistan in Convoy QP-15.
U-552 encountered an enemy submarine that fired a torpedo at her without success. (Dave Shirlaw)
Ike drove his in-laws 1912 electric car. Wonder if any Volts or Leafs will be on the roads in 26 years?
Also Homer can you add me to the ping list?
You are on the list. Welcome aboard. I should warn you that my daily pings to the class are posting twice, for some reason. I have notified the mods and I don't think it is because of anything I am doing different, but it has been that way for a week or so now.
It looks like ALL the ping lists I’m on are going 2 to 4 times for some reason. Thanks for putting me on the list.
Many patents had been filed covering tubeless tires. Killen Tire applied for a patent in 1928 and was granted GB patent 329955 in the UK in 1930. The Wingfoot Corporation, a subsidiary of Goodyear Tire were granted a patent in South Africa in 1944. Due to technical problems, most of these designs only saw limited production or were abandoned.
BF Goodrich applied for a patent in 1946 and eventually received US patent 2587470 in 1952 in the United States. By 1955 tubeless tires became standard equipment on new cars. BF Goodrich had to defend their patent in court several times, due to the similarities of previous designs. The primary difference between the BF Goodrich design and their predecessors was the usage of butyl rubber, which was more resistant to air leakage than the natural rubber used in the other designs.
They got Ilsa and her girls?
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