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ROOSEVELT ORDER FREEZES WAGES AND PRICES AND BARS SHIFTING OF JOBS FOR HIGHER PAY (4/9/43)
Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 4/9/43 | W.H. Lawrence, Frank L. Kluckhohn, Sidney Shalett

Posted on 04/09/2013 6:46:39 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson

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TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: milhist; realtime; tyranny; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
1 posted on 04/09/2013 6:46:39 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
Tunisia, 1942: Situation 22 April and Operations Since 26 February 1943
The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Status of Forces and Allied Theater Boundaries, 2 July 1942
India-Burma, 1942: Allied Lines of Communication, 1942-1943
2 posted on 04/09/2013 6:47:09 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
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Winston S. Churchill, The Hinge of Fate

3 posted on 04/09/2013 6:47:41 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
Acts on Inflation (Lawrence) – 2
President on Inflation – 3
Army Won’t Take La Guardia Now; Needed as Mayor, Stimson Says – 3
Keynes Plan Held Simple to Set Up – 4
Text of President’s Executive Order – 4
Axis Pushed Back (Kluckhohn) – 5-6
One Axis Command in Africa Foreseen – 6
Allies Hold Whip, Says Eisenhower – 6
War News Summarized – 7
Guadalcanal Raid (Shalett) – 8
MacArthur Marks Fall of Bataan by New Vow to Retake Philippines – 9
M’Arthur Shuns Politics Comment – 10
The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 12-13
4 posted on 04/09/2013 6:48:44 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1943/apr1943/f09apr43.htm

British 8th Army captures Mahares
Friday, April 9, 1943 www.onwar.com

British 8th Army troops advance [Photo at link].

In Tunisia... The British 8th Army captures Mahares, 50 miles north of Gabes as the Axis forces continue to retreat.


5 posted on 04/09/2013 6:50:41 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://homepage.ntlworld.com/andrew.etherington/frame.htm

April 9th, 1943 (FRIDAY)

TUNISIA: Ninth Air Force P-40’s in a fighter-bomber role attack Sfax, as the British Eighth Army, in pursuit of the retreating enemy, reaches a position a few miles to the southwest of the coast. Northwest African Air Force fighters continue reconnaissance of the northern half of Tunisia and the Straits of Sicily and hit enemy movement and defences over wide areas between Sfax and Enfidaville. (Jack McKillop)

NORTH AFRICA: The British 8th Army takes Maharos, 50 miles south-west of Gabes.

NEW GUINEA: Fifth Air Force B-25 Mitchells bomb and strafe the airfield and town and dock areas of Madang. A-20 Havocs hit the Kitchen Creek-Mubo area and individual B-17s attack barges at Bogia, Alexishafen and Finschhafen and hit the town of Wewak. (Jack McKillop)

ADMIRALTY ISLANDS: Individual B-17 Flying Fortresses strafe vehicles at Lorengau on Manus Island. (Jack McKillop)

PACIFIC OCEAN: US submarines sink four Japanese ships.

- USS Drum (SS-228) attacks a Japanese convoy, sinking an army cargo ship about 180 miles (290 km) north-northwest of Kavieng, New Ireland Island, Bismarck Archipelago.

- USS Grayling (SS-209) in an attack on a Japanese convoy off Mindoro, Philippine Islands, sinks an army cargo ship about 10 miles (16 km) east of Dumali Point

- USS Tautog (SS-199) attacks a Japanese convoy in Buton Passage, off south-eastern Celebes Island, Netherlands East Indies, sinking an army cargo ship. Tautog then sinks destroyer HIJMS Isonami as the enemy warship attempts to rescue survivors. (Jack McKillop)

TERRITORY OF ALASKA: ALEUTIAN ISLANDS: An Eleventh Air Force B-24 Liberator flies reconnaissance over Kiska, Attu and the Semichis while P-40’s fly reconnaissance over Kiska. (Jack McKillop)

U.S.A.: The USN re-establishes the rank of Commodore. (Jack McKillop)


6 posted on 04/09/2013 6:51:57 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

It’s headlines like this which should serve to remind us, and history, about what a straight-up socialist FDR really was.

Thanks for the post as always, Homer. Always a fun read.


7 posted on 04/09/2013 7:06:12 AM PDT by Colonel_Flagg (Blather. Reince. Repeat.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
I am up to chapter 11 of David Stockman's The Great Deformation. It is, among other things, a history book. After reading what I have read so far, I think we are already doomed to repeat history no matter how much we have "learned."
8 posted on 04/09/2013 7:14:37 AM PDT by Excellence (9/11 was an act of faith.)
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To: Excellence

When I moved to Santa Fe, New Mexico, some years ago, I learned that nearly the entire New Mexico National Guard was lost in the Bataan Death March, an incident that still causes pain to families and friends in the area. During my years there, I met two of the survivors.


9 posted on 04/09/2013 7:59:16 AM PDT by TiaS
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To: Colonel_Flagg

FDR ruined the free market and prolonged the depression. Unfortunately my parents were convinced that he saved everyone until their dying day. Whenever we had any discussions about this they would look at me as if I must have been switched at birth.


10 posted on 04/09/2013 8:42:50 AM PDT by Rusty0604
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

April 9, 1943:

"Public outcry in the United States and Britain over the news that the Nazi regime was systematically murdering European Jewry provided the impetus for the Bermuda Conference of April 1943.
Although ostensibly designed to solve the refugee problem caused by Hitler's genocidal policies, the conference is regarded as the pinnacle of Allied efforts to stonewall rescue operations.

"Pre-conference negotiations limited the topics open to discussion in Bermuda, which virtually guaranteed the conference's failure.
British and American officials decided beforehand to downplay the Jewish part of the problem and insist that Jews were only one of many victimized groups during the war.
The decision demonstrated the unwillingness of Britain and the U.S. to seriously consider plans to rescue European Jews from the clutches of the Nazi regime. A myriad of additional problems doomed the entire enterprise.

"Designed to deflect an aroused public opinion, the Bermuda Conference failed completely.
In the words of Myron C. Taylor, the principal American representative at the Evian Conference of 1938, 'The Bermuda Conference was wholly ineffective...and we knew it would be.'
The British and American governments' indifference to the tragic plight of European Jewry was plain for all to see."


"Individuals from a range of professional backgrounds attended the ill-fated Bermuda Conference on refugees in April 1943.
Standing (from left to right) are George Hall, the British parliamentary undersecretary in the Admiralty; Harold W. Dodds, president of Princeton University; Richard K. Law, British undersecretary for foreign affairs; Sol Bloom, chairman of the United States House Foreign Affairs Committee; and Osbert Peake, parliamentary undersecretary in the home office."



11 posted on 04/09/2013 9:07:08 AM PDT by BroJoeK (a little historical perspective....)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Trying to figure out the German “storm artillery” fighting vehicle mentioned in the Soviet reports. Best as I can tell, it’s a StuG III, but not clear whether it’s the short-barrelled A or B version, or the long-barrelled G. Considering the Soviets are calling it “storm artillery” which is a rough translation of the German term “Sturm Geschutz”, I tend to believe it’s the StuG and not reference to the Marder series of self-propelled anti-tank gun.

The ammunition capacity of 50 rounds is more in line with the StuG and not the Marders, which generally carried 35-40 rounds.

What threw me was the claim that the Soviet 45mm anti-tank gun being an easy counter to these vehicles. The Marders were quite limited in armor and vulnerable, while the StuG had tougher hide and should have been able to withstand a 45mm round from medium to long range.


12 posted on 04/09/2013 9:36:51 AM PDT by henkster (I have one more cow than my neighbor. I am a kulak.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

USS Grayling was credited with a kill today. That is the submarine honored by the Colorado memorial.


13 posted on 04/09/2013 11:14:40 AM PDT by colorado tanker
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To: TiaS

14 posted on 04/09/2013 11:42:32 AM PDT by colorado tanker
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To: colorado tanker; TiaS

Indiana State Road 38 as it goes through Noblesville is known as the “Bataan Memorial Highway.” I’m looking at it out of my office window right now.

When I go make visits to clients at the Hamilton County Jail, I go past the Crownland Cemetery, where there is a large monument with the name “Wainwright” inscribed on it. I figure there is a connection with Jonathan Wainwright, who surrendered on Corregidor, but am not sure since he was born in Washington State and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Must be family of some sort.


15 posted on 04/09/2013 12:39:09 PM PDT by henkster (I have one more cow than my neighbor. I am a kulak.)
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To: henkster

The germans called several of their self propelled guns ‘storm’ such as: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/15_cm_sIG_33_%28Sf%29_auf_Panzerkampfwagen_I_Ausf_B

But that one was lighter than the article says so I am thinking they mean this one:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hummel_%28artillery%29


16 posted on 04/09/2013 1:15:32 PM PDT by TalonDJ
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To: Colonel_Flagg

And this is what led to the whole debacle with health insurance, as companies used company-provided health insurance to get around the wage controls.


17 posted on 04/09/2013 1:19:45 PM PDT by dfwgator
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To: dfwgator

Good post.
Tying health care to employment, and separating the consumer from the costs has been a huge mistake.


18 posted on 04/09/2013 1:21:30 PM PDT by nascarnation (Baraq's economic policy: trickle up poverty)
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To: nascarnation

The invisible hand will never be denied.


19 posted on 04/09/2013 1:22:53 PM PDT by dfwgator
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To: henkster

That’s very interesting. I did a little googling and could not find a connection between the Wainwright family and Indiana.


20 posted on 04/09/2013 3:49:01 PM PDT by colorado tanker
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To: TalonDJ; Homer_J_Simpson; colorado tanker

I’m pretty sure it wasn’t a Hummel for several reasons:

1. The Hummel was armed with the 150mm sFH 18/1 L/30, and the Soviet report is pretty clear that the “storm artillery” had a 75mm. That would also rule out the Wespe, which had the 105mm piece.

2. The Hummel only carried 18 rounds, not the 56 which is listed in the article. The number listed in the article is exactly the same as the StuG III.

3. Only eight Hummels have entered service in March, followed by 46 in April, during a period when the panzer divisions are advancing in Ukraine. I doubt the Soviets had the opportunity to get their hands on one.

4. The Hummels were exclusively issued to panzer divisions as their mobile indirect fire artillery, and not intended for use as direct fire combat weapons. The article makes it appear that the fighting vehicle in question is attached to infantry units as mobile direct fire support, which is how the Germans used the StuG, even though it was administratively part of the artillery branch of the Wehrmacht.

You are right though in pointing out that the Germans certainly did use a lot of different types of fighting vehicles. Not until 1944 when Speer takes full control of the armaments industry will the Germans really settle on a few basic designs, and even then they will continue use of a plethora of chassis and weapons systems. Maintenance and supply of such a hodge-podge of weapons systems has to be a logistical nightmare.

Looking at the article again, I’m pretty sure we are dealing with a StuG III F, as the G version hasn’t been delivered in quantity yet. The Soviets are releasing this information after having analyzed the vehicle themselves for several months. The short-barrelled A and B versions have been around for a while, but the F version with the 75mm L48 gun is a problem for the T-34, and is a “new thing” on the Eastern Front which the Soviets will notice.

One other interesting thing about the article is the reassurance that the Soviet 45mm antitank gun can knock it out. If our ordinance officers take this at face value, they will conclude that the American 57mm antitank gun is still an effective battlefield weapon. Next year, it won’t be.


21 posted on 04/10/2013 5:53:20 AM PDT by henkster (I have one more cow than my neighbor. I am a kulak.)
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To: colorado tanker

There are probably some old timers around here who know what the connection is between the Noblesville Wainwrights and the General.


22 posted on 04/10/2013 5:54:47 AM PDT by henkster (I have one more cow than my neighbor. I am a kulak.)
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To: colorado tanker

Thanks for sharing.


23 posted on 04/17/2013 8:27:36 AM PDT by TiaS
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