Skip to comments.PANTELLERIA YIELDS, CONQUERED BY AIR MIGHT; 200 U.S. PLANES HAMMER REICH U-BOAT YARDS (6/12/43)
Posted on 06/12/2013 4:24:44 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
#1 - Taking a Chance on Love - Benny Goodman, with Helen Forrest
#2 - Velvet Moon - Harry James
#3 - Dont Get Around Much Anymore - The Ink Spots
#4 - As Time Goes By - Rudy Vallee
#5 - Ive Heard That Song Before Harry James, with Helen Forrest
#6 - As Time Goes By - Jacque Renard, with unknown vocalist
#7 That Old Black Magic - Glenn Miller, with Skip Nelson and the Modernaires
#8 Lets Get Lost - Vaughn Monroe
#9 Dont Get Around Much Anymore - Glen Gray, with Kenny Sargent
#10 Youll Never Know - Willie Kelly
Japanese lose air battle over Guadalcanal
Saturday, June 12, 1943 www.onwar.com
Anti-aircraft guns on Guadalcanal fire on Japanese planes [photo at link].
In the Solomon Islands... There is a major air battle near Guadalcanal. The attacking Japanese forces suffer heavy losses.
In North Africa... British King George VI arrives to visit the troops.
In the Mediterranean... The Italian-held island of Lampedusa surrenders to the Allies. It has been heavily bombarded.
June 12th, 1943 (SATURDAY)
UNITED KINGDOM: Corvette HMS Alnwick Castle laid down.
Submarine HNLMS Tijgerhaai (ex-HMS Tarn) laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)
GERMANY: Dusseldorf: The German authorities fear that as many as 140,000 people are homeless today in this industrial city after an overnight raid by 783 RAF bombers. Nearly 2,000 tons of high-explosive and incendiary bombs devastated 130 acres of the city; thousands of separate fires were reported by the authorities, with 1,292 people killed. Munster was also hit by RAF contingents which included Canadian, Australian and Polish squadrons; 38 RAF planes were lost.
U-1205, U-1206 laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)
MEDITERRANEAN SEA: The island of Lampedusa surrenders to the Allies in Strait of Sicily. (Glenn Steinberg) RAF Sergeant Cohen “captures” the island after making a false landing.
Fighters, light, medium and heavy bombers of the Northwest African Strategic Air Force, the Northwest African Tactical Air Force and the USAAF Ninth Air Force hit Lampedusa Island in the Strait of Sicily. The island surrenders unconditionally, and Coldstream Guards go ashore and take charge. (Jack McKillop)
About 0330, the unescorted Palima was hit by one torpedo from U-97 and sank rapidly. 24 crewmembers and two British gunners were lost. 37 crewmembers and two British gunners rescued themselves on a few rafts that had floated free. During the day they were spotted by an aircraft, picked up by a large whaleboat and a Greek destroyer and landed at Beirut the same day. (Dave Shirlaw)
LIBYA: Tripoli: King George VI of Great Britain arrives in North Africa to visits the troops. He will go to Malta on the 20th.
COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: The submarine USS Trout (SS-202) lands a five-man US Army team at Labangan, Mindanao. (Jack McKillop)
SOLOMON ISLANDS: A major air raid by the IJNAF is mounted on Guadalcanal. They sustain heavy losses. Allied fighters shoot down 31 aircraft for the loss of six of their own.
An estimated 50 IJN Mitsubishi A6M Navy Type 0 Carrier Fighters, Allied Code Name “Zeke,” are dispatched to attack Allied facilities and shipping at Guadalcanal Island, Solomon Islands. They are met by 91 Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF), USAAF, USMC and USN fighters over the Russell Islands. USN F4F Wildcats down 14 “Zekes” at 1025 hours, USAAF P-40s down eight at 1030 hours and USMC F4U Corsairs down six at 1100 hours. Allied losses are six aircraft and two pilots. (Jack McKillop)
TERRITORY OF ALASKA: The crew of the destroyer USS Frazier (DD-607) spots the submarine HIJMS I-31 on the surface. The destroyers commences fire with 5-inch (127 mm) guns and hit a periscope as the submarine submerges.
CANADA: Frigate HMCS Montreal launched Montreal, Province of Quebec.
U.S.A.: “Taking A Chance On Love” by Benny Goodman and his Orchestra with vocal by Helen Forrest reaches Number 1 on the Billboard Pop Singles chart in the U.S. The song is from the motion picture “Cabin In The Sky” starring Eddie “Rochester” Anderson, Lena Horne, Ethel Waters, Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington and His Orchestra. This song, which debuted on the charts on 8 May 1943, was charted for 11 weeks, was Number 1 for 3 weeks and was ranked Number 8 for the year 1943.
USS R-12 (SS-89) foundered during exercises off Key West, Florida. (Jack McKillop)
The song originally was sung by Ethel Waters in the Broadway production of “Cabin in the Sky.” Most of the songs were composed by Vernon Duke, who also wrote “I Can’t Get Started” for another show, and the lyricist John LaTouche. But during production, Duke knew that he needed one more song and ran into Ted Fetter on the street. He and Fetter had worked on a tune called “Fooling Around with Love” which was never sold and Duke suggested that Fetter dust if off with knew lyrics. It became “Taking a Chance on Love”—and the only hit standard to come out of “Cabin in the Sky.”
Fetter had to share credit with LaTouche and Duke, but he still was getting at least $5,000 a year in royalties when he died a few years ago. (Matt Clark)
Chuck Baisden gets married in Quartzite, Arizona. (Chuck Baisden)
US Submarine R-12 (SS-89), CO Edward E. Shelby, is sunk during a training exercise off Key West-Cause unknown Atlantic. 42 men died, including Brazilian observers. No survivors (one report lists three survivors). (Joe Sauder)
Destroyer escort USS Leopold launched.
Minesweepers USS Notable and Nucleus launched.
Destroyers USS Cotten and Porterfield launched.
Destroyer USS Bradford commissioned.
Destroyer escort USS Osterhaus commissioned.
ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-118 (Type XB) is sunk in the mid-Atlantic west of the Canary Islands, in position 30.49N, 33.49W by depth charges from eight Avenger aircraft of the US escort carrier USS Bogue. 43 dead, 16 survivors. (Alex Gordon)
U-333 shot down an RAF Sunderland and was damaged in the action. (Dave Shirlaw)
"The notorious "Angel of Death," Josef Mengele determined the fate of thousands of Jews shipped to Auschwitz.
As chief doctor of the extermination camp, Mengele supervised the selections for the gas chambers and conducted horrific medical experiments.
"Mengele, who received his medical degree from the University of Frankfurt am Main in 1938, joined the staff of the Institute of Hereditary Biology and Race Research, where he specialized in the study of twins and race science.
During the war years, Mengele joined the Waffen-SS and served as a medical officer in France and Russia.
He was appointed chief doctor of Auschwitz in May 1943.
"At Auschwitz, Mengele pursued his pseudoscientific research and personally selected victims from the steady stream of arrivals to the camp.
People with deformities were immediately killed and sent to Mengele's lab for study.
All twins became the subjects of his painful and grotesque experiments.
"After the war Mengele was mistakenly released by U.S. authorities and eventually made his way to Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Mengele was rumored to have drowned in 1978.
An international team of forensics pathologists performed an autopsy on an exhumed body in 1985 and concluded that there was a high probability that it was indeed Mengele's last remains."
"As Allied bombing continued to disable or destroy factories on German soil, German industrialists sought new locations where slave labor could keep production running.
Following the bombing of the Krupp fuse plant in Essen in March 1943, a new Krupp factory was built at Auschwitz.
These slave laborers do the dirty work."
On this day Sgt. Syd Cohen became the “King of Lampadusa.” He and his two crewman were flying a Swordfish on an air rescue mission and became disoriented in bad weather. They spotted Lampadusa and its airfield and landed there. In the act of trying to surrender, they were swarmed by Italians surrendering to them. They wrote out a surrender document that Cohen took to Tunis. A Yiddish play was written about the incident that Cohen saw before he tragically died in a crash in 1946. Rumors are that Hollywood is trying to do something with the story now.