Skip to comments.ALLIES ADVANCE ABOVE VOLTURNO AFTER REPULSING ENEMY ATTACKS (10/19/43)
Posted on 10/19/2013 5:45:21 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
Winston S. Churchill, Closing the Ring
Germans in the Dniepr bend threatened
Tuesday, October 19, 1943 www.onwar.com
On the Eastern Front... Soviet forces attack Pyatikhatki, west of Dnepropetrovsk. Konev’s forces strike out of the Kremenchug bridgehead heading from Krivoy Rog. German Army Group South (Manstein) is forming a blocking force to hold Konev in order to have time to withdraw German forces in the bend of the Dniepr River which now face envelopment. Near Kiev, Soviet forces are consolidating bridgeheads over the Dniepr. Soviet forces take Vishgorod.
In Italy... German forces defending Dragoni withdraw before a scheduled attack by elements of the US 5th Army begins.
October 19th, 1943 (TUESDAY)
UNITED KINGDOM: The rapid rise in venereal disease in Britain is the occasion of a long statement issued today by he archbishops of Canterbury and York on what they describe as “a moral as well as a medical problem.” The chief cause of the spread of the disease is “fornication”, which the church condemns as a sin. “Promiscuity threatens to destroy home life ... Moral resistance is of more value than physical precautions,” they declare, and they call on Christians to take their stand against it. They also urge that more healthy recreation should be provided in camps and barracks.
Today the first antibiotic, Streptomycin, is isolated. (William L. Howard)
Frigate HMS Keats commissioned.
Minesweeper HMS Lightfoot commissioned.
SWEDEN: Gothenburg: The exchange of thousands of sick and seriously wounded British and German PoWs began at the Swedish port of Gothenburg this afternoon. Most of the British were captured in 1940 at Dunkirk; others were taken in last year’s raid on Dieppe, including Canadians. Germans from Rommel’s Afrika Korps were still in desert uniform.
This is the first PoW exchange between Germany and Britain of the war; negotiations for an earlier exchange in 1941 were broken off by Germany, which this time asked for the exchange: 5,000 Germans and 5,400 British and Imperial forces are now going home.
POLAND: SS General Odilo Globocnik, SS and police leader in the Lublin District of the Generalgouvernement, announces the end of Aktion Reinhard Operation REINHARD, the code name for the German plan to murder Polish Jews, and dissolution of the camps. Most SS personnel involved in Aktion Reinhard are transferred to the Adriatic coastal operation zone to fight the partisans and select and deport the Jews of that area. (Days)
U.S.S.R.: Pyatikhatki, west of Dnepropetrovsk is under Soviet attack also Krivoy Rog from the Kremenchug bridgehead. North of Kiev, Soviet units are consolidating their bridgeheads. Manstein is juggling units and attempting to reinforce to allow his forces holding the bend in the Dniepr River time to retreat.
Moscow: The foreign ministers of the “Big Three” Allied powers - Cordell Hull, Eden and Molotov - sat down together in the Kremlin today to tell one another, in the words of an official spokesman, “frankly and freely what is on each others’ minds”.
The talks, which are expected to last for ten days, will conclude with a firm pledge that the US, Britain and the Soviet Union will not consider any separate peace negotiations with Germany. Postwar co-operation between the Big Powers to guarantee peace and security will also be discussed. An outline plan for the creation of an international organization, open to all peace-loving states, has been drafted and is expected to be approved.
In a separate meeting in London today the US and Britain promised Stalin big increases in military aid in the next eight months: 2,700,000 tons will arrive via Soviet Pacific ports, 2,400,000 tons via the Persian Gulf and 1,000,000 tons by Arctic convoy.
Luftwaffe ace pilot Erich Hartmann is shot down and taken captive by Russian soldiers. However, he pretends to be wounded and when the opportunity arises he runs away. (Drew Philip Halévy)
ARCTIC OCEAN: The USN heavy cruiser USS Tuscaloosa (CA-37), accompanied by a U.S. and three British destroyers, transports Norwegian troops and equipment to Spitsbergen Island to re-establish bases destroyed in the German raid of 8 September 1943. A second Allied force, with aircraft carrier USS Ranger (CV-4) included, provides cover for the operation.
U-737 was damaged by a collision with an enemy destroyer or an iceberg near Spitsbergen.
ITALY: In the U.S. Fifth Army’s VI Corps area, the 168th Infantry Regiment, 34th Infantry Division, opens an attack on Dragoni before dawn and finds that the Germans have withdrawn. The 133d Infantry Regiment finishes crossing the Volturno River northeast Dragoni and the 135th crosses to the southeast and heads toward Alife.
The offensive by the US Fifth Army (Clark) along the Volturno river bogs down due to bad weather and in the face of the skilful German defenses.
The Northwest African Air Force begins an air offensive against railroad bridges in Italy in the hope that the Germans will have to rely on coastal vessels and motor transport. During a low-level raid, XII Bomber Command B-24s bomb bridges at Porto Civitanova, south of Porto Sant’ Elpidio, north of Pedaso, and north of Cupra Marittima; fighters, fighter-bombers, and light bombers of the XII Air Support Command, Northwest African Tactical Bomber Force, and RAF Desert Air Force attack the town of Boiano, gun positions and troop concentrations on the outskirts of town, and an ammunition dump and railroad tunnel nearby, Viterbo and Tarquinia landing fields, the towns of Cassino and Anzio, the railroad north of Pesaro and near Pineto, trains near Barisciano, troops near Mintumo, and vehicles at several points. (John Nicholas and Jack McKillop)
MEDITERRANEAN SEA: Allied planes sink a German transport near Crete. The ship is carrying 2,700 British and Italian prisoners; only 566 survive.
BORNEO: Local Chinese and native Suluks rise up against the Japanese occupation of North Borneo. The revolt, staged in the capital, Jesselton, resulted in the deaths of 40 Japanese soldiers. The revolt was dealt with quickly and brutally by the Japanese. They destroyed dozens of Suluk villages, rounded up and tortured thousands of civilians, and executed almost 200 without trial. In one extreme example of cruelty, several dozen Suluk women and children had their hands tied behind them and were hanged from their wrists from a pillar of a mosque. They were then shot down by machine-gun fire.
NEW GUINEA: In Northeast New Guinea, the Australian 9th Division, assisted by artillery, contains further Japanese attacks in the Finschhafen area while USAAF Fifth Air Force A-20 Havocs and RAAF aircraft hit Sattelberg and surrounding areas.
SOLOMON ISLANDS: Kara and Kahili Airfields on Bougainville Island are hit by 24 Thirteenth Air Force B-24s, 14 P-38 Lightnings and 20 P-40; and 8 PV-1 Venturas, 20 SBD Dauntless dive bombers, 12 TBF Avengers and 2 F4U Corsairs. The targets include AA emplacements. One PV-1 is lost.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC: An unopposed enemy air raid against Finschhafen causes no effective damage.
EAST INDIES: USAAF Fifth Air Force B-25 Mitchells and RAAF Hudsons bomb Abisu (Vila-De-Avis or Fuiloro) Airfield on Timor Island.
BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO: USAAF Fifth Air Force A-20 Havocs and Australian aircraft bomb Gasmata (Tsurumi) Airfield on New Britain Island.
Patrol craft HMC HPC 32 ordered from Walter Pinaud of Baddeck , Nova Scotia.
Corvette HMCS Napanee completed forecastle extension refit Montreal, Province of Quebec.
U.S.A.: The Third (London) Protocol, extending through 30 June 1944, is signed. It promises 2.7 million tons (2,5 metric tonnes) to USSR via the Pacific route and 2.4 million (2,2 million) by either the northern Soviet ports or the Persian Gulf. (Glenn Stenberg)
Navy Secretary Frank Knox announces American subs have sunk 319 Japanese ships since Pearl Harbor.
Destroyer escorts USS Cronin and De Long laid down.
Destroyer escort USS Cates launched.
Destroyer escort USS Ramsden commissioned.
Destroyer USS Charles S Sperry and English laid down.
ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-220 sank SS Delisle and SS Penolver in Convoy WB-65.
Worth mentioning on this thread is that the late “Bum” Phillips, former head coach of the Houston Oilers was a Marine Raider in WWII.
Who knew fornication spreads V.D.? It was a good thing we had experts around to tell us these things.
As opposed to toilet seats?
Lots of people have tried that one! :-))
On a related topic, there will be an article next month on the public being encouraged to make penicillin in the home.
I make penicillin in my fridge all the time, just not on purpose. :-))
Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.