Skip to comments.RUSSIANS CONVERGE ON KRIVOI ROG AND FAN OUT FROM MELITOPOL (10/25/43)
Posted on 10/25/2013 4:15:26 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
Winston S. Churchill, Closing the Ring
Red Army crosses Dniepr River
Monday, October 25, 1943 www.onwar.com
Dnepropetrovsk is Ours!! Go Away Bandit of Melitopol [poster at link]
On the Eastern Front... Soviet forces under Malinovsky launch crossing of the Dniepr River at Dnepropetrovsk and Dneprodzerzhinsk. Both towns fall to Soviet troops. German troops in the area have been thinned out to meet Konev’s attacks toward Krivoy Rog. German forces from the Crimea, under Kleist, have not arrived yet.
October 25th, 1943 (MONDAY)
UNITED KINGDOM: The anti-Nazi Clandestine Radio, Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting from Crowborough, Sussex. The station carries a program of news bulletins and entertainment for the German forces and adopts the convention of speaking as a German soldiers` station situated somewhere in France. The program is transmitted on three shortwave frequencies and on the medium wave band. The medium wave broadcast is from 2000 to 0500 hours while the shortwave broadcast began at 1830 and ended at 0800 hours. A staff of 50 radio technicians operate the medium wave transmitter as well as two 100 kilowatt shortwave transmitters for U boat crew and other German seafarers. (Charles Gregor)
Frigate HMS Sarawak launched.
Escort carrier HMS Patroller commissioned.
Destroyer HMS Kempenfelt commissioned.
Frigate HMS Bullen commissioned.
Submarines HMS Spirit and Telemachus commissioned.
GERMANY: During the night of 25/26 October, 19 RAF Bomber Command Stirlings lay mines in the Kattegat without loss.
U-678, U-865 commissioned.
U.S.S.R.: Forces under Malinovsky attack across the Dniepr at Dneporoetrovsk and Dnierodzerzhinsk. Holding a defensive position on the Dniepr River has been a major problem for the Germans.
ITALY: Allied commanders decide that the initiative must be retained in Italy in order to pin down German forces there and prevent them from massing for a counteroffensive before the spring 1944.
The U.S. Fifth Army, with positions north of the Volturno River firmly established, is ready for a drive against German delaying positions in the mountains from Mt. Massico on the west coast to the Matese mountains on the right boundary. In the VI Corps area, the 135th Infantry Regiment of the 34th Infantry Division moves forward to take up pursuit toward Ailano.
USAAF XII Bomber Command P-39 Airacobras strafe and bomb the landing ground at Podgorica; the XII Air Support Command, Northwest African Tactical Bomber Fore (NATBF) and RAF Desert Air Force (DAF) concentrate on blocking roads and destroying bridges; town areas, vehicles, radio stations, trains, and vessels are also attacked; targets attacked are in or near Frosinone, Formia, Gaeta, Cetraro, along the Sangro River, Kuna, west of Lagosta Island and south of Rome; Tarquinia Airfield is also bombed.
During the night of 25/26 October, 46 RAF No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group bomb the marshalling yard at Pistola; one aircraft is lost.
YUGOSLAVIA: USAAF”> USAAF XII Bomber Command P-39Airacobras strafe and bomb the landing ground at Podgorica; the XII Air Support Command, Northwest African Tactical Bomber Fore (NATBF) and RAF Desert Air Force (DAF) concentrate on blocking roads and destroying bridges; town areas, vehicles, radio stations, trains, and vessels are also attacked; targets attacked are in or near Frosinone, Formia, Gaeta, Cetraro, along the Sangro River, Kuna, west of Lagosta Island and south of Rome; Tarquinia Airfield is also bombed.
During the night of 25/26 October, 46 RAF No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group bomb the marshalling yard at Pistola; one aircraft is lost.
ARCTIC OCEAN: U-956 shelled targets on the shore of Spitsbergen with her gun. Land-based artillery returned the fire but did not score a hit on the U-boat.
BLACK SEA: U-23 captured three people from a fishing boat and then sank the boat with hand grenades.
BURMA: Rangoon: Japan has laid a railway line from Bangkok to Burma. The single 300-mile track, half across mountains and jungle, half along the river Kwai Noi valley, was built by 200,000 Asian and 69,000 Allied PoWs. “We will make you work in places no white man has worked before, and harder than any white has worked before,” the Japanese said: and 100,000 Asian and 16,000 other PoWs died in the process.
FRENCH INDOCHINA: Six USAAF Fourteenth Air Force P-40s strafe shipping at Haiphong, Vietnam, claiming three small boats sunk and damaging six larger boats.
NEW GUINEA: In Northeast New Guinea, the Japanese begin withdrawing toward Sattelberg in the coastal sector north of Finschhafen, suspending attacks on the Australian 9th Division. Meanwhile, USAAF Fifth Air Force A-20 Havocs hit positions near Lae. In Dutch New Guinea, B-24 Liberators carry out a light strike against Manokwari.
BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO: Over 60 USAAF Fifth Air Force B-24 Liberators bomb the Rabaul area on New Britain Island, destroying 20+ airplanes on the ground. Of the 60 to 70 fighters which intercept, the B-24s claim 30+ shot down.
PACIFIC OCEAN: 2300 hours: USS Tullibee (SS-284) sinks a tanker at 26-01 N, 121-93 E. (Skip Guidry)
Nimitz modifies the plan for the Gilberts to specify that control will pass from the amphibious force to the landing force commander when the latter determined that “that status of the landing operations permits.” Previously, the ground commander would announce that he was ready to take over, and the amphibious force commander would direct him to do so. (Keith Allen)
In the Gulf of Tonkin off the east coast Vietnam, French Indochina, two USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells and four P-40s attack shipping claiming a 150 foot (46 meter) tanker sunk and a 200 foot (61 meter) freighter damaged.
HAWAIIAN ISLANDS: Vice Admiral Raymond A. Spruance, commander of the Central Pacific Force, issues an operation plan, which is subsequently modified somewhat, outlining the organization and tasks of Operation GALVANIC, the invasion of the Gilbert Islands.
Minesweeper HMS Golden Fleece (ex-HMCS Humberstone) laid down Toronto, Ontario.
Frigate HMCS Inch Arran laid down Lauzon, Province of Quebec.
Frigate HMCS Cape Breton commissioned.
HMC ML 112 commissioned.
Corvette HMCS North Bay commissioned.
Escort carrier USS Block Island laid down.
Destroyer escort USS Dale W Peterson laid down.
Submarine USS Kete laid down.
Frigate USS Lorain laid down.
Destroyer USS John Hood launched.
Submarine USS Tilefish launched.
Destroyer escorts USS Straub and Rhodes commissioned.
Destroyers USS Paul Hamilton and Halsey Powell commissioned.
Submarine USS Bashaw commissioned.
ATLANTIC OCEAN: Submarine USS Tullibee sinks a tanker at 26-01 N, 121-93 E.
HMCS Skeena, a River-class destroyer, A/LCdr. Patrick ‘Pat’ Francis Xavier Russell, RCN, CO, was wrecked at Videy Island, near Reykjavik, Iceland. Skeena was blown ashore in a 100-knot gale while at anchor. Fifteen of the 21 crewmembers lost (all ratings) were drowned in an attempt to reach the shore using Carley Floats after the ship struck the rocks offshore. The remainder of the crew was evacuated later in a heroic effort by RNVR Patrol Service seamen using a “breeches buoy” under the direction of an Icelander, Einar Sigurdsson. As the storm increased in intensity, the shore authority signalled to the commander of the 11th Escort Group, Cdr. James D. “Chummy” Prentice in HMCS Quappelle, “Enter harbor, if you so desire.” The Navigating Officer of Skeena, Lt. Peter G. Chance, was dismayed at a subsequent order by Commander, Cdr. Prentice, for the four ships of the group to go to anchor in the bay behind Videy Island. Lt. Chance went so far as to ask to be relieved of his duties as Navigator and strongly expressed his opinion that it was safer to remain at sea than to go to anchor, under the prevailing conditions. The CO agreed with his navigator but followed his orders and directed Lt. Chance to anchor the ship “in the best location,” in the centre of the basin, about 800 yards from the shore in all direction. The ship was anchored in 12 fathoms of water with six shackles of cable paid out to the starboard anchor, the port anchor let go “under foot,” and with both boilers maintained at Immediate Notice for steam. The two Canadian River-class destroyers, Skeena and Saguenay, were fitted with a single centreline capstan whereas the British versions of the type were fitted with two capstans, making it impossible to work both anchors at once. Only one light was occasionally visible on shore for fixing but the intensity of the storm obscured it for long periods. Ground clutter rendered the radar useless for fixing. Approximately one hour after setting the anchor watch, the ship began to drag her anchors and, although “half ahead” and “full ahead” was ordered on both engines, the ship struck the shore forcefully. The ship broached port side to, and began listing to starboard into the oncoming waves, which broke over the ship up to the height of the bridge. Both of the ship’s boats were smashed in attempts to lower them. Soon afterwards, the ships back was broken, rupturing fuel tanks and hull plating. This damage released a large amount of fuel oil, which soon mixed with the snow and made decks and the rocks on the shore extremely slippery. The loss of life occurred when the order “Standby to Abandon Ship” was taken to mean “Abandon Ship.” Although some managed to get to shore, the majority of the crew remained onboard until the morning, when the storm abated, making it possible to get ashore safely. The Commanding Officer and the Officer of the Watch, Lt. William M. Kidd, the First Lieutenant, were both tried by Courts Martial and were found guilty of “hazarding” and “stranding” the ship. Skeena was broken up for scrap after the war but the barge that contained most of her remains sank en route to the breakers yard.
"Gertruda Babilinska worked for 15 years for a Jewish family.
She is shown here with one of the family's children, Michael Stolovitzky.
Babilinska refused to abandon the family after the onset of the German occupation.
After Mr. Stolovitzky was shipped to Auschwitz and his daughter died, Bablinska helped Mrs. Stolovitzky and Michael escape, first to Warsaw and then to Vilna.
There, she rented an apartment in which she hid Michael.
Because Michael's mother also died, Babilinska was responsible for Michael's well-being after the war.
The pair emigrated to Israel, where Bablinska provided him with a Jewish upbringing."
"While Jewish leaders in the Italian cities of Florence and Venice warned Jews to go into hiding, leaders in Rome reacted slowly to the news of possible deportations.
Lists and addresses were not destroyed, leaving many families vulnerable to immediate capture.
Among those deported were Franza and Enrica Spizzichino, ages seven and ten, respectively, who pose here on a bicycle in a Roman piazza.
The girls, their parents, and their brother Mario were hunted down and deported to Auschwitz, where they were killed upon arrival."
"Facing overwhelming odds, many Jews courageously defied the Nazis while significant numbers actively fought against them.
Jewish resistance to the Nazis indeed took many different forms.
"For many Jews, 'spiritual resistance' was often their only means of defiance within the ghettos and camps of Eastern Europe.
Jews cherished any means through which self-dignity and cultural heritage could be saved.
They stubbornly resisted the Nazis' dehumanizing policies by performing illegal religious ceremonies, orchestra concerts, or theater productions.
They conducted Hebrew language classes, published newspapers, and documented life in ghettos and camps by producing pictorial records and maintaining diaries and archives.
"Jews established active underground networks that smuggled food, clothing, and medicine, thereby allowing those who had been trapped to prolong their existences.
By not succumbing to the Nazis, but instead intensely clinging to life under the most extreme conditions, Jews demonstrated their 'sanctification of life,' their will to survive.
In some camps, Jews initiated work slowdowns and other overt acts of nonviolent noncompliance.
Jewish leaders and council elders who refused to follow Nazi directives paid with their lives for their defiance.
"Against overwhelming odds and in extremely difficult circumstances, Jews also took up armed resistance in ghettos and camps, and fought the Nazis as members of partisan units.
Revolts occurred in more than 40 ghettos.
The Warsaw uprising of 1943, although crushed by the Germans, had symbolic importance.
It inflicted considerable casualties on the Germans, proved that Jews were not passive victims, and inspired underground organizations and individuals in other ghettos and camps.
"Despite the possibility of severe retribution--and in spite of fences, guard towers, machine guns, search lights, and vicious dogs-- uprisings broke out in four death camps and several concentration camps.
Highly symbolic inmate destruction of crematoria at Auschwitz was a brave and desperate act that, unfortunately, did not save many lives. Most rebels were killed.
"Tens of thousands of Jews fought the Nazis in partisan actions.
As urban guerrillas and saboteurs--or wilderness assassins hiding in mountains, woods, and marshes--they inflicted considerable damage on German operations.
In Eastern Poland and Western Russia, Soviet soldiers parachuting into the region commanded units of Jewish volunteers.
A Lithuanian Jewish brigade operated in the dense forests near Vilna.
In Belorussia, the Bielski brothers led a Jewish combat group roaming the Naliboki Forest.
The men pictured operated in Belorussia's Rudninkai Forest.
"In Yugoslavia, Tito's national liberation army included 4000 Jews.
Almost all members of the Jewish Rab battalion died in battle in the Balkans.
More than 1500 Jewish fighters joined the ill-fated rising in Slovakia in 1944.
In France, the amalgamated Jewish Fighting Organization aided the Normandy invasion by undertaking 1,900 armed actions and numerous sabotage attacks on railroads, factories, and bridges. Half of its 2000 members perished.
A Jewish Maquis unit, however, reputedly killed over 1,000 Nazis."
The Soviets have been attacking continously since July. The Dniepr Line didn’t hold them up for even a day.
They like to boast of how many Germans they’ve killed. They don’t mention so much how many Soviet soldiers the Germans have killed.
It’s a lot.
Because the number is irrelevant. The individual doesn't matter. All that matters is the good of the State. Just ask our President.
Interesting bit from Wiki:
Over the course of her service with the Kriegsmarine, U-23 had ten commanding officers, the most famous of whom was Kapitänleutnant Otto Kretschmer, who went on to become the top scoring U-boat ace. After service in the Atlantic with the 1st U-boat Flotilla, U-23 served as a training boat with the 21st U-boat Flotilla from July 1940 until September 1942. U-23 was then refitted and transported overland to the Black Sea port of Konstanza, Romania, with the 30th U-boat Flotilla until September 1944.
Or “one death is a tragedy, one million deaths is a statistic.” It’s “New Soviet Man,” a faceless cog in a machine; an ant in an anthill. In reality, “New Soviet Man” was a drunken wife beater who didn’t give a damn about his job or anything else. A state that in effect said “the beatings will continue till morale improves” wasn’t going to get more than that.
It is exactly what we’re turning into. It’s what communism does to people. I don’t beat Mrs. henkster (she is a saint, and anwyay she’d kick my ass) but it’s hard to not become the other things anymore.
The life of the average Russian working stiff pretty much sucked from the time of the Mongols through the Soviets. Don’t know much about the modern era but their population and mortality stats aren’t good.