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BERLIN GETS FIRST U.S. BOMBING; EAST GERMANY ALSO ATTACKED; FOE LOSES 3,000 IN ADMIRALTIES (3/5/44)
Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 3/5/44 | Harold Denny, Frank L. Kluckhohn, Ralph Parker, Milton Bracker, Daniel T. Brigham, more

Posted on 03/05/2014 4:37:00 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson

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THE NEWS OF THE WEEK IN REVIEW

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TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: milhist; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
1 posted on 03/05/2014 4:37:00 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/mar44/f05mar44.htm

Chindits land on “Broadway”
Sunday, March 5, 1944 www.onwar.com

In Burma... The 77th Long Range Penetration Brigade (LRP) is flown to a landing area named “Broadway”, 50 miles southwest of Myitkyina. A second Chindit brigade, 16th LRP, is marching south toward the “Aberdeen” area from Ledo.

On the Eastern Front... The attacks by 1st Ukrainian Front (Zhukov) make rapid progress, fracturing the German defenses of Army Group South (Manstein). Izyaslav, Yampol and Ostropol are captured in the area of Shepetovka.

In New Guinea... Two battalions of the US 126th Infantry Regiment land at Yalau Plantation, 30 miles west of Saidor. There is almost no Japanese opposition.

In the Admiralty Islands... On Los Negros the forces of the US 5th Cavalry Regiment move into the northern half of the island. Destroyers escorting a further 1400 American reinforcements provide fire support for the advance.


2 posted on 03/05/2014 4:37:41 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Leningrad and Ukraine Offensives – Operations, 2 December 1943-30 April 1944
Allied Advance to Volturno River, Reorganization, and Attack on Gustav Line (17 January-11 May 1944)
Anzio-Cassino Area, 1943: Attempts to Cross Rapido and Garigliano Rivers, 17-20 January 1944. Anzio Landing, 22 January 1944. German Counterattack at Anzio, 16-19 February 1944
New Guinea and Alamo Force Operations: Clearing the Huon Peninsula and Securing the Straits, 19 September 1943-26 April 1944
Cartwheel, the Seizure of the Gilberts and Marshalls, and Concurrent Air and Naval Operations, 30 June 1943-26 April 1944
The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Original Allied Strategic Concept, May 1943; Situation in Pacific, 1 November 1943
3 posted on 03/05/2014 4:38:16 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
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The Nimitz Graybook

4 posted on 03/05/2014 4:38:44 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Early in March a task force was organized to make a landing at Yalau Plantation on the coast about thirty miles west of Saidor. Its primary mission was to establish a base there to intercept enemy stragglers trying to bypass the Saidor area and escape to the west.

The 2d Battalion, 126th Infantry, was selected as the principal combat team for the mission. The battalion commander, Lieutenant Colonel Oliver O. Dixon, was in command of the Force. The other units were: Battery B, 120th FA Battalion; Antitank Company, 126th Infantry; 2d Platoon, 32d Reconnaissance Troop.

The combat team landed at 0735 on 5 March 1944. It was unopposed. Patrols sent to the east from Yalau Plantation did meet some resistance. The numerous small engagements that resulted slowed the progress down. On 14 April the force made contact with Australian units near Bogadjim, about thirty miles west of Yalau Plantation. Now the whole area was firmly in Allied control.

The Saidor and Yalau Plantation operations were a great improvement over the Buna campaign. This time supplies, particularly rations, had been relatively ample. Naval gunfire support had been available and tactical air support had become somewhat better. In the 32d Division units, the troops’ combat experience and their long period of training had produced more competent leadership, better combat efficiency, and higher morale.

Major General H.W. Blakeley, USA, Ret., The 32d Infantry Division in World War II

5 posted on 03/05/2014 4:39:34 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Prime Minister to Minister of Aircraft Production 5 Mar 44

I am informed that American aircraft are now being produced without paint, and that, apart from economies in time and material, as much as twenty miles an hour may thus be added to the speed of certain types. Pray let me know whether it is intended to adopt a similar policy with regard to British aircraft.

Winston S. Churchill, Closing the Ring

6 posted on 03/05/2014 4:40:21 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
Fortresses Strike (Denny) – 2-3
Japanese Crushed (Kluckhohn) – 3
Russians Resume Nikolayev Drive – 4
Many Jews Killed in Cherkassy Area (Parker) – 4-5
Germans in Italy Easily Repulsed (Bracker) – 5
Germans Combat Italian Strikers (Brigham) – 5
War News Summarized – 7
Latest War Casualties – 7
The Texts of the Day’s War Communiques – 8-9
Guy Cordon Named for M’Nary Post – 9
Two Aides Also Die (by Alexander Feinberg, first-time contributor) – 10
Lepke’s Reign of Crime Lasted over 12 Murder-Strewn Years (by Meyer Berger) – 11-12
Wallace Top Choice for Vice President of Party’s Voters, Gallup Poll Finds (by George Gallup) – 12

The News of the Week in Review
New Blows Impend – 13
The Fronts – 13-15
Fifteen News Questions – 16
The Pace and Pattern of Pacific Fighting (map) – 17
Japan, Now in Danger, May Fight the Harder (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 18
Arab Oil in World Politics (by J.H. Carmical, first-time contributor) – 19-20
The Oil Reservoir of the Near East (map) – 19
Answers to Fifteen News Questions - 20
Fear of Public Hostility Holds Japanese in Camps (by Lawrence E. Davies) – 21

7 posted on 03/05/2014 4:41:31 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/05.htm

March 5th, 1944 (SUNDAY)

GERMANY: The first American bombers and fighters appear over Berlin. The raid had been cancelled because of weather. One group proceeded to the target with fighter escort. Göring later said, “When I saw the American fighters over Berlin I knew the jig was up.” (Hal Turrell)

219 B-24’s are dispatched to hit French airfields; 62 hit Bergerac Airfield, 60 hit the Chateau-Bernard Airfield at Cognac; 41 hit Landes de Bussac Airfield and 1 hits La Roche Airfield. The group participating were the 44th, 93d, 389th, 392d, 445th, 446th 448th, 453d and 458th Bombardment Groups (Heavy). Fighter support consisted of 34 P-38’s, 185 P-47’s and 88 P-51’s.

ARCTIC OCEAN: U-366 sunk NW of Hammerfest, in position 72.10N, 14.44E, by rockets from an RN 816 Sqn Swordfish off escort carrier HMS Chaser. 50 dead (all hands lost).

U.S.S.R.: In a new Ukrainian offensive Soviet troops advance 31 miles and retake Izyaslav, Ostropol and Yampol.

BURMA: Chinese forces capture Maingkwan as three Chindit brigades land behind enemy lines at Indaw.

Air Commando Combat Mission N0.18 3:05 Flight Time Hailakandi to Okkyi, Burma. Photo mission of landing strip. This field not covered with logs. Our gliders went in during the night and established a fairly good runway for the transports that followed. The landing area was called “Broadway”

Note: Not from my journal but USAF sources. Colonel John Alison and his assault force landed successfully around 2200 hours and set up a lighting landing system to assist the main force. There was no enemy opposition. The glider landings were not exactly a piece of cake as the field was covered in dense elephant grass that hid logs, ruts and crevices from the camera. The gliders were heavily loaded and came in very fast. Some missed the field and crashed into the jungle, some hit obstructions and others landed and piled into the ones ahead. twenty four men were killed in the jungle crashes and four killed in Broadway crashes. Some 500 soldiers, 18 tons of supplies plus 3 mules and a smuggled horse were all brought in by the gliders. Only 3 of the 37 CG-4 gliders were flyable after the landings. These “faraway places with the strange sounding names” can be easily found on the maps in my book. (Chuck Baisden)
PACIFIC OCEAN: While submarine USS Tullibee was attacking a merchantman in the Palaus area, one of her own torpedoes circled back and hit the boat, sinking it. There was one survivor who became a POW and was freed after the Japanese surrender to tell the story.

U.S.A.: Destroyer USS Willard Keith laid down.
Destroyer minelayer USS Lindsey launched.

Minesweeper USS Instill launched.

Destroyer USS Collett launched.

ATLANTIC OCEAN: The unescorted SS John Holt was torpedoed and sunk by U-66 60 miles south of the Opobo River in the Gulf of Guinea. The master and one passenger were taken prisoner and were later lost with the U-boat. 41 crewmembers, nine gunners, three passengers and 40 Krooboys were picked up by the British tanker Empire Ruby and landed at Port Harcourt.


8 posted on 03/05/2014 4:42:14 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Note the poll for Vice President. No mention of a Harry Truman.


9 posted on 03/05/2014 5:57:22 AM PST by iowamark (I must study politics and war that my sons may have liberty to study mathematics and philosophy)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
"Personnel managers say that a woman works better if she looks better."
10 posted on 03/05/2014 6:19:11 AM PST by Tax-chick (I've forgotten most of those languages, but I remember the joke.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Amazing! The Brits were successfully using a bi-plane to sink U-boats...with rockets!

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairey_Swordfish

“After more modern torpedo attack aircraft were developed, the Swordfish was soon redeployed successfully in an anti-submarine role, armed with depth charges or eight “60 lb” (27 kg) RP-3 rockets and flying from the smaller escort carriers, or even Merchant Aircraft Carriers (MAC) when equipped for rocket-assisted takeoff (RATO). Its low stall speed and inherently tough design made it ideal for operation from the MAC carriers in the often severe mid Atlantic weather. Indeed, its takeoff and landing speeds were so low that it did not require the carrier to be steaming into the wind, unlike most carrier-based aircraft. On occasion, when the wind was right, Swordfish were flown from a carrier at anchor.[9]

“Swordfish-equipped units accounted for 14 U-boats destroyed. The Swordfish was to be replaced by the Albacore, also a biplane, but outlived its intended successor and was succeeded by the Fairey Barracuda monoplane torpedo bomber.

“The last of 2,392 Swordfish aircraft was delivered in August 1944.”


11 posted on 03/05/2014 8:28:40 AM PST by Seizethecarp (Defend aircraft from "runway kill zone" mini-drone helicopter swarm attacks: www.runwaykillzone.com)
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To: Seizethecarp; Tax-chick; Homer_J_Simpson; henkster

Lepke Buchalter, besides running his own rackets on the Lower East Side, set up an organization that would later be known as "Murder Inc." The idea was that Lepke's hit men could not rat out the Mafia bosses who ordered a hit because they were not part of the organization and didn't know.

In the mid-thirties Dutch Schultz proposed to the new national syndicate that they knock off then New York DA Thomas Dewey. The mobsters hated Dewey, but knew that would be very bad for business. Schultz said he would do it himself anyway. Lepke took the assignment to rub out Schultz.

12 posted on 03/05/2014 12:54:59 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: iowamark

When it came to the poll for Vice President, only one respondent counted. :-))


13 posted on 03/05/2014 12:56:01 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: Tax-chick

Say that at the office these days and you’ll get a lawsuit, or at least a personnel department investigation. :-))


14 posted on 03/05/2014 12:57:05 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: colorado tanker

While there’s a business reason to have someone pretty in a sales post, I don’t see how a smoother complexion affects a lady’s typing and filing skills.


15 posted on 03/05/2014 1:03:30 PM PST by Tax-chick (I've forgotten most of those languages, but I remember the joke.)
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To: colorado tanker

“The title of Hero of the Soviet Union has been awarded to a 20-year-old Kasakh girl machine-gunner for valor in battle.”


16 posted on 03/05/2014 1:06:00 PM PST by Tax-chick (I've forgotten most of those languages, but I remember the joke.)
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To: Tax-chick
“The title of Hero of the Soviet Union has been awarded to a 20-year-old Kasakh girl machine-gunner for valor in battle.”

Her complexion must have been incredibly smooth.

17 posted on 03/05/2014 1:26:56 PM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

She probably used lard on her skin!


18 posted on 03/05/2014 2:06:47 PM PST by Tax-chick (I've forgotten most of those languages, but I remember the joke.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson; colorado tanker; BroJoeK
"Many Jews Killed in Cherkassy Area"

Talks with Ukrainian villagers in the hinterland of this front have left this correspondent with the deep impression that the German policy toward the Jews in the occupied Ukraine has been less terrible than has been reported previously by official sources.

I wonder if this correspondent talked to any survivors of the Terror-Famine. There was massive death among the Kazakhs at that time, too. The girl machine-gunner was a lucky survivor.

19 posted on 03/05/2014 2:11:33 PM PST by Tax-chick (I've forgotten most of those languages, but I remember the joke.)
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To: Tax-chick; Homer_J_Simpson; BroJoeK

I wondered about that statement too, because the text of the article did not seem to support it. What I got from the article is the only Jews in that region who survived were the few sheltered by local Christians.


20 posted on 03/05/2014 2:49:43 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: Tax-chick

Sadly, by this point, she had already been killed in action. She never saw 21. There are statues of her around the former Soviet Union, especially in Kazakhstan.


21 posted on 03/05/2014 2:54:26 PM PST by InMemoriam (Have a seat over there, Mr. Mohammed. Aisha, go play on your swingset, honey.)
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To: colorado tanker

Maybe having any survivors at all was “less terrible” than what he’d heard.


22 posted on 03/05/2014 3:23:58 PM PST by Tax-chick (I've forgotten most of those languages, but I remember the joke.)
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To: InMemoriam

Very sad.


23 posted on 03/05/2014 3:24:37 PM PST by Tax-chick (I've forgotten most of those languages, but I remember the joke.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Occurs to me these WWII threads will become rather disconcerting as current headlines start competing. Not hard to imagine a title MOSCOW GETS FIRST GERMAN BOMBING; EAST UKRAINE ALSO ATTACKED; FOE LOSES 3,000 (4/5/14)
24 posted on 03/05/2014 3:36:10 PM PST by ctdonath2 (Making good people helpless doesn't make bad people harmless.)
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