Skip to comments.ALLIES START DRIVE AT ANZIO BEACHHEAD AS ATTACKS IN MOUNTAINS ARE PRESSED (5/24/44)
Posted on 05/24/2014 5:21:40 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
Winston S. Churchill, Closing the Ring
Japanese attacking in Burma
Wednesday, May 24, 1944 www.onwar.com
Allied artillery supporting the defense of Myitkyina [photo at link]
In Burma... The Japanese 18th Division launches strong counterattacks to the south of Myitkyina.
In Italy... Attacks by the US 5th Army and the British 8th Army continue. The Canadian 1st Corps captures Pontecorvo and elements reach the Melfa River and establish a bridgehead. The US 2nd Corps takes Terracina against heavy opposition from the German 29th Panzergrenadier Division. At Anzio forces of US 6th Corps reach Route 7 near Latina, to the south of German-held Cisterna. Meanwhile, north of Rome, RAF Spitfires shoot down 8 German Fw190 fighter bombers.
From Berlin... Hitler authorizes Kesselring to withdraw to the Caesar Line.
May 24th, 1944 (WEDNESDAY)
UNITED KINGDOM: The USAAF’s Eighth Air Force in England flies two missions.
Mission 370: 406 bombers and 604 fighters make visual attacks on rail installations and airfields in Belgium and France; four bombers and 12 fighters are lost; the fighters claim 13-2-3 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 3-0-5 on the ground; (unless otherwise indicated, all targets are in France):
1. 307 B-24s are dispatched to marshalling yards at Belfort (74 bomb) and Mulhouse (134 bomb); 12 hit Tonnere marshalling yard and 37 bomb Bretigny and one bombs Dijon Airfields; two B-24s are lost.
2. 320 B-17 Flying Fortresses are dispatched to Essey Airfield at Nancy (75 bomb) and marshalling yards at Metz (69 bomb), Saarguemines (36 bomb) and Blainville (36 bomb); 56 B-17s hit Thionville marshalling yard and three bomb Liege Airfield, Belgium.
3. 103 B-24s bomb Montignies sur Sambre marshalling yard and nine bomb Alos marshalling yard.
4. In Belgium 247 B-17s are dispatched against marshalling yards at Brussels/Schaerbeck (52 bomb), Brussels/Midi (29 bomb) and Leige/Guillemines (50 bomb); other marshalling yards hit are Brussels/Melsbroek (18 bomb) and Liege/Renory (50 bomb); 2 B-17s are lost.
5. 18 of 38 B-17s and 18 of 18 B-24s hit Fecamp gun battery without loss.
6. 15 B-17s hit St Valery gun battery without loss.
Escort is provided by 136 P-38s, 181 P-47 Thunderbolts and 287 P-51 Mustangs; P-38s claim 3-1-0 Luftwaffe aircraft, 9 P-38s are lost; P-47s claim 4-1-2 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 3-0-5 on the ground; P-51s claim 6-0-1 Luftwaffe aircraft, 3 P-51s are lost.
MISSION 371: Four B-17s drop leaflets in France without loss.
The USAAF’s Ninth Air Force in England dispatches 225+ B-26 Marauders to attack bridges near Liege, Belgium and airfields at Lille/Nord and Monchy-Breton, France. About 250 P-47s dive-bomb various targets in western Europe.
Frigate HMS Loch Fyne launched.
ITALY: The Canadian 5th Armored reaches the River Melfes.
At Anzio the attack reaches Route 7 near Latinam.
Sergeant Sylvester Antolak of the US Army, Company B, 15th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division, charges 200 yards over flat, coverless terrain to destroy a German machinegun nest during the second day of the offensive to break out of the Anzio beachhead. He is killed charging a second machinegun another 100 yards distant. MOH. (Drew Philip Halévy)
The Canadian I Corps takes Pontecorvo and the US 3rd Division reaches the key city of Cisterna; Hitler authorizes a withdrawal to the Adolf Hitler Line, west of Cassino.
Maj. John Keefer Mahoney (b.1911), Canadian Army, led his company brilliantly in setting up and holding a bridgehead until more troops came. (Victoria Cross)
Hitler authorizes Kesselring to withdraw to the Caesar Line.
The USAAF’s Fifteenth Air Force in Italy dispatches 340+ bombers to attack targets in France and Italy; B-17s attack the marshalling yard at Lyon, France; B-24s attack marshalling yards at Amberieux, Toulon and Givors, France, and in Italy, the port area at Monfalcone, airfield at Piancenza and industrial area at Porto Marghera; P-38s and P-51s fly 200+ sorties in support.
PACIFIC OCEAN: KURILE ISLANDS: Two USAAF B-24s bomb Matsuwa Island.(56)
The destroyer escort USS England (DE-635) sinks Japanese submarine HIJMS RO-116 225 miles (362 km) north-northwest of Kavieng, New Ireland Island, Bismarck Archipelago. This is the fourth submarine involved in Operation “NA” sunk by USS England in five days.
Minesweeper HMCS St Joseph commissioned
Frigate HMCS Thetford Mines commissioned.
Submarine USS Sea Devil commissioned.
Minesweeper USS Pinnacle commissioned.
Minesweeper USS Waxwing laid down.
ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-736 shot down an RAF 612 Sqn Wellington. The boat was severely damaged by an RAF 224 Sqn Liberator from just before shooting down the Wellington.
U-921 shot down an RCAF 422 Sqn Sunderland. The U-boat was looking for survivors from U-476 damaged earlier that day by an RAF 210 Sqn Catalina. The aircraft was shot down but not before wounding 3 men, including the Commander, Oblt. Wolfgang Leu. As the boat crash dived Leu got both his wounded men down but did not manage to get down into the tower himself. He slammed the hatch down as the boat dove and was drowned. The boat reached Trondheim, Norway under the command of the I WO on the 26th. (An American submarine commander received the Medal of Honor for the very same act in the Pacific).
U-675 sunk west of Alesund, in position 62.27N, 03.04E, by depth charges from an RAF 4 Sqn Sunderland. 51 dead (all hands lost).
You may remember that Republicans won only two states in 1936, then ten in 1940:
1936 Roosevelt versus Landon:
1940 Roosevelt versus Wilkie:
A little history on US 77 ship on page 1 & 4.
I suspect Stalin secretly mocked the US for not being able to break out of Anzio thus far.
Interesting attempt by an industry to use their Congressman to finagle a special privilege.
Also, re the headline, they can use two half-spaces to put "gas" in quotes, but they can't give M'Arthur his -ac?
I saw that book on the rack last time I was at the library. Did you like it?
It is definitely a striking and clever argument - surname persistence at high rungs of society tells us that social mobility is not zero but is remarkably slow, everywhere (welfare-state Sweden, Industrial Revolution Britain, post-1949 China).
I wouldn't read it if you're looking for a page-turner. Prof. Clark is a pretty dry writer. (He also, based on this and previous work, seems to think genetics are more important in life outcomes than mainstream writers do.) But it was extremely interesting.
That one fact decides that this goes on the "might pick it up some day" list instead of "check it out on the next visit" list.
I just finished the third volume of the Liberation Trilogy. Getting through all three took many renewals!
Off topic, but it is interesting that Texas actually had more electoral votes. Looking at CA pop growth, it came in the 1940s and 50s. By the time I was playing the political boardgame: Landslide. By 1970 CA had 45 electoral votes dominating the country. NY was down to 41 EVs. Although CA continues to grow, it is doing so far more slowly than Texas and other Southern states.
Hah! I also played Landslide; same edition. It was a great game.