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Sotomayer Overlooks All 14 Supreme Court Self-Defense Cases
ammoland.com ^ | 22 July, 2009 | Alan Korwin

Posted on 07/23/2009 8:16:03 AM PDT by marktwain

Washington, DC - -(AmmoLand.com)- In Congressional testimony, Supreme Court nominee Sonia Sotomayer claimed she couldn’t think of a self-defense case having come before the Supreme Court, adding, “I could be wrong, but I can’t think of one.” Independent research shows that fourteen separate Supreme Court cases, from 1895 to 1985, addressed every basic aspect of personal self defense. All of them held that self defense is a valid, justifiable and long-standing tenet of American law.

The Bloomfield Press book “Supreme Court Gun Cases” (Kopel, Halbrook, Korwin), released in 2003 and in the Supreme Court’s library, covers the 92 High Court gun cases in existence at that time. Four additional gun cases (plus the original 92) are included in the followup, “The Heller Case: Gun Rights Affirmed,” released in 2008. The fourteen cases that directly address self defense are summarized below in Q&A format. Full summaries of the cases are found in “The Heller Case” book, http://www.gunlaws.com/hc.htm, and the cases themselves can be linked to from the Scottsdale, Ariz.-based company’s website, http://www.gunlaws.com, using the National Directory button.

The brief index below is a convenient research and navigation tool, and a way to set the record straight on what the Court has already done. Read the entire case for a thorough understanding of each one.

The news media, pundits, Congress and Supreme Court nominee Sonia Sotomayer have unfortunately exhibited complete ignorance of these cases, and public policy is harmed by that lack of knowledge.

The Supreme Court has recognized, addressed and answered all the most fundamental questions about self defense. The idea that they have never addressed this core American issue is completely false, as the numerous cases clearly demonstrate. The news media is encouraged to correct any misconceptions that may exist on this subject and in Ms. Sotomayer’s sworn testimony.

IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER:

KEY: Name Date Citation Page

Acers v. United States 1896 164 U.S. 388 238 Is fear of a deadly attack, without reasonable demonstrated grounds for the fear, sufficient to support a claim of self defense [NO]; Must the danger be immediate [YES]; Can any object be considered as a deadly weapon depending on how it was used [YES].

Alberty v. United States 1896 162 U.S. 499 231 If a husband sees another man trying to get into his wife’s room window at night is it natural for him to investigate further [YES]; Is the husband under a duty to retreat when attacked with a knife under such circumstances [NO]; May the husband use only as much force as is necessary to repel the assault [YES]; If in an ensuing confrontation the husband shoots and kills the other man, then flees, must his flight in and of itself be seen as evidence of his guilt [NO].

Allen v. United States 1896 164 U.S. 492 241 Are words alone sufficient provocation to justify an assault [NO]; Are words alone sufficient to reduce murder to manslaughter [NO]; Can premeditation and intent to kill be determined from your actions [YES]; Although flight after a possibly criminal event may suggest guilt, does it prove it conclusively [NO].

Allison v. United States 1895 160 U.S. 203 216 Is it reasonable to believe that you’re in immediate deadly danger if a person, known to be abusive, known to carry a pistol, and who has made public threats against your life, makes a motion as if to draw down on you, even if it turns out he wasn’t armed at the time [YES]; If there is no corroborating evidence besides your testimony, may the jury decide to take your word for it and acquit based on your credibility [YES]; If you have your deer rifle with you while visiting a friend’s house and your adversary shows up, and in an ensuing confrontation you shoot him, can the judge instruct the jury that you’re guilty of murder if you armed yourself to go hunt down your adversary, when there is no evidence to support this claim [NO].

Andersen v. United States 1898 170 U.S. 481 255 If an indictment is brought charging that a defendant shot and then threw a victim’s body into the sea, so the exact cause of death cannot be known, is the indictment flawed and invalid [NO]; Do the elements of self defense have to be present for an accused person to successfully claim self defense [YES].

Beard v. United States 1895 158 U.S. 550 208 Can you stand your ground with a shotgun against an unprovoked armed attack on your property near your home [YES]; Is there a greater duty to retreat on your own property than in your house [NO].

Brown v. United States 1921 256 U.S. 335 285 Is there a duty to retreat when attacked by a man with a knife [NO]; Believing you’re in a mortal conflict, if you fire a shot in the heat of combat, which in cool reflection later may be seen as unnecessary, may you still be acquitted on grounds of self defense [YES]; Is your right of self defense roughly similar in your home, on your land, and at your work [YES]; Can detached reflection be demanded in the presence of an uplifted knife [NO].

Gourko v. United States 1894 153 U.S. 183 189 If you shoot someone who has repeatedly threatened you, and the circumstances of the shooting are not found to be justifiable as self defense, does the fact that you armed yourself in response to the threat automatically make the shooting murder (as opposed to manslaughter) [NO].

Logan v. United States 1892 144 U.S. 263 180 Does the 2nd Amendment guarantee a preexisting right recognized by the Constitution, and not a right created by the Constitution [YES]; Is a prisoner in legal custody entitled to protection “while he is deprived of the ordinary means of defending and protecting himself” [YES].

Rowe v. United States 1896 164 U.S. 546 247 If a man is provoked into making a minor assault on someone, and then backs off in good faith, is his right to self defense restored if the person he assaulted attacks him with a deadly weapon? [YES]; Is he required to retreat under such circumstances [NO]; Is he under an obligation to try to only wound an attacker when fighting for his life [NO]; Can either party in a mutual combat claim self defense [NO].

Starr v. United States 1894 153 U.S. 614 196 If a law officer legally serving a warrant shoots at a suspect without identifying himself, is the suspect justified in shooting back and killing the officer in self defense [YES].

Tennessee v. Garner 1985 471 U.S. 1 428 Is the use of deadly force by police to prevent the escape of all felony suspects constitutionally unreasonable [YES]; Is the use of deadly force by a police officer permissible under the 4th Amendment, if necessary to prevent the escape of a felony suspect who threatens the officer with a weapon, or if there is probable cause to believe that the suspect has committed a crime involving the infliction or threatened infliction of serious physical harm, if, where feasible, some warning has been given [YES].

Thompson v. United States 1894 155 U.S. 271 203 Does arming yourself after being threatened, and then traveling the only road in the area where you know your adversary may be, turn a subsequent shooting of the adversary during a confrontation into murder? [NO]; Is arming yourself for legitimate self defense premeditation [NO].

Wallace v. United States 1896 162 U.S. 466 224 Is it up to the jury to decide whether a homicide is murder, manslaughter or justifiable [YES]; Does a perfect right of self defense require blamelessness in the confrontation and an act of necessity only [YES]; Can you claim self defense if you had intentionally brought about a lethal conflict [NO]; Is it up to the jury to decide whether you armed yourself defensively or otherwise [YES]; Is it murder if you enter a quarrel without felonious or malicious intent, and then, under reasonable belief of imminent mortal danger, you kill the assailant [NO]; Does the fact that you deliberately go and arm yourself, for self defense or other innocent purpose, turn a subsequent shooting necessarily from manslaughter to murder [NO].

If this report works for you — please tell your friends! Sign up (or off) for email delivery: alan@gunlaws.com Alan Korwin Bloomfield Press “We publish the gun laws.” 4848 E. Cactus, #505-440 Scottsdale, AZ 85254 602-996-4020 Phone 602-494-0679 Fax 1-800-707-4020 Orders http://www.gunlaws.com alan@gunlaws.com


TOPICS: Constitution/Conservatism; Culture/Society; Extended News; Front Page News; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: 111th; banglist; constitution; donttreadonme; heller; selfdefense; shallnotbeinfringed; sotomayer
Alan Korwin is a great guy, and a careful researcher.
1 posted on 07/23/2009 8:16:04 AM PDT by marktwain
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To: harpseal; TexasCowboy; nunya bidness; AAABEST; Travis McGee; Squantos; Shooter 2.5; wku man; SLB; ..
Click the Gadsden flag for pro-gun resources!
2 posted on 07/23/2009 8:17:55 AM PDT by Joe Brower (Sheep have three speeds: "graze", "stampede" and "cower".)
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To: marktwain

Excellent list. Tag for later careful reading.


3 posted on 07/23/2009 8:19:20 AM PDT by ctdonath2 (John Galt was exiled.)
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To: marktwain

“Logan v. United States 1892 144 U.S. 263 180 Does the 2nd Amendment guarantee a preexisting right recognized by the Constitution, and not a right created by the Constitution [YES]”

Sotomayor disagrees, and she is wiser by birthright.


4 posted on 07/23/2009 8:28:19 AM PDT by rightwingcrazy
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To: marktwain
Sonia Sotomayer - Affirmative Action in action.

Not the sharpest butter knife in the drawer, is she?

5 posted on 07/23/2009 8:30:49 AM PDT by Pistolshot (Brevity: Saying a lot, while saying very little.)
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To: marktwain

I just copied this and sent to Lindsey Graham. If anyone has the time, please do so, especially if you are form S. Carolina.


6 posted on 07/23/2009 8:32:10 AM PDT by MarkT
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To: marktwain

Sotomayer believes in self-defense for favored minority groups, I’ll wager.


7 posted on 07/23/2009 8:35:43 AM PDT by Pearls Before Swine (Is /sarc really necessary?)
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To: Pearls Before Swine

And self defense of liberal latina judges by our government. But for us, well they just don’t trust us to protect ourselves. We should just submit to the “security” we have in them. Just more proof of what an elitist she is. She talks about her life experience, but her experience is that of an elitist, not the rest of us.


8 posted on 07/23/2009 8:42:10 AM PDT by Texas resident ( Boys and Girls, it's us against them.)
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To: marktwain

That’s fine with Lindsey Graham, the most useless Republican in the Senate.


9 posted on 07/23/2009 8:43:33 AM PDT by kittymyrib
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To: marktwain

Sounds like somebody doens’t know their business.


10 posted on 07/23/2009 8:49:33 AM PDT by The Duke ("Are you now or have you ever been a member of the Democrat Party?")
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To: marktwain

Starr v. United States 1894 153 U.S. 614 196 If a law officer legally serving a warrant shoots at a suspect without identifying himself, is the suspect justified in shooting back and killing the officer in self defense [YES].

This needs to be highlighted/underlined.

11 posted on 07/23/2009 8:49:57 AM PDT by OneWingedShark (Q: Why am I here? A: To do Justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with my God.)
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To: marktwain

Sotomayor is Obama in a caftan!


12 posted on 07/23/2009 8:52:23 AM PDT by Don Corleone ("Oil the gun..eat the cannolis. Take it to the Mattress.")
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To: marktwain

Thompson v. United States 1894 155 U.S. 271 203 Does arming yourself after being threatened, and then traveling the only road in the area where you know your adversary may be, turn a subsequent shooting of the adversary during a confrontation into murder? [NO]; Is arming yourself for legitimate self defense premeditation if you are White [YES], Other [NO].


13 posted on 07/23/2009 8:54:41 AM PDT by Zeppelin (Where have you gone, Joe McCarthy, oh? A nation turns illiberel eyes to you...oo oo oo...)
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To: marktwain

bump


14 posted on 07/23/2009 9:11:04 AM PDT by BulletBobCo
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To: marktwain

This goon is a thug in judicial garb. Her nomination a monument to the racism and arrogance of the Castroesque clown in the Oval Office.


15 posted on 07/23/2009 10:13:11 AM PDT by ZULU (God guts and guns made America great. Non nobis, non nobis Domine, sed nomini tuo da gloriam.)
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To: Pearls Before Swine
Sotomayer believes in self-defense for favored minority groups, I’ll wager.

No, she believes in illegal automated weapons for favored minority groups.

16 posted on 07/23/2009 11:02:55 AM PDT by Carry_Okie (Grovelnator Schwarzenkaiser, fashionable fascism one charade at a time.)
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To: All
She's a freakin' idiot and a militant ideologue.

Regardless, due to her Latina status (and Congressional spinelessness) she'll be easily confirmed and we'll be stuck with the ***** for 25 or 30 years.

17 posted on 07/23/2009 11:11:49 AM PDT by newgeezer (It is [the people's] right and duty to be at all times armed. --Thomas Jefferson)
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To: Joe Brower

Sotomayor is ill-prepared, ill-informed, racist and not qualified for the highest court in the land.

Be Ever Vigilant!


18 posted on 07/23/2009 11:58:37 AM PDT by blackie (Be Well~Be Armed~Be Safe~Molon Labe!)
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To: marktwain

She continues to show proof of her ignorance and lack of qualifications for the SCOTUS. She is a bloomin’ IDIOT.


19 posted on 07/23/2009 12:01:40 PM PDT by charmedone (There is a right to health care but no right to be born?)
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To: charmedone

OH, and Lindsey Woolsey Gramm is a dammfool waste of skin and oxygen!


20 posted on 07/23/2009 12:02:43 PM PDT by charmedone (There is a right to health care but no right to be born?)
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To: marktwain

But Sotomayor is well-qualified.

Paging Miguel Estrada.


21 posted on 07/23/2009 12:05:27 PM PDT by <1/1,000,000th%
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To: marktwain

Sotomayor was too busy reading her latest La Raza communications, and didn’t have time to read anything concerning the Supreme Court.

I am terribly disappointed that La Raza never semed to come up durint the confirmation hearings.

Apparently those on the eastern seaboard don’t get what La Raza is all about and what they wish to do.


22 posted on 07/23/2009 2:24:44 PM PDT by ridesthemiles
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To: marktwain

Sotomayor was too busy reading her latest La Raza communications, and didn’t have time to read anything concerning the Supreme Court.

I am terribly disappointed that La Raza never semed to come up durint the confirmation hearings.

Apparently those on the eastern seaboard don’t get what La Raza is all about and what they wish to do.


23 posted on 07/23/2009 2:25:43 PM PDT by ridesthemiles
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To: Avoiding_Sulla
Bonk.
24 posted on 07/23/2009 4:57:20 PM PDT by Carry_Okie (Grovelnator Schwarzenkaiser, fashionable fascism one charade at a time.)
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To: Carry_Okie
Thanks.

"Sotomayor: Witless for Your Life," or
the sneeringly thin disguise of fifty plus evil human beings?

25 posted on 07/27/2009 2:42:01 PM PDT by Avoiding_Sulla (Yesterday's Left = today's status quo. Thus "CONSERVATIVE": a conflicted label for battling tyranny.)
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To: marktwain

The racist is in the Supreme Court.


26 posted on 07/29/2009 11:54:07 PM PDT by joydocsusie (ILLEGAL ALIENS HAVE NO RIGHT TO OUR SOCIAL SECURITY MONEY OR ANYTHING ELSE IN THE USA.b. h)
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