Skip to comments.3D Printers Give New Life to Old Recordings
Posted on 01/24/2013 8:38:39 PM PST by null and void
As 3D printers increase in popularity, more and more people are using them to bring their unique projects to life.
They've been used to manufacture everything from weapons parts (AR-15 lower receiver) to medical prosthetics (four-year-old Emma Lavelles "Magic Arms"), and now some are using them to bring new life to both old and new forms of recordable technology. In this case, 3D printing technology has been applied to restoration, and it only seems fitting that a relatively new invention was used to revitalize old recordings by prominent inventors from over 100 years ago.
Researchers from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have used 3D scanning technology to restore some century-old recordings made by three notable inventors that include Charles Sumner Tainter (inventor of an early telephone transmitter), Alexander Graham Bell, and his cousin Chichester Bell. The three predominately collaborated to bring about what was considered high-fidelity for audio systems (notably their graphophone) back in the 1880s. The team experimented using various mediums for their recordings that included discs and cylinders made from beeswax and cardboard, brass, and glass. They succeeded in making a series of recordings (more than 200 of them) on glass-based discs, which were sent to the Smithsonian in an effort to preserve them. However, they never sent the playback device needed to listen to the discs which were then (over time) considered useless and left to decay.
Click the image below to see photos of 3D printing and scanning bringing life to old music.
Decay they did -- until the research team from LBL got hold of them. They brought them back to life through restoration and were able to play the recordings 125 years after they were made. To accomplish this, the team employed the use of a 3D scanner, known as IRENE (Image Reconstruct Erase Noise ETC), to non-invasively scan the discs and create a high-resolution image. They then processed the digital image, which pieces together the damaged disc and removes any errors (from wear and physical damage) after which specialized software calculates and recreates the engraving method (in this case a stylus used to etch the glass/wax) to reproduce the audio into a digitized format. The team was successful at recovering the audio from six Volta Graphophone discs and is looking to restore and preserve a host of early recordings from the Library of Congress. While giving new life to old technology using 3D scanning technology is certainly impressive, 3D printing is capable of converting the latest technology in audio into a medium very few still use.
3D printing technology will definitely appeal to those fond of still playing music (or any other recording) through LP records spinning along at 33rpm. Amanda Ghassaei from Instructables.com has applied the relatively new hobby of 3D printing to bring digital audio back to the record player. The LPs she produced aren't vinyl, but plastic, and was done using a Objet Connex500 printer with UV-cured resin with a high 600dpi resolution to create the discs layer by layer. In order to actually hear the audio, she had to forego using any CAD software (apparently they're not powerful enough for the complex 3D modeling needed to produce an LP).
Instead, she wrote her own program that automatically converts any audio file into a 3D model. She states that the software works "by importing the raw audio data which is then converted into the geometry of the record through software calculations (mostly done through open-sourced processing software), which is then converted into a 3D printable file format." So is the end result like listening to your favorite MP3 deposited onto a plastic disc with only a minor reduction in audio quality? In a word, no -- not even close. Think of it like listening to that pocket AM radio you had back in the 70s and you'll get an idea of the overall sound quality. This is because the audio quality is only a fraction of that of an MP3 with a sampling rate of only 11kHz with a 5-bit to 6-bit resolution. While converting digital audio files onto an LP will not create decent sound until 3D printing technology evolves higher resolutions, the fact that it can be done now (albeit with a lo-fi listening experience) is certainly an accomplishment and a step in the right direction of converting digital audio into an analog format. However, printing LPs isn't anything new as a few others have already done this.
One of the first printed records was from aerospace engineer Chris Lynas, who created a "custom Fisher Price record player LP" inscribed with the song "Still Alive" from Portal early last year. He made the Fisher Price facsimile by painstakingly measuring out the records that came with the player. He then used a toothpick and tone generator to figure out the notes of the song and transferred them over to notes that the record player could synthesize (yet another long process). Lynas then used Processing software to test the notes (16 unique notes in all) and make new ones to fill in the gaps (in order to piece the song together). Once all the kinks were worked out, he uploaded the finished file (through Processing) directly to Shapeways, which did the actual printing (unknown as to what printer they used). While the painstaking process Lynas used to get his record printed is unique, it brings the question of piracy to the table even if it is a reduction in quality. Even so, it's still yet another accomplishment that was made possible by the fledgling 3D technology that emerging into the mainstream and has no signs of slowing down anytime soon.
3-D Printer Ping
Cool idea if you have a good original.
I wonder how much of the original signal is lost in the digital to analog conversion?
Its probably simpler and better to just reissue as a digital from the analog master.
I think vinyl sounds great when its fresh, but this is probably a goofy idea.
I don’t know about anyone else, but this kind of stuff just blows my mind.
I used one of these 3-D printers to make me a copy of a CD once...
I next loaded it with more ‘stuff’ and made a 3-D copy of a rice cake.
Tasted about the same.
I had no idea! Do you have to have a pristine master to do this?
But I ate it!
One of the bits is a computer singing "Daisy".
Another use of this 3D tech: synthetic “beef” via 3D printing...
Too weird for me!
I had that record, too!
One of them has to do with distortion. Digital Distortion and Analog Distortion sound different because of two basic factors. When tubes in amps distort you get harmonics that are more pleasing to the ear, and tubes gradually distort wherein digital signal has whats called a "hard knee" it is clean until that level is reached then it distorts quickly.
The other reason Analog sounds better is because of info captured during the recording process. Analog captures whatever the mic is capable of capturing as long as the analog recorder can lay down that signal to the physical media. Digital captures only part of what the mic gets BUT that is because of the limiting factor of how the digital recorder is constructed. Digital Media is fast becoming capable of holding the same amount of information analog media holds and as we get farther along in digital recorder equipment design that factor of limitation is becoming less of a problem.
The bottom line is digital takes a messy analog signal and makes it sterile and the pleasing part of a recording resides in that messy part that digital cleans up. But as technology advances, digital is becoming more and more capable of recreating that messy part we love to hear.
Natural sound is a Gift from God, and yes, many a Master leant an ear and mind to the study of it.
Pachabell’s Canon in D is simplistic if you to not hear this.
Truly, with the sample rates we have now in Digital it is getting better.
Sadly, now my ears are shot. LOL
Sounds like Hammered Dog S***!
What is the point of destroying an Audio Technica stylus on this? LOL!!
I could make a better facsimile with a fork on pizza dough while drinking copious amounts of lambrusco. LOL
My most destroyed Party albums sound a million times better than that.
I think you need to read the entire article. It's about the EXERCISE of restoring one-of-a-kind damaged recordings and how with better resolution in the near future full quality restoration of damaged an unusual recorded samples will be possible.
I just think converting analog to digital to analog again will result in a loss.
It can never be better than the master.
If you don’t have a clean master you can not duplicate the original.
All you can do is guess.
I’m wondering if these printers don’t replace the local hardware stores. Need a replacement for something, just print one up.
Bob Carver, the legendary amp designer was one of the first to get “tube sound” from transistorized components by means of shaping circuits. Others have done similar work in digital to analog circuits, if one wants to pay dearly for the high end audio stuff. I dearly love Yamaha’s amps and receivers (even their low end stuff) for their utterly clean sound, even with the DSP being used to create their legendary digital sound fields(from digitally sampled echo info taken from famous public and concert venues).
.........more Chuck Berry
I don’t think that it would. They aren’t really digitizing the music, they’re creating a 3D image of the record disk (at a very high resolution) then either creating an exact duplicate. The software can compensate for things like warpage.
Alternatively they can use the media to reverse engineer the device ( or at least critical parts of the device) necessary to play it.
Silentgypsy ~ Do you have to have a pristine master to do this?
According to the article, the software eliminates the little bumps from grit and smooths over the areas damaged by the stylus from repeated playings.
Since the groove is cut with a "V" shaped tool and played with a "U" shaped stylus, there is virgin vinyl above and below the worn contact points from repeated playings. I'd bet correcting the wear in the physical media based on untouched groove areas gives a more accurate rendition than having a computer guess where the tops of the worn areas are supposed to be.
Yes, once that's done it could be translated directly to a digital format, but only a philistine would skip making a replacement disc... ;^P
3-D printers didn't even exist when he wrote this story.
I’m with you... Amazing!
There is a whole lot of awesome in this story.
For the stuff they’re working with there are no analog masters. They have a single copy, probably damaged, usually in a medium (like wax) that gets even more damaged if you play it. Technically they’re not converting from digital to analog, they’re scanning the lumps of the analog then making it again in a form they can play and not worry about damage, so while there is digital storage what’s stored is pictures not sound.
Ain’t nuthin’ in the world that more cowbell can’t fix.
Don't feel like doing laundry? Brrrp-pffftt-zzzbppptt (printer sounds)... instant clean underwear for the weekend!
WE CAN REBUILD IT! WE HAVE THE TECHONOLOGY. The Six Million Dollar Rekird!
Why wash your dishes when you can just print up some more?
a bit of an update/sidebar:
We Had No Idea What Alexander Graham Bell Sounded Like. Until Now
Smithsonian researchers used optical technology to play back the unplayable records
By Charlotte Gray
Smithsonian magazine, May 2013
|GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother & Ernest_at_the_Beach|
Thanks null and void.
Thank heavens there are people willing to put in this kind of time and effort. Amazing stuff.
I understood “of,” “and,” and “the.”
Really? What does the “the” mean in Robert the Bruce?
Sadly, now my ears are shot. LOL
We're apparently sitting in the same boat.
I've wanted a Silver 7 amp for a couple of decades now. I remember reading a Stereo Review article about it. Their comments about the amp was that, like most manufacturers, Carver was less than 'truthful' about the power his amp was capable of. However unlike most manufacturers, his power estimates were actually wildly conservative, because he was unwilling to certify a power level with any audible distortion at all. Unfortunately, the abuse I've subjected my ears to over the years has really rendered my ability to hear the nuances his hardware brings to the table.
I had subscriptions to Stereo Review right up until it became a smudge of video and audio magazine and lost focus. The cartoons(Rodriguez?) were hysterical!