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  • THIS DAY IN HISTORY - April 19, 1775 - American Revolution begins at Battle of Lexington

    04/19/2019 5:36:24 AM PDT · by Libloather · 26 replies
    History ^ | 4/19/19
    At about 5 a.m., 700 British troops, on a mission to capture Patriot leaders and seize a Patriot arsenal, march into Lexington to find 77 armed minutemen under Captain John Parker waiting for them on the town’s common green. British Major John Pitcairn ordered the outnumbered Patriots to disperse, and after a moment’s hesitation the Americans began to drift off the green. Suddenly, a shot was fired from an undetermined gun, and a cloud of musket smoke soon covered the green. When the brief Battle of Lexington ended, eight Americans lay dead or dying and 10 others were wounded. Only...
  • ANOTHER THREE LOYALIST DECLARATIONS SIGNED IN THE FALL OF 1776

    04/25/2019 8:22:20 AM PDT · by Sopater · 10 replies
    Journal of the American Revolution ^ | April 24, 2019 | Sandra McNamara
    The Declaration of Dependence signed by 547 New York City Loyalists in November 1776 was not the only such declaration written and signed by loyal inhabitants of the colony of New York soon after British military forces established their presence in the region. At least three others are known to exist, bearing a total of 3,414 signatures of individuals willing to pledge their support of, and subservience to, the British government.In the December 1776 issue of the London publication The LadyĀ’s Magazine or Entertaining Companion the Fair Sex, Appropriated Solely to Their Use and Amusement under Ā“Home News,Ā” this article...
  • Genes which prevent 4 million people gaining weight discovered, in new hope for slimming medicine

    04/19/2019 10:38:01 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 20 replies
    www.telegraph.co.uk ^ | 18 April 2019 • 4:00pm | Henry Bodkin, Health Correspondent
    The genes which protect around four million people in the UK from obesity have been discovered following a major research project. Scientists at Cambridge University say drugs to keep people slim are now a possibility after they identified the handful of genetic factors that prevent overeating. Medics have known for several years that genes can influence a person’s weight. However, the new study is significant because it reveals in granular detail which variants suppress or encourage appetite. The research team analysed the genetic profiles of more than half a million volunteers from the UK Biobank. They found that around six...
  • 9 Numbers That Are Cooler Than Pi—“Beelphegor’s” Prime Number

    04/25/2019 1:08:22 PM PDT · by Swordmaker · 121 replies
    Live Science ^ | March 14, 2019 | Live Science Staff
    Belphegor's prime number Belphegor's prime number is a palindromic prime number with a 666 hiding between 13 zeros and a 1 on either side. The ominous number can be abbreviated as 1 0(13) 666 0(13) 1, where the (13) denotes the number of zeros between the 1 and 666. Although he didn't "discover" the number, scientist and author Cliff Pickover made the sinister-feeling number famous when he named it after Belphegor (or Beelphegor), one of the seven demon princes of hell. The number apparently even has its own devilish symbol, which looks like an upside-down symbol for pi. According to...
  • Analysis of caveman’s poo reveals he ate an entire RATTLESNAKE

    04/24/2019 12:28:45 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 88 replies
    www.dailystar.co.uk ^ | Published 24th April 2019 | By Michael Moran
    ARCHAEOLOGISTS were stunned to find a 1,500-year-old fossilised human poo contained an entire snake. The snake, almost certainly a type of rattlesnake, was swallowed without any kind of cooking or preparation – sugggesting that it was seated as part of a religious ritual or possibly for a bet. Which is why we specified cave-MAN. Swallowing venomous animals for a laugh is very much a bloke’s thing. A team led by archaeologist Elanor Sonderman from Texas A&M University re-examined a collection of coprolites – partly-fossilized turds – that had been collected from Conejo Shelter site in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of...
  • Researchers Made 3,900-Pound Boulders They Can Move by Hand, Giving More Insights Into Ancient...

    04/24/2019 6:49:28 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 22 replies
    Gizmodo ^ | 04/17/2019 | Andrew Liszewski
    Matter Design (which was co-founded by Brandon Clifford, who’s also an assistant professor at MIT) worked with CEMEX, a company that specializes in building materials, to design a series of over-sized concrete monoliths that could be assembled like giant building blocks into a larger, functional structure. But despite weighing many tons a piece and being durable enough to survive hundreds of years, the concrete blocks feature unique makeups and shapes that make them relatively easy to move, even by just a single person. There’s a couple of different design approaches at work here. The blocks, which are also known as...
  • Radar Reveals an Ancient Artifacts & Treasure in Scandinavia’s First Viking City

    04/23/2019 11:25:07 AM PDT · by Aahron · 8 replies
    www.archaeology-world.com ^ | APRIL 19, 2019 | ARCHAEOLOGY WORLD TEAM
    Archaeologist have been busy excavating beneath the streets of Ribe, the first Viking city ever established in Scandinavia, and have found a treasure trove of ancient artifacts. Ribe, which can be discovered in west Denmark, is the subject of important new research that is known as the Northern Emporium Project, which is currently being conducted by archaeologists from Aarhus University and the Southwest Jutland Museum. After digging just 10 feet beneath this ancient Viking city, archaeologists found thousands of artifacts such as coins, amulets, beads, bones and even combs. Lyres (ancient string instruments) have also been discovered, with some still...
  • Warm weather pushed Neanderthals into cannibalism

    04/23/2019 11:16:09 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 71 replies
    Cosmos Magazine ^ | March 29, 2019 | Dyani Lewis
    In the 1990s, the remains of six Neanderthals -- two adults, two adolescents and two children -- were found in a small cave at Baume Moula-Guercy in the Rhōne valley in southern France. The bones bear many of the hallmarks of cannibalism: cut marks made by stone tools, complete dismemberment of the individuals, and finger bones that look as if they've been gnawed by Neanderthal teeth, rather than by other carnivores. Remains from other sites in Croatia, Spain and Belgium also show evidence of cannibalism. But in each case, there has been a lack of evidence to answer the question...
  • Two millennia pile-on at burial mound [Le Tumulus des Sables]

    04/23/2019 10:55:29 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies
    Cosmos Magazine ^ | April 8, 2019 | Dyani Lewis
    In France, the Bell Beaker period lasted from around 2500 to 1800 BCE... But ceramics from as far back as the middle Neolithic -- around 5500 BCE -- and as recently as the Iron Age -- around 1000 BCE -- have also been found at the site... James and colleagues date a further eight individuals, using teeth from seven adults and one child. [Six of the teeth were from the Bell Beaker period, but one was much older -- dating to between 3650 and 3522 BCE -- and one much younger -- from 1277 to 1121 BCE... It's not known...
  • 4,500 Ancient Manuscripts Being Digitized at St. Catherine’s Monastery [Sinai]

    04/23/2019 7:08:39 PM PDT · by marshmallow · 13 replies
    Pravoslavie ^ | 4/18/19
    Although it is the world’s oldest continually operating library, dating back to the 6th century, the collection of manuscripts at St. Catherine’s Monastery at the foot of Mt. Sinai is no stranger to the latest technology. In 2012, they began spectral imaging on many of the manuscripts to discover the texts beneath the texts. Many of the manuscripts are palimpsests, meaning a previous text had been erased so the scribe could reuse the valuable parchments. Traces of the original texts remained, however. Now the monastery has begun a high-tech process of digitizing its 4,500 manuscripts—a process that could easily take...
  • Discovery of Viking site in Canada could rewrite history

    04/23/2019 8:02:03 AM PDT · by rdl6989 · 81 replies
    Archaeology World ^ | April 19, 2019
    An iron working hearthstone was discovered on Newfoundland, hundreds of miles from the only noted Viking location to date. Another thousand-year-old Viking colony might have been found on the island of Newfoundland, Canada. The finding of the old Viking location on the Canadian coast could drastically change the story of the exploration of North America by the Europeans prior to Christopher Columbus.
  • Early Neolithic Mass Grave Reveals New Evidence of a Violent Age in Central Europe

    04/22/2019 10:28:41 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 43 replies
    Deutsche Welle ^ | August 17, 2015 | Zulfikar Abbany
    It's an age often described as one of social unrest, leading to an "apocalyptic nightmare of violence, warfare, and cannibalism." A Neolithic mass grave in Germany shows the idea may not be far wrong... Christian Meyer and his fellow researchers now believe they have enough evidence to explain "conclusively" what happened at the site of a mass grave in Schöneck-Kilianstädten, near Frankfurt, around 5207-4849 BC. If they are right, their findings may help our understanding of early social unrest among the first Central European farmers of the Neolithic era... The site at Schöneck-Kilianstädten reveals a "new violence-related pattern: the intentional...
  • Mesopotamian King Sargon II envisioned ancient city Karkemish as western Assyrian capital

    04/22/2019 7:06:25 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 15 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | April 18, 2019 | University of Chicago Press Journals
    In "A New Historical Inscription of Sargon II from Karkemish," published in the Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Gianni Marchesi translates a recently discovered inscription of the Assyrian King Sargon II found at the ruins of the ancient city of Karkemish. The inscription, which dates to around 713 B.C., details Sargon's conquest, occupation, and reorganization of Karkemish, including his rebuilding the city with ritual ceremonies usually reserved for royal palaces in capital cities. The text implies that Sargon may have been planning to make Karkemish a western capital of Assyria, from which he could administer and control his empire's western...
  • The Secret to a Stable Society? A Steady Supply of Beer Doesn't Hurt

    04/22/2019 5:42:00 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 27 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | April 18, 2019 | Field Museum
    A thousand years ago, the Wari empire stretched across Peru. At its height, it covered an area the size of the Eastern seaboard of the US from New York City to Jacksonville. It lasted for 500 years, from 600 to 1100 AD, before eventually giving rise to the Inca. That's a long time for an empire to remain intact, and archaeologists are studying remnants of the Wari culture to see what kept it ticking. A new study found an important factor that might have helped: a steady supply of beer... Nearly twenty years ago, Williams, Nash, and their team discovered...
  • A history of the Crusades, as told by crusaders' DNA

    04/22/2019 5:32:51 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 22 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | April 18, 2019 | Cell Press
    Archaeological evidence suggested that 25 individuals whose remains were found in a burial pit near a Crusader castle near Sidon, Lebanon, were warriors who died in battle in the 1200s. Based on that, Tyler-Smith, Haber, and their colleagues conducted genetic analyses of the remains and were able to sequence the DNA of nine Crusaders, revealing that three were Europeans, four were Near Easterners, and two individuals had mixed genetic ancestry... ...when the researchers sequenced the DNA of people living in Lebanon 2,000 years ago during the Roman period, they found that today's Lebanese population is actually more genetically similar to...
  • Henry Kissinger Looks Back on the Cold War.

    04/20/2019 10:47:11 PM PDT · by Rabin · 11 replies
    Council on Foreign Relations ^ | Nov 6, 2014 | CFR President Richard N. Haass
    This meeting is part of the 25th Anniversary of the Fall of the Berlin Wall... Kissinger (now 94) reflects on the events, personalities, and thinking that characterized the United States and Soviet Union's leadership.
  • The Seikilos Song: the Oldest Complete Song from Ancient Greece

    04/19/2019 7:57:57 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 48 replies
    Ancient History Encyclopedia ^ | June 8, 2015 | editors
    The Seikilos Stele contains the the oldest complete song and dates to c.100 BCE. This video explores how the stele was found and how the song sounds; it is sung at 2:28. As long as you live,shine forth do not at all grieve,Life exists for a short while,Time takes its course. Hoson zēis phainoumēden holŨs su lupoupros oligon esti to zēnto telos ho chronos apaitei.
  • "Baghdad Battery" : Possible Beer Purification?

    04/19/2019 11:52:12 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies
    Electrum Magazine ^ | February 24, 2019 | Adrian Arima
    How long have humans brewed beer? Patrick McGovern, the world's foremost historian of ancient brews, hints in Ancient Brews (2017) that this activity has been around possibly at least for 11,000 years based on vessels from Gobekli Tepe in Anatolia (Turkey). How sophisticated was brewing in antiquity? Since the ancient artifact ca. 100 CE known as the "Baghdad Battery" was discovered in the 1930's, the purpose for which it was used has been a mystery. Wilhelm Koenig, a German curator of the Baghdad Museum, discovered it near Ctesiphon - the Sassanid capital and previously in the Parthian Empire around 1936...
  • Prince Hal's Head-Wound: Cause and Effect [Battle of Shrewsbury 1403]

    04/19/2019 12:30:29 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 27 replies
    Medievalists ^ | May 20, 2013 | Michael Livingston
    The future King Henry V was hit by an arrow to the face at the Battle of Shrewsbury -- how did he survive? This was the topic of a paper given by Michael Livingston at the 48th International Congress on Medieval Studies. Livingston, an Associate Professor at The Citadel, explains what happened in one of the most remarkable cases of battlefield surgery from the Middle Ages -- the arrow wound suffered by the future Henry V at the Battle of Shrewsbury in 1403. Prince Henry was only 16 years old when he marched with his father's forces to Shrewsbury in...
  • How Did Armies Keep Archers Supplied With Arrows While Fighting?

    07/30/2015 11:19:03 AM PDT · by Brad from Tennessee · 96 replies
    Slate ^ | July 27, 2015 | By Stephen Tempest
    During the Hundred Years' War, England had a centralized, state-controlled organization for manufacturing arrows in bulk. These were then issued as required to the soldiers on campaign. In June 1413, for example, Henry V appointed Nicholas Mynot to be “keeper of the king's arrows,” based in the Tower of London. Mynot was responsible for making arrows, but the royal fletchers alone could not supply the total need, so additional orders were placed with outside suppliers. In August 1413, for example, London-based fletcher Stephen Seler was paid for 12,000 arrows. We have some total figures available. In 1418, Henry V's government...