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  • DNA evidence uncovers major upheaval in Europe near end of last Ice Age

    02/08/2016 11:24:59 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 16 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | February 4, 2016 | Current Biology, Cell Press
    DNA evidence lifted from the ancient bones and teeth of people who lived in Europe from the Late Pleistocene to the early Holocene -- spanning almost 30,000 years of European prehistory -- has offered some surprises, according to researchers who report their findings in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on Feb. 4, 2016. Perhaps most notably, the evidence shows a major shift in the population around 14,500 years ago, during a period of severe climatic instability... The researchers pieced this missing history together by reconstructing the mitochondrial genomes of 35 hunter-gatherer individuals who lived in Italy, Germany, Belgium, France,...
  • 200,000 fish bones suggest ancient Scandinavian people were more complex than thought

    02/08/2016 10:58:36 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 15 replies
    Eurekalert! ^ | February 8, 2016 | Elsevier
    200,000 fish bones discovered in and around a pit in Sweden suggest that the people living in the area more than 9000 years ago were more settled and cultured than we previously thought. Research published in the Journal of Archaeological Science suggests people were storing large amounts of fermented food much earlier than experts thought. The new paper reveals the earliest evidence of fermentation in Scandinavia, from the Early Mesolithic time period, about 9,200 years ago. The author of the study, from Lund University in Sweden, say the findings suggest that people who survived by foraging for food were actually...
  • How religious schools led to the decline of Arabic science

    01/21/2016 6:54:33 AM PST · by C19fan · 53 replies
    Patheos ^ | January 14, 2016 | Epiphenom
    The world’s first scientific renaissance took place not in Italy, but in the Arab world. The period between the 9th and 11th centuries AD, when Islam took hold of a band of territory strategy from Spain in the West through to what is now Pakistan, saw an extraordinary intellectual flowering. Scientists in the Arab world during this period made important advances in fields as varied as astronomy, mathematics, medicine and optics – advances that fed into and stimulated the later European Renaissance. Which makes it all the stranger that modern Islamic nations have such a lamentable record in science. Where...
  • Could You Stomach the Horrors of 'Halftime' in Ancient Rome?

    02/06/2016 10:26:13 AM PST · by EveningStar · 64 replies
    Live Science ^ | February 4, 2016 | Cristin O'Keefe Aptowicz
    The enormous arena was empty, save for the seesaws and the dozens of condemned criminals who sat naked upon them, hands tied behind their backs. Unfamiliar with the recently invented contraptions known as petaurua, the men tested the seesaws uneasily. One criminal would push off the ground and suddenly find himself 15 feet in the air while his partner on the other side of the seesaw descended swiftly to the ground. How strange. In the stands, tens of thousands of Roman citizens waited with half-bored curiosity to see what would happen next and whether it would be interesting enough to...
  • New study zeros in on plate tectonics' start date

    01/25/2016 10:35:42 AM PST · by JimSEA · 27 replies
    Science Daily ^ | 1/21/2016 | University of Maryland
    Earth has some special features that set it apart from its close cousins in the solar system, including large oceans of liquid water and a rich atmosphere with just the right ingredients to support life as we know it. Earth is also the only planet that has an active outer layer made of large tectonic plates that grind together and dip beneath each other, giving rise to mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes and large continents of land. Geologists have long debated when these processes, collectively known as plate tectonics, first got underway. Some scientists propose that the process began as early as...
  • Eggnog: A Colonial Christmas Tradition (Gen. Washington's Recipe)

    12/17/2005 8:35:25 AM PST · by Pharmboy · 62 replies · 1,292+ views
    MyMerryChristmas.com ^ | December, 2005 | Jeff Westover
    The General's Eggnog One quart of cream One quart of milk A dozen eggs One pint of brandy A half pint of rye A quarter pint of rum A quarter pint of sherry Christmas of 1826 was snowy, cold and lonely for the cadets of West Point. Though called "men" they were really teenage boys -- some as young as 17 -- and they wanted to celebrate Christmas. Young Jefferson Davis, future president of the Confederate States of America, was amongst them. But West Point then, as it is now, was a house of order and discipline. The military...
  • Is This Ancient Greek 'Laptop' Proof That Time Travel Is Real? [in short, no]

    02/06/2016 2:35:49 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 105 replies
    Yahoo -- ABC News Network ^ | February 5, 2016 | some wackadoodle
    A statue showing a young girl holding up what appears to be a laptop -- complete with USB ports -- has sparked a frenzy among conspiracy theorists. The statue, 'Grave Naiskos of an Enthroned Woman with an Attendant' is in The J. Paul Getty Museum in Malibu, California. 'I am not saying that this is depicting an ancient laptop computer,' said YouTuber StillSpeakingOut. 'But when I look at the sculpture I can't help but think about the Oracle of Delphi, which was supposed to allow the priests to connect with the gods to retrieve advanced information and various aspects.' In...
  • Archaeologists Unearth More—a Lot More—of a Massive Underground City (Turkey)

    02/05/2016 8:34:49 PM PST · by aimhigh · 29 replies
    Mental Floss ^ | 02/05/2016 | jen pinkowski
    It's not the first underground city to be discovered in the region; there are some 250 known subterranean dwellings of various sizes hidden within the fantastical landscape. The two biggest are Kaymakli and Derinkuyu; the latter is estimated to have been able to house up to 20,000 people. Both cities have been known for decades. But this new underground town, hiding beneath a centuries-old castle on a hilltop right in Nevşehir, just might be the biggest. One early estimate by geophysicists put its area at nearly five million square feet and its depth at 371 feet. If those estimates are...
  • Why was a 9th century Viking woman buried with a ring that says ‘for Allah’ on it?

    02/05/2016 12:57:25 PM PST · by beaversmom · 89 replies
    Washington Post ^ | March 18, 2015 | Adam Taylor
    By Adam Taylor March 18, 2015 Follow @mradamtaylor (Statens historiska museum / Christer Ahlin) In the modern-era, Scandinavian countries have become known for their sometimes awkward embrace of migrants from the Arab and Muslim world. But the history behind that relationship goes back far further than you might expect.Consider the case of a ring discovered in a Viking grave in Birka, a historic trading center in what is now Sweden. The woman in the grave died in the 9th century and was discovered around a thousand years later by the famous Swedish archaeologist Hjalmar Stolpe, who spent years excavating...
  • Queen of the Philistines: Trude Dothan (1922–2016)

    02/04/2016 10:09:10 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies
    Biblical Archaeology Review ^ | 02/02/2016 | editors
    Trude Dothan, the doyenne of Philistine archaeology, passed away recently at the age of 93. A pioneer in Israeli archaeology, Dothan was a world-renowned expert on the Philistines. She excavated at Athienou (Cyprus), Hazor, Ein Gedi, Tel Qasile, Tell ‘Aitun, Deir el-Balah and Tel Miqne (Biblical Ekron). The excavations at Tel Miqne, which she codirected with Seymour Gitin between 1981 and 1996, unearthed evidence that proved to be dramatically significant to our understanding of Philistine history and culture. Dothan, who had been a Professor of Archaeology at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, published many studies on the Philistines, on the...
  • City Council Tables Resolution to Rename Columbus Day

    02/03/2016 6:31:19 PM PST · by ConservativeStatement · 9 replies
    The Harvard Crimson ^ | February 2, 2016 | Joshua J. Florence and Samuel Vasquez
    The Cambridge City Council again did not vote on a resolution last Monday to rename Columbus Day as Indigenous Peoples’ Day for the third time this year. Despite what the resolution’s proponents claim is strong public support, the legislation is on hold while councillors negotiate how best to change the holiday name and still honor Italian Americans, many of whom see the day as a celebration of their heritage. Councillor Nadeem A. Mazen, who is leading the charge for the name change, said he anticipates the process will continue to play out over the next few months while councillors try...
  • Watch the Destruction of Pompeii by Mount Vesuvius, Re-Created with Computer Animation (79 AD)

    02/03/2016 7:01:52 PM PST · by Rebelbase · 33 replies
    Open Culture dot com ^ | 2/2/16 | staff
    Video at link and also at Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dY_3ggKg0Bc#t=485 A good disaster story never fails to fascinate and, given that it actually happened, the story of Pompeii especially so. Buried and thus frozen in time by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD, the ancient Roman town of 11,000 has provided an object of great historical interest ever since its rediscovery in 1599. Baths, houses, tools and other possessions (including plenty of wine bottles), frescoes, graffiti, an ampitheater, an aqueduct, the "Villa of the Mysteries": Pompeii has it all, as far as the stuff of first-century Roman life goes.The ash-preserved...
  • Archaeologists find Bronze Age shipwreck off Turkey’s southwest

    02/03/2016 2:14:05 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 3 replies
    Hurriyet Daily News ^ | February 3, 2016 | Anadolu Agency
    Underwater excavations off the western province of Mugla's Marmaris district have unearthed a shipwreck in the Hisaronu Gulf dating back up to 4,000 years, one of the oldest shipwrecks ever found in Turkish waters... unique Bronze Age wreck 40 meters deep in the Hisaronu Gulf, crowning this season's work... "We have been carrying out the only underwater archaeological research project in the area nonstop since 2007. We have so far discovered more than 100 wrecks and their potential fields. Also, more than 20 underwater harbors and more than 400 anchors from between the Bronze Age and the Ottoman era have...
  • The Star of Bethlehem Scientifically Proven

    12/25/2015 2:41:05 PM PST · by Arthur McGowan · 158 replies
    YouTube ^ | 17 May 2015 | God
    Proof of when the Star of Bethlehem happened and how...
  • Finding the Pool of Siloam: Historicity of the Gospel of John

    02/01/2016 11:25:50 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies
    Breakpoint ^ | January 26, 2016 | Eric Metaxas
    Since at least the fifth century, Christians had identified a spot in Jerusalem as the Pool of Siloam and the site of the miracle. But it was not until a decade ago that archaeologists found what they are certain is the ancient pool of Siloam. Like so many such finds, it was almost by accident. During construction work to repair a water pipe near the Temple Mount, Israeli archaeologists Ronny Reich and Eli Shukron found "two ancient stone steps." According to Biblical Archaeology Review, "Further excavation revealed that they were part of a monumental pool from the Second Temple period,...
  • Ancient rocks of Tetons formed by continental collisions

    02/01/2016 2:13:19 PM PST · by JimSEA · 36 replies
    Science Daily ^ | 1/29/2016 | Univ. of Wyoming
    University of Wyoming scientists have found evidence of continental collisions in Wyoming's Teton Range, similar to those in the Himalayas, dating to as early as 2.68 billion years ago. The research, published Jan. 22 in the journal Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, shows that plate tectonics were operating in what is now western Wyoming long before the collisions that created the Himalayas starting 40 million years ago. In fact, the remnants of tectonic activity in old rocks exposed in the Tetons point to the world's earliest known continent-continent collision, says Professor Carol Frost of UW's Department of Geology and Geophysics, lead...
  • Lafayette's America

    02/01/2016 10:08:13 AM PST · by NKP_Vet · 15 replies
    http://opportunitylives.com ^ | June 11, 2015 | Ellen Carmichael
    For several weeks, an 18th century replica ship has traveled across the Atlantic Ocean from France to the U.S. L'Hermione is an exact copy of the vessel sailed by the Marquis de Lafayette in 1780 to notify his friend, General George Washington, that the French king had agreed to provide troops and resources to the flailing Continental Army. This week, the boat is docked in the Washington, D.C. area, fittingly near Mount Vernon, and various French and American entities are feting the occasion. They have good reason. America's first and longest ally is France, despite occasional variances in political dispositions....
  • Why Does George Washington Have Two Birthdays?

    02/01/2016 10:37:29 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 35 replies
    The FindingDulcinea Blog ^ | February 11, 2010 | Denis Cummings
    This Monday is the federal holiday Washington's Birthday, better known as Presidents Day, celebrated on the third Monday of February. If you want to know the actual birth date of George Washington, you will find two dates: Feb. 22, 1732, and Feb. 11, 1731. Both dates are correct. What accounts for the discrepancy? When Washington was born, Britain and its colonies were using the Julian calendar. Developed in first century B.C. under Julius Caesar, it had three too many leap days per 400-year period. The Catholic Church corrected the error in the 16th century by introducing a modified calendar (the...
  • Letter from Stiles, Ezra (1727-1795)to Catharine Macaulay

    05/31/2015 11:17:44 PM PDT · by bunkerhill7 · 8 replies
    Gilder Lehrman Collection ^ | April 15,1775 | Ezra Stiles
    "There are 120 Thousand stands of Arms in good Repair in the hands of the comon People of New England only; and Amunition may amt. for more Battles than one, nor are they at a loss for whole [illegible] of further Supplies of Powder & Arms."
  • British police raid pub in search for 'Holy Grail'

    08/07/2014 11:25:42 PM PDT · by goeken · 24 replies
    Reuters ^ | 8/7/2014 | William James
    LONDON (Reuters) - British police raided an English country pub this week in search of a stolen wooden relic believed by some to be the Holy Grail - a cup from which, according to the Bible, Jesus is said to have drunk at his final meal before crucifixion.
  • Teen Illegally Scales Egypt's Great Pyramid

    01/31/2016 7:51:54 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 63 replies
    Newser ^ | Arden Dier,
    Though climbing the oldest and largest of the three pyramids could result in a three-year jail term, or something far worse if he lost his footing, "I thought the photos would be worth it," Ciesielski says, per the Telegraph. Armed with a GoPro camera, "I just started climbing." He took the first few steps quickly "so nobody would follow me and take me down," he tells Business Insider. It wasn't until he was about halfway up the 455-foot structure that police finally spotted him. Ciesielski kept climbing and reached the top in about eight minutes. Spectacular images on his blog...
  • Cold Case Squad Resolves 47-Year-Old Missing Person Report in Jefferson County

    01/30/2016 9:30:33 PM PST · by nickcarraway · 7 replies
    ptleader.com ^ | Jan 29, 2016 | Patrick J. Sullivan
    Camper went into the mountains in 1968, body found in 1975, remains identified in 2015 By Patrick J. Sullivan of the Leader Jan 29, 2016 0 Camper went missing in Olympic Mountains in 1968 A forensic artist in 2000 made a sketch from the skull found in the Olympic Mountains in 1975. In 2015, Jefferson County Sheriff’s Office’s Cold Case Squad confirmed that the remains belonged to a camper who went missing in 1968. Images courtesy Jefferson County Sheriff’s Office The Jefferson County Sheriff’s Office cold case squad has resolved a 47-year-old mystery of a Tacoma man who went missing...
  • Once a 'majestic roundhouse' - architect Sarah Ewbank believes she's solved Stonehenge's...

    01/30/2016 10:32:53 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 57 replies
    Sarah Ewbank spent the last year researching the ancient monument and applying her architectural background to the site to determine what its purpose and form once might have been. She has concluded, based on the layout of the stones, that they were used as support structures for a massive wooden frame that featured a second story for the site as well as an enormous round roof. Ewbank argues that a roof at the monument would allow for it to have been used throughout the year which, she believes, makes more sense that it simply being a religious site used on...
  • Covering Nude Statues in Rome for Iran Head Draws Catholic Leader's Scorn

    01/28/2016 9:05:19 PM PST · by marshmallow · 21 replies
    Religion News Service ^ | 1/28/16 | Rosie Scammell
    ROME (RNS) Controversy over Italy's decision to cover nude statues during the visit of Iran's president continued to spark debate as the leader of the Syrian Catholic Church criticized the episode, saying it pains persecuted Christians in Syria who feel forgotten. "This is our culture. If you don't want to see it, close your eyes!" an exasperated Patriarch Youssef III Younan told journalists in Rome on Thursday (Jan. 28). The head of the Syriac Catholic Church was speaking two days after ancient nude statues were covered by staff at Rome's Capitoline Museums in a bid to avoid offending the Iranian...
  • Babylonians Were Using Geometry Centuries Earlier Than Thought

    01/28/2016 2:56:35 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 35 replies
    smithsonian ^ | 01/28/2016 | Jesse Emspak
    Mathieu Ossendrijver of Humboldt University in Berlin found the tablet while combing through the collections at the British Museum. The written record gives instructions for estimating the area under a curve by finding the area of trapezoids drawn underneath. Using those calculations, the tablet shows how to find the distance Jupiter has traveled in a given interval of time. Until now, this kind of use of trapezoids wasn't known to exist before the 14th century. ... By 400 B.C. Babylonian astronomers had worked out a coordinate system using the ecliptic, the region of the sky the sun and planets move...
  • Mammoth Bones Unearthed at Oregon State University

    01/27/2016 8:09:14 AM PST · by SteveH · 11 replies
    Oregon Live ^ | 1/26/2016 | John Rose
    The 10,000 year old bones of a mammoth and other extinct mammals have been unearthed in the north end zone of Oregon State University's Reser Stadium. Construction crews digging up earth during the expansion of the Valley Football Center expansion project...
  • In Search of the First Rocket Man

    01/27/2016 2:19:45 PM PST · by LibWhacker · 25 replies
    Centauri Dreams ^ | 1/27/16 | Paul Gilster
    In Search of the First Rocket Manby Paul Gilster on January 27, 2016 If you're interested enough in space to be reading this site, you've probably run into the name of Wan Hu. He's the subject of a tale that may well be spurious, but it's certainly lively. It seems that some time around the year 1500 AD, Wan Hu took his fascination with rocketry to the logical limit by building a chair equipped with 47 gunpowder rockets. Lit by 47 attendants, the combined rockets took Wan Hu somewhere, but just where is unknown, as he is said to have...
  • Egypt Says King Tut Mask Was Scratched, Sends 8 to Trial

    01/25/2016 8:09:30 PM PST · by nickcarraway · 36 replies
    Al Arabiya ^ | Sunday, 24 January 2016
    Eight Egyptians involved in a botched repair of the famed burial mask of King Tut, which was corrected late last year, were referred to a disciplinary court on Sunday for "gross negligence" after prosecutors said that the golden treasure was scratched. The 3,300-year old mask, whose beard was accidentally knocked off and hastily glued on with epoxy in 2014, was scratched and damaged as a result of the amateur repair job, prosecutors said in a Sunday statement, which implicated the then-head of the Egyptian Museum and the chief of the restoration department. "In an attempt to cover up the damage...
  • Amherst College Drops ‘Lord Jeff’ as Mascot

    01/26/2016 1:22:50 PM PST · by C19fan · 26 replies
    NY Times ^ | January 26, 2016 | Jess Bidgood
    Lord Jeffery Amherst, the colonial military commander who gave this town its name, will no longer represent the prestigious liberal arts college here. The board of trustees at Amherst College announced on Tuesday that it had decided “not to employ this reference in its official communications, its messaging and its symbolism (including in the name of the Inn, the only place on the campus where the Lord Jeffery name officially appears).”
  • Romans cover their nudes for Iranian leader's visit

    01/26/2016 9:15:29 AM PST · by C19fan · 22 replies
    CBS News ^ | January 26, 2016 | Tucker Reals
    The Romans have censored themselves to make visiting Iranian President Hassan Rouhani feel more comfortable during his historic stop in Italy. Rouhani -- the first Iranian leader to visit Europe in almost 20 years -- met Tuesday with Pope Francis at the Vatican, but another stop on his agenda was the famed Capitoline Museum, where classic Italian nude sculptures were covered with plain white boards to avoid offending the Muslim president.
  • Italy hides ancient museum nudes from Iranian president (dhimmitude)

    01/26/2016 11:59:07 AM PST · by Olog-hai · 25 replies
    Associated Press ^ | Jan 26, 2016 2:50 PM EST | Frances D’Emilio
    A decision by Italian officials to cover up ancient nude statues to not offend Iran's visiting president is drawing ridicule in Rome. Ahead of a news conference Monday with Premier Matteo Renzi and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, wooden panels were erected around some Roman statues in Rome's Capitoline Museums. When images of the cover-up made the Italian media Tuesday, politicians from across the spectrum decried and derided the decision. The museum said Tuesday that the premier's office wanted the statues along Rouhani's path to the news conference covered up. Renzi's office declined to comment. ...
  • New dinosaur species may have been found (Should say Marine Reptile)

    01/25/2016 8:18:55 AM PST · by C19fan · 18 replies
    UK Telegraph ^ | January 23, 2015 | Nicola Harley
    Paleontologists believe they may have discovered a new species of dinosaur after digging up the remains of a 165 million year old sea creature. The five-and-a-half metre plesiosaur skeleton was found in a quarry in Peterborough and experts believe it could be a new species of the flippered marine reptile.
  • Seabed Scanning for East Anglian windfarm reveals Uncharted WWI German Submarine

    01/25/2016 1:05:03 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 56 replies
    ScottishPower Renewables ^ | January 21, 2016 | unattributed
    Whilst undertaking detailed seabed scanning for the development of windfarm projects in the East Anglia Zone, off the coast of Norfolk and Suffolk, windfarm developers ScottishPower Renewables (SPR) and Vattenfall uncovered something they weren't expecting -- an 'uncharted' wreck of a WWI German submarine, missing in action since 1915... SPR and Vattenfall used advanced sonar technology to scan over 6,000km2 of the seabed in the Southern North Sea over two years, which is nearly 4 times the size of Greater London (1,583km2). This work is critical to understand seabed conditions, and allow the companies to design the layout of their...
  • Earliest Historical Detection Of Scurvy Discovered In Aswan

    01/24/2016 5:31:52 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    Ahram in English ^ | Thursday 21 Jan 2016 | Nevine El-Aref
    A child skeleton dating to 3,800-3,600 BC discovered in Nag Al-Qarmila, in Aswan, may be the oldest discovered case of scurvy in the world. Within the framework of the Aswan Kom Ombo Archaeological Project (AKAP), which is focused on pre-dynastic sites in the area of Nag Al-Qarmila in Aswan, a new and important discovery has been made. The AKAP Italian-Egyptian mission led by Maria Carmela Gatto from Yale University and Antonio Curci from Bologna University stumbled upon what is believed to be the oldest case of scurvy (vitamin C deficiency) in the world, dated to the era 3,800-3,600 BC. Minister...
  • Oldest Human Footprints in the Southwest Discovered at Tucson Construction Site

    01/24/2016 5:26:35 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 39 replies
    Western Digs ^ | January 21, 2016 | Blake de Pastino
    ...The prints number in the dozens and depict the movements of several adults and at least one child, as they tended to their neatly arranged crops and the small irrigation ditches that watered them. Discovered in November by archaeologists investigating a parcel of land near Interstate 10, the prints are likely the oldest human tracks yet found in the American Southwest... What's more, the footprints provide a glimpse into the daily life of people who practiced some of the earliest agriculture in the region, in intimate detail... The barefoot tracks are distinct enough that the movements of specific individuals can...
  • Cosmic Cycles, not Carbon Dioxide, Control Climate

    01/24/2016 8:32:58 AM PST · by Beave Meister · 25 replies
    The Heartland Institute ^ | 1/21/2016 | Viv Forbes
    Those who think the political war on carbon will cool the globe or keep climate stable need to study climate history. Temperatures on Earth dance to a cyclic rhythm every hour, every day, every month, every season, every year, and to every beat of the sun-spot and glacial cycles. The daily solar cycle causes continual changes in temperature for every spot on Earth. It produces the frosts at dawn, the mid-day heat and the cooling at sunset. It is regulated by rotation of the Earth. Superimposed on the daily solar cycle is the monthly lunar cycle, driven by the orbit...
  • Deadliest battle ever on Michigan soil happened on this day in 1813 (Jan 22nd)

    01/23/2016 5:02:58 PM PST · by cripplecreek · 33 replies
    Mlive.com ^ | 1/22/2016 | Jessica Shepherd
    MONROE, MI — Michigan isn't necessarily known for its war history. That could be the reason why many Michiganders are unaware of the details of the deadliest day of war on Michigan soil. Another possible reason, according to Daniel Downing, is America doesn't love to talk about the times we lose. "It's a great American defeat and we don't like to brag about our defeats," said Downing, who serves as chief of education, interpretation and operation for River Raisin National Battlefield Park. Left without sufficient ammunition, more than 300 Americans were killed Jan. 22, 1813 during the War of 1812's...
  • Black Death may have been lurking for centuries: DNA of plague victims in France backs up theory...

    01/23/2016 7:57:47 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 70 replies
    MailOnline ^ | By Ellie Zolfagharifard and Ryan O'Hare
    Black Death, a mid-fourteenth century plague, killed 30 to 50 per cent of the European population in just five years. The pandemic was caused by the Yersinia pestis bacteria with millions dying from the disease in two major outbreaks. Thousands of years before it wreaked havoc in the second wave of deaths, the bacteria may have been passed around as a harmless microbe. ... Being distinct from all modern forms of plague, the scientists believe they have identified an extinct form of the disease, according to their study reported yesterday in the online journal eLife. ... Marseille was a big...
  • Archaeologists Discover Large Ancient Theater on Greek Island of Lefkada

    01/22/2016 3:43:30 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    Greek Reporter [Source: ANA-MPA] ^ | Jan 21, 2016 | Ioanna Zikakou
    Archaeological excavations on the Ionian island of Lefkada have brought to light a previously undiscovered and sizeable ancient theater, the culture minister announced on Wednesday. It said the find was made on Koulmou hill toward the end of 2015. Test "sections" were cut in an area on the northeast flank of Koulmou's middle hill, which forms an amphitheatrical downward hollow ending in a lengthy flat section, the ministry announcement said. It noted that archaeologists knew very little about the city's ancient theater, which was not mentioned in any ancient sources, though the logs of an early 20th-century archaeological excavation under...
  • Fury as Archaeological Site Ruined and Replaced With Picnic Table

    08/29/2015 10:35:10 AM PDT · by nickcarraway · 31 replies
    The Local ^ | 26 Aug 2015
    builders in a Galician village confused a neolithic tomb with a broken stone picnic table and replaced the 6,000-year-old artefact with a brand spanking new concrete bench. In what one archaeologist dubbed a "monumental error" the ancient tomb, that had heritage status and was therefore meant to be protected, has been completely destroyed. Galicias Department of Culture, Education and Universities has launched an investigation after the picnic bench - which sits on a solid concrete slab in the town of Cristovo de Cea in the northwestern region of Galicia - was placed on top of an ancient tomb, classed as...
  • The mysterious layers of Gilmerton Cove

    01/21/2016 3:02:52 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    Philip Coppens website ^ | prior to 2016 | Philip Coppens
    Gilmerton Cove is a mysterious cave system in suburban Edinburgh. For a long time assumed to have been the work of an 18th century blacksmith, it is now emerging that he could not have possibly created the entire system himself. The question that everyone asks, therefore, is who then created the enigmatic structure? ...The Cove is a series of caves, connected by a 40 feet main passageway, with two entrances, and located no more than ten feet underground. ...There are clear signs that the various rooms were once separated from each other by wooden doors. Elsewhere, there is a well...
  • Remains of earliest known massacre victims uncovered in Kenya

    01/21/2016 2:13:42 AM PST · by WhiskeyX · 23 replies
    Fox News ^ | January 21, 2016 | Fox News
    Scientists say they have uncovered the remains of the earliest known massacre victims, dating from approximately 10,000 years ago. Archaeologists believe the victims were members of an extended family group of hunter-gatherers who were slaughtered by a rival group.
  • Global warming is a historical repeating fact and is natural and not man made

    01/20/2016 2:09:17 PM PST · by Trumpinator · 26 replies
    infobritain.co.uk ^ | 1/20/2016 | infobritain.co.uk
    In Roman Britain the weather was warmer than it is now, and this warmer climate allowed extensive vine growing throughout Britain's Roman period, and for a long time after. By 1086 when the Domesday survey was carried out there were thirty nine vineyards officially recorded in England, although the actual figure may have been much higher. Then temperatures began to drop in the second half of the sixteenth century causing a retreat of vine growing from the north and east of Europe.
  • Particles Could Reveal Clues To How Egypt Pyramid Was Built

    01/20/2016 5:00:22 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | January 18, 2016 | Maram Mazen
    An international team of researchers said Sunday they will soon begin analyzing cosmic particles collected inside Egypt's Bent Pyramid to search for clues as to how it was built and learn more about the 4,600-year-old structure. Mehdi Tayoubi, president of the Heritage Innovation Preservation Institute, said that plates planted inside the pyramid last month have collected data on radiographic particles known as muons that rain down from the earth's atmosphere. The particles pass through empty spaces but can be absorbed or deflected by harder surfaces. By studying particle accumulations, scientists may learn more about the construction of the pyramid, built...
  • Oldest Christian Monastery in Iraq Razed

    01/20/2016 6:22:34 AM PST · by marshmallow · 10 replies
    AP ^ | 1/20/16 | Martha Mendoza, Maya Alleruzzo, Bram Janssen
    IRBIL, Iraq (AP) - Satellite photos obtained by The Associated Press confirm what church leaders and Middle East preservationists had feared: The oldest Christian monastery in Iraq has been reduced to a field of rubble, yet another victim of the Islamic State group's relentless destruction of heritage sites it considers heretical. St. Elijah's Monastery stood as a place of worship for 1,400 years, including most recently for U.S. troops. In earlier millennia, generations of monks tucked candles in the niches, prayed in the chapel, worshipped at the altar. The Greek letters chi and rho, representing the first two letters of...
  • ISIS destroys Iraq's oldest Christian monastery, satellite photos confirm

    01/20/2016 1:15:29 AM PST · by WhiskeyX · 60 replies
    Fox News ^ | January 20, 2016 | Associated Press
    ERBIL, Iraqi – Satellite photos obtained by The Associated Press confirm what church leaders and Middle East preservationists had feared: The oldest Christian monastery in Iraq has been reduced to a field of rubble, yet another victim of the ISIS terror group's relentless destruction of heritage sites it considers heretical.
  • Oldest Christian Monestary in Iraq Destroyed by ISIS

    01/20/2016 12:58:41 PM PST · by Kaslin · 18 replies
    Townhall.com ^ | January 20, 2016 | Christine Rousselle
    The oldest Christian monastery in Iraq, St. Elijah's Monastery, has been destroyed by ISIS and is now a pile of rubble, the Associated Press reports. The building had stood for over 1,400 years and was recently a location for religious services for U.S. servicemen. Satellite photos obtained by The Associated Press confirm what church leaders and Middle East preservationists had feared: The oldest Christian monastery in Iraq has been reduced to a field of rubble, yet another victim of the Islamic State group's relentless destruction of heritage sites it considers heretical. St. Elijah's Monastery stood as a place of worship...
  • English DNA one third Anglo-Saxon

    01/20/2016 7:49:52 AM PST · by ek_hornbeck · 53 replies
    BBC ^ | 1/20/15 | Paul Rincon
    The present-day English owe about a third of their ancestry to the Anglo-Saxons, according to a new study. Scientists sequenced genomes from 10 skeletons unearthed in eastern England and dating from the Iron Age through to the Anglo-Saxon period. Many of the Anglo-Saxon samples appeared closer to modern Dutch and Danish people than the Iron Age Britons did. The results appear in Nature Communications journal. According to historical accounts and archaeology, the Anglo-Saxons migrated to Britain from continental Europe from the 5th Century AD. They brought with them a new culture, social structure and language. Genetic studies have tackled the...
  • Blame The Flintstones? Early Man Caused Global Warming, Study Says

    01/20/2016 11:02:52 AM PST · by blam · 44 replies
    Fox News ^ | 1-20-2016 | Fox News
    January 20, 2016 FoxNews.com The world’s first farmers and their slash-and-burn agriculture may have set off global warming. A new analysis of ice-core climate data, archaeological evidence and ancient pollen samples is being used to suggest farming some 7,000 years ago helped put the brakes on a natural cooling process of the global climate, possibly contributing the warmer climate seen today. But the study is expected to raise a few eyebrows, given there were far fewer people on Earth back then and industrialization -- and the coal-fired power plants that come with it -- was still a long ways off....
  • Before Hatshepsut: Early Egyptian Queen Revealed in Hieroglyphs

    01/19/2016 11:23:30 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    Live Science ^ | January 19, 2016 | Owen Jarus
    About 60 drawings and hieroglyphic inscriptions, dating back around 5,000 years, have been discovered at a site called Wadi Ameyra in Egypt’s Sinai Desert. Carved in stone they were created by mining expeditions sent out by early Egyptian pharaohs archaeologists say. They reveal new information on the early pharaohs. For instance, one inscription the researchers found tells of a queen named Neith-Hotep who ruled Egypt 5,000 years ago as regent to a young pharaoh named Djer. Archaeologists estimate that the earliest carvings at Wadi Ameyra date back around 5,200 years, while the most recent date to the reign of a...