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  • When the Romans turned Jerusalem into a pagan city, Jews revolted and minted this coin

    05/24/2020 3:08:34 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 31 replies
    Live Science ^ | 18 May 2020 | Laura Geggel
    Archaeologists in Israel have discovered a rare coin minted about 1,900 years ago, when the Jewish people revolted against Roman occupation, the Israel Antiquities Authority announced (IAA) last week. The bronze coin is so rare, that out of 22,000 coins found in archaeological excavations in the Old City of Jerusalem, just four are from the revolt, known as the Bar Kokhba revolt, Donald Tzvi Ariel, head of the Coin Department at the IAA, said in a statement. A cluster of grapes and the inscription, "Year Two of the Freedom of Israel," appear on one side of the coin, and on...
  • Hidden underground chambers unearthed near Israel's Western Wall

    05/24/2020 12:46:06 PM PDT · by SJackson · 15 replies
    Live Science ^ | 5-18-20 | Yasemin Saplakoglu
    It's not clear why ancient people dug up these chambers, but evidence suggests they used them in everyday life. Co-director of the excavation Barak Monnickendam-Givon standing in the subterranean chambers. (Image: © Yaniv Berman-Israwl Antiquities Authority) Archaeologists recently uncovered three ancient subterranean chambers carved in the bedrock beneath the Western Wall plaza in Jerusalem. The 2,000-year-old chambers, consisting of an open courtyard and two rooms, were carved on top of one another and connected by hewn staircases. Inside the chambers, archaeologists discovered clay cooking vessels, cores of oil lamps, a stone mug and a piece of a qalal, or a...
  • Ancient DNA unveils important missing piece of human history

    05/21/2020 10:20:12 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | May 14, 2020 | Chinese Academy of Sciences HQ
    The researchers used advanced ancient DNA capture techniques to retrieve ancient DNA from 25 individuals dating back 9,500-4,200 years and one individual dating back 300 years from northern and southern East Asia... Prof. FU and her team found that these Neolithic humans share the closest genetic relationship to present-day East Asians who belong to this "second layer." This suggests that by 9,500 years ago, the primary ancestries composing the genetic makeup of East Asians today could already be found in mainland East Asia. While more divergent ancestries can be found in Southeast Asia and the Japanese archipelago, in the Chinese...
  • Fake Dead Sea Scrolls Exposed: A new study sponsored by the Museum of the Bible reveals that the 16 fragments in their collection are fake

    05/21/2020 7:18:16 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 23 replies
    Biblical Archaeology Review ^ | March 16, 2020 | Biblical Archaeology Society Staff
    The Museum of the Bible holds 16 fragments of reputed Dead Sea Scrolls in their collection. On Friday, March 13, 2020, a study revealed that all 16 of these are modern forgeries. Already in 2018, a different study had tested five of the 16 fragments and concluded that they were fakes. The new study -- which was conducted by Art Fraud Insights, led by the art fraud investigator Colette Loll, and funded by the Museum of the Bible -- analyzed all 16 fragments. Through a series of physical and chemical tests, Loll and her team determined that the fragments had...
  • Brewing beer may be an older craft than we realized in some places

    05/21/2020 7:06:24 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies
    Science News ^ | May 7, 2020 | Maria Temming
    Microscopic signatures of malting could help reveal which prehistoric people had a taste for beer. Ancient beer is difficult to trace, because many of beer’s chemical ingredients, like alcohol, don’t preserve well (SN: 9/28/04). But a new analysis of modern and ancient malted grain indicates that malting’s effects on grain cell structure can last millennia. This microscopic evidence could help fill in the archaeological record of beer consumption, providing insight into the social, ritual and dietary roles this drink played in prehistoric cultures, researchers report online May 7 in PLOS ONE. Malting, the first step in brewing beer, erodes cell...
  • If Georgie White Clark and I had crossed paths, I have a feeling we might have been fast friends ... [re: Glen and Bessie Hyde mystery]

    05/21/2020 9:37:56 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 5 replies
    Raising Jane 'blog ^ | Posted on September 3, 2014 | MaryJane
    "For all her notoriety, Clark remains something of a mystery to even those closest to her. Evidence discovered at her home the day of her funeral raised the possibility Clark fabricated portions of her past, giving rise to a new element of the Georgie legend," reports GrandCanyonTreks.org. "While the theory is discounted by several associates, there is a faction of friends who are puzzled by connections that suggest Clark was in fact Bessie Hyde, who vanished in 1928 along with her husband, Glen Hyde, while the Idaho couple were on a honeymoon adventure floating the Grand Canyon in a wooden...
  • Paleontologists uncover remains of a 33-FOOT long megaraptor that lived 70 million years ago and would have been one of the last carnivorous dinosaurs to roam the Earth

    05/20/2020 11:56:23 AM PDT · by C19fan · 49 replies
    UK Daily Mail ^ | May 20, 2020 | Stacy Liberatore
    Paleontologists have uncovered the remains of megaraptor that lived 70 million years ago, making it one of the last carnivorous dinosaur to roam the Earth. Discovered in Argentina, the team found vertebrae, ribs and part of what would have been the dinosaur's chest and shoulder girdle. After a further analysis, they determined the creature was approximately 33 feet in length -the largest megaraptor found to date. Unlike the Tyrannosaurus rex, this lethal dinosaur had extremely long, muscular arms with massive claws at the end that were used to attack prey.
  • Long Frozen DNA Shows How Humans Made Horses Faster - and

    04/28/2017 4:23:08 PM PDT · by SteveH · 58 replies
    The WaPo ^ | April 27 2017 | Ben Guarino
    At some point in the past two millennia — peanuts on an evolutionary time scale — humans transformed their horses into equine speed demons. Selective breeding had a price, though, beyond $30,000 vials of pedigreed racehorse sperm. Unhelpful mutations plagued the animals. The current population of domesticated horses is about 55 million, but at some point in their history, their genetic diversity crashed. The Y chromosomes of all the world's stallions are now quite similar, suggesting that only a relatively few males were the ancestors of today's horses. Humans have not always bred so selectively, according to a study published...
  • The last time the sun was this quiet, Earth experienced an ice age

    05/20/2020 8:33:22 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 64 replies
    9News ^ | 05/20/2020
    The last time this occurred was between 1650 and 1715, during what's known as the Little Ice Age in Earth's Northern Hemisphere... Scientists have known this solar minimum was coming because it's a regular aspect of the sun's cycle. Sunspots were peaking in 2014, with low points beginning in 2019, according to NASA. The sun is also responsible for what's known as space weather, sending particles and cosmic rays streaming across our solar system. The sun's strongly magnetised sunspots release solar flares, which can send X-rays and ultraviolet radiation hurtling toward Earth. Even when the sun is quiet during the...
  • Beer could stop bones going brittle

    09/06/2009 11:11:51 PM PDT · by Paleo Conservative · 64 replies · 1,822+ views
    The Telegraph ^ | 8:23AM BST 12 Aug 2009 | Ben Leach
    Beer could stop bones going brittle Drinking beer regularly could stop bones from going brittle, according to scientists in Spain. A study found that the bones of women who drink beer regularly are stronger, making them less likely to suffer from osteoporosis. It is thought that the high level of silicon in beer slows down the thinning that leads to fractures and boosts the formation of new bone, the journal Nutrition reports. Beer is also rich in phytoestrogens, plant versions of oestrogen, which keep bones healthy. Bones are made up of a mesh of fibres, minerals, blood vessels and marrow,...
  • How did the plague reshape Bronze Age Europe?

    05/20/2020 9:37:06 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | December 3, 2019 | Anthony King
    ...Prof. Haak will also try to detect more plague DNA in hundreds of skeletons from the late Neolithic and early Bronze Age. So far, DNA evidence from a dozen skeletons points to little variability between the strains of Yersinia pestis in such remains, suggesting that the pestilence spread rapidly across the continent. The speed may owe to another human advance at this time -- the domestication of wild horses, which may literally have carried the disease into Europe. "We see the change from wild local horses to domesticated horses, which happened rapidly at the beginning of the Bronze Age," said...
  • When plague in Italy killed 1.5 million people in a single year ~ Saint Frances of Rome and the Plague of 1656

    03/09/2020 8:33:53 AM PDT · by Antoninus · 87 replies
    Gloria Romanorum ^ | March 9, 2020 | Florentius
    Today, March 9, is the feast day of Saint Frances of Rome. She was an Italian woman who lived in the late 14th and early 15th centuries. A previous post about this amazing saint may be found here. It was claimed that in 40 years of marriage, Saint Frances never once quarreled with her husband. St. Frances was invoked as an intercessor by the people of Rome even centuries after her death. In AD 1656, a ship entered the harbor at Barletta carrying a deadly pathogen—very likely, the Black Plague. The town was immediately infected and the impact was dramatic....
  • CHOLERA-Plague of 19th Century, First Global Epidemic; Day of Fasting proclaimed by President Taylor

    07/10/2019 9:03:45 AM PDT · by Perseverando · 4 replies
    American Minute ^ | July 9, 2019 | Bill Federer
    From the beginning of recorded history, 100's of millions have died from epidemics. Some of the most dreaded plagues include: Plague of Pharaoh Akhenaten of Egypt, circa 1350 BC; Philistine Plague after capturing the Ark of God (I Samuel 5-6); Plague of Athens, circa 430 BC, 100,000 deaths; Plague of Antonine, 165 AD, brought back by troops from the Middle East, 5 million deaths; Plague of Justinian, beginning in 541 AD, killing an estimated 100 million, half of the world's known population; Black Death-Bubonic Plague, beginning in 1334, killed an estimated 75 to 200 million; Cocoliztli Plague in Mexico, beginning...
  • How The Black Death Plague Helps The Environment, It Could Reduce Atmospheric Lead Pollution

    06/02/2017 3:43:15 PM PDT · by Lorianne · 12 replies
    International Business Times ^ | 31 May 2017 | Elana Glowatz
    One way to stop countries from polluting the air with lead is to bring back the plague. Research suggests while the infectious and deadly illness known as the Black Death rampaged through Europe and slowed industry, among other side effects, lead disappeared from the air. Scientists analyzed ice samples from a glacier in the Alps along the Swiss-Italian border, looking specifically for lead that would have been deposited from the atmosphere. The study in the journal GeoHealth found between 1349 and 1353 — when the plague was at its peak — “atmospheric lead dropped to undetectable levels.” The Black Death...
  • In Ancient DNA, Evidence of Plague Much Earlier Than Previously Known

    11/06/2015 1:17:54 PM PST · by Lorianne · 7 replies
    New York Times ^ | 22 October 2015 | Carl Zimmer
    In the 14th century, a microbe called Yersinia pestis caused an epidemic of plague known as the Black Death that killed off a third or more of the population of Europe. The long-term shortage of workers that followed helped bring about the end of feudalism. Historians and microbiologists alike have searched for decades for the origins of plague. Until now, the first clear evidence of Yersinia pestis infection was the Plague of Justinian in the 6th century, which severely weakened the Byzantine Empire. But in a new study, published on Thursday in the journal Cell, researchers report that the bacterium...
  • Fungus is destroying a buried Viking ship. Here's how Norway plans to save it. [the Gjellestad ship]

    05/20/2020 8:27:29 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies
    Live Science ^ | May 15, 2020 | Laura Geggel, Associate Editor
    If the project is successful, the 65-foot-long (20 meters) oak vessel -- called the Gjellestad ship -- will become the first Viking ship to be excavated in Norway in 115 years, said Sveinung Rotevatn, the Norwegian Minister of Climate and Environment... The ship is buried at a well-known Viking archaeological site at Gjellestad, near Halden, a town in southeastern Norway. But scientists discovered the vessel only recently, in the fall of 2018, by using radar scans that can detect structures underground. The scans revealed not only the ship, but also the Viking cemetery where it was ritually buried. The team...
  • Dead Sea Scroll fragments thought to be blank reveal text

    05/19/2020 9:27:24 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 21 replies
    University of Manchester ^ | May 15, 2020 | News & Media Relations Officer Joe Stafford
    Unlike the recent cases of forgeries assumed to be Dead Sea Scrolls fragments, all of these small pieces were unearthed in the official excavations of the Qumran caves, and were never passed through the antiquities market. In the 1950s, the fragments were gifted by the Jordanian government to Ronald Reed, leather expert at the University of Leeds, so he could study their physical and chemical composition. It was assumed that the pieces were ideal for scientific tests, as they were blank and relatively worthless. These were studied and published by Reed and his student John Poole, and then stored safely...
  • Neanderthals Made Leather-Working Tools from Bison and Aurochs Ribs

    05/19/2020 9:42:27 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    Science News ^ | May 11, 2020 | News Staff / Source
    Neanderthals selected rib bones from specific animals to make the lissoirs (French for 'smoothers'), which are bone tools that have been intentionally shaped and used on animal hides to make them softer and more water resistant, according to new research led by paleoanthropologists from the University of California, Davis. Scientists know that some Neanderthals produced bone tools. These include the discovery of five nearly identical fragments of lissoirs from two Paleolithic sites in southwest France: Pech-de-l'Azé I (Pech I) and Abri Peyrony. These specialized tools are often worn so smooth that it's impossible to tell which animal they came from...
  • Carved stone turtle unearthed from Angkor reservoir site

    05/19/2020 9:35:24 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 22 replies
    AOL ^ | May 7th 2020 | Sopheng Cheang
    Cambodian archaeologists have unearthed a large centuries-old statue of a turtle in an excavation at the famous Angkor temple complex in the country's northwest. The 56-by-93 centimeter (22-by-37 inch) carved stone turtle believed to date from the 10th century was discovered Wednesday during digging at what was the site of a small temple that had been built on Srah Srang, one of Angkor's several reservoirs. Researchers pinpointed where the temple had been and workers drained water off to enable the dig, which began March 16, said Mao Sokny, head of the excavation team of the Apsara Authority, a government agency...
  • New technique delivers complete DNA sequences of chromosomes inherited from mother and father

    05/19/2020 9:31:27 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    University of Adelaide ^ | May 7 2020 | Cathy Parker
    An international team of scientists led by the University of Adelaide's Davies Research Centre has shown that it is possible to disentangle the DNA sequences of the chromosomes inherited from the mother and the father, to create true diploid genomes from a single individual. In a report published in Nature Communications, and funded by the Davies Research Centre over the past 15 years, the researchers have shown that genomes of two important modern-day cattle breeds, Angus (Bos taurus taurus) and Brahman (Bos taurus indicus), can be completely decoded from a single hybrid individual carrying the genetics of both breeds, using...