Keyword: antikythera

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  • Ancient Greek 'computer' came with a user guide

    07/02/2016 1:00:20 AM PDT · by blueplum · 63 replies
    Fox News ^ | 28 June 2016 | Megan Gannon
    ....With the turn of a hand crank, the ancient Greeks could track the positions of the sun and the moon, the lunar phases, and even cycles of Greek athletic competitions. The 82 corroded metal fragments of the Antikythera mechanism contain ancient Greek text, much of which is unreadable to the naked eye. But over the past 10 years, new imaging techniques, such as 3D X-ray scanning, have revealed hidden letters and words in the text...
  • The World's First Computer May Have Been Used To Tell Fortunes [Engraved text translation]

    06/10/2016 6:55:53 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 21 replies
    A ten-year project to decipher inscriptions on the ancient Greek “Antikythera mechanism” has revealed new functions, including the first hint that the device was used to make astrological predictions. The writings also lend support to the idea that the gadget, often called the world's first computer because of its ability to model complex astronomical cycles, originated from the island of Rhodes. Until now, scholars have focused on decoding the sophisticated array of gearwheels inside the 2000-year-old artifact. The new publication tackles instead the lettering squeezed onto every available surface. “It’s like discovering a whole new manuscript,” says Mike Edmunds, emeritus...
  • Marine Archaeologists Excavate Greek Antikythera Shipwreck

    09/26/2015 2:47:40 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 23 replies
    Heritage Daily ^ | September 25, 2015
    The shipwreck dates to circa 65 B.C., and was discovered by Greek sponge fishermen in 1900 off the southwestern Aegean island of Antikythera. They salvaged 36 marble statues of mythological heroes and gods; a life-sized bronze statue of an athlete; pieces of several more bronze sculptures; scores of luxury items; and skeletal remains of crew and passengers. The wreck also relinquished fragments of the world’s first computer: the Antikythera Mechanism, a geared mechanical device that encoded the movements of the planets and stars and predicted eclipses... The project is the first-ever systematic excavation of this shipwreck, relying on the precise...
  • Scientist tackles mystery of ancient astronomical device

    01/11/2015 1:41:07 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 63 replies, Science X network ^ | January 6, 2015 | Sandi Doughton, The Seattle Times
    "The amazing thing is the mechanical engineering aspect," says James Evans, a physicist and science historian at the University of Puget Sound in Tacoma, Wash. He is part of an international group working to crack the puzzle of the device's origins and purpose. Evans recently added a new twist with an analysis that suggests it dates to 205 B.C. -- as much as a century earlier than previously believed. If he's right, it is more likely that the Antikythera Mechanism was inspired by the work of the legendary Greek mathematician Archimedes. It would also mean the device was built at...
  • Stunning finds from ancient Greek shipwreck [Antikythera]

    10/10/2014 12:12:50 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 35 replies
    Phys.Org ^ | 10/09/2014 | Provided by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
    A Greek and international team of divers and archaeologists has retrieved stunning new finds from an ancient Greek ship that sank more than 2,000 years ago off the remote island of Antikythera. The rescued antiquities include tableware, ship components, and a giant bronze spear that would have belonged to a life-sized warrior statue. The Antikythera wreck was first discovered in 1900 by sponge divers who were blown off course by a storm. They subsequently recovered a spectacular haul of ancient treasure including bronze and marble statues, jewellery, furniture, luxury glassware, and the surprisingly complex Antikythera Mechanism. But they were forced...
  • 'Exosuit' Mission to 2,000-Year-Old Shipwreck Begins

    09/17/2014 8:59:08 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 24 replies ^ | September 16, 2014 11:47am | Megan Gannon,
    Sponge divers first discovered the 2,000-year-old shipwreck off the Greek island Antikythera in 1900. They recovered fragments of bronze statues, corroded marble sculptures, gold jewelry and, most famously, the Antikythera mechanism, a clocklike astronomical calculator sometimes called the world's oldest computer. Teams led by Jacques Cousteau pulled up more artifacts and even found human remains when they visited the wreck in the 1950s and 1970s. But none of those previous expeditions had access to the Exosuit, a one-of-a-kind diving outfit that weighs 530 lbs. (240 kilograms), and can plunge to the extraordinary depths of 1,000 feet (305 meters) and stay...
  • Wearable submarine to hunt for 2000-year-old computer

    06/06/2014 10:06:22 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 20 replies ^ | 04 June 2014 by | Mark Harris
    Like an underwater Iron Man, a diver will fly around the wreck of an ancient Greek ship later this year, looking to shed light on the Antikythera mechanism THE world's most advanced robotic diving suit is getting ready to help search for one of the world's oldest computers. Called Exosuit, the suit has a rigid metal humanoid form with Iron Man-like thrusters that enable divers to operate safely down to depths of 300 metres (see photo). Though designed for diving in the bowels of New York City's water treatment plants, earlier this month it underwent its first trials in seawater...
  • Return to Antikythera: what divers discovered in the deep

    03/27/2013 4:54:11 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 8 replies
    Divers returning to the site of an ancient wreck off the Greek island of Antikythera have found artefacts scattered over a wide area of the steep, rocky sea floor. These include intact pottery, the ship's anchor and some puzzling bronze objects. The team believes that hundreds more items could be buried in the sediment nearby. The Antikythera wreck, which dates from the first century BC, yielded a glittering haul when sponge divers discovered it at the beginning of the 20th century. Among jewellery, weapons and statues were the remains of a mysterious clockwork device, dubbed the Antikythera mechanism. Bar a...
  • Famed Roman Shipwreck Could Be Two

    02/09/2013 4:57:18 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies
    LiveScience ^ | January 5, 2013 | Stephanie Pappas
    A dive to the undersea cliff where a famous Roman shipwreck rests has turned up either evidence that the wreck is enormous -- or a suggestion that, not one, but two sunken ships are resting off the Greek island of Antikythera... The Antikythera wreck is famed for the massive number of artifacts pulled from the site over the past century. First discovered in the early 1900s by local sponge divers, the wreck is most famous for the Antikythera mechanism, a complex bronze gear device used to calculate astronomical positions (and perhaps the timing of the Olympic games). Numerous bronze and...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- The Antikythera Mechanism

    01/19/2013 9:15:30 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 23 replies
    NASA ^ | January 20, 2013 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: What is it? It was found at the bottom of the sea aboard an ancient Greek ship. Its seeming complexity has prompted decades of study, although some of its functions remained unknown. X-ray images of the device have confirmed the nature of the Antikythera mechanism, and discovered several surprising functions. The Antikythera mechanism has been discovered to be a mechanical computer of an accuracy thought impossible in 80 BC, when the ship that carried it sank. Such sophisticated technology was not thought to be developed by humanity for another 1,000 years. Its wheels and gears create a portable orrery...
  • Return to Antikythera: Divers revisit wreck where ancient computer found

    10/04/2012 5:39:19 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 23 replies
    Guardian UK ^ | Tuesday 2 October 2012 | Jo Marchant
    In 1900, Greek sponge divers stumbled across "a pile of dead, naked women" on the seabed near the tiny island of Antikythera. It turned out the figures were not corpses but bronze and marble statues, part of a cargo of stolen Greek treasure that was lost when the Roman ship carrying them sank two thousand years ago on the island's treacherous rocks. It was the first marine wreck to be studied by archaeologists, and yielded the greatest haul of ancient treasure that had ever been found. Yet the salvage project – carried out in treacherous conditions with desperately crude equipment...
  • Lego Antikythera Mechanism

    12/10/2010 9:22:04 AM PST · by Ro_Thunder · 56 replies · 1+ views
    YouTube ^ | 09 Dec 2010 | NatureVideoChannel
    Cool video of the Antikythera Mechanism rebuilt in Lego, and how it works.
  • Ancient astronomy: Mechanical inspiration

    11/25/2010 2:11:38 AM PST · by Palter · 32 replies · 2+ views
    Nature ^ | 24 Nov 2010 | Jo Marchant
    The ancient Greeks' vision of a geometrical Universe seemed to come out of nowhere. Could their ideas have come from the internal gearing of an ancient mechanism? Two thousand years ago, a Greek mechanic set out to build a machine that would model the workings of the known Universe. The result was a complex clockwork mechanism that displayed the motions of the Sun, Moon and planets on precisely marked dials. By turning a handle, the creator could watch his tiny celestial bodies trace their undulating paths through the sky.The mechanic's name is now lost. But his machine, dubbed the Antikythera...
  • Archimedes and the 2000-year-old computer

    12/13/2008 2:52:02 PM PST · by decimon · 22 replies · 940+ views
    New Scientist ^ | Dec. 12, 2008 | Jo Marchant
    MARCELLUS and his men blockaded Syracuse, in Sicily, for two years. The Roman general expected to conquer the Greek city state easily, but the ingenious siege towers and catapults designed by Archimedes helped to keep his troops at bay. Then, in 212 BC, the Syracusans neglected their defences during a festival to the goddess Artemis, and the Romans finally breached the city walls. Marcellus wanted Archimedes alive, but it wasn't to be. According to ancient historians, Archimedes was killed in the chaos; by one account a soldier ran him through with a sword as he was in the middle of...
  • Shining a light on the past

    03/31/2010 4:52:45 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 5 replies · 422+ views
    The Economist ^ | Mar 25th 2010 | unattributed
    Look at an ancient coin under ordinary light and the chances are that its features, worn down by its passage from hand to hand, will be hard to make out. Point a spotlight at it, though, so that the face of the coin is illuminated from an acute angle, and the resulting shadows will emphasise any minor details. This is the basic principle behind a novel technique that is helping archaeologists reveal previously invisible clues hidden in the worn or damaged surfaces of any objects they uncover. From wall paintings in Herculaneum to Scandinavian stone tools to rock art...
  • OOPARTS (Out of Place Artifacts)

    08/01/2007 3:28:51 AM PDT · by 2ndDivisionVet · 42 replies · 3,495+ views
    What If? ^ | Unknown
    Ooparts ? What are Ooparts? That stands for Out of Place Artifacts. Things that show up where they shouldn't, a piece of gold chain found in a coal seam, what appears to be a sparkplug embedded in rock that is thousands of years old and what appears to be a bullet hole in the skull of a mastodon. These things are ooparts. A Gold Thread Workmen quarrying stone near the River Tweed below Rutherford, Scotland in 1844, found a piece of gold thread embedded in the rock of the quarry eight feet below ground level. A small piece of the...
  • Medieval Calculator Up For Grabs

    04/03/2008 5:16:39 PM PDT · by blam · 28 replies · 92+ views
    Nature ^ | 4-3-2008 | Philip Ball
    Medieval calculator up for grabsUK museum seeks cash to keep a rare astrolabe in public hands. Philip Ball The British Museum needs £350,000 to secure this astrolabe. The fate of a fourteenth-century pocket calculator is hanging in the balance between museum ownership and private sale. The device is a brass astrolabe quadrant that opens a new window on the mathematical and astronomical literacy of the Middle Ages, experts say. It can tell the time from the position of the Sun, calculate the heights of tall objects, and work out the date of Easter. Found in 2005, the instrument has captivated...
  • Coast-2-Coast AM Saturday Sept 26th -Mysterious Artifact (Antikythera mechanism)

    09/25/2009 4:12:01 PM PDT · by Perdogg · 42 replies · 1,467+ views
    Science journalist and author Jo Marchant will discuss the century-long quest to understand the purpose of a mysterious Greek artifact buried beneath the sea for 2,000 years.
  • Shocking Discovery: a PC in B.C.? (Antikythera Mechanism)

    05/02/2009 6:23:53 PM PDT · by Maelstorm · 50 replies · 2,778+ views ^ | April, 30,2009 | By Roger Koskela
    A little more than a century ago, in the year 1900, some Aegean sponge divers stopped on the barren Greek islet of Antikythera, between Crete and Greece, to seek shelter from a fierce storm. After things had calmed, they continued diving in the relatively shallow waters nearby and happened upon an ancient Roman shipwreck that contained confiscated Greek treasures of bronze and marble statues, jewelry, glassware and even a bronze throne. Also among the artifacts was what appeared to be a corroded lump of rock that, for some unknown reason, was dumped into a crate during the 10-month salvage recovery...
  • Secrets of Antikythera Mechanism, world's oldest calculating machine, revealed

    07/31/2008 8:14:49 PM PDT · by bruinbirdman · 9 replies · 147+ views
    The Times ^ | 7/30/2008
    The secrets of the worlds oldest calculating machine are revealed today, showing that it had dials to mark the timing of eclipses and the Olympic games. Ever since the spectacular bronze device was salvaged from a shipwreck after its discovery in 1900 many have speculated about the uses of the mechanical calculator which was constructed long before the birth of Christ and was one of the wonders of the ancient world. The dictionary sized crumbly lump containing corroded fragments of what is now known to be a marvellous hand cranked machine is known as the 'Antikythera Mechanism' because it was...
  • Discovering How Greeks Computed in 100 B.C.

    07/31/2008 8:35:20 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 33 replies · 162+ views
    New York Times ^ | Thursday, July 31, 2008 | John Noble Wilford
    The Antikythera Mechanism, sometimes called the first analog computer, was recovered more than a century ago in the wreckage of a ship that sank off the tiny island of Antikythera, north of Crete. Earlier research showed that the device was probably built between 140 and 100 B.C. Only now, applying high-resolution imaging systems and three-dimensional X-ray tomography, have experts been able to decipher inscriptions and reconstruct functions of the bronze gears on the mechanism. The latest research has revealed details of dials on the instrument's back side, including the names of all 12 months of an ancient calendar. In the...
  • Astronomy Picture of the day

    12/05/2006 3:55:20 AM PST · by sig226 · 12 replies · 512+ views
    NASA ^ | 12/5/06 | Wikipedia
    The Antikythera Mechanism Credit & Copyright: Wikipedia Explanation: What is it? It was found at the bottom of the sea aboard an ancient Greek ship. Its seeming complexity has prompted decades of study, although many of its functions remained unknown. Recent X-rays of the device have now confirmed the nature of the Antikythera mechanism, and discovered several surprising functions. The Antikythera mechanism has been discovered to be a mechanical computer of an accuracy thought impossible in 80 BC, when the ship that carried it sunk. Such sophisticated technology was not thought to be developed by humanity for another 1,000...
  • In search of lost time (Antikythera Mechanism)

    11/29/2006 6:54:37 PM PST · by neverdem · 15 replies · 921+ views
    Nature ^ | 29 November 2006 | Jo Marchant
    The ancient Antikythera Mechanism doesn't just challenge our assumptions about technology transfer over the ages — it gives us fresh insights into history itself.
  • Enigma of ancient world's computer is cracked at last

    11/29/2006 8:07:20 PM PST · by ConservativeMind · 9 replies · 506+ views ^ | Nov, 29, 2006 | AFP
    A 2,100-year-old clockwork machine whose remains were retrieved from a shipwreck more than a century ago has turned out to be the celestial super-computer of the ancient world. Using 21st-century technology to peer beneath the surface of the encrusted gearwheels, stunned scientists say the so-called Antikythera Mechanism could predict the ballet of the Sun and Moon over decades and calculate a lunar anomaly that would bedevil Isaac Newton himself. Built in Greece around 150-100 BC and possibly linked to the astronomer and mathematician Hipparchos, its complexity was probably unrivalled for at least a thousand years, they say. "It's beautifully designed....
  • Scientists Unravel Mystery of Ancient Greek Machine

    11/29/2006 3:44:39 PM PST · by Redcitizen · 42 replies · 1,934+ views
    Live Science ^ | Wed Nov 29, 1:25 PM ET | Ker Than
    Scientists have finally demystified the incredible workings of a 2,000-year-old astronomical calculator built by ancient Greeks. A new analysis of the Antikythera Mechanism [image], a clock-like machine consisting of more than 30 precise, hand-cut bronze gears, show it to be more advanced than previously thought—so much so that nothing comparable was built for another thousand years. "This device is just extraordinary, the only thing of its kind," said study leader Mike Edmunds of Cardiff University in the UK. "The design is beautiful, the astronomy is exactly right…In terms of historical and scarcity value, I have to regard this mechanism as...
  • An Ancient Computer Surprises Scientists (2200yo Roman computer!)

    11/29/2006 11:41:47 AM PST · by Alter Kaker · 103 replies · 3,225+ views
    New York Times ^ | November 29, 2006 | JOHN NOBLE WILFORD
    A computer in antiquity would seem to be an anachronism, like Athena ordering takeout on her cellphone. But a century ago, pieces of a strange mechanism with bronze gears and dials were recovered from an ancient shipwreck off the coast of Greece. Historians of science concluded that this was an instrument that calculated and illustrated astronomical information, particularly phases of the Moon and planetary motions, in the second century B.C. The Antikythera Mechanism, sometimes called the world’s first computer, has now been examined with the latest in high-resolution imaging systems and three-dimensional X-ray tomography. A team of British, Greek and...
  • Ancient calculator was 1,000 yrs ahead of its time

    11/29/2006 11:17:09 AM PST · by freedom44 · 72 replies · 2,258+ views
    Reuters ^ | 11/28/06 | Reuters
    LONDON (Reuters) - An ancient astronomical calculator made at the end of the 2nd century BC was amazingly accurate and more complex than any instrument for the next 1,000 years, scientists said on Wednesday. The Antikythera Mechanism is the earliest known device to contain an intricate set of gear wheels. It was retrieved from a shipwreck off the Greek island of Antikythera in 1901 but until now what it was used for has been a mystery. Although the remains are fragmented in 82 brass pieces, scientists from Britain, Greece and the United States have reconstructed a model of it using...
  • Kurzweil featured on new syndicated radio show "Science Fantastic" hosted by Michio Kaku

    04/14/2006 6:50:53 AM PDT · by Neville72 · 25 replies · 821+ views | 4/14/2006 | Staff
    Ray Kurzweil will be the first guest on theoretical physicist Dr. Michio Kaku's new ("Science Fantastic") radio show, which debuts on about 90 commercial radio stations nationwide Saturday April 15 at 5:00 - 8:00 p.m., Eastern, 2:00 - 5:00 p.m. Pacific. The show is syndicated on Talk Radio Network. Kaku, the co-founder of string field theory, holds the Henry Semat Chair in Theoretical Physics at the City Univ. of New York and is the author of two international best-sellers, Hyperspace and Visions: How Science Will Revolutionize the 21st Century, and Parallel Worlds. The interview covers the Singularity, merger with intelligent...
  • Secret Handshake

    03/06/2004 12:43:01 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 226 replies · 5,295+ views
    FreeRepublic ^ | Saturday, March 6, 2004 A.D. | SunkenCiv
    I'd been here a couple of months, and had begun to worry about handling all the threads. Sooooo, today I grabbed all of the pages by source, grabbed the tables of links to posts to and from me, and sorted them (the easy way, well, as easy as it gets) alpha instead of chrono. Please, don't tell me that there's a way to do that automatically, or my brain will hurt.
  • Strange stories, weird facts

    01/17/2004 5:37:13 PM PST · by djf · 76 replies · 62,315+ views
    Yahoo groups ^ | 1999 | John Braungart
    Over the years, I have tried to collect info about odds and ends that don't fit into the standard ideas and theories about how things came to be. Doing some googling this morning, I bumped into this set of data and thought I'd post it for other Freepers amusement and comments. My own personal research related to possible pole shifts ("The HAB Theory", Alan Eckert, 1976, based on the work of Hugh Auchincloss Brown), has uncovered alot of facts that even if they do not end up supporting a pole shift dynamic, show that things are very much different from...
  • Unearthing the Treasures of the Mediterranean

    07/09/2005 2:56:13 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies · 634+ views
    Skin Diver ^ | February 2000 | Isabelle Croizeau
  • Were Greeks 1,400 years ahead of their time?

    06/07/2006 3:58:41 PM PDT · by aculeus · 89 replies · 2,191+ views
    The Scotsman ^ | June 7, 2006 | EBEN HARRELL
    FOR decades, researchers have been baffled by the intricate bronze mechanism of wheels and dials created 80 years before the birth of Christ. The "Antikythera Mechanism" was discovered damaged and fragmented on the wreck of a cargo ship off the tiny Greek island of Antikythera in 1900. Advert for The Scotsman Digital Archive Now, a joint British-Greek research team has found a hidden ancient Greek inscription on the device, which it thinks could unlock the mystery. The team believes the Antikythera Mechanism may be the world's oldest computer, used by the Greeks to predict the motion of the planets. The...
  • The Antikythera Mechanism (Computer - 56BC)

    04/30/2006 7:21:04 PM PDT · by blam · 34 replies · 1,447+ views
    Economist ^ | 9-19-2002
    The Antikythera mechanism The clockwork computer Sep 19th 2002 From The Economist print edition An ancient piece of clockwork shows the deep roots of modern technology WHEN a Greek sponge diver called Elias Stadiatos discovered the wreck of a cargo ship off the tiny island of Antikythera in 1900, it was the statues lying on the seabed that made the greatest impression on him. He returned to the surface, removed his helmet, and gabbled that he had found a heap of dead, naked women. The ship's cargo of luxury goods also included jewellery, pottery, fine furniture, wine and bronzes dating...
  • The Antikythera Mechanism: Physical and Intellectual Salvage from the 1st Century B.C.

    08/14/2004 3:01:21 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 39 replies · 1,380+ views
    The Antikythera mechanism was an arrangement of calibrated differential gears inscribed and configured to produce solar and lunar positions in synchronization with the calendar year. By rotating a shaft protruding from its now-disintegrated wooden case, its owner could read on its front and back dials the progressions of the lunar and synodic months over four-year cycles. He could predict the movement of heavenly bodies regardless of his local government's erratic calendar. From the accumulated inscriptions and the position of the gears and year-ring, Price deduced that the device was linked closely to Geminus of Rhodes, and had been built on...
  • Did The Ancient Greeks Make A Computer?

    11/01/2003 9:21:03 AM PST · by Holly_P · 96 replies · 2,361+ views
    An Article | 1977 | Lionel Casson
    ....At the western entrance to the Aegean Sea, midway between the islands of Crete and Kythera, rises little Antikythera. It was off that island in 1900 that a sponge diver found, on the bottom, the wreck of an ancient ship loaded with statues, amphorae and other objects. ....This wreck was the first great under water find of modern archaeology. It yielded not only a rich hoard of art treasures but an astonishingly sophisticated scientific instrument. But while the marble and bronze statues and the pottery were recognized at once as the work of Greek artisans around the time of Christ,...