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Keyword: dietandcuisine

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  • European Ice Age Hunters Ate Wolf Meat, Say Scientists

    05/31/2020 7:57:03 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 34 replies
    Science in Poland ^ | May 21, 2020 | Szymon Zdzieblowski
    "Some marks were left by Palaeolithic hunters when removing skins, but there are also those that can be associated only with dividing the carcass into smaller portions." He added: "Bones of herbivores usually dominate within human settlements from this period, because they were probably more eagerly consumed. "But it seems understandable that in the case of hunting a wolf, discarding meat was a considerable loss, especially during periods of lower availability of food. Therefore, it seems that all parts of the predators' body were used." In Pavlov, in addition to the remains of small and medium-sized predatory animals, researchers also...
  • Brewing beer may be an older craft than we realized in some places

    05/21/2020 7:06:24 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    Science News ^ | May 7, 2020 | Maria Temming
    Microscopic signatures of malting could help reveal which prehistoric people had a taste for beer. Ancient beer is difficult to trace, because many of beer’s chemical ingredients, like alcohol, don’t preserve well (SN: 9/28/04). But a new analysis of modern and ancient malted grain indicates that malting’s effects on grain cell structure can last millennia. This microscopic evidence could help fill in the archaeological record of beer consumption, providing insight into the social, ritual and dietary roles this drink played in prehistoric cultures, researchers report online May 7 in PLOS ONE. Malting, the first step in brewing beer, erodes cell...
  • Beer could stop bones going brittle

    09/06/2009 11:11:51 PM PDT · by Paleo Conservative · 64 replies · 1,822+ views
    The Telegraph ^ | 8:23AM BST 12 Aug 2009 | Ben Leach
    Beer could stop bones going brittle Drinking beer regularly could stop bones from going brittle, according to scientists in Spain. A study found that the bones of women who drink beer regularly are stronger, making them less likely to suffer from osteoporosis. It is thought that the high level of silicon in beer slows down the thinning that leads to fractures and boosts the formation of new bone, the journal Nutrition reports. Beer is also rich in phytoestrogens, plant versions of oestrogen, which keep bones healthy. Bones are made up of a mesh of fibres, minerals, blood vessels and marrow,...
  • New technique delivers complete DNA sequences of chromosomes inherited from mother and father

    05/19/2020 9:31:27 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    University of Adelaide ^ | May 7 2020 | Cathy Parker
    An international team of scientists led by the University of Adelaide's Davies Research Centre has shown that it is possible to disentangle the DNA sequences of the chromosomes inherited from the mother and the father, to create true diploid genomes from a single individual. In a report published in Nature Communications, and funded by the Davies Research Centre over the past 15 years, the researchers have shown that genomes of two important modern-day cattle breeds, Angus (Bos taurus taurus) and Brahman (Bos taurus indicus), can be completely decoded from a single hybrid individual carrying the genetics of both breeds, using...
  • This Shrub Is Quickly Becoming the Favorite Superfood of Doomsday Preppers

    05/18/2020 8:17:30 PM PDT · by Jayster · 42 replies
    Vice ^ | April 6, 2015 | Max Cherney
    ​Doomsday survivalists have over the years have earned a reputation for stockpiling medical supplies, guns and ammo—essentially gathering whatever resources and expertise necessary for self-sufficiency in the event of the apocalypse. That ethos has now drawn a group of survivalists that call themselves preppers to an unlikely superfood that's just beginning to take hold in North America: moringa. Moringa Oleifera is an unassuming shrub that grows in hot, dry tropical climates around the globe, and is prized for its high level of nutrients—especially protein. "The biggest reason is because it is a great food source," David Wentworth, who publishes,...
  • Falcon Heights temporarily bans front yard vegetable gardens

    05/18/2020 4:11:54 PM PDT · by Slainte · 39 replies
    Bring me the News ^ | 05/18/20 | Adam Uren
    It comes after a resident launched an effort to open a community garden. The City of Falcon Heights has imposed a temporary ban on front yard vegetable planting after efforts by a local resident to create a community vegetable garden for the summer. Quentin Nguyen was shocked last week when a letter arrived advising him that the city council had passed a temporary ordinance prohibiting vegetable gardens from being placed in front yards of residential homes. Nguyen had launched his effort to create a community vegetable garden on the front yard of his family home in April, creating a GoFundMe...
  • Humans Created Earliest Modern Artifacts in Europe, Research Shows

    05/17/2020 1:15:56 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    Science News ^ | May 12, 2020 | News Staff / Source
    In 2015, a research team led by archaeologists from the National Archaeological Institute of Bulgaria and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology resumed work at Bacho Kiro Cave with the goals of clarifying the chronology and the biological nature of the makers of the artifacts. The researchers uncovered thousands of animal bones, stone and bone tools, beads and pendants and the remains of five human individuals... Using a state-of-the-art technology called Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry (ZooMS), they identified human bone fragments and concluded that they were at least 45,000 years old -- a period coinciding with the arrival of...
  • Rare Butchery Scene Found in 30,000-year-old Rock Art in India

    04/30/2020 7:30:28 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies
    Haaretz ^ | Thursday, April 30, 2020 | Ruth Schuster
    Rock shelter No. 6, where the unfortunate ungulate and its innards were depicted, was the richest in art of the sites newly explored. It had 76 paintings, many of animals and people, as well as a flower and some sort of bird. "The bird figure found at Maser is similar to a crane or a saurus, but it is faded and difficult to identify," Shaik says. There are other images too eroded to identify at all. The deer with legs akimbo and stylized innards was painted together with one human figure bearing a bow and arrows walking toward it, and...
  • London pottery finds reveal Shoreditch agricultural past: Radiocarbon test of early Neolithic remains can pinpoint dates to a human life span 5,500 years ago

    04/17/2020 9:47:59 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies
    The Guardian (UK) ^ | Wed 8 Apr 2020 | Dalya Alberge
    It is perhaps best-known for its hipsters, but long before Shoreditch became avant garde, it was a place of agriculture and farmers according to evidence from a radiocarbon dating technique that has revealed details about Neolithic London. The technique proved that the most significant early Neolithic pottery discovered in London is 5,500 years old. It reveals for the first time that the city's prehistoric inhabitants led a less mobile, farming-based lifestyle than their hunter-gathering forebears. The research, published in Nature, reveals that an area around Shoreditch High Street was once populated by farmers herding their livestock across a once-green landscape....
  • Crops were cultivated in regions of the Amazon '10,000 years ago' [8,000 BC]

    04/17/2020 9:05:19 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 37 replies
    BBC ^ | 8 April 2020 | Matt McGrath
    An international team found that during this period, crops were being cultivated in a remote location in what is now northern Bolivia. The scientists believe that the humans who lived here were planting squash, cassava and maize. The inhabitants also created thousands of artificial islands in the forest. The end of the last ice age, around 12,000 years ago, saw a sustained rise in global temperatures... Researchers have previously unearthed evidence that crops were domesticated at four important locations around the world. So China saw the cultivation of rice, while in the Middle East it was grains, in Central America...
  • 10 pioneer-era apple varieties, thought extinct, found in Pacific Northwest

    04/15/2020 11:59:45 AM PDT · by Artemis Webb · 85 replies
    Los Angeles Times ^ | 4/14/20 | AP
    PORTLAND, Ore. — A team of retirees who scour the remote ravines and windswept plains of the Pacific Northwest for long-forgotten pioneer orchards has rediscovered 10 apple varieties that were believed to be extinct — the largest number ever unearthed in a single season by the nonprofit Lost Apple Project. The Vietnam veteran and former FBI agent who make up the nonprofit recently learned of their tally from last fall’s apple sleuthing from expert botanists at the Temperate Orchard Conservancy in Oregon, where all the apples are sent for study and identification. The apples positively identified as previously “lost” were...
  • The "Stoned Ape" Hypothesis Might Explain Extraordinary Leap in Evolution

    04/05/2020 12:27:49 PM PDT · by wildbill · 49 replies
    Inverse via Pocket ^ | 4/5/2020 | Sarah Sloat
    EVeryone knows the standard explanation of evolution but the rapid jump from Homo Erectus to Homo Sapiens has no satisfactory answers. A more radical interpretation of these events involves the same animals, dung, and plants but also includes psychedelic drugs. In 1992, ethnobotanist and psychedelics advocate Terence McKenna argued in the book Food of the Gods that what enabled Homo erectus to evolve into Homo sapiens was its encounter with magic mushrooms and psilocybin, the psychedelic compound within them, on that evolutionary journey. He called this the Stoned Ape Hypothesis. McKenna posited that psilocybin caused the primitive brain’s information-processing capabilities...
  • Bone analyzes tell about kitchen utensils in the Middle Ages [copper]

    03/28/2020 8:19:25 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies
    University of Southern Denmark, SDU ^ | March 17, 2020 | Birgitte Svennevig
    Clay pots? Wooden spoons? Copper pots? Silver forks? What materials has man used for making kitchen utensils throughout history? A new study now sheds light on the use of kitchen utensils made of copper... The research team has analyzed bones from 553 skeletons that are between 1200 and 200 years old. They all come from nine, now abandoned cemeteries in Jutland, Denmark and Northern Germany. The skeletons are today kept at Schloss Gottorf in Schleswig, Germany and at the University of Southern Denmark... It is different with the high concentrations of copper now revealed to have been ingested by our...
  • Stone Age Seafood-Based Diet Was Full Of Toxic Metals

    03/09/2020 1:43:27 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 65 replies
    Forbes ^ | Leap Day, February 29, 2020 | David Bressan
    In 2015, researchers reported that cod caught off the North American coast around 6,500 years ago by Stone Age hunter-gatherers contained more than 20 times the levels of mercury recommended for humans today... They analyzed the chemical composition of bones of animals, like Atlantic cod and harp seals, disposed of in ancient garbage pits, and so preserved to this day. Both species were among the main ingredients in the diet of the local people, even if the early hunter-gatherers, based on cut marks found on the bones, also successfully hunted for haddock, whale, dolphin, reindeer and beaver. The analyzed bones...
  • Patty from the Past: Ancient Romans 'invented the beef burger' -- and this is their 3,500-year-old recipe

    03/08/2020 9:53:08 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 135 replies
    Sun UK ^ | March 4, 2020 | Charlotte Edwards
    What you may consider to be a quintessentially American invention is actually mentioned in an ancient Roman cookbook called Apicius. The text was written by an unknown author sometime between the late 4th and 5th century AD and contains lots of recipes. One of those recipes describes a dish called 'Isicia Omentata'. It details how a cook should use minced meat, pepper, pine nuts and a rich fish-based sauce and form them all into a patty shape. This Roman delicacy looks very similar to modern day burgers once cooked. The Romans are also credited for being big users of 'fast...
  • Israeli researchers grow new date plants from 2,000-year-old seeds: Six saplings sprout from ancient kernels gathered at Judean archaeological sites; scientists hope to pollinate female plants and produce fruit

    02/08/2020 10:55:42 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 23 replies
    Times of Israel ^ | February 6, 2020 | Stuart Winer and Sue Surkes
    Israeli researchers revealed Wednesday that they successfully grew extinct date plants from ancient seeds found at archaeological sites in the Judean Desert. Dozens of seeds were gleaned from archaeology collections gathered at locations in the dry Dead Sea area, including the Masada hilltop fortress built by King Herod the Great in the first century BCE and the ancient site of Qumran, famous for the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls in the 1940s. Six saplings grew from 32 seeds sown and the plants have been dubbed Adam, Jonah, Uriel, Boaz, Judith, and Hannah... Radiocarbon dating revealed the seeds used for...
  • Earliest roasted root vegetables found in 170,000-year-old cave dirt

    02/04/2020 9:26:50 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 23 replies
    New Scientist ^ | January 2, 2020 | Journal reference: Science
    Charred fragments found in 170,000-year-old ashes in a cave in southern Africa are the earliest roasted root vegetables yet found. The finding suggest the real "paleo diet" included lots of roasted vegetables rich in carbohydrates, similar to modern potatoes. "I think people were eating a very balanced diet, a combination of carbohydrates and proteins," says team leader Lyn Wadley of the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa. In 2016, her team found dozens of bits of charcoal in an ash layer in the Border cave in South Africa. This ash layer is what is left from the fires of...
  • Waking up on climate change: Farm yields keep shattering records

    01/17/2020 5:57:01 AM PST · by Rebelbase · 22 replies ^ | 1/3/20 | James Taylor
    U.S. and global crop production continue to set new records, even as climate activists ramp up a campaign to convince people that climate change is decimating crop production and forcing farmers out of business. A prominent propaganda campaign is being presented by Politico. Politico in October published an article titled, “‘I’m standing right here in the middle of climate change’: How USDA is failing farmers.” On December 9, Politico followed up with an article titled, “How a closed-door meeting shows farmers are waking up on climate change.” The October article claimed “American farmers are reeling” from extreme weather caused by...
  • Ocasio-Cortez warns of damage to crops due to warm temperatures in January (only 11.07 years left)

    01/14/2020 3:41:09 AM PST · by Libloather · 41 replies
    The Hill ^ | 1/13/20 | ARIS FOLLEY
    Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.) is warning of potential damage to crops and the high food prices that could follow after the New York metropolitan area saw record high temperatures this past weekend. “It hit ~70° in NY,” Ocasio-Cortez tweeted on Sunday night. “In January. This weather at this time of year can be very risky for local farmers & families they serve.” “If certain crops germinate/flower prematurely & a freeze follows, crops could fail or drop in yield. When food supply drops, prices rise,” she continued, while adding the hashtag #ClimateCrisis. Her post came in response to another tweet sent...
  • Plants Emit Ultrasonic ‘Screams’ When Stressed: Study

    01/07/2020 12:08:38 PM PST · by Red Badger · 84 replies
    The Epoch Times ^ | Updated: December 10, 2019 | By Isabel van Brugen
    Some plants emit a high frequency distress sound when they are placed under environmental stress, a team of researchers at Tel Aviv University in Israel has found. The team, led by Itzhak Khait, examined the sounds emitted by tomato and tobacco plants when stressed by insufficient water or when their stems are cut. Microphones recorded ultrasonic sounds between 20 and 100 kilohertz emitted by the plants in both cases, the study found. The sounds emitted by the stressed plants are at frequencies unable to be heard by humans, however the team of scientists believes “some organisms” can hear the sounds...