Free Republic 3rd Quarter Fundraising Target: $88,000 Receipts & Pledges to-date: $27,455
Woo hoo!! And the first 31% is in!! Thank you all very much!! God bless.

Keyword: eln

Brevity: Headers | « Text »
  • US Indicts 4 Colombia ELN Rebels for 2000 Kidnapping

    11/13/2013 1:45:17 AM PST · by Cindy · 2 replies
    LATIN AMERICA HERALD TRIBUNE ^ | November 8, 2013 | n/a
    SNIPPET: "WASHINGTON – Four members of a violent guerilla organization were indicted on Friday on conspiracy and hostage-taking charges stemming from the kidnapping of more than 60 people in Colombia in 2000, including three United States nationals."
  • Ecuadorian Caught Smuggling Explosives into Colombia

    09/15/2010 2:10:25 AM PDT · by Cindy · 3 replies
    LATIN AMERICA HERALD TRIBUNE ^ | September 1, 2010 | n/a
    SNIPPET: "BOGOTA – Colombian authorities detained an Ecuadorian man who crossed the border with 25 kilos (55 pounds) of explosives officials say were meant for the small ELN rebel group. The smuggler, Antonio Peña Perugachi, was arrested in Tuquerres, a village in the southern border province of Nariño. He was carrying 50 packets of pentolite, a high-power explosive, destined for a unit of the National Liberation Army, or ELN, police said in a communique."
  • FARC rebels seek 'political solution' to Colombia conflict

    08/23/2010 4:27:19 PM PDT · by jazusamo · 8 replies · 1+ views
    The Washington Times ^ | August 23, 2010 | Benjamin Birnbaum
    Marxist rebels' open letter asks South American body to facilitate peace talksColombia's largest insurgent group asked the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) to help resolve the country's decades-old political struggle in a open letter published Wednesday. "Although the government of Colombia has closed the door to dialogue with the insurgency spurred on by the mirage of a military victory and Washington's interference, we want to convey to the Union of Nations of the South, UNASUR, our unyielding determination to seek a political solution to the conflict," said the letter from the communist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), published...
  • Venezuela's Chavez: Friend Of Terrorists (Not surprising)

    03/02/2010 5:27:33 PM PST · by Kaslin · 7 replies · 301+ views ^ | March 2, 2010 | INVESTORS BUSINESS DAILY Staff
    War: A Spanish court has charged Venezuela with collaborating in a terrorist plot to assassinate President Alvaro Uribe of Colombia. That's an attempt on a top U.S. ally, and calls for a hard response. If it's not predator-drone time, it's time to name Venezuela as a state sponsor of terror. What came to light Monday isn't the first time Venezuela's Hugo Chavez has been caught aiding terrorists, but it may well be the most egregious. Spanish Judge Eloy Velasco named a Venezuelan government official as a key link between 12 FARC and ETA terrorists who were indicted in a 2003...
  • Venezuelan War Plans

    12/03/2009 4:53:49 AM PST · by ErnstStavroBlofeld · 15 replies · 906+ views
    The Strategy Page ^ | 12/02/2009 | The Strategy Page
    The situation in neighboring Venezuela is going from strange to foreboding. President Hugo Chavez has been unsuccessful in getting the voters to make him president for life, but he has used his presidential powers to replace thousands of key officials with people selected mainly for their loyalty to Hugo Chavez. Since the government controls so much of the economy (mainly because of the oil industry), this has had disastrous results. There are increasing power blackouts, and an increasing number of state employees are not getting paid, or paid on time. There are increasing shortages of consumer goods. There is growing...
  • Colombian Football Team 'Killed' [Bodies Dumped In Venezuelan Border]

    10/24/2009 10:01:37 PM PDT · by Steelfish · 14 replies · 1,427+ views
    BBC News ^ | October 24th 2009
    Colombian Football Team 'Killed' By Will Grant BBC News, Caracas At least 10 bodies - believed to be those of a kidnapped Colombian football team - have been found across the border in Venezuela. The bodies, with multiple gunshot wounds, were found in Tachira. One of the team is reported to have survived. State authorities say they suspect a left-wing Colombian guerrilla group, the ELN, is to blame for the deaths. The team, kidnapped two weeks ago, was known as Los Maniceros or Peanut Men, as they sold nuts along the border. The Venezuelan authorities say they are still investigating...
  • ...Indicted for Two Separate Hostage Takings of U.S. Citizens in 1999 and 2003

    12/08/2008 3:21:25 PM PST · by Cindy · 2 replies · 220+ views
    US ^ | December 8, 2008 | n/a
    December 8, 2008 Note: The following text is a quote: Colombian Terror Organization Leader Indicted for Two Separate Hostage Takings of U.S. Citizens in 1999 and 2003 WASHINGTON - A federal grand jury in the District of Colombia has indicted Carlos Marin Guarin, also known as "Pablo," also known as Gustavo Anibal Giraldo Quinchia, a high-ranking member of the terrorist group the National Liberation Army (in Spanish the "Ejercito De Liberacion Nacional," or "ELN" for short), in connection with two separate hostage takings of United States citizens which took place in Colombia in 1999 and 2003, U.S. Attorney Jeffrey...
  • Colombian Rebels Find Haven in Venezuela

    02/26/2008 10:22:01 AM PST · by Tailgunner Joe · 1 replies · 49+ views
    EL CRUCE, Venezuela (AP) — Leftist rebels fighting Colombia's U.S.-backed military have increasingly found refuge in Venezuela, where they get weapons, food, medical treatment and a smuggling route for the cocaine that keeps them afloat. Former rebels, local citizens and Colombian officials told The Associated Press that hundreds or even thousands of Colombian insurgents are in Venezuela at any given time. Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, who last month publicly recognized the rebels as "insurgent forces," denies directly supporting them. He blames Colombia for failing to police their 1,370-mile border. But former rebels say the two main Colombian rebel groups, the...
  • Colombia rebels target US trade pact at peace talks

    05/22/2007 4:28:11 PM PDT · by Kitten Festival · 1 replies · 314+ views
    Reuters ^ | 22 May 2007 | Staff
    HAVANA, May 22 (Reuters) - Colombia's second largest guerrilla movement said on Tuesday it would agree to a cease-fire if the government dropped a free-trade pact signed in November with the United States. Setting new conditions for peace, the National Liberation Army (ELN) also demanded a freeze of all privatization of state companies, including the Cartagena oil refinery and 20 percent of the state oil company ECOPETROL. A cease-fire is the major stumbling block in the peace talks, which began 17 months ago in Havana in a bid to end the Cuban-inspired guerrilla insurgency begun in 1964 by radical students...
  • Mullah Chávez A look at the blossoming of Iranian and Venezuelan "brotherhood."

    10/20/2005 6:07:45 PM PDT · by Tailgunner Joe · 10 replies · 470+ views
    Weekly Standard ^ | 10/20/2005 | Thomas Joscelyn
    ON SEPTEMBER 24 the International Atomic Energy Agency passed a resolution that, in part, called on Iran "to observe fully its commitments and to return to the negotiating process that has made good progress in the last two years." The resolution is just the latest chapter in the ongoing dispute over Iran's nuclear programs, but a look at the votes cast by the IAEA's members reveals a great deal about the international landscape: Of the IAEA's 35 board members, 22 voted in favor of the resolution, 12 abstained (including Russia, which is heavily invested in Iran's nuclear programs), and one...
  • Confirmed that ex-chief of DAS died in a "Granda-style" operation [Venezuela]

    05/03/2005 3:52:33 PM PDT · by marron · 3 replies · 361+ views
    Bogotá. The ex-chief of the Colombian secret police Jorge Enrique Díaz, murdered two weeks ago in Venezuela, had crossed the border to arrest a guerrilla with the National Liberation Army, ELN, according to Cambio magazine. The weekly magazine said that Díaz, ex-director of the Administrative Department of Security (DAS, secret police) in Cúcuta, apparently attempted to arrest on Venezuelan soil Ramiro Vargas, an ELN leader, according to Efe. Díaz was found dead and with signs of torture April 17 near La Fría along with Sargent José Celis and another soldier who has not been identified. "The idea was to capture...
  • The 'Cubanization' of Latin America -- John Bolton's concerns about Castro are being legitimized

    04/29/2005 6:10:24 AM PDT · by OESY · 30 replies · 780+ views
    Wall Street Journal ^ | April 29, 2005 | MARY ANASTASIA O'GRADY
    ...My Venezuelan contact assured me that there is evidence of infiltration in the Ecuadoran armed forces. He also told me that Chávez envisions an axis of power linking Brasilia, Montevideo and Buenos Aires. As it is, these populist governments aren't much for standing on principle and anything anti-Yanqui scores cheap domestic points; some may even aspire to Venezuelan-style authoritarianism. But it is also possible that cooperation with Chávez is part survival technique to ward off his use of bullying militants. ...[T]he revolution must necessarily "break the spine of democracy in the region. That is Colombia." Colombians are specifically worried about...
  • The Chavez regime spends over USD 2 billion in military equipment...

    02/22/2005 4:28:07 PM PST · by alekboyd · 4 replies · 305+ views
    Vcrisis ^ | 22.02.05 | Ernesto Ecarri
    The Venezuelan government plans to buy military equipment for USD 2 billion. The exact amount is still unknown, but negotiations are ongoing. The Venezuelan state will pay USD 400 million for 100,000, model AK-103 and AK-104 Russian rifles, according to the Spanish firm Análisis e A similar amount will involve the purchase of 33 choppers. During a visit to Venezuela last November 2004, representatives of Russian exporter Rosoboronexport explained that in 2005, a total of 20 choppers, model MI17B5 and 13, model MI35M (10 assault aircrafts and 3 logistic planes) would be delivered.
  • Damaging evidence of FARC - Venezuela's Chavez link

    01/23/2005 4:37:51 AM PST · by alekboyd · 1 replies · 303+ views
    Vcrisis ^ | 23.01.05 | Aleksander Boyd
    London 23.01.05 | Yesterday morning I listened to what appears to be a VHF communication, although it has been reported as a telephone conversation, between FARC leaders Juan Santrich and Jorge Tivieras. Radio Caracol of Colombia reports that Tivieras is thought to be the international liaison chief of a guerrilla front with seat in Caracas, Venezuela's capital. Tivieras gives account to Santrich about 41 credentials that he has obtained for an equal number of guerrilla members to assist and participate in the officialy sponsored Bolivarian congress held in Caracas on December 6-9 2004. Furthermore Tivieras states that he is in...
  • Feliz Año Nuevo, Mi Colombia Querida

    01/01/2005 7:29:00 PM PST · by stevejackson · 14 replies · 1,264+ views
    Leftist “militants” ushered in the new year in Colombia in true form: Members of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) murdered 17 peasants, including 6 women and 4 children, who were gathered to celebrate New Year’s Eve. When I say “true form,” I mean FARC was practicing the art that the extreme left has mastered, perhaps invented: terrorism. On this New Year’s Eve, the FARC was proving it believes the “end justifies the means,” as it is the grotesque, disfigured child of Lenin, Stalin, Mao, and, yes, even Hitler -- remember, he was a National Socialist (Nazi). FARC is...
  • Colombian rebels abduct Catholic bishop

    07/26/2004 12:42:53 PM PDT · by Tailgunner Joe · 2 replies · 220+ views
    AP ^ | July 26, 2004 | JAVIER BAENA
    BOGOTA, Colombia -- Colombia's smaller leftist rebel group kidnapped a Catholic bishop but planned to set him free bearing a political message for the government, church officials said Monday. Monsignor Fabian Marulanda, secretary-general of the Bishop's Conference, said Misael Vaca Ramirez, the Bishop of Yopal, was taken by members of the National Liberation Army, or ELN, on Sunday near the town of Morcote, 220 miles northeast of the capital, Bogota. He said the ELN had informed the church that Vaca Ramirez would be released unharmed at an unspecified date with a message for the government. ELN leaders have been trying...
  • EU blacklists Colombian rebels

    04/05/2004 1:49:29 PM PDT · by knighthawk · 6 replies · 156+ views
    News24 ^ | April 05 2004
    Brussels - The European Union has added Colombian rebel group the National Liberation Army (ELN) to its terrorist blacklist, officials said on Monday. The decision, which entails the freezing of the Cuban-inspired group's assets in Europe, was confirmed in the EU's Official Journal, which published the updated list. The ELN is the third Colombian group to be included on the list since 2002, after the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia and the right-wing United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia. Spanish Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar has pressed hard for the ELN to be added to the list, which now comprises 26...
  • Latin America in Crisis: The Final Dominoes Fall

    03/30/2004 12:48:20 PM PST · by Tailgunner Joe · 13 replies · 288+ views ^ | March 19, 2004 | Phil Brennan
    See part one of series, Castro's Power Grows, and map of dictator's influence. Part two: Brazil Shifts Left, Considers Nuclear Option. Part three: Venezuela Falls Into Castro's Orbit. In this final part of the series we examine the unfolding of the new pro-Castro alliance that stretches from his island gulag to Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia and Ecuador. Colombia: For some years Colombia has been the target of Marxist narcoterrorists who finance their drive to take over the government and install a communist regime by operating a huge and multibillion-dollar drug operation. The guerrillas, known as FARC, have murdered thousands of...
  • The rebel army led by ex-priests that lives off ransom money

    01/14/2004 4:38:00 PM PST · by Tailgunner Joe · 1 replies · 261+ views
    Telegraph ^ | 07/01/2004 | Jeremy McDermott
    The National Liberation Army (ELN) was born in the aftermath of the victory of Fidel Castro and Ernesto "Che" Guevara in Cuba and its first cadres trained under them before launching their guerrilla war in Colombia in 1964. Today the 4,000-strong rebel army, with its ally and larger cousin the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Farc), controls 40 per cent of the country. Unlike the Farc, the ELN is strapped for cash and relies on kidnapping to gather funds necessary to continue its 40-year revolutionary war. In the past three years the ELN has kidnapped more than 2,500 people, many...
  • Clashes in Colombia's countryside kill 40

    12/31/2003 1:50:00 PM PST · by Tailgunner Joe · 3 replies · 132+ views
    Reuters ^ | 31 Dec 2003
    At least 40 people were killed in rural Colombia after Marxist rebels launched an attack against right-wing paramilitary outlaws who are holding peace talks with the government, police said on Wednesday. It was one of the heaviest death tolls in months among illegal armed groups fighting in Colombia's four-decade war. The clashes took place on Tuesday near the village of San Pablo, 200 miles (320 km) north of the capital when leftist rebels from the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia and the smaller National Liberation Army attacked a camp of right-wing paramilitaries. Paramilitaries, vigilante groups which target rebels and often...
  • Colombia's Child Guerrillas

    12/25/2003 2:18:04 PM PST · by Tailgunner Joe · 2 replies · 143+ views
    United Press International ^ | 12/24/2003 | Martin Arostegui
    An estimated 11,000 Colombian children are celebrating Christmas among the country's guerrilla forces, says a report by Human Rights Watch. Girls and boys as young as 12 are forced to conduct executions, engage in combat operations, assemble anti-personnel mines or become concubines of middle-aged commanders in what is one of the most tragic side dramas of South America's longest-running civil conflict. The two-year study based on interviews with more than 100 minors who have surrendered to authorities or been captured by Colombia's security services concludes that one out of every four guerrilla fighters is under the age of 18. Despite...
  • Marxist rebels hail tourist kidnap success

    12/01/2003 2:18:42 AM PST · by Tailgunner Joe · 1 replies · 109+ views
    Reuters ^ | 28 Nov 2003 | William Parra
    Colombian rebels who kidnapped seven foreign backpackers in September have hailed it as a propaganda victory and said they aim to free their remaining five young hostages soon. "This has been one of the best political operations we have carried out for years in the northern coast of Colombia," said Dairo Martinez, a local commander of the National Liberation Army, or ELN, in an interview with Reuters in the Sierra Nevada mountains. His face covered by a red-and-black ELN bandanna, Martinez spoke to Reuters on Monday, soon after rebels freed Reinhilt Weigel, who is German, and Spaniard Asier Huegun. Because...
  • Right-wing Fighters lay down arms - Marxist Rebels (FARC) kill long time hostage

    11/26/2003 1:38:03 AM PST · by Cincinatus' Wife · 1 replies · 246+ views
    Houston Chronicle/ yahoo.comnews ^ | November 26, 2003 | JUAN PABLO TORO
    MEDELLIN, Colombia -- Hundreds of right-wing militia fighters surrendered their guns Tuesday in a ceremony heralded by the government as a step toward peace but denounced by critics as a show that lets killers, kidnappers and drug peddlers off the hook. Gathered inside Medellin's convention center, the 855 members of the Cacique Nutibara bloc sang the national anthem, then laid their rifles, ammunition belts and camouflage shirts in piles on the floor. Government peace commissioner Luis Carlos Restrepo called the disarmament a significant move toward finally ending Colombia's four-decade war. But Wende Gozan of Amnesty International in New York said...
  • Marxist Colombian Rebels (ELN) Admit to Kidnapping of Britons, Israelis

    09/29/2003 3:01:38 PM PDT · by Tailgunner Joe · 9 replies · 162+ views
    AP ^ | Sep 29, 2003 |
    The second-largest rebel group in Colombia said Monday it was holding seven foreign backpackers kidnapped this month from an archaeological site in the mountains. It was the first claim of responsibility for the abduction. The National Liberation Army, known as the ELN, did not make any demands in its statement, but said it was open to negotiations "to find a solution." The group, which along with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, has been battling the Colombian government for four decades, also condemned the military operation under way to hunt for the kidnapped tourists. It warned President Alvaro...
  • Colombia Plans to Ease Penalties for Right-Wing Death Squads

    09/15/2003 1:13:06 AM PDT · by Cincinatus' Wife · 8 replies · 260+ views
    New York Times ^ | September 15, 2003 | JUAN FORERO
    BOGOTÁ, Colombia, Sept. 14 - President Álvaro Uribe, who enjoys strong public support for vowing to bring order to Colombia, is proposing a law that would effectively grant impunity to right-wing death squads that lay down their arms. Many Colombians support Mr. Uribe, whose approval rating is 65 percent, because of his reputation as an uncompromising wartime president determined to win Colombia's 39-year conflict. But his legislation, backed by the Bush administration, faces serious objections from even his allies. It is Mr. Uribe's first significant political challenge since taking office 13 months ago. The proposed law would allow militiamen from...
  • Colombia's leftist rebels unite against government–Cuban trained ELN; Marxist FARC

    08/27/2003 4:39:32 AM PDT · by Cincinatus' Wife · 8 replies · 466+ views
    Christian Science Monitor ^ | August 27, 2003 | Rachel Van Dongen
    BOGOTÁ, COLOMBIA - Just as momentum is building for President Alvaro Uribe's push to end Colombia's four-decade civil war, the country's two main leftist rebel groups have renewed their efforts to stop him. The 17,000-member Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the 5,000-member National Liberation Army (ELN) publicly declared on Monday that they had joined forces in their war against the government. Until the declaration, the ELN was thought to be amenable to a possible peace deal. The declaration comes at a time when Mr. Uribe is engaged in peace talks with right-wing paramilitaries and has proposed granting alternative...
  • 6 dead as 2 bombs detonate - Colombian rebel alliance

    08/25/2003 5:21:09 AM PDT · by Cincinatus' Wife · 6 replies · 384+ views
    Houston Chronicle ^ | August 25, 2003 | Reuters
    BOGOTA, Colombia -- At least six people were killed, including a 6-year-old boy, and 28 more wounded Sunday when two bombs ripped through a crowded riverboat in central Colombia, the army said. Clashes erupted between anti-government rebels and troops who arrived to rescue the injured. Authorities blamed the attack on rebels of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, also known as FARC, a Marxist peasant army that has been fighting the government for four decades. Meanwhile, rebel sources said Colombia's two leftist rebel groups have agreed to form a military alliance and will step up attacks against the government of...
  • General Myers Travels South to Discuss War on Terror With Colombian Leaders

    08/11/2003 8:04:55 PM PDT · by Tailgunner Joe · 1 replies · 153+ views
    American Forces Press Service ^ | Aug. 11, 2003 | Jim Garamone
    Joint Chiefs Chairman Air Force Gen. Richard B. Myers began a three-day visit to South and Central American Aug. 11 by highlighting the successes leaders here have achieved in the war on terrorism. While in Colombia the chairman will meet with Colombian President Alvaro Uribe, who celebrated a year in office Aug. 7. Uribe has aggressively sought to re-establish the government in rebel-held areas and has pursued three narcoterrorist factions. The chairman will also meet with Defense Minister Martha Lucia Ramerez and Gen. Jorge Mora, the Colombian Chief of Defense. The relationship between the United States and Colombia has changed....
  • Latest News From Latin America - Venezuela, Ecuador and Brazil Soft on Terrorism

    04/05/2003 5:59:01 PM PST · by Tailgunner Joe · 3 replies · 534+ views ^ | April 3, 2003 | Tiana Perez
    Venezuela No Longer a Reliable Oil Partner April 3, 2003: It seems that the basis of Venezuelan-U.S. relations, oil and democracy, has faded with the promise of oil in Iraq. The plea for democratic reforms in Venezuela has not been enough for an increased presence of the U.S. The U.S. has been careful in mediating the stalled negotiations between the opposition and the government. The opposition calls for a constitutional amendment that would reduce the president’s and Congress’s term from six to four years, and the government has promised only to accept a referendum on the president’s tenure, doomed to...
  • Workers World Party, “anti-war” protests, and Leftist Allegiance with Iraq and Islamic Terrorists

    02/16/2003 12:24:03 PM PST · by Brian_Baldwin · 6 replies · 470+ views
    opinion | 02/16/2003 | opinion
    The Workers World Party, predominant in “anti-war” protests, and the Leftist Allegiance with Iraq and Islamic Terrorists On 11 February, 2003, a massive car bomb blew up in a Bogota, Colombia, night club that tore threw bodies of 162 people, the bomb technicians from the US Bureaus of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (working under agreement with Colombian authorities) at work at the scene and the government has accused FARC communist rebels of planting it. The Colombian government, already weak and threatened by the cocaine drug cartels, faces two Left-wing groups which are openly supported in Europe and USA by the...
  • Latest News From Venezuela and Latin America: Marxist Mayhem in Colombia, Brazil

    02/02/2003 4:00:10 PM PST · by Tailgunner Joe · 7 replies · 1,636+ views ^ | Jan. 31, 2003 | Tiana Perez
    Marxist Mayhem in Colombia Jan. 31: One of the three main terrorist groups operating in Colombia, Cuban-inspired National Liberation Army (ELN), kidnapped Ruth Morris and Scott Dalton, L.A. Times journalists on assignment in the eastern province of Arauca. ELN announced Tuesday that the two would be freed only after International Red Cross and other amnesty organizations gave due attention to their version of the facts. Colombian President Alvaro Uribe, however, refused today to meet the Marxists' demands to halt military offensives during the handoff. Foreign reporters used to work under tacit protection by the terrorist groups allowing them to freely...
  • More Facts Uncovered in Chavez - Al Qaeda Collaboration

    01/05/2003 9:39:18 AM PST · by shanec · 42 replies · 5,516+ views
    Militares Democraticos ^ | 1/5/03 | By Luis Garcia, in Miami
    More Facts Uncovered in Chavez - Al Qaeda Collaboration Major Juan Diaz Castillo:Planned $1M support forAl Qaeda, then defected By Luis Garcia, in Miami Whistle-blower Major Juan Diaz Castillo, pilot of the Venezuelan Airforce One, revealed more details of how president Hugo Chavez supported Al Qaeda in the aftermath of 9/11. In statements to the press in Miami Saturday, the defector shed new light on the terrorist support network recently uncovered in the highest level of the Venezuelan government. Major Juan Diaz Castillo, Chavez's personal pilot, was assigned the job of planning the delivery of the $1 million collaboration to...

    10/10/2001 10:44:22 AM PDT · by Dqban22 · 14 replies · 2,648+ views
    Institute for Cuban & Cuban-American Studies | September 2001 | Eugene Pons
    "Iran and Cuba, in cooperation with each other, can bring America to its knees. The U.S. regime is very weak, and we are witnessing this weakness from close up." Fidel Castro, during his tour of Iran, Syria and Libya. Agence France Press, May 10, 2001 CASTRO AND TERRORISM, A CHRONOLOY by Eugene Pons with a foreword by Jaime Suchlicki Institute for Cuban &Cuban-American Studies Occasional Paper Series September 2001 FOREWORD Since 1948 when, as a young student, Fidel Castro participated in the violence that rocked Colombian society and distributed anti-U.S. propaganda, he has been guided by two objectives: a commitment ...