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Keyword: germs

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  • Significance of Fomites in the Spread of Respiratory and Enteric Viral Disease

    09/09/2014 5:03:08 AM PDT · by Covenantor · 29 replies
    ASM Applied and Environmental Microbiology ^ | 2014 | Stephanie A. Boone* and Charles P. Gerba Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Science, Univer
    Reference article about fomites and spread of viruses in offic enclosed environments. Long technical article. Pertains to enteric and Norovirus among others. Short version via MailOnline available here: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2748351/Why-really-need-wash-hands-work-Infections-spread-office-door-handle-half-workforce-just-two-HOURS.html (Snip) Study found between 40 and 60 per cent of office contaminated in two hours Pushing buttons in lifts and touching phones spread infection quickest  Disinfectant wipes and regularly washing hands is best way to kill germs   Infections can spread from an office door handle to half the workforce in just two hours, new research has found.  Using tracer viruses, a study found as much as 60 per cent of...
  • Hospitals see surge of superbug-fighting products

    04/29/2013 7:03:19 AM PDT · by bgill · 6 replies
    AP ^ | April 29, 2013 | Mike Stobbe
    In U.S. hospitals, an estimated 1 in 20 patients pick up infections they didn't have when they arrived, some caused by dangerous 'superbugs' that are hard to treat... Machines that resemble "Star Wars" robots and emit ultraviolet light or hydrogen peroxide vapors. Germ-resistant copper bed rails, call buttons and IV poles. Antimicrobial linens, curtains and wall paint. While these products can help get a room clean, their true impact is still debatable. There is no widely-accepted evidence that these inventions have prevented infections or deaths.
  • Flush With Germs: Lidless Toilets Spread C Difficile

    01/11/2012 12:04:59 AM PST · by Pining_4_TX · 31 replies · 1+ views
    Medscape Today ^ | 12/29/11 | Jenni Laidman
    Put a lid on it. That is the conclusion of research examining the amount of Clostridium difficile that flies into the air and contaminates surrounding surfaces with the flush of a lidless toilet. The investigation, published online December 2 in the International Journal of Hospital Infection, is the work of E. L. Best from the Microbiology Department, Old Medical School, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds Teaching Hospital National Health Service Trust, United Kingdom, and colleagues. Using fecal suspensions of C difficile, the researchers measured airborne suspension of the bacteria in addition to surface contamination by the bacteria after flushing of both...
  • New Superbug Found in Cows and People

    06/02/2011 5:26:28 PM PDT · by neverdem · 6 replies
    ScienceNOW ^ | 2 June 2011 | Jocelyn Kaiser
    A novel form of deadly drug-resistant bacteria that hides from a standard test has turned up in Europe. Researchers found the so-called MRSA strain in both dairy cows and humans in the United Kingdom, suggesting that it might be passed from dairies to the general population. But before you toss your milk, don't panic: The superbug isn't a concern in pasteurized dairy products. MRSA, short for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, is a drug-resistant form of the widespread and normally harmless S. aureus bacteria. Many people walk around with MRSA in their noses or on their skin yet don't get sick. But...
  • N.Y. Law Would Ban Docs From Wearing Ties to Reduce Germs

    05/05/2011 10:40:13 AM PDT · by massmike · 43 replies
    foxnews.com ^ | 05/05/2011 | n/a
    Some New York lawmakers are proposing a law that would prohibit doctors from wearing neckties while working. The proposal quotes a study that shows bacteria may build-up on neckties and lead to infection.
  • TSA’s “Pat Downs” Pose Disease Risk

    11/27/2010 1:04:11 PM PST · by John Semmens · 29 replies
    A Semi-News/Semi-Satire from AzConservative ^ | 27 November 2010 | John Semmens
    The Transportation Security Administration’s “pat down” protocol may spread communicable diseases. While TSA officers do wear rubber gloves when touching air travelers’ genitals and anal cavities they do not dispose of the used gloves between checking other passengers. “The purpose of the gloves is to protect our officers from coming into direct contact with a traveler’s skin,” said TSA chief John Pistole. “This protects against the transmission of fungus, parasites, bacteria, and viruses between the officer and the prospective airline passenger.” While the barrier may block transmission of pathogens between inspectors and passengers, the failure to change gloves between each...
  • Reusable Grocery Bags Breed Bacteria : Tests Confirm Risk Of Illness

    09/27/2010 2:05:03 PM PDT · by george76 · 51 replies · 1+ views
    Call7 ^ | September 27, 2010 | Theresa Marchetta
    Marchetta could not find anyone who regularly cleaned their reusable bags. Marchetta brought the lab results to Dr. Michelle Barron, the infectious disease expert at the University of Colorado Hospital. "Wow. Wow. That is pretty impressive," said Barron. Barron examines lab results for a living. "Oh my goodness! This is definitely the highest count," Barron commented while looking at the bacteria count numbers. She admitted she was shocked at what was found at the bottom of the bags. "We're talking in the million range of bacteria," she said. Marchetta used swabs provided by a local lab to test several grocery...
  • People leave unique trail of germs

    03/16/2010 3:42:41 AM PDT · by JoeProBono · 17 replies · 372+ views
    reuters ^ | Mar 15, 2010
    People leave more than fingerprints when they touch stuff -- they also deposit a tell-tale trail of germs that could help investigators solve crimes, U.S. researchers reported on Monday. They were able to map a unique bacterial genetic signature left by nine different people, and said this germy DNA lasted though day-to-day temperature changes, humidity and sunlight..... "Each one of us leaves a unique trail of bugs behind as we travel through our daily lives," Noah Fierer, a researcher at the University of Colorado at Boulder who led the study, said in a statement.
  • COUGH ETIQUETTE

    11/12/2009 7:28:40 PM PST · by SWAMPSNIPER · 4 replies · 486+ views
    SWAMPSNIPER PRESS ^ | Nov 12, 2009 | swampsniper
    Stop spreading nasty germs! CLICK THE LINK
  • Deep Inside Bacteria, a Germ of Human Personality

    09/08/2009 1:20:40 PM PDT · by OldNavyVet · 17 replies · 1,115+ views
    Wall Street Journal ^ | 8 September 2009 | Gautam Naik
    Bacteria are the oldest living things on earth, and researchers have long felt that they must lead dull, unfussy lives. New discoveries are starting to show just how wrong that notion is. For a simple, single-cell creature, a bacterium is surprisingly social. It can communicate in two languages. It can tell self from nonself, friend from foe. It thrives in the company of others. It spies on neighbors, spreads misinformation and even commits fratricide. "Really, they're just stripped-down versions of us," says Bonnie Bassler, microbial geneticist at Princeton University, who has spent two decades peeking at the inner lives of...
  • BEACHES NOT FOR GERM-a-PHOBES

    09/18/2008 2:04:54 PM PDT · by mick · 15 replies · 198+ views
    The Tico Times ^ | September 18,2008 | By Leland Baxter-Neal
    Beaches Not for Germ-a-Phobes By Leland Baxter-Neal Tico Times Staff | lbaxter@ticotimes.net Some of the Pacific coast's most popular beaches are dangerously polluted with sewage runoff, according to a broad study by the Costa Rican Water and Sewer Institute (AyA). Water samples taken Aug. 13 show the beaches of Playas del Coco, Playa Tambor and Jacó are hazardous to human health as a result of elevated levels of fecal matter in the ocean.
  • Sleep Deprivation for Germs

    04/27/2008 9:11:44 PM PDT · by neverdem · 9 replies · 117+ views
    ScienceNOW Daily News ^ | 21 April 2008 | Martin Enserink
    Enlarge ImageScience of sleep. The scientists used fluorescent proteins--green and red in these images--to determine whether E. coli bacteria were active.Credit: Gefen et al., PNAS 105 (22 April 2008) Most antibiotics kill only microbes that are growing and multiplying, leaving untouched a select few that are hibernating. A new study suggests that a dose of the right nutrients can awaken these bacteria for just long enough to kill them with antibiotics. If the strategy works in humans, it might provide a more effective way to treat persistent diseases such as tuberculosis and urinary-tract infections. During infections, bacteria may slow...
  • Britain In Grip Of Norovirus As Cases Hit 3m

    01/11/2008 6:10:20 PM PST · by blam · 35 replies · 225+ views
    The Telegraph (UK) ^ | 1-12-2008 | Rebecca Smith
    Britain in grip of norovirus as cases hit 3m By Rebecca Smith, Medical Editor Last Updated: 1:50am GMT 12/01/2008 Three million people have been struck down by the winter vomiting bug - with experts fearing that cases could rise through this month and next. The norovirus season began a month earlier than normal this winter. Cases of the bug increased rapidly, with more than 200,000 people a week now catching the infection, official figures claim. Those with symptoms are urged to engage in good hygiene to prevent the virus spreading further Hospitals struggling to cope have closed hundreds of wards...
  • Separating Friend From Foe Among the Body’s Invaders

    11/28/2007 7:21:19 AM PST · by Jabba the Nutt · 2 replies · 83+ views
    New York Times ^ | November 27, 2007 | ABIGAIL ZUGER, M.D.
    Even metaphorical wars can have flesh-and-blood casualties, and hospitals around the country are now tending to the victims of one of our fiercest. It is not so much that we are “losing” this particular war; simple notions of victory and defeat dropped away some time ago. Rather, locked in a spiral of costly and controversial escalations, we may have lost sight of who the enemy actually is.
  • Drug-Resistant Staph Germ's Toll Is Higher Than Thought

    10/17/2007 6:57:17 AM PDT · by zencat · 42 replies · 45+ views
    WashingtonPost.com ^ | 10/17/2007 | Rob Stein
    A dangerous germ that has been spreading around the country causes more life-threatening infections than public health authorities had thought and is killing more people in the United States each year than the AIDS virus, federal health officials reported yesterday.
  • Germs sent to space come back meaner, scientist reports

    09/25/2007 6:25:40 AM PDT · by Red in Blue PA · 23 replies · 49+ views
    CNN ^ | 9/25/2007 | CNN
    WASHINGTON (AP) -- It sounds like the plot for a scary B-movie: Germs go into orbit on a spaceship and come back stronger and deadlier than ever. But it really happened. The germ: Salmonella, best known as a culprit in food poisoning. The trip: Space shuttle mission STS-115, September 2006. The reason: Scientists wanted to see how space travel affects germs, so they took some along -- carefully wrapped -- for the ride. The result: Mice that were fed the space germs were three times more likely to get sick, and died more quickly, than mice fed identical germs that...
  • Summer of love: 40 years later - Hippie Hippie Shakedown: But where was love?

    06/17/2007 12:07:44 PM PDT · by DogByte6RER · 146 replies · 4,624+ views
    DailyNews.com ^ | 06/16/2007 | DAWN EDEN
    Summer of love: 40 years later Hippie Hippie Shakedown: But where was love? BY DAWN EDEN, Guest Columnist LA Daily News WHEN it comes to inappropriate names, "Summer of Love" has to be right up there with "Joy Division," the name the Nazis reportedly gave to the sections of concentration camps that housed the guards' sex slaves. For one thing, it was not just a summer event. The countercultural happening that swept through San Francisco and beyond began with an April1967 planning announcement by concert promoter Chet Helms, aka Family Dog, creating the "Council for the Summer of Love." It...
  • DNA Research With Terror Risk-Scientists Report Altering Bacterium To Make It More Infectious

    06/04/2007 9:41:14 PM PDT · by BGHater · 4 replies · 238+ views
    Washington Post ^ | 01 June 2007 | Rick Weiss
    Researchers in Germany reported Thursday that they had altered the DNA of a disease-causing bacterium so that it can infect a species it cannot normally sicken. Experts called the development a double-edged advance. Although the research could deepen scientists' understanding of human diseases, it also could speed development of novel bioterror agents. The change in infectiousness - the first of its kind ever engineered from scratch - poses no direct threat to human health, scientists said, because the microbe already causes a human disease - the food-borne illness called listeriosis. The change allows that microbe to sicken mice, a species...
  • Punk rocker arrested when soap bottle tests positive for drug (His old band's name,, GERMS)

    04/11/2007 10:03:12 AM PDT · by NormsRevenge · 90 replies · 1,713+ views
    A soap manufacturer is coming to the defense of a punk rocker who was jailed after his bottle of liquid peppermint cleanser tested positive for GHB, a date-rape drug. Germs drummer Don Bolles was arrested last week while on his way to an Alcoholics Anonymous meeting with his girlfriend. After police pulled the musician over for a broken taillight, they found a toiletry kit inside the vehicle containing denture glue, razors and a bottle of Dr. Bronner's Magic Soap. A field test of the soap indicated it was GHB, said Sgt. Evan Sailor of the Newport Beach Police Department. Bolles,...
  • Deadly germs take grim toll in hospitals

    03/04/2007 6:18:03 AM PST · by Dysart · 58 replies · 1,466+ views
    Star-Telegram ^ | 3-4-07 | JAN JARVIS
    The week before Christmas was filled with excitement for 6-year-old Macenzie and her mother, Lacie Simmons.They decorated the tree, shopped and put an inflatable snow globe in the yard. The festive mood ended abruptly Dec. 20 when Simmons collapsed in the hallway of her parents' Grand Prairie home. When the EMTs arrived, Macenzie clung to her mother."I just need to take care of my mom," she repeated as she patted her mother's arm. It was the last time she saw her mother alive."Her blood pressure bottomed out, her heart failed and that was it," said Lacie's mother, Renee Simmons.Within 26...
  • Women Have Germiest Offices(snack,makeup,...)

    02/16/2007 4:11:48 AM PST · by TigerLikesRooster · 23 replies · 617+ views
    CBS News ^ | 02/13/07
    Women Have Germiest Offices But Men's Wallets Germier Than Purses Feb 13, 2007 (WebMD) Women tend to have germier offices than men, according to a new study on office germs. The study comes from University of Arizona researchers Sheri Maxwell, BS, and Charles Gerba, PhD. It was funded by The Clorox Company. The researchers swabbed the offices of 59 women and 54 men in New York City, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Oregon, and Washington, D.C. They sampled eight sites in each office: the phone, desktop, computer mouse, computer keyboard, exclamation key on the computer keyboard, pen, bottom of desk drawer,...
  • New Approach Could Lower Antibiotic Requirements By 50 Times

    01/29/2007 10:05:00 AM PST · by blam · 4 replies · 417+ views
    Science Daily ^ | 1-29-2007 | Society Of Chemical Industry
    Source: Society of Chemical Industry Date: January 29, 2007 New Approach Could Lower Antibiotic Requirements By 50 Times Science Daily — Antibiotic doses could be reduced by up to 50 times using a new approach based on bacteriophages. Steven Hagens, previously at the University of Vienna, told Chemistry & Industry, the magazine of the SCI, that certain bacteriophages, a type of virus that infects bacteria, can boost the effectiveness of antibiotics gentamicin, gramacidin or tetracycline. It is the phages' ability to channel through bacterial cell membranes that boosts antibiotic effectiveness. 'Pseudomonas bacteria for example are particularly multi-resistant to antibiotics because...
  • Germs Found In Amber Lived With First Dinosaurs

    12/18/2006 3:43:14 PM PST · by blam · 38 replies · 1,183+ views
    National Geographic ^ | 12-13-2006 | Brian Henwerk
    Germs Found Trapped in Amber Lived With First Dinosaurs Brian Handwerk for National Geographic News December 13, 2006 Scientists have discovered a "microworld" of 220-million-year-old life trapped in tiny drops of ancient amber. The fossilized plant resin preserved bacteria, fungi, algae, and microscopic animals known as protozoans some 220 million years ago—the era when the very first dinosaurs began to appear. Surprisingly, these microscopic organisms look quite familiar to today's scientists. Alexander Schmidt and colleagues from the Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany, report that the microbes have undergone few or no physical changes since the Triassic period—from 245 million to...
  • Past may hold clue to future flu fight Secrets may be in blood of 1918 survivors

    10/05/2006 6:52:51 PM PDT · by Coleus · 38 replies · 847+ views
    Star Ledger ^ | 09.29.06 | CAROL ANN CAMPBELL
    People who lived during the 1918 influenza epidemic may hold secrets in their blood that could help fight a future pandemic, but finding them now is a race against time. People who were toddlers at the end of World War I -- when the epidemic swept the globe and killed 50 million -- are in their 90s now. Nearly a lifetime after the notorious outbreak, researchers are hoping those who lived through it will come forward and donate a vial of blood, which then will be analyzed for antibodies to the virus. In particular, a New Jersey researcher is seeking...
  • Psycho Dad on safety rampage

    09/25/2005 2:27:56 PM PDT · by T-Bird45 · 40 replies · 1,389+ views
    The Beacon News ^ | 9/25/05 | Denise Crosby
    The good news is, a doe-eyed cherub who has just learned to crawl came to visit last week from her home in Texas. The bad news is, she brought Psycho Dad with her. PD, formerly known as my oldest son, didn't always behave in a totally insane manner. Before the birth of the above mentioned baby, he was a perfectly normal 20-something male. Went too long in between haircuts. Never picked up his socks or put dishes in the dishwasher. And didn't care what toothbrush he used, so long as it had not been the one to clean around the...
  • BREAKING HARD: N.C. study: Germs can't fight soap, water - researchers test hand-washing methods

    03/13/2005 7:30:41 AM PST · by Libloather · 58 replies · 2,285+ views
    N.C. study: Germs can't fight soap, water Researchers test hand-washing methods The Associated Press Posted on Sat, Mar. 12, 2005 CHAPEL HILL, N.C. - Mom was right. A new study by infection-control specialists at UNC Hospitals confirms that the best way to get germs off your hands is with plain old soap and water. The researchers tested 14 hand-hygiene agents plus tap water against specific bacteria and viruses applied to the hands of 62 adult volunteers. Soap and water, or microbial soap and water, proved the most effective at removing viruses and bacteria. "Based on these findings, I'd put my...
  • The Next Worst Thing

    03/11/2004 3:41:47 PM PST · by A. Pole · 11 replies · 246+ views
    MotherJones.com ^ | March/April 2004 | Michael Scherer
    Is the federal government's expansion of biodefense research paving the way for the bioweapons of the future? It has been called a modern-day Manhattan Project—a spending spree so vast and rapid that it might change the face of biological science. In the wake of 9/11, the U.S. government is funding a massive new biodefense research effort, redirecting up to $10 billion toward projects related to biological weapons such as anthrax. The Pentagon's budget for chemical and biological defense has doubled; high-security nuclear-weapons labs have begun conducting genetic research on dangerous pathogens; universities are receiving government funding to build high-tech...
  • Biological terrors and potentials

    07/08/2003 10:50:06 PM PDT · by FairOpinion · 6 replies · 166+ views
    The Washington Times ^ | July 8, 2003 | Martin Schram
    <p>The most deadly and menacing attack using a weapon of mass destruction will not begin with a mushroom cloud overhead, horrific, yet instantly identifiable, as a nuclear strike. Nor will it begin with a panic in a subway below city streets, with people choking on a chemical that is unseen, yet unmistakably poisonous peril.</p>
  • C.I.A. Hunts Iraq Tie to Soviet Smallpox

    03/27/2003 7:16:02 PM PST · by vannrox · 45 replies · 1,599+ views
    SLATE reference to New Yourk Times Article ^ | Updated Friday, December 6, 2002, at 9:35 AM PT | By Jack Shafer
    December 3, 2002 C.I.A. Hunts Iraq Tie to Soviet SmallpoxBy JUDITH MILLER he C.I.A. is investigating an informant's accusation that Iraq obtained a particularly virulent strain of smallpox from a Russian scientist who worked in a smallpox lab in Moscow during Soviet times, senior American officials and foreign scientists say. The officials said several American scientists were told in August that Iraq might have obtained the mysterious strain from Nelja N. Maltseva, a virologist who worked for more than 30 years at the Research Institute for Viral Preparations in Moscow before her death two years ago. The information came to...
  • UN reveals chilling file on germ war arsenal

    03/07/2003 3:16:39 PM PST · by MadIvan · 122 replies · 416+ views
    The Times ^ | March 8, 2003 | James Bone
    A REPORT declassified yesterday by UN weapons inspectors gives a shocking account of the possible chemical and biological arsenal British and US forces could face in an invasion of Iraq. The 167-page paper, obtained by The Times, suggests that Iraq has huge remaining stockpiles of anthrax, may be developing new long-range missiles, and could still possess chemical and biological R-400 aerial bombs and Scud missiles, and even smallpox. Jack Straw, the Foreign Secretary, told his fellow Security Council foreign ministers that the document was a chilling read. Colin Powell, the US Secretary of State, read passages from the paper out...
  • Words of Wisdom About Gas, Germs, and Nukes

    02/20/2003 6:23:56 PM PST · by Salem · 16 replies · 456+ views
    The 2AMPD email list | 19, October 2001 | SFC Red Thomas, Armor Master Gunner
    Words of Wisdom About Gas, Germs, and Nukes By SFC Red Thomas, Armor Master Gunner U.S. Army (Ret) 10.19.01 Since the media have decided to scare everyone with predictions of chemical, biological, or nuclear warfare on our turf, I decided to write a paper and keep things in their proper perspective. I am a retired military weapons, munitions, and training expert. Lesson number one: In the mid 1990s there was a series of nerve gas attacks on crowded Japanese subway stations. Given perfect conditions for an attack, less than 10% of the people there were injured (the injured were better...
  • Produce 'washes' as effective as water

    01/01/2003 4:12:48 PM PST · by I_Love_My_Husband · 13 replies · 275+ views
    Napa News ^ | 1/1/03 | Don Thompson
    Produce 'washes' as effective as water Wednesday, January 1, 2003 By DON THOMPSON Associated Press Writer SACRAMENTO -- Commercially marketed "produce washes" that claim great efficiency in removing pesticide residue from vegetables are in fact not much more effective than plain tap water, according to a new study by University of California, Riverside, researchers. Robert Krieger, a toxicologist with the university's extension office, was intrigued reading advertising that such washes are as much as 10 times more effective than water -- claims he determined are a mathematical impossibility because water itself is so efficient. The research comes amid increased consumer...
  • U.S. sent Iraq germs in mid-'80s

    09/25/2002 12:42:34 PM PDT · by Jolly Rodgers · 88 replies · 1,158+ views
    The Buffalo News ^ | 9/23/2002 | DOUGLAS TURNER
    U.S. sent Iraq germs in mid-'80s By DOUGLAS TURNER News Washington Bureau Chief 9/23/2002 WASHINGTON - American research companies, with the approval of two previous presidential administrations, provided Iraq biological cultures that could be used for biological weapons, according to testimony to a U.S. Senate committee eight years ago. West Nile Virus, E. coli, anthrax and botulism were among the potentially fatal biological cultures that a U.S. company sent under U.S. Commerce Department licenses after 1985, when Ronald Reagan was president, according to the Senate testimony. The Commerce Department under the first Bush administration also authorized eight shipments of cultures...
  • Better Killing through Chemistry

    06/05/2002 3:42:40 PM PDT · by vannrox · 6 replies · 499+ views
    Scientific American ^ | FR Post 6-6-2 | by George Musser
    CHEMICAL WEAPONS ON THE WEB WHAT GOOD ARE GAS MASKS? ARE WE FOOLISH TO SPELL OUT THE INGREDIENTS OF SARIN? MORE EXPLORE FEATURES Better Killing through Chemistry Buying chemical weapons material through the mail is quick and easy by George Musser I was reading up on nuclear proliferation when our editorial assistant came by my office. "You’ve got a package downstairs," he said. I took the elevator to the lobby of our building, scribbled my signature on the invoice and carried my box upstairs. I then had all the material I needed to make sarin nerve gas. Image: Ryan...