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Keyword: neanderthal

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  • Neanderthals Made Leather-Working Tools from Bison and Aurochs Ribs

    05/19/2020 9:42:27 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    Science News ^ | May 11, 2020 | News Staff / Source
    Neanderthals selected rib bones from specific animals to make the lissoirs (French for 'smoothers'), which are bone tools that have been intentionally shaped and used on animal hides to make them softer and more water resistant, according to new research led by paleoanthropologists from the University of California, Davis. Scientists know that some Neanderthals produced bone tools. These include the discovery of five nearly identical fragments of lissoirs from two Paleolithic sites in southwest France: Pech-de-l'Azé I (Pech I) and Abri Peyrony. These specialized tools are often worn so smooth that it's impossible to tell which animal they came from...
  • Humans Created Earliest Modern Artifacts in Europe, Research Shows

    05/17/2020 1:15:56 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    Science News ^ | May 12, 2020 | News Staff / Source
    In 2015, a research team led by archaeologists from the National Archaeological Institute of Bulgaria and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology resumed work at Bacho Kiro Cave with the goals of clarifying the chronology and the biological nature of the makers of the artifacts. The researchers uncovered thousands of animal bones, stone and bone tools, beads and pendants and the remains of five human individuals... Using a state-of-the-art technology called Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry (ZooMS), they identified human bone fragments and concluded that they were at least 45,000 years old -- a period coinciding with the arrival of...
  • Britons '200,000 Years Earlier Than First Thought'

    12/24/2001 4:51:53 AM PST · by blam · 33 replies · 683+ views
    Ananova ^ | 12-21-2001
    Britons '200,000 years earlier than first thought' Man could have settled in Britain up to 200,000 years earlier than previously thought, according to new studies. Prehistorians had thought the predecessors of modern humans began living in Britain between 450,000 and 500,000 years ago. But recent discoveries in eastern and south western England suggest that is wrong, according to an article in the magazine New Scientist. Researchers working in conjunction with the Natural History Museum are basing their new theories on analysis of a flint axe and other tools found on the East Anglian coast and investigation of butchery marks ...
  • New DNA From A Neanderthal Bone Reveals Evidence Of A Lost Tribe Of Humans

    07/05/2017 10:18:36 AM PDT · by blam · 50 replies
    Business Insider - Science Alert ^ | 7-5-2017 | Mike McRae, ScienceAlert
    A femur discovered in a cave in southwestern Germany has provided researchers with firm evidence that a small population of humans left Africa and then vanished, long before the big migration that saw humans populate the globe. Signs of this mysterious early migration remained in the DNA of the Neanderthal who left the leg bone behind, revealing not only a previous tryst between the two hominin populations, but a sign that Neanderthals were far more diverse than we thoughtA team of scientists led by the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History and the University of Tübingen in...
  • Neandertals had older mothers and younger fathers

    04/25/2020 9:03:34 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 52 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | April 23, 2020 | Max Planck Society
    When the ancestors of modern humans left Africa 50,000 years ago they met the Neandertals. In this encounter, the Neandertal population contributed around two percent of the genome to present day non-African populations. A collaboration of scientists from Aarhus University in Denmark, deCODE Genetics in Iceland, and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, have conducted the most comprehensive study to date using data obtained from 27,566 Icelanders, to figure out which parts of our genomes contain Neandertal DNA and what role it plays in modern humans. Every person of non-African decent shares around two percent of...
  • The Discovery that Revealed Ancient Humans Navigated the Seas 130,000 Years Ago [2013]

    07/15/2016 10:47:46 AM PDT · by Fractal Trader · 49 replies
    Ancient Origins ^ | 25 October 2013 | John Black
    It was a few years ago that a Greek-American archaeological team made a startling discovery – they found the oldest indications of seafaring and navigation in the world, in an area called Plakia on Crete Island in Greece. It is an incredibly important discovery that is given little attention, despite the fact that it reached the top ten discoveries of 2010. Their research is forcing scholars to rethink the maritime capabilities of early human and pre-human cultures. The team of archaeologists were carrying out excavations in a gorge on the island of Crete when they discovered a Palaeolithic site in...
  • New artifacts suggest first people arrived in North America earlier than previously thought

    09/09/2019 5:35:16 PM PDT · by Openurmind · 69 replies
    Oregon state University ^ | August 29, 2019 | Michelle Klampe
    CORVALLIS, Ore. – Stone tools and other artifacts unearthed from an archaeological dig at the Cooper’s Ferry site in western Idaho suggest that people lived in the area 16,000 years ago, more than a thousand years earlier than scientists previously thought. The artifacts would be considered among the earliest evidence of people in North America. The findings, published today in Science, add weight to the hypothesis that initial human migration to the Americas followed a Pacific coastal route rather than through the opening of an inland ice-free corridor, said Loren Davis, a professor of anthropology at Oregon State University and...
  • Mastodon discovery shakes up understanding of early humans in the New World

    04/28/2017 2:04:28 AM PDT · by Godebert · 101 replies
    Science Daily ^ | 4/26/17 | San Diego Museum of Natural History
    An Ice Age site in San Diego, Calif., preserves 130,000-year-old bones and teeth of a mastodon that show evidence of modification by early humans. Analysis of these finds dramatically revises the timeline for when humans first reached North America, according to new research. The fossil remains were discovered by Museum paleontologists during routine paleontological mitigation work at a freeway expansion project site managed by the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans). The bones, tusks, and molars, many of which are sharply broken, were found deeply buried alongside large stones that appeared to have been used as hammers and anvils, making this...
  • Neanderthals In California? Maybe So, Provocative Study Says (Denisovians?)

    04/27/2017 10:42:29 AM PDT · by blam · 21 replies
    Times Republican ^ | 4-27-2017 | MALCOLM RITTER
    NEW YORK — A startling new report asserts that the first known Americans arrived much, much earlier than scientists thought — more than 100,000 years ago __ and maybe they were Neanderthals. If true, the finding would far surpass the widely accepted date of about 15,000 years ago. Researchers say a site in Southern California shows evidence of humanlike behavior from about 130,000 years ago, when bones and teeth of an elephantlike mastodon were evidently smashed with rocks. The earlier date means the bone-smashers were not necessarily members of our own species, Homo sapiens. The researchers speculate that these early...
  • Direct evidence of Neanderthal fibre technology and its cognitive and behavioral implications

    04/10/2020 2:53:52 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    Nature ^ | 09 April 2020 | B. L. Hardy, M.-H. Moncel, C. Kerfant, M. Lebon, L. Bellot-Gurlet & N. Mélard
    With a few exceptions such as the Schöningen spears and the recent finds of wooden tools at Pogetti Vecchi, almost all of our knowledge about the Middle Paleolithic comes from durable materials (bones and stone tools). We know from observations of our own surroundings, ethnographic and ethnohistoric accounts that most of the material culture of humans (and Neanderthals) is comprised of perishable materials... Obviously, differential preservation of materials contributes to this bias. Previously, researchers have demonstrated that the microenvironment immediately surrounding a stone tool can preserve microscopic fragments of what is otherwise invisible archaeologically. This is also true for the...
  • Stone Age Seafood-Based Diet Was Full Of Toxic Metals

    03/09/2020 1:43:27 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 65 replies
    Forbes ^ | Leap Day, February 29, 2020 | David Bressan
    In 2015, researchers reported that cod caught off the North American coast around 6,500 years ago by Stone Age hunter-gatherers contained more than 20 times the levels of mercury recommended for humans today... They analyzed the chemical composition of bones of animals, like Atlantic cod and harp seals, disposed of in ancient garbage pits, and so preserved to this day. Both species were among the main ingredients in the diet of the local people, even if the early hunter-gatherers, based on cut marks found on the bones, also successfully hunted for haddock, whale, dolphin, reindeer and beaver. The analyzed bones...
  • A Stunning Neanderthal Skeleton Was Just Unearthed at a Famous Burial Site

    02/18/2020 1:09:22 PM PST · by Red Badger · 44 replies
    www.sciencealert.com ^ | 18 FEB 2020 | MICHELLE STARR
    One of the most important archaeological sites for our understanding of Neanderthals is still disgorging its secrets. A new skeleton has been found in Shanidar Cave in Iraqi Kurdistan, and it's helping reveal how the Neanderthals dealt with their dead. Shanidar Cave is famous for what is known as the Flower Burial. Among 10 fragmentary Neanderthal skeletons unearthed there in the 1950s and 1960s, one was found with clumps of pollen mixed in with the surrounding dirt. This was interpreted as evidence that the bones - belonging to a man aged between 30 and 45 years - had been buried...
  • How did the last Neanderthals live?

    02/06/2020 12:07:41 PM PST · by Bob Ireland · 69 replies
    Archaeology via BBC Future ^ | January 29, 2020 | By Melissa Hogenboom
    In many ways, the last surviving Neanderthals are a mystery. But four caves in Gibraltar have given an unprecedented insight into what their lives might have been like. Forty thousand years ago in Europe, we were not the only human species alive – there were at least three others. Many of us are familiar with one of these, the Neanderthals. Fossil evidence shows that, towards the end, the final few were clinging onto survival in places like Gibraltar. In recognition of this, Gibraltar received Unesco world heritage status in 2016. ... "They weren't just surviving," the Gibraltar museum's director of...
  • Stone Tools Reveal Epic Trek of Nomadic Neanderthals

    02/04/2020 10:55:53 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 26 replies
    Heritage Daily ^ | January 2020 | Kseniya Kolobova, Maciej T. Krajcarz, Richard 'Bert' Roberts
    ...the Neanderthals who lived in Chagyrskaya Cave in southern Siberia around 54,000 years ago. Their distinctive stone tools are dead ringers for those found thousands of kilometres away in eastern and central Europe. The intercontinental journey made by these intrepid Neanderthals is equivalent to walking from Sydney to Perth, or from New York to Los Angeles, and is a rare example of long-distance migration by Palaeolithic people... Neanderthals are now believed to have created 176,000 year-old enigmatic structures made from broken stalactites in a cave in France, and cave art in Spain that dates back more than 65,000 years. They...
  • Modern Humans With African Ancestry Have More Neanderthal Genes Than We Thought

    01/31/2020 12:31:26 PM PST · by Red Badger · 55 replies
    www.sciencealert.com ^ | 31 JAN 2020 | MIKE MCRAE
    (Michael Brace/Flickr/CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) _____________________________________________________________ Deep inside our DNA lurks a legacy of lust and romance between estranged human bloodlines reconnecting on an epic journey around the globe. It now seems we might have been misreading key details in this erotic tale. A new method for analysing our genomes for traces of Neanderthal genes has revealed modern African populations – long assumed to be Neanderthal-free – also have a mixed heritage after all. "This is the first time we can detect the actual signal of Neanderthal ancestry in Africans," says geneticist Lu Chen from Princeton University in the US. "And...
  • A Gene Tied To Facial Development Hints Humans Domesticated Themselves

    01/26/2020 10:50:14 PM PST · by blam · 36 replies
    Science News Magazine ^ | 1-27-2020 | Tina Hesman Saey
    Called BAZ1B, it may also help explain why domesticated animals look cuter than their wild kin Domestic animals’ cuteness and humans’ relatively flat faces may be the work of a gene that controls some important developmental cells, a study of lab-grown human cells suggests. Some scientists are touting the finding as the first real genetic evidence for two theories about domestication. One of those ideas is that humans domesticated themselves over many generations, by weeding out hotheads in favor of the friendly and cooperative (SN: 7/6/17). As people supposedly selected among themselves for tameness traits, other genetic changes occurred that...
  • Neanderthals dived for shells to make tools, research suggests

    01/16/2020 4:47:28 PM PST · by blueplum · 35 replies
    The Guardian UK ^ | 15 Jan 2020 | Nicola Davis
    Neanderthals went diving for shells to turn into tools, according to new research, suggesting our big-browed cousins made more use of the sea than previously thought. The study focuses on 171 shell tools that were found in a now inaccessible coastal cave in central Italy, known as the Grotta dei Moscerini, which was excavated in 1949. Dating of animal teeth found within layers alongside the shell tools suggest they are from about 90,000 to 100,000 years ago – a time when only Neanderthals are thought to have been present in western Europe....(snip) ...The team reported another surprise: the discovery of...
  • Humans migrated from Europe to the Levant 40,000 years ago

    11/10/2019 5:43:46 AM PST · by Openurmind · 54 replies
    Science Daily ^ | November 5, 2019 | Tel Aviv University
    Who exactly were the Aurignacians, who lived in the Levant 40,000 years ago? Researchers from Tel Aviv University, the Israel Antiquities Authority, and Ben-Gurion University now report that these culturally sophisticated yet mysterious humans migrated from Europe to the Levant some 40,000 years ago, shedding light on a significant era in the region's history. The Aurignacian culture first appeared in Europe some 43,000 years ago and is known for having produced bone tools, artifacts, jewelry, musical instruments, and cave paintings. For years, researchers believed that modern man's entry into Europe led to the rapid decline of the Neanderthals, either through...
  • Neanderthal extinction linked to human diseases

    11/10/2019 5:39:36 AM PST · by Openurmind · 32 replies
    Science Daily ^ | Nov 7, 2019 | Stanford University
    In a new study published in the journal Nature Communications, Greenbaum and his colleagues propose that complex disease transmission patterns can explain not only how modern humans were able to wipe out Neanderthals in Europe and Asia in just a few thousand years but also, perhaps more puzzling, why the end didn't come sooner. "Our research suggests that diseases may have played a more important role in the extinction of the Neanderthals than previously thought. They may even be the main reason why modern humans are now the only human group left on the planet," said Greenbaum, who is the...
  • Found for the first time in the Peninsula an ornament with eagle talons from the Neanderthal Period

    11/03/2019 3:33:59 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | Friday, November 1, 2019 | University of Barcelona
    Eagle talons are regarded as the first elements used to make jewellery by Neanderthals, a practice which spread around Southern Europe about 120,000 and 40,000 years ago. Now, for the first time, researchers found evidence of the ornamental uses of eagle talons in the Iberian Peninsula... "Neanderthals used eagle talons as symbolic elements, probably as necklace pendants, from the beginnings of the mid Palaeolithic", notes Antonio Rodríguez-Hidalgo. In particular, what researchers found in Cova Foradada are bone remains from Spanish Imperial Eagle (Aquila Adalberti), from more than 39,000 years ago, with some marks that show these were used to take...