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Keyword: neanderthals

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  • Why tiny Neanderthal brains are now growing in petri dishes

    06/27/2018 1:36:25 PM PDT · by Oldeconomybuyer · 42 replies
    NBC ^ | June 27, 2018 | by Laura Geggel
    Scientists hope the pea-sized blobs can help explain the rise of modern humans. Neanderthals went extinct about 40,000 years ago, but thanks to cutting-edge science, there is now a lab in California that has petri dishes filled with pea-sized versions of the cavemen's brains. Why are researchers cultivating and studying these minibrains? The reason, they say, is that these small neural lumps may reveal why Neanderthals died out and Homo sapiens went on to conquer much of the planet. "Neanderthals are fascinating because they shared Earth with us, and there is now genetic evidence we actually bred with them," study...
  • A human fossil species in western Europe could be close to a million years old

    06/07/2018 7:13:23 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 28 replies
    phys.org ^ | June 7, 2018 | CORDIS
    Credit: Mathieu Duval ========================================================================= First direct dating of an early human tooth confirms the antiquity of Homo antecessor, western Europe's oldest known human fossil species. A previous find from the unit TD6 of Atapuerca Gran Dolina archaeological site in northern Spain has yielded more information about our early human lineage. An international team of researchers from Australia, China, France and Spain has conducted the first direct dating study of a fossil tooth belonging to Homo antecessor (H. antecessor), the earliest known hominin species identified in Europe. The study shows that H. antecessor probably lived somewhere between 772 000 and 949...
  • Are these Neanderthal etchings a long-lost message?

    05/16/2018 10:21:01 AM PDT · by ETL · 79 replies
    FoxNews.com/Science ^ | May 8, 2018 | Laura Geggel, Senior Writer | LiveScience
    A Neanderthal seems to have left a message etched in stone about 35,000 years ago, a new study finds. An analysis of the slanted, zigzag lines — engraved on a piece of flint discovered at a Neanderthal site in Crimea — reveals that they likely weren't made willy-nilly. Rather, the Neanderthal artist would have needed excellent fine motor skills and attention to detail to etch the lines, which may carry symbolic meaning, the researchers said. If this new interpretation is correct, the engraved piece of flint will join a growing list of artifacts showing that Neanderthals were likely complex beings...
  • Neandertals, Stone Age people may have voyaged the Mediterranean

    05/05/2018 9:08:13 PM PDT · by Theoria · 55 replies
    Science ^ | 24 April 2018 | Andrew Lawler
    WASHINGTON, D.C.—Odysseus, who voyaged across the wine-dark seas of the Mediterranean in Homer’s epic, may have had some astonishingly ancient forerunners. A decade ago, when excavators claimed to have found stone tools on the Greek island of Crete dating back at least 130,000 years, other archaeologists were stunned—and skeptical. But since then, at that site and others, researchers have quietly built up a convincing case for Stone Age seafarers—and for the even more remarkable possibility that they were Neandertals, the extinct cousins of modern humans. The finds strongly suggest that the urge to go to sea, and the cognitive and...
  • Found the oldest Neanderthal wooden tools in the Iberian Peninsula

    04/06/2018 4:46:23 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | April 4, 2018 | Centro Nacional de Investigacion sobre la Evolucion Humana
    Archaeological excavations at the Aranbaltza site in the Basque Country coast (Northern Spain) have revealed several episodes of neandertal occupations with preserved wooden remains... In 2015, the excavation revealed two very well preserved wooden tools, one of which is a 15 cm-long digging stick... The detailed analysis of this tool and the luminescence dating of the sediment that bears the wooden remains indicate that the objects were deposited around 90,000 years ago, and thus were made by neandertals. The Micro-CT analysis and a close examination of the surface have shown that a yew trunk was cut longitudinally into two halves....
  • Warts And All: Researchers Reconstruct Face Of Cro-Magnon Man

    04/01/2018 9:07:08 AM PDT · by blam · 27 replies
    Breitbart ^ | 4-1-2018 | AFP
    Paris (AFP) – Cro-Magnon man had a face covered in lumps including a large one on his forehead — likely benign tumours caused by a genetic disease, according to a team of French researchers in new findings published Friday. The skeleton of Cro-Magnon 1, a male Homo sapiens dating back 28,000 years, was discovered in 1868 in the Eyzies cave in France’s southwestern Dordogne region. To mark 150 years since the discovery of the bones, a team of researchers including anthropologist Philippe Charlier reexamined the remains. At the end of their investigation, “we proposed a new diagnosis: he had suffered...
  • A New Batch of Neanderthal Genome Provides Insights Into Their Complex History

    03/26/2018 3:35:09 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 51 replies
    Seeker ^ | Wednesday, March 21, 2018 | Jen Viegas
    People today of Native American, European, Asian, and North African heritage have Neanderthal DNA in their genomes, with percentages estimated between 1-4 percent. As a result, the majority of people alive today are related to these humans that, as a distinct population, are thought to have gone extinct 39,000-41,000 years ago. An international team of researchers led by scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology has just overcome the problem, allowing for whole genome sequencing of five Neanderthals who lived 39,000-47,000 years ago. The findings, reported in the journal Nature, provide important insights into Neanderthal history before and...
  • A close call of 0.8 light years [Nibiru?]

    02/22/2015 7:43:37 AM PST · by Red Badger · 38 replies
    Phys.Org ^ | Provided by University of Rochester
    A group of astronomers from the US, Europe, Chile and South Africa have determined that 70,000 years ago a recently discovered dim star is likely to have passed through the solar system's distant cloud of comets, the Oort Cloud. No other star is known to have ever approached our solar system this close - five times closer than the current closest star, Proxima Centauri. In a paper published in Astrophysical Journal Letters, lead author Eric Mamajek from the University of Rochester and his collaborators analyzed the velocity and trajectory of a low-mass star system nicknamed "Scholz's star." The star's trajectory...
  • Star Blasted Through Solar System 70,000 Years Ago

    02/18/2015 1:11:46 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 113 replies
    discovery.com ^ | Ian O'Neill
    Highlighted by astronomers at the University of Rochester and the European Southern Observatory, the star — nicknamed “Scholz’s star” — has a very low tangential velocity in the sky, but it has been clocked traveling at a breakneck speed away from us. In other words, from our perspective, Scholz’s star is fleeing the scene of a collision with us. “Most stars this nearby show much larger tangential motion,” said Eric Mamajek, of the University of Rochester. “The small tangential motion and proximity initially indicated that the star was most likely either moving towards a future close encounter with the solar...
  • A star disturbed the comets of the solar system 70,000 years ago

    03/20/2018 8:40:10 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 59 replies
    sciencedaily.com ^ | March 20, 2018 | FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology
    Scholz's star -- named after the German astronomer who discovered it -- approached less than a light-year from the Sun. Nowadays it is almost 20 light-years away, but 70,000 years ago it entered the Oort cloud, a reservoir of trans-Neptunian objects located at the confines of the solar system. ... Now two astronomers from the Complutense University of Madrid, the brothers Carlos and Raúl de la Fuente Marcos, together with the researcher Sverre J. Aarseth of the University of Cambridge (United Kingdom), have analyzed for the first time the nearly 340 objects of the solar system with hyperbolic orbits (very...
  • Compassion Helped Neanderthals To Survive, Study Reveals

    03/13/2018 11:05:35 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 28 replies
    University of York ^ | Tuesday, March 13, 2018 | Alistair Keely
    They have an unwarranted image as brutish and uncaring, but new research has revealed just how knowledgeable and effective Neanderthal healthcare was. The study, by the University of York, reveals that Neanderthal healthcare was uncalculated and highly effective -- challenging our notions that they were brutish compared to modern humans. The researchers argue that the care provided was widespread and should be seen as a "compassionate and knowledgeable response to injury and illness." It is well known that Neanderthals sometimes provided care for the injured, but new analysis by the team at York suggest they were genuinely caring of their...
  • Neanderthals Were Artistic Like Modern Humans, Study Indicates

    03/13/2018 10:41:28 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies
    Eurekalert! ^ | February 22, 2018 | University of Southampton
    A new study led by the University of Southampton and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology shows that paintings in three caves in Spain were created more than 64,000 years ago - 20,000 years before modern humans arrived in Europe. This means that the Palaeolithic (Ice Age) cave art - including pictures of animals, dots and geometric signs - must have been made by Neanderthals, a 'sister' species to Homo sapiens, and Europe's sole human inhabitants at the time. It also indicates that they thought symbolically, like modern humans. Published today in the journal Science, the study reveals how...
  • Wooden tools hint at fire use by early Neanderthals

    02/16/2018 9:34:56 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 21 replies
    Popular Archaeology ^ | Monday, February 05, 2018 | editors
    A study suggests that early Neanderthals in southern Tuscany may have used fire to manufacture wooden tools used for foraging. In 2012, excavations for constructing thermal baths at Poggetti Vecchi, nestled at the foot of a hill in Grosseto in southern Tuscany, turned up a trove of wooden implements and fossil bones of the straight-tusked elephant Palaeoloxodon antiquus. The site was radiometrically dated to the late Middle Pleistocene, around 171,000 years ago, when early Neanderthals inhabited the region. Biancamaria Aranguren and colleagues report that most of the wooden implements were hewn from boxwood branches and likely used as digging sticks....
  • New Fossil Found In Israel Suggests A Much Earlier Human Migration Out Of Africa

    01/26/2018 5:20:54 AM PST · by SMGFan · 30 replies
    npr ^ | January 25, 2018
    Archaeologists in Israel have discovered the oldest fossil of a modern human outside Africa. The fossil suggests that humans first migrated out of the continent much earlier than previously believed. The scientists were digging in a cave called Misliya, on the slopes of Mount Carmel on the northern coast of Israel. "The cave is one of a series of prehistoric caves," says Mina Weinstein-Evron of the Zinman Institute of Archaeology at the University of Haifa, who led the team. "It's a collapsed cave, but people lived there before it collapsed." The cave had been occupied for several hundred thousand years,...
  • Scientists discover oldest known modern human fossil outside of Africa

    01/25/2018 2:19:08 PM PST · by Red Badger · 20 replies
    phys.org ^ | 01/25/2018 | http://www.binghamton.edu/
    The left hemi-maxilla with teeth. Credit: Rolf Quam _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ A large international research team, led by Israel Hershkovitz from Tel Aviv University and including Rolf Quam from Binghamton University, State University of New York, has discovered the earliest modern human fossil ever found outside of Africa. The finding suggests that modern humans left the continent at least 50,000 years earlier than previously thought. "Misliya is an exciting discovery," says Rolf Quam, Binghamton University anthropology professor and a coauthor of the study. "It provides the clearest evidence yet that our ancestors first migrated out of Africa much earlier than we...
  • Ancient Eurasian DNA sequencing is revealing links with modern humans

    01/25/2018 11:51:25 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 18 replies
    phys.org ^ | 01/25/2018
    In a review published in the journal Trends in Genetics on January 25, scientists at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing discuss what we know about the genetics of ancient individuals from Eurasia (Europe and Western Asia) between 45,000-7,500 years ago. The authors summarized work that investigated the genomes of more than 20 ancients in the Eurasian family tree, including the 45,000-year-old Ust'-Ishim individual from Central Siberia... ..."But with the information from the several individuals available for ancient DNA sequencing we do have hints at interesting population structure, migration and interaction in East Asia." The researchers learned that in...
  • New DNA From A Neanderthal Bone Reveals Evidence Of A Lost Tribe Of Humans

    07/05/2017 10:18:36 AM PDT · by blam · 47 replies
    Business Insider - Science Alert ^ | 7-5-2017 | Mike McRae, ScienceAlert
    A femur discovered in a cave in southwestern Germany has provided researchers with firm evidence that a small population of humans left Africa and then vanished, long before the big migration that saw humans populate the globe. Signs of this mysterious early migration remained in the DNA of the Neanderthal who left the leg bone behind, revealing not only a previous tryst between the two hominin populations, but a sign that Neanderthals were far more diverse than we thoughtA team of scientists led by the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History and the University of Tübingen in...
  • Neanderthals In California? Maybe So, Provocative Study Says (Denisovians?)

    04/27/2017 10:42:29 AM PDT · by blam · 21 replies
    Times Republican ^ | 4-27-2017 | MALCOLM RITTER
    NEW YORK — A startling new report asserts that the first known Americans arrived much, much earlier than scientists thought — more than 100,000 years ago __ and maybe they were Neanderthals. If true, the finding would far surpass the widely accepted date of about 15,000 years ago. Researchers say a site in Southern California shows evidence of humanlike behavior from about 130,000 years ago, when bones and teeth of an elephantlike mastodon were evidently smashed with rocks. The earlier date means the bone-smashers were not necessarily members of our own species, Homo sapiens. The researchers speculate that these early...
  • Ancient Skulls May Belong To Elusive Humans Called Denisovans

    03/07/2017 4:00:40 PM PST · by blam · 31 replies
    Science Magazine ^ | 3-7-2017 | Ann Gibbons
    Since their discovery in 2010, the ex­tinct ice age humans called Deniso­vans have been known only from bits of DNA, taken from a sliver of bone in the Denisova Cave in Siberia, Russia. Now, two partial skulls from eastern China are emerging as prime candidates for showing what these shadowy people may have looked like. In a paper published this week in Science, a Chinese-U.S. team presents 105,000- to 125,000-year-old fossils they call “archaic Homo.” They note that the bones could be a new type of human or an eastern variant of Neandertals. But although the team avoids the word,...
  • France Bans Spanking

    01/04/2017 8:45:04 PM PST · by Arthur McGowan · 81 replies
    YouTube ^ | January 4, 2017 | Stefan Molyneux
    France has joined the ranks of the fifty plus other countries which have banned corporal punishment or the spanking of children. As a longtime advocate of peaceful parenting, Stefan Molyneux responds to this news and the reaction it has received online. 52 Countries Now Ban Spanking http://www.livescience.com/57373-52-c... Why Spanking Does Not Work with Elizabeth Gershoff https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sBm8i... Peaceful Parenting Series Playlist https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Parent Effectiveness Training http://www.fdrurl.com/Parent-Effectiv...