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Keyword: neanderthals

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  • Neanderthals on the Hunt

    02/18/2007 9:48:42 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies · 539+ views
    Archaeology ^ | Volume 60 Number 2, March/April 2007 | unattributed (probably Mark Rose)
    The Neanderthals didn't disappear because they were slouches when it came to hunting. According to a new study based on material from the Republic of Georgia, Neanderthals were as good at hunting as early modern humans. But it may have been gender equality that put them at a disadvantage to their Homo sapien neighbors. Anthropologists observed that Neanderthals focused primarily on large game for food, while the frequency of healed fractures present in both genders and all ages suggests everyone participated in the hunt. Neanderthal shelters lacked evidence of gathered foods, such as seeds, as well as signs of skilled...
  • New Thoughts on Neanderthals' Diet

    01/04/2019 1:38:06 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 61 replies
    Archaeology ^ | Wednesday, January 2, 2019 | editors
    The levels of nitrogen-15 in Neanderthal bones are so high that they suggest the early human relatives ate more meat than do carnivores such as hyenas. According to a Science News report, paleobiologist Kimberly Foecke of George Washington University thinks those high levels of nitrogen-15 might be due to the condition of the meat that Neanderthals consumed. To check the levels of nitrogen in rotting meat, Foecke left steaks cut from animals that had been raised without hormones or antibiotics outside in a box covered with mesh, and sampled them daily for 16 days. Preliminary results suggest that the levels...
  • Do you carry Neanderthal DNA? The shape of your skull may tell

    12/15/2018 7:51:23 AM PST · by ETL · 88 replies
    FoxNews.com ^ | Dec 14, 2018 | Charles Q. Choi Live Science Contributor | LiveScience
    The shape of your brain may say a lot about the Neanderthal in you. New research has found that modern humans carrying certain genetic fragments from our closest extinct relatives may have more oblong brains and skulls than other people. Modern humans possess unique, relatively globular skulls and brains. In contrast, the closest extinct relatives of modern humans, Neanderthals, have the elongated skulls and brains that are typical of most primates. Previous research had suggested these contrasting skull shapes might reflect differences in the size of various brain regions in modern humans and Neanderthals, and how these brain areas were...
  • Why modern humans have round heads

    12/13/2018 8:50:37 AM PST · by ETL · 52 replies
    ScienceMag.org ^ | Dec 13, 2018 | Ann Gibbons
    Ever since researchers first got a good look at a Neanderthal skull in the 1860s, they were struck by its strange shape: stretched from front to back like a football rather than round like a basketball, as in living people. But why our heads and those of our ice age cousins looked different remained a mystery. Now, researchers have found an ingenious way to identify genes that help explain the contrast. By analyzing traces of Neanderthal DNA that linger in Europeans from their ancestors' trysts, researchers have identified two Neanderthal gene variants linked to slightly less globular head shape in...
  • Bigger brains are smarter, but not by much

    12/02/2018 1:29:38 PM PST · by ETL · 11 replies
    phys.org/news ^ | Nov 30, 2018 | Katherine Unger Baillie, University of Pennsylvania
    The English idiom "highbrow," derived from a physical description of a skull barely able to contain the brain inside of it, comes from a long-held belief in the existence of a link between brain size and intelligence. For more than 200 years, scientists have looked for such an association. Begun using rough measures, such as estimated skull volume or head circumference, the investigation became more sophisticated in the last few decades when MRIs offered a highly accurate accounting of brain volume.Yet the connection has remained hazy and fraught, with many studies failing to account for confounding variables, such as height...
  • Neanderthals and humans were hooking up way more than anyone thought

    11/29/2018 2:49:48 PM PST · by ETL · 64 replies
    FoxNews.com/Science ^ | Nov 29, 2018 | Charles Q. Choi Live Science Contributor
    Way more sex happened between Neanderthals and the ancestors of modern humans across Europe and Asia than scientists originally thought, a new study finds. Scientists initially thought that interbreeding among the two groups was more isolated to a particular place and time — specifically, when they encountered each other in western Eurasia shortly after modern humans left Africa. This idea stemmed from the fact that the genomes of modern humans from outside Africa are only about 2 percent Neanderthal, on average. Subsequent research, however, has found that Neanderthal ancestry is 12 to 20 percent higher in modern East Asians compared...
  • In praise of… Neanderthal man (we have all been guilty of defaming them as half-wits)

    01/15/2010 6:13:45 PM PST · by SeekAndFind · 20 replies · 778+ views
    The Guardian ^ | 01/15/2010
    It seems we have all been guilty of defaming Neanderthal man. Research by a team based at the University of Bristol suggests that, far from being a lumbering, witless no-hoper, he was capable, 50,000 years ago, of producing forms of cosmetic adornment and even of primitive jewellery. In 1985, finds in Murcia, Spain, had suggested that this might be so; and now an expedition led by Professor João Zilhão of Bristol has uncovered a shell which shows "a symbolic dimension in behaviour and thinking that cannot be denied". All of which suggests some decent equivalence with the hitherto far more...
  • Human ancestors interbred with related species

    09/08/2011 5:17:24 PM PDT · by Renfield · 70 replies · 2+ views
    Naturenews ^ | 09-05-2011 | Matt Kaplan
    Our ancestors bred with other species in the Homo genus, according to a study published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences1. The authors say that up to 2% of the genomes of some modern African populations may originally come from a closely related species. Palaeontologists have long wondered whether modern humans came from a single, genetically isolated population of hominins or whether we are a genetic mix of various hominin species. Last year, an analysis comparing the Neanderthal genome sequence to that of modern H. sapiens showed that some interbreeding did take place between the two...
  • New Virtual Reconstruction Of A Neanderthal Thorax Suggests Another Breathing Mechanism

    11/18/2018 1:56:47 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | November 14, 2018 | University of the Basque Country
    While some of the anatomical regions of these extinct humans are well known, others, such as the vertebral column and the ribs, are less well known because these elements are more fragile and not well preserved in the fossil record. In 1983 a partial Neanderthal skeleton (known officially as Kebara 2, and nicknamed "Moshe") belonging to a young male Neanderthal individual who died some 60,000 years ago was found in the Kebara site (Mount Carmel, Israel). While this skeleton does not preserve the cranium because some time after burial the cranium was removed, probably as a consequence of a funerary...
  • 115,000-Year-Old Bones Found In Poland Reveal Neanderthal Child Eaten By Gigantic Prehistoric Bird

    11/12/2018 8:17:05 AM PST · by Gamecock · 26 replies
    Hasan Jasmin ^ | 11/9/2018
    A few years ago, a team of researchers in Poland came across a pair of Neanderthal bones that held a grisly secret: Their owner had been eaten by a giant bird. The two finger bones belonged to a Neanderthal child who had died roughly 115,000 years before, making those bones the oldest known human remains from Poland, according to Science In Poland. Once the bones were analyzed, the scientists concluded that the hand bones were porous because they had passed through the digestive system of a large bird. It is unclear if the bird killed the child and then ate...
  • Anthropologists Hail Romania Fossil Find (35K Y.O. Humans)

    03/07/2004 12:49:38 PM PST · by blam · 18 replies · 1,414+ views
    AP/Yahoo ^ | 3-6-2004 | Alison Mutler
    Anthropologists Hail Romania Fossil Find Sat Mar 6,11:27 AM ET By ALISON MUTLER, Associated Press Writer BUCHAREST, Romania - Experts analyzing remains of a man, woman and teenage boy unearthed in Romania last year are convinced that the 35,000 year-old fossils are the most complete ever of modern humans of that era, a U.S. scientist said Saturday. International scientists have been carrying out further analysis to get a clearer picture on the find, said anthropologist Erik Trinkaus, of Washington University in St. Louis. But it's already clear that, "this is the most complete collection of modern humans in Europe older...
  • A need for music even in cave era ('Neanderthal conservatives')

    06/25/2009 12:40:34 AM PDT · by james500 · 5 replies · 598+ views
    Boston Globe ^ | 6/25/2009 | Carolyn Y. Johnson
    We all knew that Stone Age humans were hunters and gatherers. But sculptors and flutists? Archeologists said yesterday that they had unearthed the oldest musical instruments ever found - several flutes that inhabitants of southwestern Germany laboriously carved from bone and ivory at least 35,000 years ago. The find suggests just how integral artistic expression may be to human existence: Music apparently flourished even in prehistoric days when mere survival was a full-time endeavor. Fragments of the instruments were found in a cave, amid bones from bears and mammoths and flakes of flint from a prehistoric tool shop. “There were...
  • Earliest hominin migrations into the Arabian Peninsula required no novel adaptations

    11/02/2018 11:24:36 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | October 29, 2018 | Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
    A new study... suggests that early hominin dispersals beyond Africa did not involve adaptations to environmental extremes, such as to arid and harsh deserts. The discovery of stone tools and cut-marks on fossil animal remains at the site of Ti's al Ghadah provides definitive evidence for hominins in Saudi Arabia at least 100,000 years earlier than previously known. Stable isotope analysis of the fossil fauna indicates a dominance of grassland vegetation, with aridity levels similar to those found in open savanna settings in eastern Africa today. The stable isotope data indicates that early dispersals of our archaic ancestors were part...
  • Study reconstructs Neandertal ribcage, offers new clues to ancient human anatomy

    11/02/2018 10:57:55 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | October 30, 2018 | Kim Eckart, University of Washington
    An international team of scientists has completed the first 3D virtual reconstruction of the ribcage of the most complete Neandertal skeleton unearthed to date, potentially shedding new light on how this ancient human moved and breathed. The team, which included researchers from universities in Spain, Israel, and the United States, including the University of Washington, focused on the thorax -- the area of the body containing the rib cage and upper spine, which forms a cavity to house the heart and lungs. Using CT scans of fossils from an approximately 60,000-year-old male skeleton known as Kebara 2, researchers were able...
  • Neanderthal-like features in 450,000-year-old fossil teeth from the Italian Peninsula

    10/13/2018 4:10:00 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 26 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | October 3, 2018 | PLOS
    Zanolli and colleagues examined dental remains from the sites of Fontana Fanuccio, located 50km southeast of Rome, and Visogliano, located 18km northwest of Trieste. At around 450,000 years old, these teeth join a very short list of fossil human remains from Middle Pleistocene Europe. Using micro-CT scanning and detailed morphological analyses, the authors examined the shape and arrangement of tooth tissues and compared them with teeth of other human species. They found that the teeth of both sites share similarities with Neanderthals and are distinct from modern humans. There has been much debate over the identities and relationships of Middle...
  • Neanderthal healthcare practices crucial to survival

    10/13/2018 2:32:03 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 38 replies
    Eurekalert! ^ | October 4, 2018 | University of York
    "We have evidence of healthcare dating back 1.6 million years ago, but we think it probably goes further back than this. We wanted to investigate whether healthcare in Neanderthals was more than a cultural practice; was it something they just did or was it more fundamental to their strategies for survival? "The high level of injury and recovery from serious conditions, such as a broken leg, suggests that others must have collaborated in their care and helped not only to ease pain, but to fight for their survival in such a way that they could regain health and actively participate...
  • Grisly discovery: Bones reveal Neanderthal child was eaten by large bird

    10/09/2018 4:16:15 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 47 replies
    foxnews.com ^ | 10/09/2018 | James Rogers
    Tiny holes in the bones indicate that they passed through a large bird’s digestive system, according to Professor Pawel Valde-Nowak of the Jagiellonian University in Krakow. It’s not clear, however, whether the bird attacked and ate the young Neanderthal or scavenged the remains of a dead child. Believed to be about 115,000 years old, the bones are the oldest human remains ever discovered in Poland. Experts from the Jagiellonian University and Washington University in St. Louis confirmed that the remains are digital bones from a child’s hand. The Archaeological Museum of Krakow and the Polish Academy of Sciences also participated...
  • Neanderthals Were Human Too

    09/29/2018 12:06:07 PM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 34 replies
    Christian Post ^ | 09/28/2018 | s John Stonestreet And G. Shane Morris
    REUTERS/NIKOLA SOLICThe picture above showcases the typical life of a Neanderthal family in a cave. If someone called you a Neanderthal, you wouldn't take it as a compliment. But according to the latest paleoanthropology, it's not that bad.In one of my favorite commercial series, Geico features a Neanderthal living in the modern world, constantly getting offended at the way people talk about cavemen like they're stupid. This Pleistocene holdover, you see, is sophisticated, sensitive, more likely to visit a club than to hit you with one.It's no wonder he had a hard time in the modern world. From the...
  • Iberia’s Neolithic Farmers Linked to Modern-Day Basques

    09/08/2015 12:40:13 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 8 replies
    archaeology.org ^ | Tuesday, September 08, 2015
    DNA samples were obtained from eight early Iberian farmers whose remains were discovered in Spain’s El Portalón cave in Atapuerca. Like populations in central and northern Europe, the Iberian farmers had traveled from the south and mixed with local hunter-gatherer groups. “The genetic variation observed in modern-day Basques is significantly closer to the newly sequenced early farmers than to older Iberian hunter-gatherer samples,” “Parts of that early farmer population probably remained relatively isolated since then (which we can still see in the distinct culture and language of Basques)
  • History of modern man unravels as German scholar is exposed as fraud

    02/21/2005 9:44:35 AM PST · by FNU LNU · 106 replies · 1,858+ views
    The Guardian ^ | February 19, 2005 | Luke Harding
    History of modern man unravels as German scholar is exposed as fraud Flamboyant anthropologist falsified dating of key discoveries Luke Harding in Berlin Saturday February 19, 2005 The Guardian It appeared to be one of archaeology's most sensational finds. The skull fragment discovered in a peat bog near Hamburg was more than 36,000 years old - and was the vital missing link between modern humans and Neanderthals. This, at least, is what Professor Reiner Protsch von Zieten - a distinguished, cigar-smoking German anthropologist - told his scientific colleagues, to global acclaim, after being invited to date the extremely rare skull....