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Keyword: scythians

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  • Soviet Bombers and Scythian Mummies: The Archaeology Uncovered By Climate Change

    09/04/2015 2:00:03 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 16 replies
    Gizmodo ^ | August 26, 2015 | Kelsey Campbell-Dollaghan
    In Poland, severe drought has revealed the remains of a Soviet fighter plane that went down in 1945. It’s far from the first (or last) archaeological site that climate change is revealing, in some cases for the first time in millennia. Melting glaciers, thawing permafrost, and historic droughts are all playing a part in some of the most remarkable archaeological discoveries of the last few years. It’s a bittersweet phenomenon—that, as our planet changes, new pieces of our past will be revealed while other will decay. In an AP story this week, we learn of two finds that have surfaced...
  • One more ancient civilisation found in Lake Issyk-Kul: could this be where St Matthew is buried?

    09/04/2015 12:40:45 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies
    Siberian Times ^ | September 1, 2015 | Olga Gertcyk
    Siberian scientists make discovery of 2,500 year old Saka settlement in up to 23 metres of water in Kyrgyzstan. The new find at the lake is separate from the discovery in 2007 of the ruins of an ancient metropolis of roughly the same age and Scythian burial mounds under its waters... A piece of a large ceramic pot found in the lake has a stamp on it written in Armenian and Syrian scripts, which, if confirmed, gives credence to the theory that an Armenian monastery was on this site in Medieval times, it is claimed. An intriguing version is that...
  • “The Catastrophe” What the End of Bronze-Age Civilization Means for Modern Times

    09/28/2009 9:26:36 AM PDT · by Nikas777 · 80 replies · 2,059+ views ^ | Tue, 2009-09-15 09:20 | Thomas F. Bertonneau
    “The Catastrophe” - Part 1: What the End of Bronze-Age Civilization Means for Modern TimesFrom the desk of Thomas F. Bertonneau on Tue, 2009-09-15 09:20 Introduction to Part I: Modern people assume the immunity of their situation to major disturbance or – even more unthinkable – to terminal wreckage. The continuance of a society or culture depends, in part, on that very assumption because without it no one would complete his daily round. A man cannot enthusiastically arise from bed as the sun comes up and set about the day’s errands believing that all undertakings will issue vainly because the...
  • 2500-Year-Old 'Wonder Woman' Found on Vase

    06/08/2015 2:22:47 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 36 replies ^ | Jun 5, 2015 11:24 AM ET | by Rossella Lorenzi
    A 2,500-year-old predecessor of DC Comics’ Wonder Woman super heroine has emerged on a vase painting kept at a small American museum. Drawn on a white-ground pyxis (a lidded cylindrical box that was used for cosmetics, jewelry, or ointments) the image shows an Amazon on horseback in a battle against a Greek warrior. Much like the fictional warrior princess of the Amazons, the horsewoman is twirling a lasso. “It is the only ancient artistic image of an Amazon using a lariat in battle,” Adrienne Mayor, a research scholar at Stanford University’s departments of classics and history of science, told Discovery...
  • Amazon Warriors Did Indeed Fight and Die Like Men

    11/01/2014 3:18:49 PM PDT · by 2ndDivisionVet · 44 replies
    National Geographic's Book Talk ^ | October 29, 2014 | Simon Worrall
    Archaeology shows that these fierce women also smoked pot, got tattoos, killed—and loved—men. The Amazons got a bum rap in antiquity. They wore trousers. They smoked pot, covered their skin with tattoos, rode horses, and fought as hard as the guys. Legends sprang up like weeds. They cut off their breasts to fire their bows better! They mutilated or killed their boy children! Modern (mostly male) scholars continued the confabulations. The Amazons were hard-core feminists. Man haters. Delinquent mothers. Lesbians. Drawing on a wealth of textual, artistic, and archaeological evidence, Adrienne Mayor, author of The Amazons, dispels these myths and...
  • As Islamic Militants Destroy Iraq Heritage, a Stunning Find in Kurdistan

    08/10/2014 5:13:14 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies
    Rudaw ^ | July 22, 2014 | Alexandra Di Stefano Pironti
    While the history of civilization is being demolished by war and religious zealots in the rest of Iraq, in the Kurdistan Region archeologists are marveling at a stunning discovery: the remains of a long-lost temple from the biblical kingdom of Urartu, dating back to the 9th century BC. Kurdish archaeologist Dlshad Marf Zamua, who has studied the columns and other artifacts at the find, told Rudaw these were unearthed piecemeal over the past four decades by villagers going about their lives, digging for cultivation or construction. But only recently, after the discovery of life-size human statues and the unearthed columns,...
  • USO Canteen FReeper Style ~ Ancient Greek Military:Mercenaries ~ December 16, 2003

    12/16/2003 1:19:32 AM PST · by LaDivaLoca · 384 replies · 1,710+ views
    Warfare in Hellas ^ | december 16, 2003 | LaDivaLoca
      For the freedom you enjoyed yesterday... Thank the Veterans who served in The United States Armed Forces.     Looking forward to tomorrow's freedom? Support The United States Armed Forces Today!   ANCIENT WARFAREPart III: Ancient Greek Military:  Mercenaries Struggle for Hegemony MercenariesMercenaries were very important in the ancient history. The Greek armies did not need them at first, but later on they were even used in Hellas. Mercenaries were normally used because they were capable of doing something which the army could not do. That is why the Greeks hired Scythic archers, why the Persians used Greek...
  • Sick Rams Used As Ancient Bioweapons

    11/29/2007 2:53:57 PM PST · by blam · 46 replies · 143+ views
    Discovery Channel ^ | Rossella Lorenzi
    Sick Rams Used as Ancient Bioweapons Rossella Lorenzi, Discovery News Once, a Weapon Nov. 28, 2007 -- Infected rams and donkeys were the earliest bioweapons, according to a new study which dates the use of biological warfare back more than 3,300 years. According to a review published in the Journal of Medical Hypotheses, two ancient populations, the Arzawans and the Hittites, engaged "in mutual use of contaminated animals" during the 1320-1318 B.C. Anatolian war. "The animals were carriers of Francisella tularensis, the causative agent of tularemia," author Siro Trevisanato, a molecular biologist based in Oakville, Ontario, Canada told Discovery News....
  • Bio Warfare Rears Its Head- The Ancient world USED IT!!!(MUST READ!)

    01/30/2004 7:18:50 AM PST · by vannrox · 32 replies · 1,062+ views
    Newsday ^ | January 13, 2004 | By Bryn Nelson
    The following ARE exerpts... "...From Hercules' poisoned arrows to early germ warfare and attacks with scorpion bombs and red-hot sand, she contends, cultures around the world have grappled with the revulsion and justification of using these unconventional weapons ever since they began creating their own myths and recording their histories. Mayor has compiled a slew of examples in her new book, "Greek Fire, Poison Arrows & Scorpion Bombs: Biological and Chemical Warfare in the Ancient World" (Overlook Press)..." "...The early dilemmas posed in mythic form would be recorded eventually in the annals of historians as combatants put their growing knowledge...
  • Bees, snakes, germs - any weapon in a pinch

    11/30/2003 7:12:18 AM PST · by TrebleRebel · 23 replies · 428+ views
    The Vancouver Sun | 11/29/2003 | Jay Currie
    If you are under Roman siege in the middle of a desert, a scorpion bomb seems like a very good idea. Collect a bunch of lethal scorpions and, very carefully, seal them in clay pots. Hurl the pots at the attackers as needed. That's exactly what the defenders of Hatra, just south of Mosul in today's Iraq, did in 198 AD. The siege was lifted in 20 days. As Adrienne Mayor writes in her intriguing book Greek Fire, Poison Arrows and Scorpion Bombs, scorpions weren't the only stinging animals pressed into service in the ancient world. A clay pot full...
  • Killer Swarms (It wasn't the Russian winter that stopped Napoleon.)

    11/26/2012 11:08:01 PM PST · by cunning_fish · 14 replies
    The Foreign Policy ^ | November 26, 2012 | John Arquilla
    Today marks the bicentennial of the culminating catastrophe that befell the Grande Armée as it retreated from Russia. This past weekend one of the French Emperor's descendants, Charles Napoleon, traveled to Minsk in Belarus to attend ceremonies commemorating the disaster at the nearby Beresina River crossing, where thousands died -- many by drowning -- in a final, panicked rout in freezing weather. Bonaparte had marched deep into Russia with nearly half a million soldiers; he returned with less than 25,000. Given that Napoleon was the great captain of his time -- perhaps of all time -- and that his armies...
  • Scythian warriors show genetic blending between Europeans and Asians

    11/23/2012 6:00:06 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 40 replies
    Past Horizons Archaeology ^ | November 2012 | Universitat Auonoma de Barcelona
    Evidence of the potential genetic blending between Europeans and Asians has been discovered by a team of researchers led by the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) within the remains of Scythian warriors living over 2,000 years ago in the Altai region of Mongolia. The Scythians were already documented as the first large Eurasian culture, but were believed to be the product of migration from Europe. The researchers now suggest that the genetic blending is actually a result of the expansion of Scythian culture over the mountains. Studies on ancient mitochondrial DNA of this region suggest that the Altai Mountains played...
  • Rethinking the Thundering Hordes

    05/06/2012 7:31:58 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    Archaeology, v65 n3 ^ | May/June 2012 | Andrew Lawler
    Vast stretches of Central Asia feel eerily uninhabited. Fly at 30,000 feet over... Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan -- and there are long moments when no town or road or field is visible from your window. Wandering bands and tribes roamed this immense area for 5,000 years, herding goat, sheep, cattle, and horses across immense steppes, through narrow valleys, and over high snowy passes. They left occasional tombs that survived the ages, and on rare occasions settled down and built towns or even cities. But for the most part, these peoples left behind few physical traces of their origins, beliefs, or ways...
  • Artifacts Show Sophistication of Ancient Nomads

    03/12/2012 3:50:08 PM PDT · by mojito · 14 replies
    NYT ^ | 3/12/2012 | John Noble Wilford
    Ancient Greeks had a word for the people who lived on the wild, arid Eurasian steppes stretching from the Black Sea to the border of China. They were nomads, which meant “roaming about for pasture.” They were wanderers and, not infrequently, fierce mounted warriors. Essentially, they were “the other” to the agricultural and increasingly urban civilizations that emerged in the first millennium B.C. As the nomads left no writing, no one knows what they called themselves. To their literate neighbors, they were the ubiquitous and mysterious Scythians or the Saka, perhaps one and the same people. In any case, these...
  • Scandinavian Ancestry -- Tracing Roots to Azerbaijan

    12/15/2001 2:43:28 PM PST · by spycatcher · 56 replies · 3,406+ views
    Azerbaijan International ^ | Summer 2000 | Thor Heyerdahl
        Summer 2000 (8.2) Scandinavian Ancestry Tracing Roots to Azerbaijan by Thor Heyerdahl Above: Thor Heyerdahl with Peruvian children who still construct traditional boats made of reeds, the principle material that enabled early migrations on trans-oceanic voyages. Courtesy: Thor Heyerdahl. Archeologist and historian Thor Heyerdahl, 85, has visited Azerbaijan on several occasions during the past two decades. Each time, he garners more evidence to prove his tantalizing theory - that Scandinavian ancestry can be traced to the region now known as Azerbaijan. Heyerdahl first began forming this hypothesis after visiting Gobustan, an ancient cave dwelling found 30 miles ...
  • Tiny Drone Reveals Ancient Royal Burial Sites [ Scythians ]

    10/11/2011 3:31:47 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 4 replies
    LiveScience ^ | October 7, 2011 | Charles Choi
    Tuekta is in the Altai Mountains where Russia, China, Kazakhstan and Mongolia come together. Researchers there have discovered burial mounds 2,300 to 2,800 years old and up to 250 feet (76 meters) wide. These burial mounds, called "kurgans," probably belonged to chiefs or princes among the Scythians, a nomadic people known for their horsemanship, who once had a rich, powerful empire. Excavations of some of these have revealed extraordinary treasures of gold and other artifacts well-preserved by permafrost. Nearly 200 burial mounds were discovered in Tuekta, situated along the River Ursul. The site's heart appears to once have been a...
  • Origin Of The Celts - Caucasian, Not European

    08/20/2006 5:01:46 PM PDT · by blam · 41 replies · 1,818+ views
    Origin of the Celts - Caucasian, not European The Celts are Circaesir from Circaesya, who lived on the Sea of Grass in what is now west Kazakhstan until late in the second millennium B.C. They were by their own definition a linguistic group, but now they are a culture. Contrary to popular belief, they had nothing to do with European inhabitants known to archaeologists as the 'Beaker folk' and 'Battle Axe people'. The 'Urnfield people' farther east were Circaesir, and obviously related to the Celts. Their descendants integrated with Celts in central Europe. Tradition suggests that the Celts left the...
  • New archeological find discovered in Akmola region [ Sarmatian tomb ]

    07/15/2011 1:13:29 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 15 replies
    Caspionet ^ | Friday, July 8, 2011 | unattributed
    Archaeologists from the Gumilyov Eurasian National University have found a mound, presumably dating back to the Iron age. The tomb of Sarmatian warrior is located near the village of Aidarly in the Akmola region. In the mound, archeologists also found arrowheads, knives, an iron belt badge, ceramic vessels and the bones of sacrificial animals. Sergazy Saken, Archeological Expedition Leader: The body of the middle-class warrior is place with its head towards the south which is peculiar for Sarmatians and dates back to 3rd or 4th centuries BC. The artifacts found in the tomb were placed near the body with two...
  • In Mongolia Archaeologists Discover Permafrost Mummy With Fur Coat (Scythian Soldier - 2,500 YO)

    08/17/2006 5:04:52 PM PDT · by blam · 46 replies · 6,197+ views
    Mongolia Web ^ | 8-17-2006 | Ulaanbaatar
    In Mongolia archaeologists discover permafrost mummy with fur coat. Written by Ulaanbaatar correspondent Thursday, 17 August 2006 Research workers of the German archaeological institute have discovered a mummy in permafrost at excavation work in Mongolia of approximately 2,500 years old. At the "sensational find" of a sepulchre chamber of the Scythian rider people a crew of the German television sender ZDF were present. In front of the camera the archaeologists opened the sepulchre where the mummy of the Scythian soldier was stored. The mummy, conserved in permafrost, carried still a fur coat and had a decorated gilded head ornament. According...
  • Kazakh Archeologists Discover Ancient Scythian "Sun Lord"

    07/19/2010 6:51:35 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies · 1+ views
    Eurasia Net ^ | Monday, July 19, 2010 | Joanna Lillis
    Archeologists in Kazakhstan have discovered the grave of a gold-clad ancient Scythian warrior who has already earned himself a nickname: "The Sun Lord." Researchers uncovered the find in a Scythian grave consisting of seven burial mounds in Karaganda Region east of the capital, Astana. The opulence of the warrior's burial indicates that he was a leader as well as a fighter, expedition leader Arman Beysenov explained. "He was probably a ruler and a warrior simultaneously," Beysenov said in remarks quoted by the Kazinform news agency on July 16. "The person's torso was entirely covered with gold. The figure of a...
  • Folk wanderings in "the Heartland"

    07/07/2009 7:51:36 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies · 698+ views
    Gene Expression ScienceBlog ^ | Tuesday, July 7, 2009 | Razib
    Herodotus tells us of the Scythians, who ravaged the Middle East and Europe. The Romans later defeated Sarmatians on the plains of Pannonia. Even further back in history we know of the Indo-Aryan Mittani in Syria, while there are hints of a relationship between nomadic societies on the steppe of Eurasia and later settled populations in Eastern Europe, Iran & India. Because of the lack of literacy in most of the world before 500 B.C. we must rely on archaeology to connect the vaguest of these dots... Standard physical anthropological methods did yield results which suggested that populations of European...
  • Archeologists found woman's burial of Sarmatian epoch in one of burial mounds of Chutovo district...

    09/05/2008 9:06:07 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 2 replies · 157+ views
    National Radio Company of Ukraine ^ | September 2, 2008 | unattributed
    According to director of the centre of protection and research of the archeological monuments of the department of culture of the Poltava Regional State Administration Oleksandr Suprunenko, the woman was very influential. The things found next to her prove this, namely a bronze mirror, a dagger and iron scissors as well as a unique silver brooch. Besides, an iron awl was stuck in the woman's head. Sarmatians is a general name of the people that dominated in the Ukrainian steppes after collapse of the Scythian state. According to Herodotus, the Sarmatians originated from Amazonians who married Scythian men.
  • Frozen Siberian Mummies Reveal A Lost Civilization

    06/25/2008 5:16:28 PM PDT · by blam · 22 replies · 1,787+ views
    Discover Magazine ^ | 6-25-2008 | Andrew Curry
    Frozen Siberian Mummies Reveal a Lost CivilizationGlobal warming may finally do in the bodies of the ancient Scythians. by Andrew Curry That the warrior survived the arrow’s strike for even a short time was remarkable. The triple-barbed arrowhead, probably launched by an opponent on horseback, shattered bone below his right eye and lodged firmly in his flesh. The injury wasn’t the man’s first brush with death. In his youth he had survived a glancing sword blow that fractured the back of his skull. This injury was different. The man was probably begging for death, says Michael Schultz, a paleopathologist at...
  • Big ancient Scythian drawings found in Altai Mountains (Russia)

    09/26/2005 8:48:37 PM PDT · by FairOpinion · 8 replies · 1,134+ views
    Kazinform ^ | Sept. 23, 2005 | Kazakh Info Agency
    GORNO-ALTAISK, September 23. KAZINFORM. - Big ancient Scythian drawings were found for the first time in the mountains of the Russian Republic of Altai. Three drawings or petroglyphs of a size of 1.5 meters were reported by Yevgeny Matochkin from the National Museum of Altai to regional authorities. He said he found them on a cliff that is 30-meter high and 10-meter wide near the village of Inegen at the Katun and Chuya Rivers thanks to local residents, Kazinform quotes Itar-Tass. Matochkin said one drawing is that of a deer and others need to be cleaned to see what they...
  • Archaeologists Make Unique Find In Southern Russia

    08/26/2004 8:57:28 AM PDT · by blam · 14 replies · 887+ views
    Novosti ^ | 8-26-2004
    ARCHEOLOGISTS MAKE UNIQUE FIND IN SOUTHERN RUSSIA MOSCOW, August 25 (RIA Novosti) - Archeologists working in the Russian republic of North Ossetia, in the Caucasus, have made a unique find. They have unearthed remains of a horse with outfit. The horse is reported to have belonged to a dignitary of Alan, the state that presumably existed here in the 7th-9th centuries. The horse's outfit is elaborately decorated with gold-plated silver pendants, openwork pendants, and jingle bells, says Ruslan Dzatiati, a senior official at the North Ossetian Humanities Institute. Scholars believe that the horse was buried together with its owner to...
  • Capital City Of Ancient Superpower Discovered (Medes)

    10/26/2002 12:56:48 PM PDT · by blam · 26 replies · 996+ views
    Independent (UK) ^ | 10-26-2002 | David Keys
    Capital city of ancient superpower discovered By David Keys Archaeology Correspondent 26 October 2002 British archaeologists have discovered a capital city of one of the ancient world's most mysterious superpowers. The metropolis, covering more than a square mile, was the main western administrative centre of the ancient Median Empire, a vast Middle Eastern imperial state which flourished in the first half of the 6th century BC between the fall of the Assyrian empire and the rise of Persia. The discovery reveals the sheer scale of the threat which would soon be posed to Europe by the ancient Middle East. For...
  • Amazon Warrior Women

    08/04/2004 8:51:53 PM PDT · by blam · 30 replies · 5,400+ views
    PBS ^ | Current | PBS
    Amazon Warrior WomenThis painting on a Greek vase depicts an Amazon woman warrior on horseback engaged in battle.Amazons in myth: History's first mention of a race of warrior women comes in Homer's ILIAD, an account of the Trojan War, probably written in the 8th to the 7th century B.C. Homer's Amazons, a race of fierce women who mated with vanquished male foes and kept only the female children they bore, were believed to occupy the area around the Black Sea. Amazon women also crop up in other Greek myths. One of the labors of Hercules, for example, required him to...
  • Siberian Graveyard's Secret (More Redheads)

    01/08/2004 9:41:32 AM PST · by blam · 102 replies · 4,042+ views
    Siberian Graveyard's Secrets YEKATERINBURG, Russia In a medieval Siberian graveyard a few miles south of the Arctic Circle, Russian scientists have unearthed mummies roughly 1,000 years old, clad in copper masks, hoops and plates - burial rites that archaeologists say they have never seen before. . Among 34 shallow graves were five mummies shrouded in copper and blankets of reindeer, beaver, wolverine or bear fur. Unlike the remains of Egyptian pharaohs, the scientists say, the Siberian bodies were mummified by accident. The cold, dry permafrost preserved the remains, and the copper may have helped prevent oxidation. . The discovery adds...