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Keyword: supersessionism

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  • Supersessionism, the Holocaust, and the Modern State of Israel

    06/08/2014 10:22:57 AM PDT · by wmfights · 30 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    Perspectives concerning supersessionism have been seriously affected by two twentieth-century developments—the Holocaust and the establishment of the modern state of Israel. These events have pushed questions and issues concerning Israel and the church to the forefront of Christian theology.[1] More than any other event, the Holocaust has been the most significant factor in the church’s reevaluation of supersessionism. According to Irvin J. Borowsky, “Within Christendom since the time of Hitler, there has existed a widespread reaction of shock and soul-searching concerning the Holocaust.”[2] Peter Ochs asserts that Christian reflections on the Jews and Judaism after the Holocaust “have generated theological...
  • Martin Luther and Supersessionism

    06/01/2014 1:00:10 PM PDT · by wmfights · 17 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    Martin Luther’s views concerning the Jews and Judaism have been the subject of much debate. According to Hans J. Hillerbrand, “There is scholarly agreement that the early Luther spoke thoughtfully and positively about Jews.”[1] Luther (1483–1546) prayed for the Jews and called for their friendly treatment.[2] He said, “We ought, therefore, not to treat the Jews in so unkindly a spirit, for there are future Christians among them, and they are turning every day.”[3] Luther also held to a special distinction for the Jews in God’s plan: “Moreover, they alone, and not we Gentiles, have this promise, that there shall...
  • Augustine’s Contribution to Supersessionism

    05/25/2014 6:31:35 PM PDT · by wmfights · 47 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    Augustine’s contribution to the doctrine of supersessionism is significant. James Carroll points out that Augustine’s attitude toward the Jews was rooted in “assumptions of supersessionism.”[i] According to Cardinal Carlo Maria Martini, Augustine (354–430) introduced a “negative element into judgment on the Jews.”[ii] He did so by advancing the “‘theory of substitution’ whereby the New Israel of the church became a substitute of ancientIsrael.”[iii] In line with supersessionist theology, Augustine explicitly stated that the title “Israel” belonged to the Christian church: “For if we hold with a firm heart the grace of God which hath been given us, we are Israel,...
  • Origen and Supersessionism

    05/18/2014 10:49:02 AM PDT · by wmfights · 21 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    The influential church father, Origen (c. 185–254), was important to the development of supersessionism. He taught that Israel was permanently rejected by God and that the church was the new Israel. Concerning Israel’s rejection, Origen promoted a punitive supersessionist approach in which the people of Israel were forever “abandoned because of their sins.”[1] He also declared: “And we say with confidence that they [Jews] will never be restored to their former condition. For they committed a crime of the most unhallowed kind, in conspiring against the Saviour of the human race in that city where they offered up to God...
  • Justin Martyr and Supersessionism

    05/11/2014 1:50:36 PM PDT · by wmfights · 53 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    Justin Martyr (A.D. 100–165) is important in the history of supersessionism because he was the first Christian writer to explicitly identify the church as “Israel.”[1] Justin declared, “For the true spiritual Israel, and descendants of Judah, Jacob, Isaac, and Abraham . . . are we who have been led to God through this crucified Christ.”[2] He also said, “Since then God blesses this people [i.e., Christians], and calls them Israel, and declares them to be His inheritance, how is it that you [Jews] repent not of the deception you practise on yourselves, as if you alone were the Israel?”[3] Justin...
  • Defining Supersessionism

    05/04/2014 11:23:13 AM PDT · by wmfights · 2 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach.
    This section we will attempt a precise definition of supersessionism. Various titles have been used in identifying the view that the church has permanently replaced Israel in God’s plan. As Marten H. Woudstra observes, “The question whether it is more proper to speak of a replacement of the Jews by the Christian church or of an extension (continuation) of the OT people of God into that of the NT church is variously answered.”[i] The most common designation used in recent scholarly literature to identify this position is “supersessionism.” Commenting on this term, Clark M. Williamson writes, “‘Supersessionism’ comes from two...
  • Popes vs. Jews

    12/03/2013 9:21:24 AM PST · by Zionist Conspirator · 19 replies
    Front Page Magazine ^ | 11/29/'13 | Bruce Bawer
    J’accuse, of course, is the title of the most famous open letter ever published, in which Emile Zola, the most celebrated French author of his time, charged the French government, in January 1898, with illegally sentencing Captain Alfred Dreyfus to life in prison. Dreyfus, who was Jewish, had been charged with spying and convicted of treason, and Zola charged that Dreyfus had been framed precisely because he was Jewish. The Italian writer Giulio Meotti’s decision to give his new book the title The Vatican against Israel: J’accuse is no coincidence. His topic, like Zola’s, is institutional anti-Semitism – the institutions,...
  • Op-Ed: Imminent: Israel's Capitulation to the Vatican

    06/13/2013 6:27:11 PM PDT · by haffast · 6 replies
    Arutz Sheva - Israel National News ^ | June 13, 2013 6:20 AM | Giulio Meotti
    A long-awaited agreement between the Vatican and Israel appears to be near finality. The two main points revolve around the Church's requests to build two centers in Israel: a church in a section of the Caesaria National Park where a site dedicated to Paul once stood, and the use of a plot on Mount Zion in Jerusalem. The structure on Mt. Zion, the highest point of Jerusalem, is known as the Cenacle, where the Last Supper is believed to have taken place, and according to the deal which will be signed in the coming months, it will become open to...
  • PLATONISM’S INFLUENCE ON CHRISTIAN ESCHATOLOGY

    07/24/2012 4:50:47 PM PDT · by wmfights · 43 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael J. Vlach, Ph.D
    IMPACT OF PLATONISM ON ESCHATOLOGY Randy Alcorn has specifically addressed the impact of Platonism on Christian eschatology. In doing so he has coined the term, Christoplatonism. As the title suggests, Christoplatonism is a philosophy that “has blended elements of Platonism with Christianity.”46 But as he points out, this merger is not a good thing since this mixture of Platonism with Christianity “has poisoned Christianity and blunted its distinct differences from Eastern religions.”47 According to Alcorn, Christoplatonism’s pervasive influence 41 Blaising, “Premillennialism,” 162. 42 Russell D. Moore, “Personal and Cosmic Eschatology,” in A Theology for the Church, ed. Daniel L. Akin...
  • Amillennialism vs Premillennialism

    06/19/2012 1:55:20 PM PDT · by wmfights · 66 replies
    Rapture Notes ^ | Gary Vaterlaus
    In this article, we first examined the tap root that contributed to the rejection of a literal thousand-year kingdom on earth, the dominant view for the first two centuries of the church, in favour of a spiritualized kingdom unlimited in duration (amillennialism). The single factor: the adoption of an allegorical hermeneutic, which replaced the literal or face-value hermeneutic of Jesus and the apostles. Four sub-roots fed this hermeneutical shift. First: the anti-Jewish bias of the early church developed as a result of a church dominated by gentile believers. Second: an overreaction to heresy, which included the condemnation not only of...
  • What Did Christians Close to John the Apostle Believe about the Millennium?

    06/13/2012 1:12:26 PM PDT · by wmfights · 79 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael J. Vlach, Ph.D.
    It has been said that one can use church history to prove just about anything. There is some wisdom to that old adage and that is why we must be careful when we use church history to support what we believe. Also, evangelicals have often rightly declared that as important as church history is, our doctrinal beliefs must first and foremost be grounded in Scripture. Thus, the proper perspective is to pay close attention to church history and learn from it, but also understand that Scripture takes priority over church history when it comes to what we should believe. With...
  • The Importance of Supersessionism to Theology

    06/11/2012 12:11:54 PM PDT · by wmfights · 15 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    In recent years, a greater awareness of the relationship between supersessionism and the major categories of Christian theology has developed. R. Kendall Soulen, for example, points out that current perceptions toward supersessionism are “fraught with profound implications for the whole range of Christian theological reflection.”[i] Craig A. Blaising asserts that issues related to supersessionism affect the doctrines of God, anthropology, Christology, ecclesiology, and eschatology.[ii] Although it is beyond the purpose of this work to examine fully how supersessionism relates to all aspects of Christian theology, a brief sketch of this relationship will highlight the importance of the supersessionist view to...
  • The Arguments For and Against Supersessionism

    06/08/2012 8:22:58 AM PDT · by wmfights · 120 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    The doctrine of supersessionism holds that the New Testament church permanently replaces or supersedes national Israel as the people of God. Those who are nonsupersessionists, however, assert the opposite. They hold that the church is not the new Israel who replaces or supersedes national Israel as the people of God. In this article we will briefly list the major hermeneutical assumptions and theological arguments of both supersessionism and nonsupersessionism. The purpose of this article is not to evaluate the arguments of either side. We are simply listing the main arguments made by both sides in this debate. HERMENEUTICAL ASSUMPTIONS OF...
  • Origen and Supersessionism Origen and Supersessionism

    06/05/2012 2:42:18 PM PDT · by wmfights · 18 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    The influential church father, Origen (c. 185–254), was important to the development of supersessionism. He taught that Israel was permanently rejected by God and that the church was the new Israel. Concerning Israel’s rejection, Origen promoted a punitive supersessionist approach in which the people of Israel were forever “abandoned because of their sins.”[1] He also declared: “And we say with confidence that they [Jews] will never be restored to their former condition. For they committed a crime of the most unhallowed kind, in conspiring against the Saviour of the human race in that city where they offered up to God...
  • Justin Martyr and Supersessionism

    06/01/2012 12:02:44 PM PDT · by wmfights · 157 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    Justin Martyr (A.D. 100–165) is important in the history of supersessionism because he was the first Christian writer to explicitly identify the church as “Israel.”[1] Justin declared, “For the true spiritual Israel, and descendants of Judah, Jacob, Isaac, and Abraham . . . are we who have been led to God through this crucified Christ.”[2] He also said, “Since then God blesses this people [i.e., Christians], and calls them Israel, and declares them to be His inheritance, how is it that you [Jews] repent not of the deception you practise on yourselves, as if you alone were the Israel?”[3] Justin...
  • Matthew 19:28 and Luke 22:30: New Testament Evidence for the Restoration of the Nation Israel

    05/28/2012 7:30:18 AM PDT · by wmfights · 3 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    Those who hold to replacement theology often claim that the New Testament is silent concerning the idea of a restoration of the nation Israel. But is the New Testament really silent on this matter? Matthew 19:28 and Luke 22:30 appear to be two passages among several that offer explicit New Testament evidence in favor of a restoration of the nation Israel. Matthew 19:28states: And Jesus said to them, “Truly I say to you, that you who have followed Me, in the regeneration when the Son of Man will sit on His glorious throne, you also shall sit upon twelve thrones,...
  • Matt 23:37–39 and Luke 13:34–35: NT Reaffirmations of the OT Expectation for Israel

    05/22/2012 2:27:23 PM PDT · by wmfights · 35 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    Certain passages like Matthew 19:28, Luke 22:30, Romans 11:25-27, and Acts 1:6 explicitly reaffirm the Old Testament expectation of a restoration of the nation Israel. In addition, the passages of Matthew 23:37–39 and Luke 13:34–35 also appear to be New Testament evidence for such a restoration.[1]Matthew 23:37–39 records Jesus’ words to the inhabitants of Jerusalem: “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, the way a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you were unwilling. Behold your house is being left to...
  • Is the Church Called “Israel” in Romans 9:6?

    05/16/2012 3:48:19 PM PDT · by wmfights · 129 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    Romans 9:6 is a passage sometimes used by supersessionists to show that the church is explicitly called Israel.[1] This verse reads, “But it is not as though the word of God has failed. For they are not all Israel who are descended from Israel.” Some see in the first mention of “Israel” a concept of Israel that goes beyond ethnic boundaries. Thus, Paul is allegedly making a distinction between ethnic Israel and a spiritual Israelthat consists of all believers including Gentiles. This is the view of Ridderbos: “Even the distinction Paul makes within national Jerusalem between who is and who...
  • Famous Theologians Who Affirm a Future for Israel

    05/14/2012 7:23:53 PM PDT · by wmfights · 13 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    The purpose of this document is to provide quotations from famous theologians who have affirmed some form of a future for the Jews or national Israel. We have also included statements from historians who have made comments about how theologians of a particular era or group viewed Israel's future. (Please note that we are not asserting that all these men believe the same thing about Israel.) Thomas Aquinas "It is possible to designate a terminus, because it seems that the blindness of the Jews will endure until all the pagans chosen for salvation have accepted the faith. And this is...
  • Does Matthew 21:43 Support Replacement Theology?

    05/10/2012 4:23:42 PM PDT · by wmfights · 29 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    One text often used by supersessionists to support the idea of the permanent rejection of national Israel is Matt 21:43.[1] In this verse, which Frederick Dale Bruner calls “one of the most important verses in Matthew,”[2] Jesus addressed the unbelief of the leaders of the nation Israel and announced his rejection of them because of their stubborn unbelief: “Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a nation producing the fruit of it.” What is the significance of Jesus’ words in Matt 21:43? Supersessionists often assert that Jesus was making...
  • Does Acts 1:6–7 Teach the Restoration of the Nation Israel?

    05/09/2012 4:46:59 PM PDT · by wmfights · 4 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    Acts 1:6–7 reads: “And so when they had come together, they were asking Him, saying, ‘Lord, is it at this time You are restoring the kingdom to Israel?’ He said to them, ‘It is not for you to know times or epochs which the Father has fixed by His own authority.’” This text is important in the debate over whether national Israel will undergo a national restoration. Nonsupersessionists, who believe in a restoration of national Israel, claim this text, which describes Jesus’ final interchange with his apostles, affirms the idea of a restoration of the nation Israel.[i] They usually do...
  • Christian Palestinianism

    04/28/2011 2:49:15 PM PDT · by GiovannaNicoletta · 56 replies
    BibleProphecyBlog.com ^ | April 28, 2011 | Jim Fletcher
    For some time, I have been raising the alarm that evangelical Christianity has been infiltrated by theological leftists. Among other things, this impacts our nation’s view of Israel. Recently, I was made aware of a movement of young evangelicals who are embracing what the British lecturer Paul Wilkinson calls “Christian Palestinianism.” Loosely, this means a Christian who supports the Palestinian Arabs, and dismisses Jewish claims to the land. Obviously, these “Millennial Generation” Christians (18-34) do not embrace Bible prophecy. Their worldview is different. A battle for Israel is being fought in the United States right now. Traditionally, Americans have supported...
  • Defining Supersessionism

    05/07/2012 2:38:10 PM PDT · by wmfights · 89 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    This section we will attempt a precise definition of supersessionism. Various titles have been used in identifying the view that the church has permanently replaced Israel in God’s plan. As Marten H. Woudstra observes, “The question whether it is more proper to speak of a replacement of the Jews by the Christian church or of an extension (continuation) of the OT people of God into that of the NT church is variously answered.”[i] The most common designation used in recent scholarly literature to identify this position is “supersessionism.” Commenting on this term, Clark M. Williamson writes, “‘Supersessionism’ comes from two...
  • Augustine's Contribution to Supersessionism

    05/03/2012 5:00:42 PM PDT · by wmfights · 22 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    Augustine’s contribution to the doctrine of supersessionism is significant. James Carroll points out that Augustine’s attitude toward the Jews was rooted in “assumptions of supersessionism.”[i] According to Cardinal Carlo Maria Martini, Augustine (354–430) introduced a “negative element into judgment on the Jews.”[ii] He did so by advancing the “‘theory of substitution’ whereby the New Israel of the church became a substitute of ancientIsrael.”[iii] In line with supersessionist theology, Augustine explicitly stated that the title “Israel” belonged to the Christian church: “For if we hold with a firm heart the grace of God which hath been given us, we are Israel,...
  • 12 Reasons Why Supersessionism/Replacement Theology Is Not A Biblical Doctrine

    04/30/2012 7:51:06 PM PDT · by wmfights · 108 replies
    Theological Studies ^ | Michael Vlach
    "I think we do not attach sufficient importance to the restoration of the Jews. We do not think enough of it. But certainly, if there is anything promised in the Bible it is this." --Charles H. Spurgeon "To argue that God replaced Israel with the church is to depart from an enormous body of biblical evidence." --Walter C. Kaiser, Jr. Supersessionism is the view that the New Testament Church supersedes, replaces, or fulfills the nation Israel’s place and role in the plan of God. I am convinced that supersessionism / replacement theology is an unbiblical doctrine that violates clear statements...