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ROOSEVELT APPOINTS SIX NEW GENERALS (8/4/39)
Microfiche-New York Times archives, McHenry Library, U.C. Santa Cruz | 8/4/39

Posted on 08/04/2009 5:30:09 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson

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TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: milhist; realtime
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1 posted on 08/04/2009 5:30:10 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Though Hitler, with unusual frankness, had told his generals on May 23 that Danzig was not the cause of the dispute with Poland at all, it seemed for a few weeks at midsummer that the Free City might be the powder keg which any day would set off the explosion of war. For some time the Germans had been smuggling into Danzig arms and Regular Army officers to train the local defense guard in their use. The arms and officers came in across the border from East Prussia, and in order to keep closer watch on them the Poles increased the number of their customs officials and frontier guards. The local Danzig authorities, now operating exclusively on orders from Berlin, countered by trying to prevent the Polish officials from carrying out their duties.

The conflict reached a crisis on August 4 when the Polish diplomatic representative in Danzig informed the local authorities that the Polish customs inspectors had been given orders to carry out their functions “with arms” and that any attempt by the Danzigers to hamper them would be regarded “as an act of violence” against Polish officials, and that in such a case the Polish government would “retaliate without delay against the Free City.”

William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

2 posted on 08/04/2009 5:37:47 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
The orders of the German Admiralty issued on August 4 were well conceived:

TASK IN THE EVENT OF WAR

Disruption and destruction of enemy merchant shipping by all possible means. . . . Enemy naval forces, even if inferior, are only to be engaged if it should further the principal task. . . .

Frequent changes of position in the operational areas will create uncertainty and will restrict enemy merchant shipping, even without tangible results. A temporary departure into distant areas will also add to the uncertainty of the enemy.

If the enemy should protect his shipping with superior forces so that the direct successes cannot be obtained, then the mere fact that his shipping is so restricted means that we have greatly impaired his supply situation. Valuable results will also be obtained if the pocket-battleships continue to remain in the convoy area.

With all this wisdom the British Admiralty would have been in rueful agreement.

Winston S. Churchill, The Gathering Storm

3 posted on 08/04/2009 5:39:00 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; GRRRRR; 2banana; henkster; ...
Stilwell is named in the final paragraph. Colonel Lloyd Fredenhall, the last named, will be replaced by Patton after the fiasco at Kasserine Pass.

Danzig crisis update at reply #2.
Kriegsmarine update at reply #3.

4 posted on 08/04/2009 5:41:06 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Vinegar Joe bump


5 posted on 08/04/2009 5:43:58 AM PDT by wordsofearnest (Job 19:25 As for me, I know my Redeemer lives.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Of all the generals named, only Fredendall and Stillwell played a significant role in the war. As you noted, Fredendall’s role was brief, and significant only in that he showed that peacetime merit didn’t always translate well into combat effectiveness.

Stilwell was the other.

The other guys? Never heard of them.


6 posted on 08/04/2009 5:44:45 AM PDT by henkster (A "Living Constitution" yields a Dead Republic)
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To: Perdogg; Tainan

Ping.


7 posted on 08/04/2009 5:52:01 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: henkster

Gen Keyon A Joyce

He joined the Army as a Private during the Spanish-American War and rose through the ranks to Major General. He was wounded by a grenade in World War I and thereafter did not have use of one hand.

He was commander of Fort Myer, Virginia, (adjacent to Arlington) from 1933 to 1937 and he supervised the construction of the Chapel from which his own funeral was conducted following his death in San Francisco on January 11, 1960. He was buried in Section 30 of Arlington National Cemetery.

Rose from Private to Major General!


8 posted on 08/04/2009 6:07:06 AM PDT by Mikey_1962 (Obama: The Affirmative Action President)
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To: Mikey_1962

>>Rose from Private to Major General!

that is impressive.


9 posted on 08/04/2009 6:22:12 AM PDT by quikdrw (Life is tough....it's even tougher if you are stupid.)
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To: quikdrw
Rose from Private to Major General! that is impressive..

Not as impressive as General Tommy Franks who went from private to 4 star General!

10 posted on 08/04/2009 6:27:50 AM PDT by RVN Airplane Driver ("To be born into freedom is an accident; to die in freedom is an obligation..)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Interseting mixed bag. Stillwell went on to fame in China and Burma, with a somewhat mixed record. Fredenhall went on to Kasserine Pass as II Corps CG. Relieved, and shipped stateside, where, I believe, he may have been promoted again.


11 posted on 08/04/2009 7:15:49 AM PDT by PzLdr ("The Emperor is not as forgiving as I am" - Darth Vader)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Thanks Homey...Vinegar Joe gets the nod to Brigadier. A great Soldier and an even greater Staff Officer. He led from the front.


12 posted on 08/04/2009 7:21:20 AM PDT by Tainan (Cogito, ergo conservatus)
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To: Tainan

Roosevelt appointed Generals to preserve and protect the Constitution and win the coming war. The One appoints czars to undermine and destroy the Constitution while losing the war we’re in. Is it a contrast or what?


13 posted on 08/04/2009 7:26:56 AM PDT by AmericanVictory (Should we be more like them or they more like we used to be?)
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To: AmericanVictory

Its pretty damn clear what “the ones” agenda is.

Even if he’s removed from office...the clean-up is going to be even messier. He’s put moles into so many places and dug in so deep he makes the Clinton* regime look like amateurs.


14 posted on 08/04/2009 7:36:01 AM PDT by Tainan (Cogito, ergo conservatus)
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To: PzLdr

FYI: Google “Generals of World War II” and it gives a concise view of individual generals careers.


15 posted on 08/04/2009 7:47:12 AM PDT by unkus
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To: RVN Airplane Driver

How did Tommy Franks get his commission? I don’t think I ever heard.


16 posted on 08/04/2009 8:08:03 AM PDT by quikdrw (Life is tough....it's even tougher if you are stupid.)
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To: quikdrw

I think he was an Artillery OCS graduate...he was an artillery spotter in RVN, logging lots of time in be back of a bird dog.


17 posted on 08/04/2009 9:25:15 AM PDT by RVN Airplane Driver ("To be born into freedom is an accident; to die in freedom is an obligation..)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

This just in, Generalissimo Francisco Franco is still alive.


18 posted on 08/04/2009 9:27:29 AM PDT by dfwgator
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To: dfwgator
Informed circles said he might go in October.

Informed squares said he might not.

19 posted on 08/04/2009 9:32:53 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: RVN Airplane Driver

WOW, that is impressive.


20 posted on 08/04/2009 10:02:07 AM PDT by quikdrw (Life is tough....it's even tougher if you are stupid.)
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To: Mikey_1962

It appears that Gen Grunnert also started as an enlisted man in the Spanish American War, rising to the rank of Lt. Gen.


21 posted on 08/04/2009 4:19:41 PM PDT by PAR35
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Fredendall was absolutely incompetent in North Africa in my opinion. I think the fact that he was close to Marshall was the only thing that saved his butt. He was promoted out of there in order to get rid of him without making waves.

The other name I recognize (besides Stilwell) is McGruder but I cant remember from where right at the moment. Maybe he served under Patton?


22 posted on 08/06/2009 7:32:50 AM PDT by CougarGA7 (If I disagree with you, it is because you are wrong.)
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To: CougarGA7
Maybe he served under Patton?

A Major General John B. Magruder served under Robert E. Lee.

23 posted on 08/06/2009 7:42:37 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Maybe Bruce Magruder is his son or grandson. I’ll look him up real quick.


24 posted on 08/06/2009 7:49:57 AM PDT by CougarGA7 (If I disagree with you, it is because you are wrong.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Found him. He was the first commander of Old Ironsides, the 1st Armored Division. That’s why he sounds familiar.


25 posted on 08/06/2009 7:51:22 AM PDT by CougarGA7 (If I disagree with you, it is because you are wrong.)
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