Skip to comments.BRITISH SWEEP AROUND AXIS FLANK IN EGYPT, U.S. AND R.A.F. FLIERS DEAL SMASHING BLOWS (7/3/42)
Posted on 07/03/2012 4:19:21 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
Italian division defeated by New Zealanders
Friday, July 3, 1942 www.onwar.com
New Zealander mobile anti-tank gun [photo at link]
In North Africa... The New Zealand 2nd Division and their supporting artillery almost destroy the Italian Ariete Division attacking toward Alam Nayil.
From Norway... The German pocket battleship Lutzow and cruiser Admiral Sheer leave Narvik with an escort to join the Tirpitz in an attack on the British convoys. However on the way, the Lutzow and three destroyers run aground.
July 3rd, 1942
UNITED KINGDOM: Minesweeping trawler HMS Magdalen launched. (Dave Shirlaw)
U-543, U-719 laid down
U-191 launched. (Dave Shirlaw)
NORWAY: Lutzow and Admiral Scheer leave Narvik with a destroyer escort heading for Tirpitz. Lutzow and 3 of the destroyers run aground.
YUGOSLAVIA: The German army launches an attack on partisans and on peasants thought to be sheltering them.
POLAND: Krakow: The SS murders 93 gypsies.
NORTH AFRICA: The 2nd New Zealand Division, with artillery support, destroys the Italian Ariete Division. They have attacked toward Alam Nayil when they came up against the 2nd New Zealand Division.
In North Africa, US Army, Middle East Air Force (USAMEAF) B-24s attack Tobruk, Libya harbor during the daylight hours and B-17s bomb supplies at Tobruk during the night of 3/4 July. (Jack McKillop)
El Alamein: Three nights ago, the Afrika Korps radio played romantic music and warned the ladies of Cairo to “make ready for us tonight.”
After days of fighting, always advancing - sometimes even chasing the retreating British - victory seemed assured as Rommel formed his tanks and infantry for a final push towards the Nile Delta and the longed-for ladies.
Throughout the night, Allied troops in their desert defensive “boxes” watched as German multi-coloured Very lights lit up the sky in an impromptu firework display.
Rommel was banking on bypassing the weak and disorganized remains of the British X Corps at Alamein, leaving Italian infantry to clean up the garrison, and making a direct dash to Alexandria. His army began well, but was slowed by fierce sandstorms, constant air attacks and carefully places British artillery.
The British commander, General Auchinleck, guessed well and ordered his tanks to counter-attack in the south. He aimed to hit the Germans’ flank but the battle became a head-on confrontation with the British armour held back by the lethal 88mm guns which have caused so much havoc to the thinly armoured British tanks in the past.
By tonight, Rommel’s advance has been halted. Auchinleck’s tactics are paying off. Axis troops are digging in, no nearer to the ladies of Cairo.
MEDITERRANEAN SEA: Beaufort Operations.
Convoy from Taranto to North Africa consisting of three cargo ships, German MV Ankara (4,786 BRT), and Italian MVs Nino Bixio (7,137 BRT) and Monvisio (5,322 BRT), with an extremely strong escort - DD Verrazano, DD Turbine, DD Euro, TB Antares, TB Polluce, TB Castore, TB San Martino, and DE Pegaso attacked by RAF aircraft. (Dave Shirlaw)
JAPAN: The Italian Savoia-Marchetti 75-GA trimotor aircraft arrives after its 7,000 mile flight from Rome. The purpose of the flight is to deliver codes, which would have two months by submarine. The aircraft refuelled at Zaporozhye in German-held Ukraine, near the Sea of Azov, and again at Pao-Tow-Chien, west of Peking in Japanese-held China. (Ed Miller)
NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES: The RN submarine HM S/M Truant sinks a Japanese army cargo ship off the coast of Sumatra west of Kuala Lumpur. (Jack McKillop)
AUSTRALIA: Frigate HMAS Gascoyne laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)
ALEUTIAN ISLANDS: In the Aleutian Islands, 7 B-24s and 2 B-17s of the 11th Air Force bomb Kiska and Near Islands, encountering neither fighter opposition nor AA; results are not observed; the B-24s damage two Japanese seaplane tenders and a transport off Agattu Island.
The Japanese land 1,200 additional troops on Kiska as reinforcements.
The four Japanese aircraft carriers that departed Japan on 30 June arrive in Aleutian waters with the intent of engaging US naval and air forces but the weather is so bad that they are never sighted and they return to Japan in a few days. (Jack McKillop)
U.S.A.: Canada and the United States form joint military, naval, and air office in Washington.
Destroyer USS Quick commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)
In the first successful firing of an American rocket from a plane in flight, Lieutenant Commander James H. Hean, Gunnery Officer of Transition Training Squadron, Pacific Fleet, fires a retro-rocket from a PBY-5A Catalina in flight at Goldston Lake, California. The rocket, designed to be fired aft with a velocity equal to the forward velocity of the aircraft, and thus to fall vertically, was designed at the California Institute of Technology. Following successful tests, the retro-rocket became a weapon complementary to the magnetic airborne detector (MAD) with Patrol Squadron Sixty Three (VP-63) receiving the first service installation in February 1943.(Jack McKillop)
The Free French destroyer LE TIGRE sinks a German U-boat off New York.
CARIBBEAN SEA: At 0401, U-161 fired a spread of two stern torpedoes at the San Pablo, which lay berthed at the fully illuminated pier in Puerto Limón, Costa Rica and was discharging cargo. The ship was hit amidships and near the bridge in #1 and #2 holds and quickly settled to the bottom with only her superstructure above the water because the watertight doors between all holds had been left open. One crewmember died on watch below and 23 stevedores (residents of Puerto Limon) working in the holds were killed. All but three crewmembers of the vessel were ashore at the time of the attack. On 9 Jan 1943, the San Pablo was raised and after temporary repairs on 6 March, taken in tow by the tug Crusader to Tampa via Puerto Castilla and Key West, arriving on 28 March. It was first planned to repair the vessel, but she was declared a total loss and sunk as target 9 miles SSE of Pensacola Pass on 25 September. (Dave Shirlaw)
ATLANTIC OCEAN: German submarines sink three U.S. merchant vessels.
1. At 0614, the unescorted Gulfbelle was hit by one torpedo from U-126, while zigzagging at 11 knots 21 miles north of Tobago. The torpedo struck on the starboard quarter, ripped a hole 40 feet square, wrecked the engine room (killing an oiler and the second assistant engineer) and caused the turbine to fall out of the ship. The armed guards fired one round from the 5in gun, her only armament, at a range of 300 yards on the surfaced U-126. The shell passed over the U-boat, which then immediately submerged. At this time most of the crew of eight officers and 33 men had abandoned the ship in three lifeboats, because they did not clearly understand the order from the master to stand by their abandon ship stations. The master, four crewmen and the eight armed guards at the gun remained on board. Two boats drifted away in the choppy seas and were picked up by destroyer HMS Warwick. The crew in the #4 boat reboarded the ship later and were subsequently transferred to the same destroyer, which towed the tanker to Port of Spain, Trinidad. On 8 September the Gulfbelle reached Mobile, Alabama in tow for repairs, which were completed on 4 Jul 1943, when she left Mobile for Beaumont, Texas to resume service
2. U-215 sinks an armed freighter sailing in convoy BA 2 about 202nm (375 km) east of Boston, Massachusetts. USA. German Type VIID submarine U-215 is then in turn sunk about 200 nm (370 km) east of Boston, Massachusetts, USA at position 41.48N, 66.38W by depth charges from the British trawler Le Tigre. All hands on the U-boat (48 men) are lost. The trawler was a French one seized by the Royal Navy in 1940 after the fall of France in June. (Alex Gordon)
The Alexander Macomb, on her maiden voyage, heavy fog and fear of collision caused the ship to fall astern of Convoy BX-27. The master Carl Monsen Froisland maintained an intermittent zigzag course and was attempting to catch the convoy in daylight. She had reached the rear of the convoy and had about seven ships and an escort vessel in sight when at 1230 a torpedo from U-215 struck between #4 and #5 holds, causing the cargo of explosives to ignite and burst into flames. The eight officers, 33 crewmen and 25 armed guards (the ship was armed with one 4in, one 3in, four 20mm and two .30cal guns) abandoned ship in three lifeboats and one raft, but because the ship was still under way one boat capsized. Other survivors jumped into the water and hung onto pieces of wreckage. At 1300 the ship sank by the stern about 175 miles east of Cape Cod. 15 minutes later armed yacht HMS Le Tigre rescued 23 crewmembers and eight armed guards and brought them to Woods Hole on 4 July. Corvette HMCS Regina picked up 14 crewmembers and 11 armed guards who were taken to Halifax. Six armed guards and four crewmembers died in the attack. German Type VIID submarine U-215 is then in turn sunk about 200 nm (370 km) east of Boston, Massachusetts, USA at position 41.48N, 66.38W by depth charges from the British trawler Le Tigre and destroyer HMS Veteran. All hands on the U-boat (48 men) are lost. The trawler was a French one seized by the Royal Navy in 1940 after the fall of France in June. (Alex Gordon and Dave Shirlaw)
3. U-575 sinks an unarmed freighter 158 nm (292 km) west-northwest of San Juan, Puerto Rico and Cuba. The sub surfaces and the commander gives the survivors a bottle of brandy.
The Battle of El Alamein (Hanson Baldwin) on Page 9 is particularly gripping.
Right now it really sounds like the Axis forces will push through to Cairo. A pivotal battle.
Now 69,5;70,000,000 Reichsmarks, Official Agency Says.
Berlin - From German broadcast - The floating debt of the Rich rose in April by 2,710,000,000 reichsmarks to 69,570,000,000 reicshmarks, DNB offical German news agency said today.
The increase, the agency added, was mostly due to greater circulation of non-interesting bearing Treasury bonds and Reich bills, which rose by 2,240,000,000 reichsmarks.
More detail on the treason case, from: http://www.hourdetroit.com/Hour-Detroit/November-2010/Books-lsquoNo-Ordinary-Crime-rsquo/
“Before he met Stephan, Krug arrived at the east-side flat of Margareta Bertelmann, a German immigrant whose address Krug remembered from packages she sent to POWs in the Canadian camp. She also supplied him with money and clothing.
Stephan was charged with treason, convicted, and sentenced to hang. Bertelmann couldnt be charged with treason because she wasnt an American citizen, and was sent to an enemy alien camp in Texas.
Although Michigan had long abolished the death penalty, this was a federal crime. The case was a sensation, in no small part because this was only the second time in U.S. history in which the defendant was sentenced to die for treason. The first was during the Whiskey Rebellion in the 1790s, but the two convicted men were pardoned by President George Washington.
Eight hours before he was scheduled to swing, Stephan received clemency, too. President Franklin D. Roosevelt commuted his sentence to life in prison, which is where Stephan died of bowel cancer in 1952.”
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