Skip to comments.2 AMERICAN DESTROYERS ARE LOST, 2 OF FOE’S SHIPS HIT IN SOLOMONS (10/22/42)
Posted on 10/22/2012 4:36:55 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945
Artillery breaks up Japanese assault
Thursday, October 22, 1942 www.onwar.com
American artillery on Guadalcanal [photo at link]
In the Solomon Islands... On Guadalcanal, the Japanese attack again over the Matanikau River with a strong force of tanks and infantry. They are thrown back with heavy losses due mainly to the effectiveness of the American artillery.
On the Eastern Front... The first snows of winter fall at Stalingrad.
In New Guinea... Australian troops land on Goodenough Island. The Japanese have mostly left the island after the battle at after Milne Bay.
October 22nd, 1942
UNITED KINGDOM: Submarine HMS Totem laid down.
Destroyer HMS Quilliam commissioned.
Submarine HMS Thule launched. and
GERMANY: U-645 commissioned. and
U.S.S.R.: The first snow of the winter falls at Stalingrad.
On Lake Ladoga all three Italian 12th Naval flotilla MASs co-operate with the German pontoons in an attack against the Sucho islet. (Arturo Lorioli)
ALGERIA: The US General Mark Clark lands for secret talks with senior pro-Allied French officers and Resistance leaders.
CHINA: Chungking: The opening session of the Chinese People’s Council today was marked by the absence of any Communist delegates and a warning from Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. Speaking obliquely about the continued factional fighting between Kuomintang and Communist troops, he pointed out that it was wasting manpower and materials and endangering the Chinese war effort. Success on the war front would not save China from Japan if the divisive internal economic and political battles continued, he warned.
NEW GUINEA: GOODENOUGH ISLAND: Australian units land. They find it mostly abandoned by the Japanese.
SOLOMON ISLANDS: General Holcomb, Commandant USMC, tours front line positions of his Marines, on Guadalcanal, amid occasional Japanese artillery fire. He also observes an air raid by 12 Vals escorted by 12 Zeros at 1:00 pm. 29 Wildcats of the Cactus Airforce intercept and 2 Vals are lost. Their target, the destroyer USS Nicholas. (Note: My favorite destroyer! <G) They missed her. (John Nicholas)
During the evening General Maruyama reaches his deployment line, 4 miles south of Henderson Field. He is actually 6 - 7 miles south. His division is strung out over approximately 18 miles of rain-soaked trails. Despite some serious doubts, the attack is scheduled by HQ 17th Army, at Kokumbona on the coast, for the 23rd (tomorrow). The Japanese plan an attack of two prongs from the mouth of the Matanikau early on the 23rd. Col. Oka and Col. Nakaguma will command these. That night the attack south of Henderson Field will have a right wing attack under General Kawaguchi (of Bloody Ridge), a left wing under General Nasu and the main attack under General Maruyama.
PACIFIC OCEAN: USS Grayback (SS-208) sinks a transport at 04-45 S, 152-53 E. (Skip Guidry)
CANADA: Corvette HMCS Lethbridge completed refit Liverpool, Nova Scotia and departed for workups Pictou, Nova Scotia.
NEWFOUNDLAND: Corvettes HMCS Kitchener, Calgary and Camrose departed St John’s for UK with Convoy SC-106. SC-106 arrived safely in Liverpool on 5 Nov 42. and
U.S.A.: The motion picture “Now, Voyager” opens at the Hollywood Theater in New York City. Directed by Irving Rapper, this romantic drama based on an Olive Higgins Prouty novel stars Bette Davis, Paul Henreid, Claude Rains, Gladys Cooper, Bonita Granville and John Loder. (Jack McKillop)
Minesweeper USS Jubilant laid down.
Destroyer USS Tingey laid down.
Destroyer escort USS Gilmore launched.
Destroyer USS Trathen launched. and
ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-412 (Type VIIC) is sunk 22 Oct, 1942 northeast of the Faroes, in position 63.55N, 00.24E, by depth charges from a British Wellington aircraft (Sqdn. 179/B). 48 dead (all crew lost). (Alex Gordon)
U-443 sank SS Donax and SS Winnipeg II in Convoy ON-139.
This is a big weekend for movie openings. Flying Tigers and My Sister Eileen also make their N.Y.C. debuts. We will have reviews for all three tomorrow.
DD’s Meredith and O’Brian sunk. We lost 90 DD’s and DE’s during WWII.
Well that's inspiring. Sounds like something from Monty Python.
The USS Meredith was attempting to escort a fuel convoy to Guadalcanal when she was caught in open water by a full strike force from the Japanese carrier Zuikaku. Hit by at least fourteen bombs and seven torpedoes, she went down in minutes. Only seventy-three men survived the sinking and the ensuing shark attacks.
"When news reports about the mass murder of Eastern European Jews first reached the United States, the American Jewish community was ill prepared to deal with the impending tragedy.
The lack of organizational cohesiveness and the disparate character of the American Jewish community prevented a unified response to the genocidal campaigns of the Nazis.
"The U.S. Jewish defense organization, known as the American Jewish Committee, used quiet diplomacy to deal with the Nazi onslaught.
As the crisis in Europe escalated, the committee joined with seven other organizations to form the Joint Emergency Committee on European Jewish Affairs.
This group submitted a rescue proposal to the Bermuda Conference and sponsored mass meetings to publicize the murder of European Jews.
"The creation of the American Jewish Conference in August 1943 was an attempt to promote Jewish unity and offer a unified response to the growing disaster in Europe.
The conference's focus on postwar Jewish policy, however, limited the group's efficacy.
"Pictured here are Chaim Weizmann (left), Zionist activist and first president of the state of Israel, and Rabbi Stephen Wise, a founder of the American Zionist movement."