Skip to comments.8TH ARMY RACES ON 27 MILES; ALLIES THREATENING SOUSSE; BAG 61 BIG PLANES IN 2 DAYS (4/12/43)
Posted on 04/12/2013 5:51:24 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
Mass graves uncovered in Katyn Forest
Monday, April 12, 1943 www.onwar.com
Germans show local Poles evidence from Katyn massacre [photo at link].
In Occupied Poland... The Germans announce the discovery of a group of mass graves in the Katyn Forest. The bodies of 4100 Polish officers killed by the Soviets during their occupation of the region, are found.
In Tunisia... The retreating Axis forces reach Enfidaville.
In New Guinea... Port Moresby is attacked by 174 Japanese aircraft in their ongoing offensive. Little significant damage is done.
April 12th, 1943 (MONDAY)
UNITED KINGDOM: Westminster: Sir Kingsley Wood, the chancellor of the exchequer, turned the tax screw more tightly on Britain in a budget which will raise an extra £100 million without altering income tax. Beer, spirits, tobacco and entertainment will all cost more - beer 1/3 a pint, whisky £1/5/6 a bottle, wine and extra 1/- a bottle, and cigarettes 2/4 for 20. Entertainment tax will increase the price of 1/6 cinema tickets to 1/9 and add 1/- to the cost of a stall in West End theatres.
Purchase tax is removed from all utility cloth and textiles, including towels, furnishings, linen and handkerchiefs. But on all luxury goods, such as fur coats, silk dresses or fabrics, leather bags and suitcases, gramophone records and musical instruments, gold and silver watches and clocks, cosmetics, perfume and jewellery (real or imitation), the tax is increased to an unprecedented 100%.
The cost of the war is estimated this year at £5,756 million, of which half will be raised in tax amounting to 2,900 million. National Savings bring in £30 million a week, making a total of £4,600 million saved by the end of last year.
A Board of 5 officers of the US Eighth Air Force and 1 of the Royal Air Force complete formulation of a plan for the Combined Bomber Offensive (CBO) from the United Kingdom in accordance with the mission prescribed by the Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS) in the Casablanca Directive. (Jack McKillop)
ITALY: Ninth Air Force B-24s sent to attack Naples harbour, are prevented by bad weather from bombing the primary target. About half return without bombing while the others hit Cosenza and Crotone. Other heavy bombers of the same group, in a subsequent mission, bomb Naples and the secondary target of Pizzo. (Jack McKillop)
SICILY: RAF Liberators, under operational control of the US IX Bomber Command, are dispatched against Palermo. The primary target is attacked, in spite of total cloud cover, but most of bomb tonnage is dropped in Messina, Italy harbour. Northwest African Strategic Air Force (NASAF) B-17s bomb the harbour at Trapani and hit shipping in the Straits of Sicily. (Jack McKillop)
POLAND: The Germans announce the discovery of mass graves at the Katyn Forest containing 4,100 Polish Officers.
Rastenburg: Hitler, perhaps unwittingly, signs an order making Martin Bormann his secretary.
U.S.S.R.: Moscow: Stalin writes to Churchill that he is delighted by the damage done to German industrial centres.
TUNISIA: Sousse falls to the Allies.
NASAF B-17s bomb the harbour at Bizerte. Northwest African Tactical Air Force (NATAF) B-25s and A-20s bomb airfields at Oudna and Sainte-Made du Zit; other tactical aircraft hit enemy movements and fly sweep and reconnaissance throughout NE Tunisia following the attack during the night of 11/12 Apr by British aircraft, mainly in the Enfidaville, Zaghouan, and Bou Ficha areas. (Jack McKillop)
LIBYA: Sahara Desert: An air-sea rescue operation is being mounted from the US air base at Benghazi to scour the Mediterranean for survivors from a crashed Liberator. The eight surviving crew members are making a desperate attempt to walk home in the blazing heat of the Sahara desert. A simple, yet tragic, navigational error seems likely to cost the lives of the crew of Lady be Good.
Leaving markers along their trail, the crew are dying off day by day as they head north. Their water has run out. Their captain has written in his diary: “Still praying, eyes bad, lost all our wgt [sic], aching all over.”
BURMA: 9 Tenth Air Force B-25s hit the airfield at Magwe while P-40s bomb and strafe the ammunition and supply dump at Walawbum. Fourteenth Air Force P-40s based in China strafe more than 20 vehicles 25 mi (40 km) E of Loiwing. (Jack McKillop)
SOLOMON ISLANDS: Single Thirteenth Air Force B-24s continue snooper strikes, hitting Kahili Airfield on Bougainville twice during the evening. (Jack McKillop)
BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO: Fifth Air Force B-24s and B-17 pound the airfields at Rabaul and Gasmata, shipping in the Saint George Channel, and targets of opportunity in the Ubili and Talasea areas. (Jack McKillop)
NEW GUINEA: Fifth Air Force B-24s and B-17s hit shipping in Hansa Bay, the airfields at Lae and Nubia and Bogia harbour. B-24’s, operating individually, attack several targets, scoring hits on the Madang dock area and at Toeal.
Japanese aircraft, 43 Mitsubishi G4M, Navy Type 1 Attack Bombers (Allied Code Name “Betty”) escorted by 131 fighters, attack Port Moresby.
The bombing destroyers 3 B-25s, an RAAF Beaufighter and several fuel dumps as well as the runways of 3 airfields. Fifth Air Force pilots shoot down 17 “Betty” bombers and 10 fighters; 2 P-39Airacobras are shot down. (Jack McKillop)
PACIFIC OCEAN: Submarine USS Flying Fish (SS-229) sinks a Japanese merchant cargo ship at the eastern entrance to Tsugaru Strait, just off Shiriyazaki, northern Honshu. (Jack McKillop)
TERRITORY OF ALASKA: ALEUTIAN ISLANDS: 3 B-25s, 24 P-40s, and 13 P-38s of the US Eleventh Air Force fly 7 missions to Kiska Island. The fighters also strafe Little Kiska. AA fire damages 1 P-40 and 1 P-38; the P-38 force-lands safely. (Jack McKillop)
U.S.A.: During WW II, the Military Intelligence Service (MIS) produced numerous documents, most commonly known are the Intelligence Bulletins. The Military Intelligence Special Series continues with “German Military Abbreviations.” (William L. Howard)
Much more detail on Wikipedia,
“At the time, the plane was assumed to have crashed into the Mediterranean Sea and its nine crew members were classified as Missing in Action.
In 1958 the nearly intact Lady Be Good was discovered 710 km (440 mi) inland. Subsequent searches uncovered the remains of all but one of the crew.
After the crew abandoned the aircraft, it continued flying southward. The mostly intact wreckage and evidence showing one engine was still operating at the time of impact suggests the aircraft gradually lost altitude in a very shallow descent, reached the flat, open desert floor and landed on its belly.
A diary recovered from the pocket of co-pilot Robert Toner told of much suffering on the walk northward and indicated the crew were unaware they were over land when they bailed out. There has been speculation that whatever airborne glimpses they may have caught of the empty desert floor in the darkness looked like open sea. It seems the crew never understood they were more than 400 miles (640 km) inland.”
Headline: "Prescot Bush Named to Direct Drive of National War Fund"
I guess, that would sort of eliminate the possibility of his being some kind of crypto-secret-don't-tell-anybody Nazi, doncha-think?
Of course, it does sort of show that Bushes come from a long line of ancestors opposed to fascistic tin-horn dictators.
Wonder how that might play out in generations to come?
OK, thanks to your massive effort to provide us context, I finally understand one more reason why the Katyn Forest massacre was unremarked on for so long.
4100 murders was a day’s work for a single Einsatzgruppe.
Really it is BroJoeK who provides the context for that aspect of the war. His frequent updates on the course of the Holocaust are much appreciated but usually disturbing. I hope that compiling all that horror doesn't take a psychological toll or he could wind up with PTSD before we are done.
According to this widely known site, the 20th century's total of war & persecution deaths -- referred to as "democide" -- was over 250 million.
That's an average of 2.5 million deaths per year for 100 years.
Out of that total, Holocaust deaths of six million Jews are unique and noteworthy, but barely 2% of the total.
Even in the overall context of World War Two, six million are fewer than 10% of all who died.
So, you might consider: my Holocaust postings are just a small example of the real human-interest news the old New York Times, for whatever reasons, did not much report on.
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