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Iranian Alert - September 25, 2004 [EST]- IRAN LIVE THREAD - "Americans for Regime Change in Iran"
Americans for Regime Change In Iran ^ | 9.25.2004 | DoctorZin

Posted on 09/24/2004 10:11:16 PM PDT by DoctorZIn

The US media still largely ignores news regarding the Islamic Republic of Iran. As Tony Snow of the Fox News Network has put it, “this is probably the most under-reported news story of the year.” As a result, most American’s are unaware that the Islamic Republic of Iran is NOT supported by the masses of Iranians today. Modern Iranians are among the most pro-American in the Middle East. In fact they were one of the first countries to have spontaneous candlelight vigils after the 911 tragedy (see photo).

There is a popular revolt against the Iranian regime brewing in Iran today. I began these daily threads June 10th 2003. On that date Iranians once again began taking to the streets to express their desire for a regime change. Today in Iran, most want to replace the regime with a secular democracy.

The regime is working hard to keep the news about the protest movement in Iran from being reported. Unfortunately, the regime has successfully prohibited western news reporters from covering the demonstrations. The voices of discontent within Iran are sometime murdered, more often imprisoned. Still the people continue to take to the streets to demonstrate against the regime.

In support of this revolt, Iranians in America have been broadcasting news stories by satellite into Iran. This 21st century news link has greatly encouraged these protests. The regime has been attempting to jam the signals, and locate the satellite dishes. Still the people violate the law and listen to these broadcasts. Iranians also use the Internet and the regime attempts to block their access to news against the regime. In spite of this, many Iranians inside of Iran read these posts daily to keep informed of the events in their own country.

This daily thread contains nearly all of the English news reports on Iran. It is thorough. If you follow this thread you will witness, I believe, the transformation of a nation. This daily thread provides a central place where those interested in the events in Iran can find the best news and commentary. The news stories and commentary will from time to time include material from the regime itself. But if you read the post you will discover for yourself, the real story of what is occurring in Iran and its effects on the war on terror.

I am not of Iranian heritage. I am an American committed to supporting the efforts of those in Iran seeking to replace their government with a secular democracy. I am in contact with leaders of the Iranian community here in the United States and in Iran itself.

If you read the daily posts you will gain a better understanding of the US war on terrorism, the Middle East and why we need to support a change of regime in Iran. Feel free to ask your questions and post news stories you discover in the weeks to come.

If all goes well Iran will be free soon and I am convinced become a major ally in the war on terrorism. The regime will fall. Iran will be free. It is just a matter of time.

DoctorZin




TOPICS: Extended News; Foreign Affairs; News/Current Events; War on Terror
KEYWORDS: armyofmahdi; ayatollah; cleric; humanrights; iaea; insurgency; iran; iranianalert; iranquake; iraq; islamicrepublic; jayshalmahdi; journalist; kazemi; khamenei; khatami; khatemi; lsadr; moqtadaalsadr; mullahs; persecution; persia; persian; politicalprisoners; protests; rafsanjani; revolutionaryguard; rumsfeld; satellitetelephones; shiite; southasia; southwestasia; studentmovement; studentprotest; terrorism; terrorists; wot
Join Us At Today's Iranian Alert Thread – The Most Underreported Story Of The Year!

"If you want on or off this Iran ping list, Freepmail DoctorZin

1 posted on 09/24/2004 10:11:24 PM PDT by DoctorZIn
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To: Pan_Yans Wife; fat city; freedom44; Tamsey; Grampa Dave; PhiKapMom; McGavin999; Hinoki Cypress; ...
Join Us At Today's Iranian Alert Thread – The Most Underreported Story Of The Year!

"If you want on or off this Iran ping list, Freepmail DoctorZin”

2 posted on 09/24/2004 10:13:46 PM PDT by DoctorZIn (Until they are Free, "We shall all be Iranians!")
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To: DoctorZIn

23 Sep 2004 19:51 GMT 

US Powell: Iran Would Be 'Wise' To Settle Nuclear Issues

[Excerpt]


Copyright © 2004, Dow Jones Newswires

NEW YORK -(Dow Jones)- Iran would be "wise" to work with the U.N. nuclear watchdog and European governments to satisfy concerns about its nuclear ambitions, U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell said Thursday.

Powell said that if Iran fails to meet demands set by the International Atomic Energy Agency by the time the group's board meets again in November, the U.S. would push to have the matter referred to the U.N. Security Council for further action.

The U.S. and many nuclear proliferation experts believe Iran is covertly developing nuclear weapons. Iran insists that its nuclear program is strictly for the generation of electricity.

Iran "would be wise ... to get with the IAEA, to get with the European foreign ministers again and try to clear up these issues," Powell said at a press conference at the U.N. in New York.


3 posted on 09/24/2004 10:14:56 PM PDT by DoctorZIn (Until they are Free, "We shall all be Iranians!")
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To: DoctorZIn

Pressed Over Nuclear Arms, Iran Slams US, Israel

Fri Sep 24, 2004 04:34 PM ET

By Irwin Arieff

UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - Iran, under fire on suspicion of secretly seeking nuclear arms, accused the United States on Friday of "lawless militarism" in Iraq and called Israel the biggest threat to peace in the Middle East.

"The attack against Iraq was illegal," Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi told the U.N. General Assembly, thanking U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan for publicly stating the same in a television interview last week.

The invasion was an example of "increasing lawless militarism," involving "the use of brute and unsanctioned military force to achieve some political goals, albeit desirable goals," said Kharrazi, explaining that his country, which fought an eight-year war with its neighbor, had "benefited greatly by the removal of Saddam Hussein."

Kharrazi said Israel, which is widely believed to have nuclear weapons but declines to acknowledge them, had systematically thwarted U.N. efforts to make the Middle East a nuclear-free zone.

"All countries of the region and beyond are unanimous in considering the Israeli arsenal, including its weapons of mass destruction, combined with its policy and record of aggression and state terrorism, as the single greatest threat to regional and global peace and security," he said.

"Israeli cannot hide these facts behind smoke screens. It is time for the international community to show its resolve to maintain the credibility of multilateral disarmament instruments by taking action to compel Israel to comply," he said.

The United States accuses Iran of using a domestic nuclear energy program as a cover for developing nuclear arms and wants the Vienna-based International Atomic Energy Agency to send the matter to the U.N. Security Council for possible sanctions.

Britain, France and Germany are pressing Tehran to renounce any weapons-related activities in return for cooperation on peaceful nuclear energy and closer economic ties.

But Iran instead said this week it had begun processing raw uranium for enrichment, a preliminary step to making a bomb.

Washington also accuses Iran of fueling attacks on U.S. targets in Iraq and backing anti-Israeli Hizbollah guerrillas in southern Lebanon.

But Kharrazi sought to turn the tables on his critics, calling his country "a victim of terrorism" and urging a more collective global fight against the scourge.

"No state can even come close to doing it alone," he said.


4 posted on 09/24/2004 10:15:20 PM PDT by DoctorZIn (Until they are Free, "We shall all be Iranians!")
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To: DoctorZIn

The Iranians have suffered a great deal. I would hate to see war in Iran. But, I have doubts that the fanatic Mullahs will succumb quietly. They are trying to engender support by stirring hatred for Israel and the US.
Most problematic is that they are supporting terrorists in Iraq and attempting to become a nuclear state.
If there is popular support for freedom, it may be possible to eliminate the Mullahs without war.


5 posted on 09/24/2004 10:28:44 PM PDT by etradervic (If Kerry is the answer, what was the question?)
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To: DoctorZIn

Iran Defends Nuclear Program
Peter Heinlein
United Nations
24 Sep 2004, 21:58 UTC

http://www.voanews.com/article.cfm?objectID=55A94FDE-BBA3-4100-A2494B5D630F2769

Kamal Kharrazi
Iran's foreign minister Kamal Kharrazi has insisted on his country's right to a peaceful nuclear program. Mr. Kharrazi's speech to the U.N. General Assembly also included a sharp condemnation the invasion of Iraq.
Foreign Minister Kharrazi told the Assembly Iran has been in the forefront of efforts to ban nuclear weapons. But he said, through interpreter, Iran maintains its right to pursue a peaceful nuclear program.

"The legitimate disarmament and non-proliferation concerns of the international community must be addressed through transparency and vigorous application of monitoring mechanisms," he said. "Iran has always been prepared to contribute actively to this global effort. While we insist on our right to technology for peaceful purposes, we have left and will leave no stone unturned in order to provide assurances of our peaceful intentions."

Mr. Kharrazi's comments came as European diplomats said they are trying to persuade Iran to abandon its uranium enrichment program, and may soon support U.S. demands for tougher action. French Foreign Minister Michel Barnier told U.N. journalists Friday that Iran's nuclear program might soon be referred to the Security Council.

Tehran's government has repeatedly said its nuclear program is strictly for peaceful domestic energy needs.

Mr. Kharrazi's General Assembly speech included a sharp condemnation of the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq. He called it an example of lawless militarism.

"A clear example of this lawlessness is the attack against Iraq. Attack against Iraq was illegal," he added.

Mr. Kharrazi thanked Secretary-General Kofi Annan for using the word "illegal" to describe the invasion during a British television interview this month.

At the same time, he said Iranians had benefited from Saddam Hussein's removal, and said many in Iran are joyous at seeing him behind bars. But he said as a matter of principle, the invasion that brought his arrest cannot but be viewed as the fruit of a forbidden tree.


6 posted on 09/24/2004 10:44:39 PM PDT by freedom44
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To: DoctorZIn

http://www.sabcnews.com/world/the_middle_east/0,2172,88446,00.html

EU ready for tougher action on Iran - diplomats

September 24, 2004, 20:11

European countries are losing patience with Iran over its nuclear programme, diplomats said today, as France's foreign minister insisted Tehran must assure the world it does not plan to acquire nuclear weapons. Western diplomats close to negotiations between Britain, France and Germany and Iran said the European trio might soon be ready to support US demands to refer Tehran's nuclear programme to the UN Security Council in November.

Iran, defying calls by the UN nuclear watchdog, said earlier this week it had begun processing raw uranium to prepare it for enrichment - a process that can be used to develop nuclear bombs. "It looks like Iran is going to the Security Council," said one diplomat, who declined to be named. "People now are discussing what will happen when it goes there." The European trio have been trying for over a year to persuade Iran to abandon its enrichment programme, resisting US calls for tougher action to isolate and punish Tehran.

Michel Barnier, the French foreign minister, said Iran urgently needed to reassure the international community about its nuclear programme, which Tehran says is purely for nuclear energy. "We are exactly at the time we need to be reassured and this is what we have told the Iranians," he told reporters in New York, where he was attending the UN General Assembly. "We are concerned that Iran is moving into research programmes which might lead to nuclear weapons," he said. "Assurances must be given that Iran that does not wish to and shall not acquire nuclear weapons. "The other alternative, if we are not reassured, is naturally to submit this question to the Security Council," Barnier said. "But for the time being, I still want to believe that we will keep the spirit of this contract, and it is in the interest of Iran and the interest of stability in the region."

It is not clear what would happen after any referral to the Security Council. Diplomats say its members would be unwilling to risk pushing up oil prices by imposing oil sanctions. But they said the security council could start with a strong statement urging Iran to co-operate with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Such a statement would be likely to win support from permanent Security Council members Russia and China, they said.

The United States and Israel have hinted at the possibility of military action to take out Iran's nuclear infrastructure. Earlier this week, Israeli officials said they were buying 500 US "bunker buster" bombs capable of penetrating Iran's underground nuclear facilities.

Already too late
Washington says Iran is developing nuclear bombs and has been demanding since last year that the IAEA's 35-member board report Iran to the Security Council for concealing its enrichment programme for two decades. Last October, Iran promised the EU trio it would suspend all enrichment activities. But while Iran has not enriched any uranium, it has continued building and testing centrifuges and has begun processing uranium.

Diplomats and intelligence officials have said in recent interviews that once Iran has enough uranium feed material for its centrifuges, it will begin enriching it. Negotiations between the EU trio and Iran will continue in the hope that Tehran will agree to a full freeze, but diplomats close to the talks said this was unlikely.
Another diplomat said it would be "very Iranian" if Tehran agreed to a suspension right before an IAEA board meeting due to discuss Iran on November 25, but this would not be enough.

"The resolution called for an immediate suspension of the enrichment programme," said a Western diplomat on the IAEA board. "It is already too late." - Reuters


7 posted on 09/24/2004 10:45:37 PM PDT by freedom44
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To: DoctorZIn

Good that you finally add that LION & SUN to the Iranian flag


8 posted on 09/24/2004 11:50:00 PM PDT by Khashayar (Learn Geography!)
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To: DoctorZIn

I am afraid that the New World Order has made plans for the world, and since Iran was not at the table her fate has already been decided. Unless the Mullah's are overthrown soon and the world put on notice that there is a new day in Iran, the NWO guys will steamroll Iran with or without the bomb.

The fact that the Mullahs are sponsoring terrorism and trying to enrich their nukes is just playing into the NWO hands.

Only a revolution that would make it a publicity nightmare for the steamroller to run will stop things at this rate, and as the countdown is getting close, I do not think there is enough time.

I am sorry to hear of the good people of Iran being in the bullseye. It sounds like they are not Islamic nutcases, but thinking, decent human beings.

My guess is the mullahs are going to show off their new nukes by firing some on American troops and Israel.

Millions will die that day. Isaiah 15-19?


9 posted on 09/25/2004 2:12:20 AM PDT by American in Israel (A wise man's heart directs him to the right, but the foolish mans heart directs him toward the left.)
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To: DoctorZIn

Bump!


10 posted on 09/25/2004 3:30:03 AM PDT by windchime (Podesta about Bush: "He's got four years to try to undo all the stuff we've done." (TIME-1/22/01))
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To: American in Israel

"My guess is the mullahs are going to show off their new nukes by firing some on American troops and Israel."

No. They'll just want everyone to know they have them. A deterrent, scare-tactic and arm-twisting tool.


11 posted on 09/25/2004 8:07:30 AM PDT by nuconvert (Everyone has a photographic memory. Some don't have film.)
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To: nuconvert

You are right.


12 posted on 09/25/2004 8:45:11 AM PDT by Khashayar (R E S P E C T)
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To: nuconvert

Israel has nukes, has had them for years and has never threatened its neighbors with them. That is called a deterrent.

Iran has not got nukes yet, and has already declared their intentions of nuking Israel into oblivion. That is called suicidal mania.

Something Islamokazis specialize in.


13 posted on 09/25/2004 8:57:38 AM PDT by American in Israel (A wise man's heart directs him to the right, but the foolish mans heart directs him toward the left.)
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To: American in Israel

No one wants the regime to have nuclear weapons.
But saying that they're going "to show off their new nukes by firing some on American troops and Israel", isn't a likely scenario.

The crazy mullahs love to talk tough and threaten people. But they're not suicidal and they know they don't have a chance of survival if they immediately attack Israel.


14 posted on 09/25/2004 9:37:32 AM PDT by nuconvert (Everyone has a photographic memory. Some don't have film.)
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To: nuconvert
...They'll just want everyone to know they have them. A deterrent, scare-tactic and arm-twisting tool...

I don't agree. If Iran only wanted to use its nuclear program for defensive purposes it would announce its position publicly and loudly, just as North Korea did.

The fact that they are denying having a nuclear weapons program suggests much more sinister intentions.
15 posted on 09/25/2004 9:41:38 AM PDT by DoctorZIn (Until they are Free, "We shall all be Iranians!")
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To: DoctorZIn

I didn't say only defensive purposes. Scare-tactics and arm-twisting tools aren't defensive.
I was specifically addressing this statement, "show off their new nukes....". I don't think they'd immediately launch an attack on anyone. They'd have a small limited quantity until they build more of an arsenal.
However, all of this is moot, because they won't get far enough to do anything.


16 posted on 09/25/2004 9:54:27 AM PDT by nuconvert (Everyone has a photographic memory. Some don't have film.)
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To: nuconvert
...The crazy mullahs love to talk tough and threaten people. But they're not suicidal and they know they don't have a chance of survival if they immediately attack Israel...

You are assuming that they they think like us.

What if they actually believe that Allah is on their side and will protect them?

Can we afford to assume that they lying about their publicly declared intention to destroy Israel even if it means the death of millions of Iranians, which is a price they have already declared they are willing to pay?

You also assume they fear retaliation, but what if they have first strike scenarios that permit them to wipe out Israel and at the same time threaten the US with attack before we can retaliate. They may believe that they can get us to hold off and negotiate before the US launches a retaliatory strike.

I wish we could predict the Iranian moves but if I can come up with a scenario that would work for the Mullah, I am sure they have developed many more scenarios that they believe will help them achieve their goals.

These are dangerous times and time is running out.
17 posted on 09/25/2004 10:09:04 AM PDT by DoctorZIn (Until they are Free, "We shall all be Iranians!")
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To: DoctorZIn

"death of millions of Iranians",... means nothing to them. They care about their own hides only. They are crazy and unpredictable.

"These are dangerous times and time is running out."

You're right.


18 posted on 09/25/2004 10:29:43 AM PDT by nuconvert (Everyone has a photographic memory. Some don't have film.)
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To: DoctorZIn

New Iran missiles


can reach London
Tehran successfully test-fires new weapon,
Israelis buy 500 U.S. 'bunker-buster' bombs


Posted: September 25, 2004
11:59 a.m. Eastern


© 2004 WorldNetDaily.com

Iran said today it has successfully test-fired a long-range "strategic missile" and delivered it to its armed forces, saying it is now prepared to deal with any regional threats and even the "big powers."

Iran's new missiles can reach London, Paris, Berlin and southern Russia, according to weapons and intelligence analysts. "This strategic missile was successfully test-fired during (the recent) military exercises by the Revolutionary Guards and delivered to the armed forces," Defense Minister Ali Shamkhani was quoted by the state-run radio as saying.

The missile is believed by intelligence analysts to be an updated version of the Shihab-3, improved with the help of the North Koreans.

The news comes shortly after Iran's elite Revolutionary Guards staged military maneuvers near the border with Iraq, seen as a signal to Washington Tehran is prepared to fight back against any attempts to prevent the development of a nuclear reactor that could be used to make weapons-grade plutonium.

The radio said Shamkhani refused to give details about the missile for "security reasons," but said Iran was "ready to confront all regional and extra-regional threats."

Shamkhani last month said Iran was working on improvements to the range and accuracy of the Shihab-3 in response to Israel's moves to boost its anti-missile capability.

Today's announcement came days after Israel said it was buying from the United States about 5,000 smart bombs, including 500 one-ton bunker-busters that can destroy 6-feet-thick concrete walls.

Analysts say such bombs could be used to destroy Iran's nuclear reactor before it goes online. In 1981, Israel bombed Iraq's nuclear reactor before it went "hot." Iran may be only weeks or months away from activating the reactor.

The 2,000 pound "bunker-buster" bombs are part of one of the largest weapons deals between Israel and the U.S. in years. The bombs include airborne versions, guidance units, training bombs and detonators. They are guided by an existing Israeli satellite used by the military.

In addition to the 500 one-ton bunker-busters, the purchase includes 2,500 other one-ton bombs, 1,000 half-ton bombs and 500 quarter-ton bombs. Funding will come from U.S. military aid to Israel.

On Tuesday, Iran defied the International Atomic Energy Agency by announcing it is producing uranium hexafluoride, the material for centrifuge enrichment.

Kurtis Cooper, a U.S. State Department spokesman, declared: "Although Iran has repeatedly asserted that its nuclear program is exclusively for peaceful purposes and its pursuit of uranium enrichment technologies are to fuel a planned civilian power program, Iran will have no peaceful use for enriched uranium for many, many years. ... The rush to convert 37 tons of yellowcake into feed-stock for centrifuge enrichment has no peaceful justification. ... Thirty-seven tons of yellowcake is not a test. It is a production run."

19 posted on 09/25/2004 10:29:56 AM PDT by DoctorZIn (Until they are Free, "We shall all be Iranians!")
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To: Pan_Yans Wife; fat city; freedom44; Tamsey; Grampa Dave; PhiKapMom; McGavin999; Hinoki Cypress; ...

New Iran missiles can reach London

Tehran successfully test-fires new weapon,
Israelis buy 500 U.S. 'bunker-buster' bombs

http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/news/1226614/posts?page=19#19


20 posted on 09/25/2004 10:34:04 AM PDT by DoctorZIn (Until they are Free, "We shall all be Iranians!")
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To: nuconvert
The crazy mullahs love to talk tough and threaten people. But they're not suicidal...

I beg to differ, I think they have proven the opposite a long time ago.

21 posted on 09/25/2004 10:59:30 AM PDT by American in Israel (A wise man's heart directs him to the right, but the foolish mans heart directs him toward the left.)
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To: American in Israel

"I think they have proven the opposite a long time ago."

I wish they had, then they wouldn't be around.


22 posted on 09/25/2004 11:07:52 AM PDT by nuconvert (Everyone has a photographic memory. Some don't have film.)
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To: DoctorZIn

Iran: 120 executions in public since March

Fri. 24 Sep 2004



Iran Focus

Tehran, Sep. 24 – At least 120 persons have been hanged in public in Iran since March, according to the state-owned press. A man was hanged in public today in the city of Ahwaz (southwestern Iran). Mohsen Sh. was accused of armed robbery.

His two alleged accomplices, Peyman B. and Shahin R., were sentenced to having their right hands and left feet amputated.

Last week the head of the public relations office of prisons in Hamedan province (western Iran) announced that the local Department of Justice had amputated the fingers of a burglar.

Iran has recently stepped up public executions, causing alarm among international human rights organisations such as Amnesty International.

A prisoner was hanged in Qazvin on Sep. 21. Another man was hanged in Tehran on Sep. 20. A third man was also hanged in the southern port of Minab on September 18. Nineteen prisoners have been executed since the beginning of this month, the local press reported.

Human rights activists report that many executions are not announced by the judiciary.


23 posted on 09/25/2004 11:36:44 AM PDT by DoctorZIn (Until they are Free, "We shall all be Iranians!")
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To: DoctorZIn

Dirty Moolah

American Spectator. Oct 2004 issue | 25 Sep 2004 | Timmermann, Kenneth R.
Posted on 09/25/2004 11:26:16 AM PDT by docbnj

http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1226936/posts


24 posted on 09/25/2004 11:39:29 AM PDT by DoctorZIn (Until they are Free, "We shall all be Iranians!")
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To: nuconvert; Khashayar
An important article about the opposition to Vilayat-i Faqih:

source: RFE/RL Iran Report Vol. 7, No. 31, 13 September 2004

IS THE HOJJATIEH SOCIETY MAKING A COMEBACK?

Friday Prayer leaders throughout Iran warned their congregations in early July of renewed activities on the part of the Hojjatieh Society -- a strongly anti-Baha'i movement that has long been regarded as a potent, if secretive threat to the ruling elites (both imperial and clerical) that have run Iran since the Hojjatieh Society was created in the middle of the last century. In Shahrud, Ayatollah Abbas Amini said that Hojjatieh activists are recruiting new members in the city's mosques, Radio Farda reported on 11 July.

The Hojjatieh Mahdavieh Society was established in 1953 by a preacher from Mashhad, Sheikh Mahmud Halabi, who supported Prime Minister Mohammad Mussadiq. Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi allowed the society to pursue its anti-Baha'i activities after Mussadiq's August 1953 ouster, in exchange for the clerical community's support for his renewed reign. Society member Mohammad Taqi Falsafi's anti-Baha'i sermons were broadcast by state radio, for example, and Tehran's Military-Governor Teimour Bakhtiar took a pick-ax to the Baha'i temple in Tehran in May 1955. Around that time, Halabi persuaded the Marja-yi Taqlid (source of emulation) Ayatollah Mohammad Hussein Tabatabai Borujerdi to issue a fatwa banning transactions with Baha'is, according to Baqer Moin's "Khomeini: Life of the Ayatollah" (1999).

After that, the Hojjatieh Society entered a period of relative inactivity, although the same cannot be said of Falsafi. The shah's court minister, Assadollah Alam, wrote in his diaries that in 1963 Falsafi preached against the shah's reform program and, after a June 1963 riot, Alam had Falsafi imprisoned (Assadollah Alam, "The Shah and I," Alinaghi Alikhani, ed. [1991]).

There is more to the Hojjatieh Society than its anti-Baha'i beliefs, however, although the depths of those beliefs say a great deal about the society. While Baha'i leader Mirza Hussein Ali Nuri (1817-1892) -- who declared himself a prophet known as Bahaullah (most Muslims view Muhammad as the final prophet in Islam) -- disputed the existence of a hidden imam, Hojjatieh members believe that true Islamic government must await the return of the hidden imam, or Mahdi, who is currently in occultation. For much the same reasons, the Hojjatieh Society opposed Ayatollah Khomeini's theory of Islamic government and Vilayat-i Faqih (rule of the supreme jurisconsult). It favors collective leadership of the religious community, and opposes religious involvement in political affairs.

The Hojjatieh Society enjoyed a revival after the 1978-1979 Islamic revolution; fearing a communist takeover, Sheikh Mahmud Halabi urged his followers to vote in favor of Vilayat-i Faqih in the December 1979 referendum on the country's form of government. Moin writes that the society was well organized at the time and its members had "impeccable religious credentials," so they were able to fill administrative gaps left by revolutionary purges, as was particularly the case in the educational sector. Some cabinet members allegedly had Hojjatieh links as well.

Prominent clerics of the revolutionary era who were Hojjatieh members or sympathizers included Ahmad Azari-Qomi, Ali-Akbar Parvaresh, Mohammad Reza Mahdavi-Kani, Abolqasem Khazali, and Ali Akbar Nateq-Nuri, according to Mehdi Moslem's "Factional Politics in Post-Khomeini Iran" (2002). None of them acknowledged their relationship with the society, however, maintaining more open ties with the Islamic Coalition Association (now the Islamic Coalition Party) and with the bazaar sector.

Within a few years this situation changed. Concern arose about the society's secretiveness, as did resentment of its members' success. An increasingly intolerant Khomeini, Moin writes, attacked the society and what it stood for. He said in a 12 July 1983 speech: "Those who believe we should allow sins to increase until the Twelfth Imam reappears should modify and reconsider their position.... If you believe in your country [then] get rid of this factionalism and join the wave that is carrying the nation forward, otherwise it will break you." The Hojjatieh Society announced its dissolution on the same day, according to Moin.

The formal end of the Hojjatieh Society did not necessarily mean the end to its role in politics. Ali Akbar Nateq-Nuri, for example, became the speaker of the fifth parliament and currently serves on the Expediency Council and as an adviser to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. Ali-Akbar Parvaresh served as deputy speaker of parliament and education minister. Ayatollah Ahmad Azari-Qomi-Bigdeli served as public prosecutor, represented Khomeini during a parliamentary review of the constitution, represented Qom in the legislature, served on the Assembly of Experts, and headed the Resalat Foundation (the regime eventually put him under house arrest for questioning the system of Vilayat-i Faqih and questioning the qualifications of Supreme Leader Khamenei; he died in 1999).

Warnings of renewed Hojjatieh Society activism appeared again in 2002. Minister of Intelligence and Security Hojatoleslam Ali Yunesi told a press conference that a group of people in Qom was arrested on charges of supporting the society and trying to fuel religious discord, and their books and pamphlets were confiscated, "Toseh" reported on 27 August 2002. Rudsar and Amlash parliamentary representative Davud Hasanzadegan-Rudsari said a little later that the revived Hojjatieh Society is "exacerbating the Shi'a-Sunni conflict," "Aftab-i Yazd" reported on 1 September 2002. Hasanzadegan described the society as "the embodiment of obscurantism." An editorial in the 1 September 2002 issue of the conservative "Kayhan" newspaper took a very different tack when discussing reports of renewed political activity by the Hojjatieh Society. It claimed there are many similarities between the reformist 2nd of Khordad grouping and the Hojjatieh Society. Both advocate the separation of politics and religion; just as the society opposes creation of an Islamic government, the reformists are "trying to separate the Islamic from the republic and then gradually turn the Islamic system into a secular system of government." Society members and reformists enjoy luxury and wealth, according to the editorial, and they both opposed Vilayat-i Faqih.
25 posted on 09/25/2004 11:40:07 AM PDT by AdmSmith
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To: All
continuation:

The editorial went on to claim that both groups accept all sorts of sin and social corruption. "The only difference is that association members say we should not fight vice so that it spreads and the Mahdi will emerge, while certain reformers say that the democratic principle demands that the people be left alone to do as they please, even if it means loose morals and social corruption." The Hojjatieh Society, mainly because it opposes Marxism, is pro-Western, according to the editorial, as is the 2nd of Khordad grouping.

The Hojjatieh Society was also mentioned occasionally in 2003. Government spokesman Abdullah Ramezanzadeh said on 8 January that Hojjatieh Society members who infiltrate the government would be dealt with in the same way as other citizens, "Iran Daily" reported the next day. Assembly of Experts member Hojatoleslam Hashem Hashemzadeh-Harisi said in the same newspaper that the infiltration of the government by such "radicals" threatens the Islamic system and undermines national solidarity. On the sidelines of the 9 March legislative session, Tehran representative Ali Shakuri-Rad allegedly said that the Hojjatieh Society should be licensed as a political party, "Resalat" reported on 10 March ("Towseh" put this into context on 10 March, when it reported that Shakuri-Rad was comparing his political opponents to the Hojjatieh Society).

"Aftab-i Yazd" on 7 October 2003 criticized an unnamed cleric for defending the Hojjatieh Society. This cleric reportedly claimed that Ayatollah Khomeini was deceived into criticizing the Hojjatieh Society. Sectarian conflicts reemerged in spring 2004 (see "RFE/RL Iran Report," 6 September 2004), which some sources linked to the Hojjatieh Society. Rasul Montajabnia wrote in a commentary for "Nasim-i Saba" on 4 May that members or supporters of the society have stopped their fight against the Baha'i faith and have turned their attention to creating divisions between Shi'a and Sunni Muslims. Montajabnia repeated this concern in the 12 May "Hambastegi."

Hussein Shariatmadari, director of the "Kayhan" newspaper, said, "The Hojjatieh Society has always been active as a creeping current," "Aftab-i Yazd" reported on 31 May 2004. Turning to its renewed activism, Shariatmadari warned, "In these days all the currents that suggest a secular establishment are the supporters of this society."

Ayatollah Abolqasem Khazali, who served on the Guardians Council, defended the Hojjatieh Society in the 18 May 2004 "Aftab-i Yazd." He said that stories of its renewed activism are "completely a lie." "I know these people [society members] very well. They are not working. They would have worked if they had known it was good for Islam. Therefore it is a complete lie when they say they have become active again." It is difficult to verify if the Hojjatieh Society really has become more active as an organization or if recent warnings about it relate to something completely different and this is another case of governmental scapegoating.

Members of the Hojjatieh Society, according to Radio Farda, are followers of the Iranian-born but Al-Najaf-based Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani http://www.radiofarda.com/en_news.aspx?mm=7&dd=11&yy=2004#top. Such a claim has not been reported elsewhere, but it is not impossible and goes some way in explaining official Iranian concern. The Iranian regime bases much of its legitimacy on its religious credentials and connection with Qom. The Qom howzeh would fear the transfer of prominence to the Al-Najaf howzeh. As suggested by an editorial in the 8 June "Farhang-i Ashti," Al-Najaf is the "new Islamic Vatican" and it rivals Qom. Mashhad -- birthplace of the Hojjatieh Society -- also rivals Qom, especially because, according to the editorial, it views Islamic rule with "deep suspicion." The editorial explains: "Qom looks to merge religion and politics, while Mashhad thinks of separating the two."

A potential link to the Hojjatieh Society is not the only cause of concern on the part of the Iranian government about Ayatollah al-Sistani. Like the Hojjatieh Society, al-Sistani does not advocate Vilayat-i Faqih. The government's concern about a religio-political organization that questions the basis of its theocratic system is therefore understandable. The society's anti-Baha'i message may not find much of an audience in modern Iran, and the right-wing tendencies of prominent members may not jibe with overall public sentiment. Its opposition to the system, however, may very well strike a chord with an unhappy public. (Bill Samii)
26 posted on 09/25/2004 11:40:59 AM PDT by AdmSmith
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To: AdmSmith

Thanks for the post!


27 posted on 09/25/2004 11:50:53 AM PDT by DoctorZIn (Until they are Free, "We shall all be Iranians!")
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To: DoctorZIn

Press Release Source: Iranian Action Committee, Inc.

International Moral Court on Iran Issues Decision


Saturday September 25, 11:22 am ET

PARIS, Sept. 25 /PRNewswire/ -- The International Moral Court on Iran concluded its initial three-day session in Paris today and issued its decision in relation to gross and systematic violations of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The President of the International Moral Court, Professor Eric Suy, a Belgian national, and former Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations in charge of the Department of Legal Affairs read the following resolution adopted unanimously by the Court.
          The International Moral Court, established by a decision of a group
          of sixty-five eminent Iranian personalities from various backgrounds
          and living inside and outside of Iran, for the purpose of permitting
          Iranian nationals to give testimony about various aspects of the
          human rights violations in the Islamic Republic of Iran;

          The Members of the International Moral Court being: Eric Suy
          (Belgium) -- President, Il-Yung Chung (Republic of Korea) -- Vice
          President, Betty Friedan (United States -- absent), Olivier Warin
          (France), Bernard Coughlin (United States), Kathleen Mahoney
          (Canada -- absent), Hossein Abghari (Iran), Malika Boussof (Algeria)
          and Alan Hart (United Kingdom); and Ebenezer Okpokpo (Nigeria) --
          Secretary of the Court;

          Having met in Paris on 23, 24 and 25 September 2004;

          Having formally delivered an invitation to the Embassy of the
          Islamic Republic of Iran, in Paris, to send official representatives
          to also take part in the Court's deliberations;

          The Lawyer representing the victims being Mr. Jacques Boedels
          (France) of the Law Firm ARMAND, BOEDELS & ASSOCIES;

          Having heard and watched eighteen witnesses on human rights
          conditions in the Islamic Republic of Iran testify via VHS, DVD,
          written statements, and direct personal interviews before the Court,
          which are all on record;

          Concludes, prima facie, that there is sufficient material evidence
          to determine that gross and systematic violations of international
          human rights standards have taken place, and are still being
          perpetrated in the Islamic Republic of Iran. These violations
          concern, in particular, the civil and political rights, minority
          rights, torture and other inhumane treatments such as stoning,
          amputations, and rape. It will be for a court of law to determine if
          these findings constitute a crime against humanity;

          Therefore calls upon the Islamic Republic of Iran to authorize
          access to the country by the United Nations Commission for Human
          Rights and other human rights agencies;

          Also calls upon governments, in their dealings with the Islamic
          Republic of Iran, to insist upon strict observance of human rights
          standards;

          Decides to transmit this Conclusion to the Secretary-General of the
          United Nations;

          Decides to meet again, in the Spring of 2005 in order to continue
          the oversight and evaluation of the human rights situation in Iran;
          and,

          Expresses its gratitude to the French Government for its hospitality
          and assistance.

28 posted on 09/25/2004 11:52:19 AM PDT by DoctorZIn (Until they are Free, "We shall all be Iranians!")
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To: DoctorZIn

Tehran says force would not work against "powerful" Iran


TEHRAN (Agencies) - Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi has called for more dialogue to resolve a standoff with the UN nuclear watchdog, warning that force would not work against the "powerful" Islamic republic.

"Nobody can deny the right of Iran to use nuclear technology for civil purposes. Iran is a powerful country ... and one cannot use the language of violence with a powerful country," he told Iranian state television as carried by AFP news agency.

"We have to find a solution where our right to use nuclear technology for peaceful purposes is respected and at the same time where worries are removed," said the minister, on the sidelines of a UN General Assembly meeting in New York.

"If people want to resolve this problem, the solution is a dialogue that recognizes our right and that removes worries," said Kharrazi, who met his British, French and Spanish counterparts. "We do not want to build an atomic bomb, which is why inspectors are visiting our facilities."

According to the IRNA news agency Kharrazi made similar statements over his country’s nuclear program in his meeting German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly on Thursday.

In a resolution passed on Saturday, the International Atomic Energy Agency called on Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment-related activities.

Iran suspended enrichment itself last year, but has continued to advance on other parts of the fuel cycle.

The resolution from the board of the UN nuclear watchdog also gives Iran until November 25 to clear up ambiguities over its activities. -----------Iran warns of most severe reaction in case of Israeli attack

Kharrazi warned Wednesday his country would react "most severely" to any Israeli strike against its nuclear facilities. "Israel is always a threat not only against Iran, but all countries in the Middle East," the Iranian top diplomat said after talks here with his British counterpart, Jack Straw. "Be sure that any action by Israel certainly will be reacted by us most severely."

Kharrazi said he had "a very good discussion" with Straw on the nuclear issue as well as relations between the two countries.

Britain, along with France and Germany, has been pressing Tehran to provide guarantees that its nuclear program would not be turned into a quest for nuclear weapons. "I believe there are concerns on all sides," the Iranian minister said. "There are concerns on the European side, and we have to arrive to some conclusions that will be acceptable to both sides to overcome this impasse." He said he believed there were "ways and means how to make both sides happy," but added, "Nobody can deny our right, which is using nuclear technology for peaceful purposes."

Straw did not make a statement at the end of the talks.

29 posted on 09/25/2004 11:54:07 AM PDT by DoctorZIn (Until they are Free, "We shall all be Iranians!")
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To: DoctorZIn

Iran approves 'strategic missile'


Iranian Defence Minister Ali Shamkhani
The missiles have been delivered to the military, said Shamkhani
Iran has confirmed that it successfully test-fired what it calls a "strategic missile" during recent military exercises.

Defence Minister Ali Shamkhani told Iranian state media that following the test, the missiles had now been delivered to the armed forces.

He did not name the missile or give details of its range.

The announcement comes amid tensions over Iran's nuclear programme, which it insists is for peaceful purposes.

Power and range

"This strategic missile was successfully test-fired during... military exercises by the Revolutionary Guards and delivered to the armed forces," Mr Shamkhani said.

He was quoted by Iran's student news agency, Isna, as saying that it was better than another unspecified missile for four reasons - it was more powerful, more accurate, faster and had a longer range.

The French AFP news agency said it was not clear whether or not the minister was talking about an improved version of the Shahab-3 medium-range missile, which it said had been tested in August.

It said the Shahab-3 was based on a North Korean design and had a range of 800 miles (1,300km).

Iran's resolve

The week-long exercises began on 12 September near the country's border with Iraq.

Military officials said it was intended to demonstrate Iran's resolve to defend itself against "big powers."

Iran on Thursday warned Israel it would react "most severely" if Israel used force to try to destroy its nuclear facilities.

Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi was responding to reports that the United States is to sell Israel hundreds of "bunker-busting" bombs.

Earlier in the month, Iran's Revolutionary Guards staged military exercises near the country's border with Iraq.


30 posted on 09/25/2004 11:58:38 AM PDT by DoctorZIn (Until they are Free, "We shall all be Iranians!")
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To: DoctorZIn

Pentagon think tank sees Iran nukes by 2005

SPECIAL TO WORLD TRIBUNE.COM
Friday, September 24, 2004

A leading Pentagon-funded think tank has determined that Iran could be as little as a year away from producing its first nuclear bomb.

The report by the Washington-based Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy Education Center provided the harshest assessment yet of Iran's nuclear weapons program. The report, partly funded by the Pentagon, also reviewed U.S. responses to Iran's program, but ruled out a military strike.

On Tuesday, Iran said it has begun converting 37 tons of raw yellowcake uranium for enrichment by gas centrifuges, Middle East Newsline reported. U.S. officials said the announcement reflected Teheran's intention to accelerate its nuclear weapons program.

"Iran is now no more than 12 to 48 months from acquiring a nuclear bomb, lacks for nothing technologically or materially to produce it, and seems dead set on securing an option to do so," the report, released on Sept. 13, said.

The assessment by the center came only weeks after the intelligence communities in Israel and the United States concluded that Iran sustained a setback in its race to achieve nuclear capability. In August, Israel's intelligence community asserted that International Atomic Energy Agency inspections of Iranian nuclear facilities prompted a suspension of uranium enrichment and the transfer of such equipment from civilian to military bases.

Iranian engineers need between one to four years to develop nuclear warheads, the report said. The think tank said Iran has the equipment to produce nuclear weapons fuel, the expertise to assemble bombs and the missile delivery systems.

The study was drafted with the help of leading U.S. experts on Iran, the Middle East, and nuclear weapons. The experts warned that a nuclear Iran would increase its support for organizations deemed terrorist, boost the price of oil and spark an arms race in the region.

"With Hamas in decline, Iran has already been seen to be increasing its support to groups like Hizbullah in Israel and Lebanon who want to liberate Palestine from 'Israeli occupation,'" the report said. "Increasing this aid certainly would help Iran take the lead in the Islamic crusade to rid the region of Zionist and American forces and thereby become worthy of tribute and consideration by other Islamic states. Also, bolstering such terrorist activity would help Teheran deter Israel and the U.S. from striking it militarily."

The report said U.S. and allied policy-makers have been drafting plans to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons. The think tank said the two most widely-examined choices were to bomb or bribe Iran.

"Neither, however, is likely to succeed and could easily make matters worse," the report said. "Certainly, targeting Iran's nuclear facilities risks leaving other covert facilities and Iran's nuclear cadre of technicians untouched."

"As for eliminating Iran's nuclear capabilities militarily, the U.S. and Israel lack sufficient targeting intelligence to do this," the report added.

"As it is, Iran could have already hidden all it needs to reconstitute a bomb program assuming its known declared nuclear plants are hit."

Instead, the report recommended that the United States lead naval exercises throughout the Persian Gulf. The exercises should seek to improve allied capability to clear mines, protect merchant ships, seize nuclear cargo and ensure traffic in the Straits of Hormuz.

Another recommendation was that the United States offer missile defense systems to allies in the Middle East. The think tank warned that such an offer must ensure that recipient states could not use these systems for offensive purposes.

The study warned that a nuclear Iran would spark similar programs in a range of Middle East states. Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Syria and Turkey — all signatories of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty — were the most likely to seek nuclear weapons, the study said.

In early 2004, the report said, senior Saudi officials announced they were studying the possibility of acquiring nuclear weapons from China or Pakistan. At the same time, Egypt announced plans to develop a large nuclear desalinization plant and could have received sensitive nuclear technology from Libya.

"Egypt, Algeria, Syria, and Saudi Arabia will all claim that they too need to pursue nuclear research and development to the point of having nuclear weapons options and, as a further slap in Washington's face — and Tel Aviv's — will point to Iran's 'peaceful' nuclear program and Israel's undeclared nuclear weapons arsenal to help justify their own 'civil' nuclear activities," the report said.

The report said Israel's role was crucial to any U.S. response to a nuclear Iran. The think tank recommended that the United States and its allies — prior to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty review conference in May 2005 — persuade Israel to take unilateral steps meant to dampen the prospect of a nuclear arms race throughout the Middle East.

"Israel should announce how much weapons usable material it has produced and that it will unilaterally mothball — but not yet dismantle — Dimona, and place the reactor's mothballing under IAEA monitoring," the report said. "At the same time, Israel should announce that it will dismantle Dimona and place the special nuclear material it has produced in 'escrow' in Israel with a third trusted declared nuclear state, e.g., the U.S."

"It should make clear, however, that Israel will only take this additional step when at least two of three Middle Eastern nations — Algeria, Egypt or Iran — follow Israel's lead by mothballing their own declared nuclear facilities that are capable of producing at least one bomb's worth of weapons usable material in one to three years," the report said.

31 posted on 09/25/2004 1:52:23 PM PDT by DoctorZIn (Until they are Free, "We shall all be Iranians!")
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To: DoctorZIn

Syria brokers secret deal to send atomic weapons scientists to Iran


By Con Coughlin
(Filed: 26/09/2004)

Syria's President Bashir al-Asad is in secret negotiations with Iran to secure a safe haven for a group of Iraqi nuclear scientists who were sent to Damascus before last year's war to overthrow Saddam Hussein.

Western intelligence officials believe that President Asad is desperate to get the Iraqi scientists out of his country before their presence prompts America to target Syria as part of the war on terrorism.

The issue of moving the Iraqi scientists to Iran was raised when President Asad made a visit to Teheran in July. Intelligence officials understand that the Iranians have still to respond to the Syrian leader's request.

A group of about 12 middle-ranking Iraqi nuclear technicians and their families were transported to Syria before the collapse of Saddam's regime. The transfer was arranged under a combined operation by Saddam's now defunct Special Security Organisation and Syrian Military Security, which is headed by Arif Shawqat, the Syrian president's brother-in-law.

The Iraqis, who brought with them CDs crammed with research data on Saddam's nuclear programme, were given new identities, including Syrian citizenship papers and falsified birth, education and health certificates. Since then they have been hidden away at a secret Syrian military installation where they have been conducting research on behalf of their hosts.

Growing political concern in Washington about Syria's undeclared weapons of mass destruction programmes, however, has prompted President Asad to reconsider harbouring the Iraqis.

American intelligence officials are concerned that Syria is secretly working on a number of WMD programmes.

They have also uncovered evidence that Damascus has acquired a number of gas centrifuges - probably from North Korea - that can be used to enrich uranium for a nuclear bomb.

Relations between Washington and Damascus have been strained since last year's war in Iraq, with American commanders accusing the Syrians of allowing foreign fighters to cross the border into Iraq, where they carry out terrorist attacks against coalition forces.

"The Syrians are playing a very dangerous game," a senior Western intelligence official told The Sunday Telegraph.

"The Americans already have them in their sights because they are doing next to nothing to stop foreign fighters entering Iraq. If Washington finds concrete evidence that Syria is engaged in an illegal WMD programme then it will quickly find itself targeted as part of the war on terror."

Under the terms of the deal President Asad offered the Iranians, the Iraqi scientists and their families would be transferred to Teheran together with a small amount of essential materials. The Iraqi team would then assist Iranian scientists to develop a nuclear weapon.

Apart from paying the relocation expenses, President Asad also wants the Iranians to agree to share the results of their atomic weapons research with Damascus.

The Syrian offer comes at a time when Iran is under close scrutiny from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) which is investigating claims that Iran is maintaining a secret nuclear bomb programme.

The Iranians, who possess one of the world's largest oil reserves, insist that their nuclear programme is aimed solely at developing nuclear energy. Last week relations between Teheran and the IAEA deteriorated further after the Iranians reneged on a commitment to suspend their nuclear programme.

In a move that will raise suspicions in Washington that Iran is trying to build an atomic bomb, Teheran announced that it was to press ahead with plans to enrich 37 tons of uranium into the gas needed to turn the radioactive element into nuclear fuel. Nuclear experts estimate that when the process is complete the Iranians will have enough enriched uranium for five nuclear bombs.

The IAEA responded by passing a resolution setting a November 25 deadline for Iran to clear up suspicions over its nuclear activities or risk having the issue referred to the United Nations Security Council for possible sanctions. The resolution also demanded that Iran halt all activities related to uranium enrichment, a part of the nuclear fuel cycle that can be used for both energy and weapons purposes.

In a further gesture of defiance, Ali Shamkhani, the Iranian defence minister, announced that the Iranian army has taken delivery of a new "strategic missile".

The missile, unnamed for security reasons, was successfully tested last week, Shamkhani was quoted as saying by state television. It was unclear if the weapon in question was the Shahab-3 medium-range missile, acquired by the Revolutionary Guards in July last year. An improved version was successfully tested in August.

The Shahab-3 is based on a North Korean design and is thought to be capable of carrying a one-ton warhead at least 800 miles, which puts Israel well within its range.

The Iranians yesterday also accused America of "lawless militarism" in Iraq and called Israel the biggest threat to peace in the Middle East. "The attack against Iraq was illegal," Kamal Kharrazi, Iran's foreign minister told the UN General Assembly. He thanked Kofi Annan, the UN secretary-general, for stating the same in a television interview last week.

32 posted on 09/25/2004 5:19:12 PM PDT by DoctorZIn (Until they are Free, "We shall all be Iranians!")
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To: DoctorZIn
This thread is now closed.

Join Us At Today's Iranian Alert Thread – The Most Underreported Story Of The Year!

"If you want on or off this Iran ping list, Freepmail DoctorZin”

33 posted on 09/25/2004 11:00:30 PM PDT by DoctorZIn (Until they are Free, "We shall all be Iranians!")
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