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Astronomers Discover Oldest Ever Galaxy
Fox News ^ | 1-26-11 | Staf

Posted on 01/26/2011 4:56:17 PM PST by Red Badger

Astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope have peered further back in time than ever before, spotting a galaxy that formed less than 500 million years after the birth of our universe, making it the oldest and most distant ever seen. The find, reported today (Jan. 26) in the journal Nature, should help astronomers better understand the early days of the universe, researchers said. In particular, the discovery should shed light on the evolution of early galaxies, which first formed just a few hundred million years after the Big Bang."In essence, the most important aspect of this is, it provides us with some sense of how fast galaxies are building up," lead author Rychard Bouwens, of the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC) and Leiden University in The Netherlands, told SPACE.com. "It provides a sort of measuring stick." Peering backward through time Bouwens and his colleagues analyzed observations made by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope.

They looked at infrared data gathered by Hubble's Wide Field Camera 3, which was installed on the telescope in 2009. [Most Amazing Hubble Discoveries] The researchers found evidence of a galaxy with a redshift of 10.3. "Redshift" is a measure of how much the expansion of space has stretched an object's light to longer (or redder) wavelengths. Light from objects moving away from us shifts to the red end of the spectrum as its wavelengths are stretched. The shift, known as the Doppler phenomenon, is experienced on Earth when sound waves from an ambulance change pitch when the ambulance moves toward you versus away from you. Astronomers use redshift measurements to determine an object's distance, and by extension its age. The bigger the redshift, the greater the distance. A redshift of 10.3 corresponds to a distance of about 13.2 billion light-years. That is, it's taken 13.2 billion years for the light from the newly discovered galaxy - which has been named UDFj-39546284 - to reach us.


TOPICS: Culture/Society; Miscellaneous; News/Current Events; Philosophy
KEYWORDS: blueshift; haltonarp; hubble; space; udfj39546284; xplanets

Perhaps it should be called the HELEN THOMAS GALAXY....

1 posted on 01/26/2011 4:56:23 PM PST by Red Badger
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To: Red Badger
Wow, that's really amazing. From a botched beginning Hubble has become one of the most spectacular science projects ever.
2 posted on 01/26/2011 5:02:08 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: Red Badger

3 posted on 01/26/2011 5:05:37 PM PST by fuzzybutt (Democrat Lawyers are the root of all evil.)
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To: Red Badger
Oh no, I can't bear the image of that far away galaxy if it looks anything like her. Even on one of her rare 'good days'.
4 posted on 01/26/2011 5:06:27 PM PST by ArchAngel1983 (Arch Angel- on guard / Still Think You're Free?)
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To: Red Badger

It would be interesting to see what it looks like now.


5 posted on 01/26/2011 5:06:34 PM PST by mowowie
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To: Red Badger
Ford Galaxy?


6 posted on 01/26/2011 5:07:31 PM PST by COBOL2Java (Obama is the least qualified guy in whatever room he walks into.)
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To: Red Badger

“about 13.2 billion light-years”

No wonder our social security /social safety net is going kaput


7 posted on 01/26/2011 5:08:39 PM PST by mewykwistmas ("Politicians are the same all over. They promise to build a bridge even where there is no river. ")
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To: Red Badger

Could they see their calendar??


8 posted on 01/26/2011 5:09:33 PM PST by org.whodat
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To: SunkenCiv

/mark


9 posted on 01/26/2011 5:10:28 PM PST by KoRn (Department of Homeland Security, Certified - "Right Wing Extremist")
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To: mowowie
It would be interesting to see what it looks like now.

Hang around for another 13.2 billion years and you will see.

We don't know that this galaxy still exists.

To have an idea of just how much 13.2 billion light years means, I read once that our sun, at 93 million miles is about 8 light minutes away. I hope I'm remembering correctly, if not consider the fact that I'm very old.

10 posted on 01/26/2011 5:18:27 PM PST by Graybeard58 (Don't tell Obama what comes after a trillion)
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To: fuzzybutt

No pic......


11 posted on 01/26/2011 5:25:07 PM PST by Red Badger (Whenever these vermin call you an 'idiot', you can be sure that you are doing something right.)
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To: COBOL2Java
This one is much older


12 posted on 01/26/2011 5:28:46 PM PST by Boiler Plate ("Why be difficult, when with just a little more work, you can be impossible" Mom)
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To: Red Badger
More scary then an alien!
13 posted on 01/26/2011 5:34:26 PM PST by FromLori (FromLori">)
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To: COBOL2Java

My guess is a 63 or 64?


14 posted on 01/26/2011 5:41:27 PM PST by ops33 (Senior Master Sergeant, USAF (Retired))
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To: COBOL2Java


15 posted on 01/26/2011 5:48:15 PM PST by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: Red Badger

“...beating out the old record-holder by about 100 million light-years.”

Eh. A cosmological photo finish.


16 posted on 01/26/2011 5:53:02 PM PST by Hunton Peck (I am required to warn you that this metaphor is registered as a deadly weapon in 32 states.)
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To: Hunton Peck

A hundred million here, a hundred million there, pretty soon you’re talking about real time.....


17 posted on 01/26/2011 5:56:49 PM PST by Red Badger (Whenever these vermin call you an 'idiot', you can be sure that you are doing something right.)
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To: Red Badger

“Space,” it says, “is big. Really big. You just won’t believe how vastly, hugely, mindbogglingly big it is. I mean, you may think it’s a long way down the road to the chemist’s, but that’s just peanuts to space, listen...”

— Hitchhiker’s Guide


18 posted on 01/26/2011 6:00:43 PM PST by Ramius (Personally, I give us... one chance in three. More tea?)
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To: Red Badger

Astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope have peered further back in time than ever before, spotting a galaxy that formed...after the birth of our universe, making it the oldest and most distant ever seen.

does that make sense???

galaxy fromed after the birth of our universe, making it the oldest ever seen...

if it was formed after our universe, wouldn’t that make it younger...wouldn’t that make our universe older?

what am i missing here?


19 posted on 01/26/2011 6:05:50 PM PST by mreerm
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To: Red Badger

bflr


20 posted on 01/26/2011 6:14:14 PM PST by Captain Beyond (The Hammer of the gods! (Just a cool line from a Led Zep song))
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To: Ramius
“Space,” it says, “is big. Really big. You just won’t believe how vastly, hugely, mindbogglingly big it is. ..."

For example, one light year, the *distance* light travels in a year at its constant speed of 186,000 miles per second, works out to about 6 TRILLION miles. And there are galaxies BILLIONS of light years away. This one supposedly is at 13.2 billion light years.

21 posted on 01/26/2011 6:25:04 PM PST by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: mreerm

Your older brother was born a year after your parent’s marriage. You came along later. He’s still older than you...


22 posted on 01/26/2011 6:27:53 PM PST by Red Badger (Whenever these vermin call you an 'idiot', you can be sure that you are doing something right.)
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To: mreerm
if it was formed after our universe, wouldn’t that make it younger...wouldn’t that make our universe older?

Yes. The universe is thought to be about 14.7 billion years old. This galaxy, they say, formed about .5 billion years after the beginning of the universe.

23 posted on 01/26/2011 6:43:43 PM PST by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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Make that ‘the universe is thought to be about 13.7 billion years old’


24 posted on 01/26/2011 6:45:33 PM PST by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: ETL; Red Badger
I don't have any old car pics, but I shot the M-51 Whirlpool Galaxy from my backyard not long ago.

M-51 is about 37 million light years from earth.

M51 Whirlpool Galaxy is located in the Constellation Canes Venatici. Its companion galaxy, seen above the main spiral galaxy is NGC 5195, which is a spectacular example of interacting galaxies.

In this case NGC 5195 is being "ripped apart" by the huge gravitational disturbance of M51.

The distance of M51 is estimated to be about 37 million light years. The diameter is about 100,000 light years and the total mass is estimated to be the equivalent of 160 billion suns. The diameter is similar to our own Milky Way Galaxy.

I find galaxies to be fascinating.

Canon 40D/10"SMT/ Series of 35x120 second raw format exposures W/8 darks, @ISO 800/--A 6.3Focal reducer was used in the optical train with CLS-LP filters/calibrated, aligned and stacked w/DSS.

Bringing out the data in this image was not easy and I experienced some issues during processing.

25 posted on 01/26/2011 6:47:10 PM PST by dragnet2 (Diversion and evasion are tools of deceit)
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To: dragnet2

That’s neat!...


26 posted on 01/26/2011 6:49:49 PM PST by Red Badger (Whenever these vermin call you an 'idiot', you can be sure that you are doing something right.)
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To: Red Badger

Wow.. I can’t wait til next year when they see an even older one! And the year after that, and the year after that! Before long, they’ll spot one that was there before the birth of our universe.


27 posted on 01/26/2011 6:51:32 PM PST by Lancey Howard
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To: Red Badger
Look at the image, that galaxy is many millions of light years far beyond those stars you see in the foreground surrounding the spiral structure of M51...
28 posted on 01/26/2011 6:58:31 PM PST by dragnet2 (Diversion and evasion are tools of deceit)
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To: dragnet2

29 posted on 01/26/2011 6:59:33 PM PST by Lancey Howard
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To: Lancey Howard

lol...


30 posted on 01/26/2011 7:00:42 PM PST by dragnet2 (Diversion and evasion are tools of deceit)
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To: dragnet2

Nice! I can barely see M51 from my backyard. The only time I’ve ever had a dark sky here was when the Northridge quake knocked out all the power in the L.A. area.


31 posted on 01/26/2011 7:16:55 PM PST by Redcloak (What's your zombie plan?)
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To: dragnet2

Thanks! Amazing image.

Check out this incredible super-enlarged high-res image of the M51 ‘Whirlpool’ Galaxy:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/db/Messier51_sRGB.jpg


32 posted on 01/26/2011 7:17:19 PM PST by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: Redcloak

When that was taken, it was 100 percent invisible to the unaided eye...Atmospheric conditions were not that good either, with upper level disturbances etc...Thanks.


33 posted on 01/26/2011 7:20:47 PM PST by dragnet2 (Diversion and evasion are tools of deceit)
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To: dragnet2

Warning, warning!!! That high-res
image I linked to is a whopping 71MB!!!

34 posted on 01/26/2011 7:26:55 PM PST by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: ETL

LOL!

Thanks for the warning...I don’t think I’ll click on it...

BTW, I loved that show when I was a kid.


35 posted on 01/26/2011 7:33:30 PM PST by dragnet2 (Diversion and evasion are tools of deceit)
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To: dragnet2

So did I. I thought the interchanges between Smitty and the Robot were hilarious.

I just learned recently that there’s a bench in Central Park here in NYC dedicated to Guy Williams, the actor that played John Robinson (no relation to you-know-who). :) The bench is near the statue of Columbus.

http://www.angelfire.com/amiga/guysbench/


36 posted on 01/26/2011 7:42:44 PM PST by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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If you’d like to reminisce, you can watch the series online for free here:

http://www.slashcontrol.com/free-tv-shows/lost-in-space

or here:
http://tv.yahoo.com/show/31829/videos


37 posted on 01/26/2011 7:55:43 PM PST by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: Ramius

Reminds me of the conclusion at the end of this short video:

Size Of The Universe
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b0lxbzgwW7I


38 posted on 01/26/2011 7:59:37 PM PST by beaversmom
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To: ETL

Very interesting read about Guy....I’d almost forgot about him.

Thanks.


39 posted on 01/26/2011 8:00:25 PM PST by dragnet2 (Diversion and evasion are tools of deceit)
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To: beaversmom

It’s really so very, very big.

Zaphod Beeblebrox, titular President of the Universe, was once punished by being put into the Infinite Field Vortex which is a machine that exposes you to the whole totality of the universe. The whole bigness. The entire infinity of galaxy after galaxy, trillions of worlds, unspeakable voids of billions of light-years of emptyness... the Whole Thing. Then... on a tiny microdot, on a microdot, on a microdot... way down into the infinite smallness of nothingness, is a little yellow arrow with a sign on it saying... “you are here.”

It normally reduces any thinking person to a shapeless mass of quivering flesh. Zaphod, however, has an ego so profound that it was able to expand to fill the entirety of the universe. When they opened the chamber back up he walked out, ran his fingers through his hair and said “Wow, big place.”


40 posted on 01/26/2011 8:45:17 PM PST by Ramius (Personally, I give us... one chance in three. More tea?)
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To: Ramius

Are you quoting someone or something?


41 posted on 01/26/2011 9:13:50 PM PST by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: Red Badger
...Just in!...1st message received from newly discovered galaxy...."SEND MORE CHUCK BERRY!"
42 posted on 01/26/2011 9:21:15 PM PST by Tainan (WHAT bs)
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To: ETL

It’s not a quote. It’s a summary in my own words of the IFV sequence in Hitchhiker’s guide...


43 posted on 01/26/2011 9:29:33 PM PST by Ramius (Personally, I give us... one chance in three. More tea?)
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To: dragnet2
That is spectacular for a 10"! Very nice work!!

FYI, Yesterday's APOD was M1 in infrared -- and you can mouseover to see it in visible light. Toggling between vis & IR is fascinating...

44 posted on 01/26/2011 10:42:47 PM PST by TXnMA ("Allah": Satan's current alias...)
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To: dragnet2
Aaaack! M-51 in IR...
45 posted on 01/26/2011 10:47:57 PM PST by TXnMA ("Allah": Satan's current alias...)
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To: dragnet2

I have had a theory, for quite some time now, that if you see a far distant object, in this case, a galaxy, you should be able to turn your telescope around, 180° and see that same object from the back side.................


46 posted on 01/27/2011 5:15:32 AM PST by Red Badger (Whenever these vermin call you an 'idiot', you can be sure that you are doing something right.)
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To: dragnet2
Nice work. I know how hard that was to capture and appreciate your efforts.
47 posted on 01/27/2011 5:31:31 AM PST by mad_as_he$$ (V for Vendetta.)
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To: dragnet2
Nice work. I know how hard that was to capture and appreciate your efforts.
48 posted on 01/27/2011 5:31:34 AM PST by mad_as_he$$ (V for Vendetta.)
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To: mad_as_he$$

Thanks...Galaxies are really tough to shoot as most of them are extreme low light objects and tracking must be near perfect.


49 posted on 01/27/2011 9:02:59 AM PST by dragnet2 (Diversion and evasion are tools of deceit)
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To: KoRn; KevinDavis; annie laurie; garbageseeker; Knitting A Conundrum; Viking2002; ...

Thanks KoRn!
 
X-Planets
· join · view topics · view or post blog · bookmark · post new topic · subscribe ·
Google news searches: exoplanet · exosolar · extrasolar ·

50 posted on 01/27/2011 6:34:18 PM PST by SunkenCiv (The 2nd Amendment follows right behind the 1st because some people are hard of hearing.)
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