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Keyword: bronzeage

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  • Havering Hoard: Weapons found on building site to go on show

    10/31/2019 10:52:40 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 27 replies
    BBC ^ | October 21, 2019 | unattributed
    Ancient weapons discovered on a building site will go on display at the Museum of London Docklands. The group of 453 artefacts found in Havering, east London, is the third largest ever discovered in the UK... The find, which dates from between 800BC and 900BC, was officially declared treasure by a coroner earlier this year. The discovery, dubbed the Havering Hoard, was uncovered last September, and will form the centrepiece of a major exhibition from April. Archaeologists believed the manner in which the weapons had been so carefully buried in groups close together suggested the site could have been a...
  • Great Orme copper mine 'traded widely in Bronze Age' [Wales]

    10/31/2019 10:00:08 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 16 replies
    BBC ^ | October 29, 2019 | unattributed
    Great Orme copper found in Bronze Age artefacts "stretching from Brittany to the Baltic"North Wales was Britain's main source of copper for about 200 years during the Bronze Age, new research has found. Scientists analysed metal from the Great Orme, Conwy, and found it was made into tools and weapons, and traded across what is today's Europe. Historians once thought the Orme's copper mine - now a museum - had been a small-scale operation. Experts now believe there was a bonanza from 1600-1400 BC, with artefacts found in Sweden, France and Germany. The research, by scientists from the University...
  • 4,000-Year-Old Brain Tissue Was Preserved After Boiling In Its Own Fluids

    10/29/2019 11:05:19 PM PDT · by robowombat · 15 replies
    All That's Interesting ^ | September 12, 2017 | Katie Seren
    4,000-Year-Old Brain Tissue Was Preserved After Boiling In Its Own Fluids By Katie Serena Published September 12, 2017 The brain was boiled, dried, and preserved under sediment for almost 4,000 years. Bronze Age Brain UC San Diego Health Scientists in Turkey discovered a Bronze Age human brain that has been preserved for 4,000 years. The brain was discovered in Seyitomer Hoyuk, Turkey, and is one of the oldest ever discovered. It is also one of the most intact. Brain tissue is rich in enzymes and cells deteriorate quickly after death which is why scientists rarely, if ever, find intact specimens....
  • Lost in Combat? [3000 years ago]

    10/18/2019 6:35:30 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 38 replies
    University of Göttingen ^ | 15.10.2019 | Tobias Uhlig, et al
    Researchers discover belongings of a warrior on unique Bronze Age battlefield site Recent archaeological investigations in the Tollense Valley led by the University of Göttingen, the State Agency for Cultural Heritage in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and the University of Greifswald have unearthed a collection of 31 unusual objects. Researchers believe this is the personal equipment of a Bronze Age warrior who died on the battlefield 3,300 years ago. This unique find was discovered by a diving team headed by Dr Joachim Krüger, from the University of Greifswald, and seems to have been protected in the river from the looting, which inevitably followed...
  • Prehistoric women's arms 'stronger than those of today's elite rowers'

    11/30/2017 10:11:53 AM PST · by BusterDog · 36 replies
    Prehistoric women had stronger arms than elite female rowing teams do today thanks to the daily grind of farming life, researchers have revealed, shedding light on their role in early communities. The study of ancient bones suggests that manual agricultural work had a profound effect on the bodies of women living in central Europe between about the early neolithic and late iron age, from about 5,300BC to AD100. “We think a lot of what we are seeing is the bone’s response to women grinding grain, which is pretty much seated but using your arms really repetitively many hours a day,”...
  • Prehistoric women’s manual labor exceeded that of athletes through the first 5500 years of farming

    11/29/2017 2:57:01 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 31 replies
    Abstract The intensification of agriculture is often associated with declining mobility and bone strength through time, although women often exhibit less pronounced trends than men. For example, previous studies of prehistoric Central European agriculturalists (~5300 calibrated years BC to 850 AD) demonstrated a significant reduction in tibial rigidity among men, whereas women were characterized by low tibial rigidity, little temporal change, and high variability. Because of the potential for sex-specific skeletal responses to mechanical loading and a lack of modern comparative data, women’s activity in prehistory remains difficult to interpret. This study compares humeral and tibial cross-sectional rigidity, shape, and...
  • Bronze Age 'New York' discovered, Israeli archaeologists say

    10/13/2019 4:19:08 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 40 replies
    Deutsche Welle ^ | October 2019 | unattributed
    Archaeologists in Israel announced Sunday that they had uncovered a 5,000-year-old city north of Tel Aviv. It is the largest Bronze Age urban area found in the region to date and could fundamentally change ideas of when sophisticated urbanization began taking place in the area, they said. Israel's Antiquities Authority said in a Facebook post that the city was discovered at the En Esur excavation site during road works near Harish, a town some 50 kilometers (30 miles) north of Tel Aviv. The archaeologists described the city as "cosmopolitan and planned." It covered 65 hectares (160 acres) and was home...
  • Once Considered 'Simple,' the Ancient Edomites Were Actually Tech Geniuses

    09/24/2019 2:28:15 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 31 replies ^ | By David Grossman Sep 23, 2019
    The Edomites were portrayed as aggressors in biblical texts. but there's more to their story, according to a new study. With help from the nearby Egyptians, the Edomites developed technological prowess with a hot commodity at the time: copper. Studying ancient slag, archaeologists were able to uncover a complex geopolitical situation in the year 10,000 BCE. ========================================================================== The Edomites, an ancient kingdom derided in biblical texts as simple, have been underestimated for thousands of years, according to a new paper from a team of archaeologists. Far from simple tent-dwellers, the Edomites experienced a massive technological leap in the 10th...
  • Groundbreaking study: Ancient tin ingots found in Israel were mined in England

    09/23/2019 7:55:01 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 41 replies
    Times of Israel ^ | 16 September 2019 | Amanda Borschel-Dan
    When the Bronze Age hit ancient Israel, the copper-rich region was able to quickly source seven of the eight ingredients needed to produce the alloy at Timna and other mines. But where tin -- another one-eighth of the metal's recipe -- came from has been a lingering mystery for scholars. A new paper from an international team of researchers proposes a surprisingly faraway source -- Cornwall. In a paper published in June on the open-access, peer-reviewed scientific journal PLOS One, the authors analyze 27 tin ingots, or blocks, from five sites bordering the eastern Mediterranean Sea. For decades, researchers have...

    09/22/2019 10:53:00 AM PDT · by ransomnote · 63 replies ^ | September 19, 2019 | AARON REICH
    he biblical kingdom of Edom has always been a significant puzzle for biblical archaeology. Although evidence is supplied in the Bible, the archaeological record has always had trouble interpreting the text, which said that it existed as a kingdom long before the kings of Israel. But research has uncovered the untold story of a thriving and wealthy society in the Arava Desert – in parts of Israel and Jordan – that existed during the 12th-11th centuries BCE.  Collecting slag and charcoal samples from “Slaves’ Hill”, Timna Valley, Israel. The fine layers of technological waste – well-dated by radiocarbon – provide...
  • Finds in Jerusalem shore up biblical account of Babylonian conquest

    07/27/2017 3:35:49 AM PDT · by SJackson · 7 replies
    Times of Israel ^ | July 26, 2017 | Amanda Borschel
    The structure in which shattered jugs were found during the summer 2017 Israel Antiquities Authority dig, attesting to the destruction. (Eliyahu Yanai, Courtesy of the City of David Archive) On the eve of the Hebrew commemoration of the destruction of the Temples, archaeologists discover remnants of a blaze indicating the city was grander than thought New finds in the City of David confirm the veracity of the biblical account of the Babylonian capture and conquest of First Temple period Jerusalem. The event is commemorated next Tuesday on the Hebrew date Tisha B’av (August 1) in a day of fasting and...
  • New Birthplace of Chinese Civilization

    08/23/2019 2:53:56 PM PDT · by wildbill · 16 replies
    Ancient Origens ^ | 8/15/18 | Ed Whelan
    A recent discovery at a ruined city in north-west China has amazed archaeologists and other experts. Researchers at the Bronze Age archaeological site of Shimao have identified a large step pyramid. This unusual find is bound to add to our knowledge of early China and throw some light on the mysterious culture that thrived for centuries in the city of Shimao. It is also challenging notions as to when and where Chinese civilization began to develop and where it first emerged.
  • Nordic Bronze Age attracted wide variety of migrants to Denmark

    08/22/2019 7:07:33 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 4 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | Wednesday, August 21, 2019 | PLOS
    The 2nd and 3rd millennia BC are known to have been a period of significant migrations in western Europe, including the movement of steppe populations into more temperate regions. Starting around 1600 BC, southern Scandinavia became closely linked to long-distance metal trade elsewhere in Europe, which gave rise to a Nordic Bronze Age and a period of significant wealth in the region of present-day Denmark... Frei and colleagues... examined skeletal remains of 88 individuals from 37 localities across present-day Denmark. Since strontium isotopes in tooth enamel can record geographic signatures from an early age, analysis of such isotopes was used...
  • Ancient feces reveal how 'marsh diet' left Bronze Age Fen folk infected with parasites

    08/22/2019 5:50:31 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 29 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | Thursday, August 15, 2019 | University of Cambridge
    New research published today in the journal Parasitology shows how the prehistoric inhabitants of a settlement in the freshwater marshes of eastern England were infected by intestinal worms caught from foraging for food in the lakes and waterways around their homes. The Bronze Age settlement at Must Farm, located near what is now the fenland city of Peterborough, consisted of wooden houses built on stilts above the water. Wooden causeways connected islands in the marsh, and dugout canoes were used to travel along water channels. The village burnt down in a catastrophic fire around 3,000 years ago, with artefacts from...
  • Greek Farmer Accidentally Discovers 3,400-Year-Old Minoan Tomb Hidden Under Olive Grove

    08/10/2019 10:06:50 AM PDT · by Anoop · 55 replies
    archaeology-world ^ | AUGUST 7, 2019 | ARCHAEOLOGY WORLD TEAM
    Sometime between 1400 and 1200 B.C., two Minoan men were laid to rest in an underground enclosure carved out of the soft limestone native to southeast Crete. Both were entombed within larnakes—intricately embossed clay coffins popular in Bronze Age Minoan society—and surrounded by colorful funerary vases that hinted at their owners’ high status. Eventually, the burial site was sealed with stone masonry and forgotten, leaving the deceased undisturbed for roughly 3,400 years.
  • Plague in humans 'twice as old' but didn't begin as flea-borne, ancient DNA reveals

    07/28/2019 2:16:56 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | October 22, 2015 | University of Cambridge
    New research using ancient DNA has revealed that plague has been endemic in human populations for more than twice as long as previously thought, and that the ancestral plague would have been predominantly spread by human-to-human contact -- until genetic mutations allowed Yersinia pestis (Y. pestis), the bacteria that causes plague, to survive in the gut of fleas. These mutations, which may have occurred near the turn of the 1st millennium BC, gave rise to the bubonic form of plague that spreads at terrifying speed through flea -- and consequently rat -- carriers. The bubonic plague caused the pandemics that...
  • The road to Scandinavia's bronze age: Trade routes, metal provenance, and mixing

    07/25/2019 12:24:36 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | Wednesday, July 24, 2019 | PLOS
    The geographic origins of the metals in Scandinavian mixed-metal artifacts reveal a crucial dependency on British and continental European trading sources during the beginnings of the Nordic Bronze Age.. 2000-1700BC marks the earliest Nordic Bronze Age, when the use and availability of metal--specifically tin and copper, which when alloyed together creates bronze--increased drastically in Scandinavia... isotope and trace-element analyses on 210 Bronze Age artifact samples, predominantly axeheads, originally collected in Denmark and representing almost 50% of all known existing Danish metal objects from this period... reveal the trading networks established to import raw metals as well as crafted weapons into...
  • Complex engineering and metal-work discovered beneath ancient Greek 'pyramid'

    01/18/2018 2:45:32 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 22 replies
    Guardian UK ^ | Thursday, January 18, 2018 | Maev Kennedy
    More than 4,000 years ago builders carved out the entire surface of a naturally pyramid-shaped promontory on the Greek island of Keros. They shaped it into terraces covered with 1,000 tonnes of specially imported gleaming white stone to give it the appearance of a giant stepped pyramid rising from the Aegean: the most imposing manmade structure in all the Cyclades archipelago... Archaeologists from three different countries involved in an ongoing excavation have found evidence of a complex of drainage tunnels -- constructed 1,000 years before the famous indoor plumbing of the Minoan palace of Knossos on Crete -- and traces...
  • Shattered clues for solving Greek island's riddle

    12/28/2006 9:49:42 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 16 replies · 359+ views
    CNN ^ | December 26, 2006 | Associated Press
    Unlike its larger, postcard-perfect neighbors in the Aegean Sea, Keros is a tiny rocky dump inhabited by a single goatherd... more than half of all documented Cycladic figurines in museums and collections worldwide were found on Keros. Now, excavations by a Greek-British archaeology team have unearthed a cache of prehistoric statues -- all deliberately broken -- that they hope will help solve the Keros riddle... British excavation leader Colin Renfrew now believes Keros was a hugely important religious site where the smashed artwork was ceremoniously deposited.
  • Sprawling Greek monuments built 4,500 years ago on 'the world's oldest maritime sanctuary'...

    01/18/2018 9:10:25 AM PST · by Red Badger · 14 replies ^ | 01/18/2018 | By Harry Pettit For Mailonline
    FULL TITLE: Sprawling Greek monuments built 4,500 years ago on 'the world's oldest maritime sanctuary' reveal the impressive engineering skills of Bronze Age islanders Excavations around Keros show the technological prowess of Bronze Age Greeks Researchers found the remains of terraced walls and giant gleaming structures The structures were built using 1,000 tons of stone dug up six miles away Together they turned a tiny islet near Keros into a single, massive monument A remote Greek island known as the 'world's oldest maritime sanctuary' was once covered in complex monuments built using stone dug up six miles (10 km) away....