Free Republic 1st Quarter Fundraising Target: $88,000 Receipts & Pledges to-date: $19,365
22%  
Woo hoo!! And the first 22% is in!! Thank you all very much!!

Keyword: caledonia

Brevity: Headers | « Text »
  • Roman Silver Hoard Discovered in Scotland

    06/18/2016 12:53:24 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 31 replies
    Archaeology ^ | Tuesday, June 14, 2016 | editors
    Researchers led by Gordon Noble of the University of Aberdeen returned to a farmer’s field in northeastern Scotland where a hand pin, chain, and spiral bangle all made of silver in the fourth or fifth centuries A.D. had been found more than 170 years ago. According to a report in Live Science, on the second day of the investigation, the team, which had the assistance of metal detectorists, found three Roman silver coins, a silver strap end, a piece of a silver bracelet, and pieces of hack silver. Over a period of 18 months, they gathered a total of 100...
  • Three Reforms to Bring Down Michigan Health Care Costs

    05/24/2016 9:44:57 AM PDT · by MichCapCon · 20 replies
    Michigan Capitol Confidential ^ | 5/20/2016 | Jarrett Skorup
    LANSING — The federal government’s involvement in health care policy has grown dramatically over recent decades. But when it comes to how and where health care services are delivered, and who may or may not provide care, state governments still play a major role — one Michigan is performing badly. That's the message from a panel of experts from Michigan and elsewhere recently assembled in Lansing, who offered some specific reforms that would make care more accessible and affordable in this state. The panel of four experts assembled for a Mackinac Center event called “Free Market Solutions to Problems in...
  • DNA shows Irish people have more complex origins than previously thought

    01/11/2014 6:13:55 AM PST · by NYer · 71 replies
    scott.net ^ | July 5, 2013 | Marie McKeown
    The blood in Irish veins is Celtic, right? Well, not exactly. Although the history many Irish people were taught at school is the history of the Irish as a Celtic race, the truth is much more complicated, and much more interesting than that ... Research done into the DNA of Irish males has shown that the old Anthropological attempts to define 'Irish' have been misguided. As late as the 1950s researchers were busy collecting data among Irish people such as hair colour and height, in order to categorise them as a 'race' and define them as different to the British....
  • Scotland will only get warship orders if voters reject independence, warn UK ministers

    11/08/2013 9:15:49 AM PST · by Smartisan · 20 replies
    Philip Hammond, the Defence Secretary, triggered a huge political row by announcing that shipbuilding will end at the historic yard at Portsmouth next year, while Govan and Scotstoun on the Clyde remain open. Furious English MPs accused him of attempting to bribe the Scots into rejecting separation, despite his insistence that the defence giant BAE Systems had reached the decision on purely commercial grounds. Both Mr Hammond, and Alistair Carmichael, the Scottish Secretary, gave clear indications that a pledge that went with the announcement - to award the next multi-billion pound naval contract to Scotland - would be reversed in...
  • Romans went to war on diet of pizza, dig shows.

    08/26/2002 2:20:42 PM PDT · by vannrox · 76 replies · 1,858+ views
    The Scotsman ^ | Mon 26 Aug 2002 | John Innes
    Romans went to war on diet of pizza, dig shows John Innes ROMAN soldiers went to war on egg and pizza according to archaeological analysis of Roman army toilets in Scotland. Scientists also have discovered that the soldiers also appear to have gone to the lavatory in pairs. Further analysis of the 2,000-year old remains of the legionnaires’ breakfasts may produce more clues to the diet and eating habits of the troops led by Gnaeus Agricola. They forced their way to the north of Scotland and victory over Caledonian tribesmen at the battle of Mons Graupius in 84 AD. But...
  • The Sea Peoples

    11/11/2006 4:12:45 PM PST · by blam · 60 replies · 2,093+ views
    THE SEA PEOPLES All at once, they were on the move, scattered in war. They laid their hands upon the lands to the very circuit of the earth, their hearts confident and trusting; Our plans will succeed... " (Ramesses III). The name "Peoples of the Sea" comes directly from the Egyptian records, describing the Sea Peoples' exploits. As their collective name tells us, they were tribes who had developed a life style almost totally dependent upon the sea. They perfected boats, sailing and navigational techniques for fishing offshore as well as long distance travel and explored much of the Atlantic...
  • Genetic Survey Reveals Hidden Celts Of England

    12/06/2001 6:35:33 AM PST · by blam · 266 replies · 14,233+ views
    The Sunday Times (UK) ^ | 12-02-2001 | John Elliott/Tom Robbins
    SUNDAY DECEMBER 02 2001 Genetic survey reveals hidden Celts of England JOHN ELLIOTT AND TOM ROBBINS THE Celts of Scotland and Wales are not as unique as some of them like to think. New research has revealed that the majority of Britons living in the south of England share the same DNA as their Celtic counterparts. The findings, based on the DNA analysis of more than 2,000 people, poses the strongest challenge yet to the conventional historical view that the ancient Britons were forced out of most of England by hordes of Anglo-Saxon invaders. It suggests that far from being ...
  • English and Welsh are races apart DNA

    06/16/2010 12:25:16 AM PDT · by restornu · 50 replies · 1,167+ views
    BBC ^ | Sunday, 30 June, 2002,
    Genetic tests show clear differences between the Welsh and English It suggests that between 50% and 100% of the indigenous population of what was to become England was wiped out, with Offa's Dyke acting as a "genetic barrier" protecting those on the Welsh side. had genes that were almost identical. But there were clear differences between the genetic make-up of Welsh people studied. The research team studied the Y-chromosome, which is passed almost unchanged from father to son, and looked for certain genetic markers. Ethnic links: Many races share common bonds The English and Frisians studied had almost identical genetic...
  • London - Red hair may be the genetic legacy of Neanderthals...

    01/16/2005 12:47:07 PM PST · by IGBT · 372 replies · 26,595+ views
    Planet Save.com ^ | 1/14/05 | Planet Save.com
    London - Red hair may be the genetic legacy of Neanderthals, according to a new study by British scientists. Researchers at the John Radcliffe Institute of Molecular Medicine in Oxford were quoted by The Times as saying the so-called "ginger gene" which gives people red hair, fair skin and freckles could be up to 100 000 years old. They claim that their discovery points to the gene having originated in Neanderthal man who lived in Europe for 200 000 years before Homo sapien settlers, the ancestors of modern man, arrived from Africa about 40 000 years ago. Rosalind Harding, the...
  • King Arthur's round table may have been found by archaeologists in Scotland

    08/26/2011 1:05:30 PM PDT · by Palter · 45 replies
    The Telegraph ^ | 26 Aug 2011 | Telegraph
    Archaeologists searching for King Arthur's round table have found a "circular feature" beneath the historic King's Knot in Stirling. The King's Knot, a geometrical earthwork in the former royal gardens below Stirling Castle, has been shrouded in mystery for hundreds of years. Though the Knot as it appears today dates from the 1620s, its flat-topped central mound is thought to be much older. Writers going back more than six centuries have linked the landmark to the legend of King Arthur. Archaeologists from Glasgow University, working with the Stirling Local History Society and Stirling Field and Archaeological Society, conducted the first...
  • Ancient Welsh city found

    08/15/2006 7:52:05 AM PDT · by Marius3188 · 46 replies · 1,429+ views
    News Wales ^ | 14 Aug 2006 | News Wales
    Caer Caradoc at Mynydd y Gaer, Glamorgan, is one of the most important locations in all of ancient British history. It is the fabled fortress city of King Caradoc 1, son of Arch, who fought the Romans from 42-51AD. And now, a small team of dedicated researchers working with historians Alan Wilson and Baram Blackett, have been able to pinpoint the location of this site. "It is great news for the local, regional and national economy," said Alan Wilson today. "We have been making these discoveries for many years and with the Electrum Cross discovered at nearby St. Peter's in...
  • 'Hardwired' to create rock doodles; professor says ancient art was 'an instinct'

    11/13/2009 6:01:02 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies · 522+ views
    Prescott Daily Courier ^ | Monday, November 09, 2009 | Bruce Colbert
    Images pecked in stone hundreds to thousands of years ago could be for religious reasons, to mark territories or simple doodles such as those still made today by children and adults. That is according to Dr. Ekkehart Malotki, a preeminent researcher into the history of rock art. "Creating art is a distinct piece of our biological make-up," he told about 50 people Saturday during his lecture at Deer Valley Rock Art Center. "It is an instinct." Malotki, a professor emeritus of languages at Northern Arizona University, said no one would ever know the true meaning of images pecked or painted...
  • Giant flood separates Britain from Europe

    07/18/2007 2:08:03 PM PDT · by FoolNoMore · 34 replies · 1,003+ views
    AP ^ | Jul 18, 4:22 PM (ET) | THOMAS WAGNER
    Study: Megaflood Separated U.K., France Jul 18, 4:22 PM (ET) By THOMAS WAGNER LONDON (AP) - One of Earth's largest-ever megafloods broke apart a strip of land connecting what is now Britain and France, permanently separating them, a new study says. The flood unleashed about 35 million cubic feet of water per second, 100 times greater than the water discharge of the Mississippi River. The natural disaster, which occurred about 400,000 years ago during a glacial period, was later followed by rising sea levels that created what is now the English Channel, the study says. It is not known if...
  • Who Were The Celts?

    09/26/2002 8:29:44 AM PDT · by blam · 121 replies · 1,828+ views
    Ibiblio.org ^ | unknown
    Who were the Celts? The Celts were a group of peoples that occupied lands stretching from the British Isles to Gallatia. The Celts had many dealings with other cultures that bordered the lands occupied by these peoples, and even though there is no written record of the Celts stemming from their own documents, we can piece together a fair picture of them from archeological evidence as well as historical accounts from other cultures. The first historical recorded encounter of a people displaying the cultural traits associated with the Celts comes from northern Italy around 400 BC, when a previously unkown...
  • Peoples Of Britain

    08/28/2007 9:02:50 PM PDT · by blam · 26 replies · 1,513+ views
    BBC ^ | Dr Simon James
    Peoples of Britain By Dr Simon James Did the Celts exist? Simon James asks just who were the Britons - and did the Celts ever really exist? Uncover the fascinating ethnic and cultural history of the peoples of Briton, and assess the impact of the many invaders of Britain's shores. Introduction The story of early Britain has traditionally been told in terms of waves of invaders displacing or annihilating their predecessors. Archaeology suggests that this picture is fundamentally wrong. For over 10,000 years people have been moving into - and out of - Britain, sometimes in substantial numbers, yet there...
  • 'Lost' Coronation Abbey Unearthed (Robert The Bruce)

    07/20/2007 2:39:43 PM PDT · by blam · 45 replies · 1,350+ views
    BBC ^ | 7-20-2007
    'Lost' coronation abbey unearthed Experts have found the abbey where Robert the Bruce was crowned Archaeologists have unearthed the site where Robert the Bruce was crowned king of Scotland. The location of the abbey at Moot Hill, the original home of the Stone of Destiny, was forgotten centuries ago. But it has now been identified by experts from Glasgow University who have been surveying the grounds of Scone Palace for the first time. They used scanners to detect buried structures and found part of the abbey church and a bell tower. The coronation of Pictish and Scottish kings took place...
  • English And Welsh Are Races Apart

    07/04/2002 5:27:12 PM PDT · by blam · 430 replies · 7,356+ views
    BBC ^ | 6-30-2002
    Sunday, 30 June, 2002, 15:31 GMT 16:31 UK English and Welsh are races apart Gene scientists claim to have found proof that the Welsh are the "true" Britons. The research supports the idea that Celtic Britain underwent a form of ethnic cleansing by Anglo-Saxons invaders following the Roman withdrawal in the fifth century. Genetic tests show clear differences between the Welsh and English It suggests that between 50% and 100% of the indigenous population of what was to become England was wiped out, with Offa's Dyke acting as a "genetic barrier" protecting those on the Welsh side. And the upheaval...
  • Y Chromosomes Rewrite British History

    06/24/2003 10:33:30 AM PDT · by blam · 91 replies · 5,152+ views
    Nature ^ | 6-19-2003 | Hannah Hoag
    Y chromosomes rewrite British historyAnglo-Saxons' genetic stamp weaker than historians suspected 19 June 2003 HANNAH HOAG Some Scottish men's Y's are remarkably similar to those of southern England. © GettyImages A new survey of Y chromosomes in the British Isles suggests that the Anglo-Saxons failed to leave as much of a genetic stamp on the UK as history books imply1. Romans, Anglo-Saxons, Danes, Vikings and Normans invaded Britain repeatedly between 50 BC and AD 1050. Many historians ascribe much of the British ancestry to the Anglo-Saxons because their written legacy overshadows that of the Celts. But the Y chromosomes of...
  • Shetland's past comes to life amid the ruins

    04/17/2006 10:29:09 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies · 311+ views
    The Scotsman ^ | Tuesday, 18th April 2006 | Caroline Wickham-Jones
    The people of Jarlshof threw garbage into dumps from before 2500 BC but, although their waste was unwanted, their refuse has been anything but rubbish for archaeologists investigating their lives. We know that the Stone Age settlers lived in small circular stone houses, that they tilled crops, kept cattle and sheep, and harvested the sea for fish and whales, seals and shellfish. They also made tools - some finely decorated - from stone, pottery and bone... In the 19th century the site was visited by Sir Walter Scott who christened the ruined hall "Jarlshof", and the name has stuck since....
  • Ogham alphabet

    07/27/2004 11:34:30 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies · 772+ views
    Glossemata Genealogicć ^ | The Alphabetary Heraldic
    Ogham inscriptions : [600 bc] primitive inscriptions of the old Q-Celt (600 bc) or the newer P-Celt (400 bc) that survive in the British Isles. We have a total of approximately 375 Ogham inscriptions. Ireland has some 316 Ogham inscriptions, Wales has 40 inscriptions, and the Isle of Man has 10 inscriptions. One inscription survived at Silchester in southern England, and a few Pictish Ogham inscriptions have been found in Scotland, as far north as the Shetland Islands. Ogham script often runs upward, in a vertical manner, for it was originally written as notches on wooden staves. Oghams :...