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Keyword: catalhoyuk

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  • 9500 year old obsidian bracelet shows exceptional craft skills

    12/29/2011 10:36:07 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 74 replies
    Past Horizons ^ | Tuesday, December 27, 2011 | LTDS press release
    Researchers have analysed the oldest obsidian bracelet ever identified, discovered in the 1990s at the site of Asikli Höyük, Turkey. A high level of technical expertise Using high-tech methods developed by LTDS to study the bracelet's surface and micro-topographic features, the researchers have revealed the astounding technical expertise of craftsmen in the eighth millennium BCE. Their skills were highly sophisticated for this period in late prehistory, and on a par with today's polishing techniques. This work is published in the December 2011 issue of Journal of Archaeological Science, and sheds new light on Neolithic societies. Dated to 7500 BCE, the...
  • Poles discovered an over 8 thousand years old grain storage in Turkey

    01/27/2014 7:18:27 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 21 replies
    Naukawpolsce ^ | January 20, 2014 | Szymon Zdziebłowski
    The largest so far known in the Middle East amount of grain of the Neolithic period in a perfect state of preservation has been discovered by Polish archaeologists in Çatalhöyük, a famous archaeological site in Turkey... In total, from each of the two studied containers archaeologists recovered almost 5 kg of grain. Such amount and such a good state of preservation is a global scale phenomenon. In addition, a different grain cluster was discovered in the room. Archeobotanical analysis showed that it was an extinct species of wheat, popular in Neolithic times in the Middle East and Europe. The room...
  • Neolithic Mural in Turkey May Illustrate Ancient Volcanic Eruption

    01/09/2014 2:21:41 PM PST · by Theoria · 6 replies
    Popular Archaeology Magazine ^ | 08 Jan 2014 | Popular Archaeology Magazine
    Study indicates a correlation between the ancient mural image and date of the Hasan Dagi volcanic eruption. First discovered and excavated in the 1960's by British archaeologist James Mellaart, the world-famous 9,000-year-old Neolithic site of Catälhöyuk in Central Anatolia, Turkey, has provided a unique window on the lives of humans at the transition from hunter-gatherer to settled agriculture societies. Among the spectacular finds was a mural or wall-painting dated to about 6600 BCE and described by its discoverer and others as depicting a volcanic eruption. Arguably regarded as the first map or graphical representation of a landscape, it featured "a...
  • World's oldest temple built to worship the dog star

    08/17/2013 4:28:29 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 44 replies
    New Scientist ^ | Friday, August 16, 2013 | Anil Ananthaswamy
    Magli simulated what the sky would have looked like from Turkey when Göbekli Tepe was built. Over millennia, the positions of the stars change due to Earth wobbling as it spins on its axis. Stars that are near the horizon will rise and set at different points, and they can even disappear completely, only to reappear thousands of years later. Today, Sirius can be seen almost worldwide as the brightest star in the sky -- excluding the sun -- and the fourth brightest night-sky object after the moon, Venus and Jupiter. Sirius is so noticeable that its rising and setting...
  • Gobekli Tepe Constellations

    08/04/2013 6:12:23 PM PDT · by Renfield · 22 replies
    The first interesting form is the scorpion, which might first be thought to represent is known as Scorpius, but this does not appear to be the case.  This is due to the presence of the three birds to the middle right (A, B, C), these three most clearly correspond to the “Summer Triangle” stars, the three birds, one represented by each star: Cygnus, Aquila (aka Vultur volans), and Vultur cadens (Lyra).  The shape of the Aquila constellations holds the same general appearance as bird A, the angle of the Cygnus stars matches the shape of the body of bird B,...
  • Göbekli Tepe, Turkey: a new wonder of the ancient world (9,000 B.C. Neolithic site)

    04/23/2013 10:17:25 PM PDT · by 2ndDivisionVet · 53 replies
    The London Telegraph ^ | April 23, 2013 | Jeremy Seal
    "Wow," exclaims the visitor from New Zealand, a place, after all, with a human history shorter than most. For from a wooden walkway we’re gazing down at an archaeological site of giddying age. Built about 9000 BC, it’s more than twice as old as Stonehenge or the Pyramids, predating the discovery of metals, pottery or even the wheel. This is Göbekli Tepe in south-eastern Turkey, generally reckoned the most exciting and historically significant archaeological dig currently under way anywhere in the world, and there are neither queues nor tickets to get in. Wow for a number of reasons, then, though...
  • 'World's Oldest Temple' May Have Been Cosmopolitan Center

    03/17/2012 10:44:00 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 28 replies
    LiveScience ^ | Thursday, March 15, 2012 | Owen Jarus
    Gobekli Tepe is located in southern Turkey near the modern-day city of Urfa. It contains at least 20 stone rings (circles within a circle) that date back more than 11,000 years. T-shaped limestone blocks line the circles and reliefs are carved on them. Long ago, people would fill in the outer circle with debris before building a new circle within... Ancient blades made of volcanic rock that were discovered at what may be the world's oldest temple suggest that the site in Turkey was the hub of a pilgrimage that attracted a cosmopolitan group of people some 11,000 years ago....
  • Rewriting the dawn of civilization ( Was Göbekli Tepe the cradle of civilization? )

    01/03/2012 10:27:32 AM PST · by Ernest_at_the_Beach · 44 replies · 1+ views
    JoNova ^ | January 2nd, 2012 | Joanne
    If National Geographic had more stories like this one, I’d be inclined to subscribe. This is fascinating stuff.Seven thousand years before Stonehenge was Göbekli Tepe in southern Turkey, where you’ll find ring upon ring of T-shaped stone towers arranged  in a circle. Around 11,600 B.C. hundreds of people gathered on this mound, year after year, possibly for centuries.There are plenty of mysteries on this hill.  Some of the rocks weigh 16 tons, but archaeologists can find no homes, no hearths, no water source, and no sign of a town or village to support the hundreds of workers who built the rings...
  • Archaeologist argues world's oldest temples were not temples at all

    10/07/2011 2:07:06 PM PDT · by decimon · 26 replies
    University of Chicago Press Journals ^ | October 6, 2011 | Unknown
    Ancient structures uncovered in Turkey and thought to be the world's oldest temples may not have been strictly religious buildings after all, according to an article in the October issue of Current Anthropology. Archaeologist Ted Banning of the University of Toronto argues that the buildings found at Göbekli Tepe may have been houses for people, not...gods. The buildings at Göbekli, a hilltop just outside of the Turkish city of Urfa, were found in 1995 by Klaus Schmidt of the German Archaeological Institute and colleagues from the Şanlıurfa Museum in Turkey. The oldest of the structures at the site are immense...
  • Göbekli Tepe - The Birth of Religion

    05/23/2011 8:23:10 AM PDT · by No One Special · 27 replies
    National Geographic Magazine ^ | June 2011 | Charles C. Mann
    We used to think agriculture gave rise to cities and later to writing, art, and religion. Now the world’s oldest temple suggests the urge to worship sparked civilization. Every now and then the dawn of civilization is reenacted on a remote hilltop in southern Turkey. The reenactors are busloads of tourists—usually Turkish, sometimes European. The buses (white, air-conditioned, equipped with televisions) blunder over the winding, indifferently paved road to the ridge and dock like dreadnoughts before a stone portal. Visitors flood out, fumbling with water bottles and MP3 players. Guides call out instructions and explanations. Paying no attention, the visitors...
  • 12,000 Years Old Unexplained Structure [Gobekli Tepe]

    04/18/2011 4:25:18 PM PDT · by stockpirate · 107 replies
    via UTUBE ^ | 2/10/2011 | HISTORY CHANNEL
    This site is 12,000 years old, the most advanced strutures ever found. Several video's on the link
  • History in the Remaking

    02/23/2010 8:21:35 AM PST · by Palter · 30 replies · 885+ views
    Newsweek ^ | 19 Feb 2010` | Patrick Symmes
    A temple complex in Turkey that predates even the pyramids is rewriting the story of human evolution. They call it potbelly hill, after the soft, round contour of this final lookout in southeastern Turkey. To the north are forested mountains. East of the hill lies the biblical plain of Harran, and to the south is the Syrian border, visible 20 miles away, pointing toward the ancient lands of Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent, the region that gave rise to human civilization. And under our feet, according to archeologist Klaus Schmidt, are the stones that mark the spot—the exact spot—where humans...
  • Do These Mysterious Stones Mark The Site Of The Garden Of Eden?

    02/27/2009 9:47:03 PM PST · by Steelfish · 122 replies · 4,668+ views
    Daily Mail (U.K.) ^ | February 27, 2009
    Do these mysterious stones mark the site of the Garden of Eden? By TOM COX For the old Kurdish shepherd, it was just another burning hot day in the rolling plains of eastern Turkey. Following his flock over the arid hillsides, he passed the single mulberry tree, which the locals regarded as 'sacred'. The bells on his sheep tinkled in the stillness. Then he spotted something. Crouching down, he brushed away the dust, and exposed a strange, large, oblong stone. The man looked left and right: there were similar stone rectangles, peeping from the sands. Calling his dog to heel,...
  • Stone Age Temple May Be Birthplace of Civilization

    11/14/2008 7:46:29 PM PST · by Free ThinkerNY · 41 replies · 1,333+ views
    foxnews.com ^ | November 14, 2008
    It's more than twice as old as the Pyramids, or even the written word. When it was built, saber-toothed tigers and woolly mammoths still roamed, and the Ice Age had just ended. The elaborate temple at Gobelki Tepe in southeastern Turkey, near the Syrian border, is staggeringly ancient: 11,500 years old, from a time just before humans learned to farm grains and domesticate animals. According to the German archaeologist in charge of excavations at the site, it might be the birthplace of agriculture, of organized religion — of civilization itself.
  • Gobekli Tepe: The World’s First Temple? ( massive carved stones about 11,000 years old )

    11/11/2008 5:08:14 PM PST · by Ernest_at_the_Beach · 86 replies · 3,696+ views
    Smithsonian magazine ^ | November 2008 | # Andrew Curry # Photographs by Berthold Steinhilber
    Predating Stonehenge by 6,000 years, Turkey's stunning Gobekli Tepe upends the conventional view of the rise of civilization Six miles from Urfa, an ancient city in southeastern Turkey, Klaus Schmidt has made one of the most startling archaeological discoveries of our time: massive carved stones about 11,000 years old, crafted and arranged by prehistoric people who had not yet developed metal tools or even pottery. The megaliths predate Stonehenge by some 6,000 years. The place is called Gobekli Tepe, and Schmidt, a German archaeologist who has been working here more than a decade, is convinced it's the site of the...
  • Mysterious Neolithic People Made Optical Art

    09/25/2008 5:39:23 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 32 replies · 5,997+ views
    Discovery News ^ | September 22, 2008 | Rossella Lorenzi
    Running until the end of October at the Palazzo della Cancelleria in the Vatican, the exhibition, "Cucuteni-Trypillia: A Great Civilization of Old Europe," introduces a mysterious Neolithic people who are now believed to have forged Europe's first civilization... Archaeologists have named them "Cucuteni-Trypillians" after the villages of Cucuteni, near Lasi, Romania and Trypillia, near Kiev, Ukraine, where the first discoveries of this ancient civilization were made more than 100 years ago. The excavated treasures -- fired clay statuettes and op art-like pottery dating from 5000 to 3000 B.C. -- immediately posed a riddle to archaeologists... "Despite recent extensive excavations, no...
  • Turkish Site A Neolithic 'Supernova'

    04/21/2008 3:24:52 PM PDT · by blam · 21 replies · 193+ views
    Washington Times ^ | 4-21-2008 | Nicholas Birch
    Turkish site a Neolithic 'supernova' By Nicholas Birch April 21, 2008 Archaeologist Klaus Schmidt was among the first to realize the significance of the Gobekli Tepe site, which is 7,000 years older than Stonehenge. URFA, Turkey - As a child, Klaus Schmidt used to grub around in caves in his native Germany in the hope of finding prehistoric paintings. Thirty years later, as a member of the German Archaeological Institute, he found something infinitely more important: a temple complex almost twice as old as anything comparable. "This place is a supernova," said Mr. Schmidt, standing under a lone tree on...
  • A Journey To 9,000 Years Ago (Çatalhöyük)

    01/17/2008 4:06:53 PM PST · by blam · 20 replies · 114+ views
    Turkish Daily News ^ | 1-17-2008 | VERCİHAN ZİFLİOĞLU
    A journey to 9,000 years ago Thursday, January 17, 2008VERCİHAN ZİFLİOĞLU ISTANBUL - Turkish Daily News Çatalhöyük Research Project Director Ian Hodder says goddess icons do not, contrary to assumptions, point to a matriarchal society in Çatalhöyük. Findings in Çatalhöyük show that men and women had equal social status. According to Hodder, who also has been following the Göbeklitepe excavations in Şanlıurfa, meticulous archaeological excavation in southeastern Anatolia can change all scientific archaeological assumptions Clues as to when mankind really began living in urban patterns lie in the Neolithic layers of Çatalhöyük. Çatalhöyük is within the borders of Cumra district...
  • Is this the world's oldest statue? [Anatolia, Gobekli Tepe]

    11/26/2007 9:01:06 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies · 2,067+ views
    The First Post ^ | November 24, 2006 | Sean Thomas
    The statue turned out to be part of a larger discovery: of a Neolithic temple. This and the statue have now been dated to 10,000BC, making the 'Snowman' possibly the oldest statue in the world. The veracity of this claim depends on semantics. What is a 'statue'? The Venus of Willendorf dates back to 20,000BC. But the Venus is just 11cm long: surely not a statue. So the Balikli Gol Snowman is the first sizeable sculpture of a man. Arguably, it is the oldest sculptural representation of humanity, the oldest self-portrait in stone. In the accepted sense of the word,...
  • Did we plough up the Garden of Eden?

    10/17/2006 6:10:35 AM PDT · by NYer · 159 replies · 8,639+ views
    First Post ^ | October 17, 2006
    An archaeological dig may have uncovered ‘Eden’ in Turkey, says sean thomas I am standing above an archaeological dig, on a hillside in southern Turkey. Beneath me, workmen are unearthing a sculpture of some sort of reptile (right). It is delicate and breathtaking. It is also part of the world's oldest temple. If this sounds remarkable, it gets better. The archaeologist in charge of the dig believes that this artwork once stood in Eden. The archaeologist is Klaus Schmidt; the site is called Gobekli Tepe. In academic circles, the astonishing discoveries at Gobekli Tepe have long been a talking...
  • Şanlıurfa To Shed More Light On History Of Civilization

    06/24/2006 3:14:51 PM PDT · by blam · 19 replies · 558+ views
    Şanlıurfa to shed more light on history of civilization Saturday, June 24, 2006 Şanlıurfa to shed more light on history of civilization ANKARA - Turkish Daily News The southeastern Anatolian province of Şanlıurfa, considered to be the cradle of agriculture as well as hosting numerous examples of ancient architecture, promises new discoveries to shed light on the history of human evolution in the region. Harran University Assistant Professor Cihan Kürkçüoğlu noted that every archaeological excavation to be carried out in Şanlıurfa would provide new information on the history of civilization in the region. Kürkçüoğlu reminded the Anatolia news agency that...
  • German Paper Reports World's Oldest Temple Is In Sanliurfa (Turkey- 10,000BC)

    01/21/2006 10:34:38 AM PST · by blam · 26 replies · 972+ views
    German paper reports world’s oldest temple is in Şanlıurfa Saturday, January 21, 2006 ANKARA - Turkish Daily News One of Germany's leading newspapers, Die Welt, reported this week that the world's oldest temple, dating back around 12,000 years, is located on Göbekli Hill in Turkey's province of Şanlıurfa, said the Anatolia news agency. According to an article titled “Holy Hill of the Hunters,” the temple was discovered by German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt, standing around 15 meters in height and located on a hill upon which a single tree stands. Defining the area as the “cradle of civilization,” the paper said...
  • Layers of clustered apartments hide artifacts of ancient urban life

    04/20/2005 9:26:57 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies · 752+ views
    San Francisco Chronicle ^ | Monday, April 18, 2005 | David Perlman
    But because of the spectacular female clay figures that the archaeologists have found in the excavated layers over the years, Çatalhöyük has become a draw for modern believers who hold to the idea that the neolithic people were ruled by a matriarchy whose central figure was a mother goddess... But to Ian Hodder of Stanford and Ruth Tringham of Berkeley, who will lead the expedition's 11th season at Çatalhöyük this summer, the evidence questions the notion of a mother goddess and a matriarchal society... Mellaart's mother goddess was found in a grain bin, and the Hodder team's 3-inch figurine was...
  • Italian Archaeologist: Anatolia - Home To First Civilization On Earth

    06/22/2003 9:14:54 AM PDT · by blam · 58 replies · 5,700+ views
    Beku Today ^ | 6-20-2003
    Italian Archeologist: Anatolia - Home to First Civilization on Earth Prof. Dr. Marcella Frangipane is trying to convince scientists that Anatolia is the source of civilization on earth, and not Mesopotamia, as historians have claimed. 20/06/2003 13:20 After 13 years of work in the Aslantepe Mound Orduzu, Malatya, Frangipane says the archefacts she uncovered prove that the first civilization was established in Anatolia. According to Frangipane, the swords he found in Aslantepe and the palace, are the oldest in the world. These findings contradict everything in history books. Frangipane held a seminar, accompanied by a slide show, entitled 'Anatolia and...
  • Mesopotamia's civilization originated in Armenia [ uh-boy... ]

    07/09/2010 11:16:39 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies · 1+ views
    PanARMENIAN ^ | July 2, 2010 | unattributed
    Unique discoveries revealed as a result of excavations at Shengavit (4000-3000 B.C.) confirm that Armenia is the motherland of metallurgy, jeweler's art, wine-making and horse breeding. A group of archaeologists studying the ancient city concluded that 4000-3000 B.C. Armenia was a highly developed state with exclusive culture. The excavations are carried out by an Armenian-American archaeological expedition. Director of the Scientific and Research Institute of Historical and Cultural Heritage of the RA Ministry of Culture Simonyan said that for example, the glass beads discovered at the territory of Shengavit are of a higher quality than the Egypt samples. "Meanwhile, the...
  • Oldest Wheat Found In Çatalhöyük

    06/20/2008 2:44:29 PM PDT · by blam · 12 replies · 88+ views
    Today's Zaman ^ | 6-20-2008
    Oldest wheat found in Çatalhöyük The oldest known wheat was grown in Çatalhöyük, a Neolithic settlement in southern Anatolia, experts have found. A series of DNA analyses conducted on ancient wheat samples have led scientists to conclude that the oldest known wheat was grown in Çatalhöyük, a Neolithic settlement in southern Anatolia. Professor Mahinur Akkaya from the Middle East Technical University's (ODTÜ) department of chemistry says the world's oldest wheat found so far comes from Çatalhöyük, this according to a series of DNA analyses made on 8,500-year-old wheat samples. "Our discovery is of great importance as it gives us significant...
  • Spiral Wall Motifs Reveal Çatalhöyük Migration

    07/26/2007 12:21:04 PM PDT · by blam · 20 replies · 597+ views
    Todays Zaman ^ | 7-26-2007
    Spiral wall motifs reveal Çatalhöyük migration In the course of an excavation project currently under way at Çatalhöyük, researchers have recently discovered a burial chamber and wall paintings that echo spiral motifs first seen on ancient seals and kitchen utensils. Motifs discovered in the wall paintings may shed light on the migration routes of the people who lived in Çatalhöyük, a 9,000-year old Neolithic site. Çatalhöyük is a 9,000-year-old Neolithic site in central Turkey that displays evidence of animal domestication and agricultural activities and is considered to be one of the first permanent community settlements. The excavation is sponsored by...
  • Europe Seeks Its Origins In Catalhoyuk

    12/12/2006 4:05:38 PM PST · by blam · 17 replies · 618+ views
    Europe Seeks Its Origins In Catalhoyuk KONYA - Sociologist Jon T. Oplinger of the U.S. Maine University said that the data found in the archaeological site of Catalhoyuk could enlighten origins of Europe. In an exclusive interview with the A.A, Oplinger said that Prof. Dr. Waleck Dalpour and he wrote an article about communication and interaction among societies. "In our article, we referred to the figures on earthenware pots which were unearthed during the excavations in Catalhoyuk. Those figures can shed light on our history," he said. Highlighting importance of the findings regarding the development of genetic archaeology, Oplinger said...
  • A Weaver's View of the Çatal Hüyük Controversy

    08/25/2006 12:32:24 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies · 285+ views
    Marla Mallett: Textiles ^ | August/September 1990 | Marla Mallett
    In was enlightening to read Mellaart's excavation reports from the 1960s [2] as well as other early writings. Contradictions between those texts and the current work indicated more than a runaway kilim theory and an overly fertile imagination at work. Technical and stylistic problems now combined with incriminating disclosures to reveal what seemed to be careless, poorly conceived fabrications -- possibly a deliberate hoax... The current controversy is not the first instance in which James Mellaart has offered flimsy evidence as the sole "proof" of revolutionary archaeological findings. In the mysterious Dorak Affair... Mellaart claims to have uncovered a cache...
  • Çatalhöyük Excavations Unveil Very Dawn Of Human Civilization

    07/10/2006 2:40:52 PM PDT · by blam · 57 replies · 1,725+ views
    Çatalhöyük excavations unveil very dawn of human civilization Monday, July 10, 2006 ANKARA - Turkish Daily News A total of 130 houses have been unearthed to date during excavations at the 9,000-year-old site of Çatalhöyük in Konya's Çumra district, excavation assistant team leader Shahina Farid has said. The first excavations at the site -- considered one of the oldest settlements in the history of mankind, dating back to the Neolithic Age -- were conducted by British archaeologist James Mellart, who uncovered 80 houses during excavations between 1961-1964, according to the Anatolia news agency. Work at the site resumed in 1993...