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Keyword: etruscan

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  • Archaeologists Investigate Underground Pyramidal Structure Beneath Orvieto, Italy

    11/15/2014 4:41:42 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    Popular Archaeology ^ | Tue, Nov 11, 2014 | editors
    Calling it the "cavitá" ('hole' or 'hollow' in Italian), or hypogeum, the archaeologists have thus far excavated about 15 meters down. They marked their third year at the site in 2014. By then they had uncovered significant amounts of what they classify as Gray and Black bucchero, commonware, and Red and Black Figure pottery remains. They have dated deposits to the middle to the end of the 6th century BCE. "We know that the site was sealed toward the end of the 5th century BCE," George, et al. continue. "It appears to have been a single event. Of great significance...
  • The Minoans were Caucasian

    07/12/2014 4:58:18 AM PDT · by Renfield · 38 replies
    Daily Mail (UK) ^ | 5-16-2013 | Damien Gayle
    DNA analysis has debunked the longstanding theory that the Minoans, who some 5,000 years ago established Europe's first advanced Bronze Age culture, were from Africa. The Minoan civilisation arose on the Mediterranean island of Crete in approximately the 27th century BC and flourished for 12 centuries until the 15th century BC. But the culture was lost until British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans unearthed its remains on Crete in 1900, where he found vestiges of a civilisation he believed was formed by refugees from northern Egypt. Modern archaeologists have cast doubt on that version of events, and now DNA tests of...
  • Archaeologists' findings may prove Rome a century older than thought

    04/15/2014 3:49:27 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    Guardian (UK) ^ | Sunday, April 13, 2014 | John Hooper
    Next week, the city will celebrate its official, 2,767th birthday. According to a tradition going back to classic times, the brothers Romulus and Remus founded the city on 21 April in the year 753BC. But on Sunday it was reported that evidence of infrastructure building had been found, dating from more than 100 years earlier. The daily Il Messagero quoted Patrizia Fortini, the archaeologist responsible for the Forum, as saying that a wall constructed well before the city's traditional founding date had been unearthed. The wall, made from blocks of volcanic tuff, appeared to have been built to channel water...
  • Ancient Etruscan Prince Emerges From Tomb: Photos

    12/03/2013 9:10:36 AM PST · by Beowulf9 · 18 replies
    http://news.discovery.com ^ | Sep 20, 2013 | Rossella Lorenzi
    Italian archaeologists have unearthed a 2,600-year-old intact Etruscan tomb that promises to reveal new depths of one of the ancient world’s most fascinating and mysterious cultures.
  • French wine 'has Italian origins' [Etruscans]

    06/08/2013 7:40:59 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 15 replies
    BBC News ^ | Monday, June 3, 2013 | Jason Palmer
    The earliest known examples of wine-making as we know it are in the regions of modern-day Iran, Georgia, and Armenia -- and researchers believe that modern winemaking slowly spread westward from there to Europe... The Etruscans, a pre-Roman civilisation in Italy, are thought to have gained wine culture from the Phoenicians -- who spread throughout the Mediterranean from the early Iron Age onward -- because they used similarly shaped amphoras... Dr McGovern's team focused on the coastal site of Lattara, near the town of Lattes south of Montpellier, where the importation of amphoras continued up until the period 525-475 BC....
  • Where Did The Etruscans Come From?

    08/06/2005 9:08:13 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 44 replies · 2,066+ views
    Etruscology website ^ | June 2002 | Dieter H. Steinbauer
    Nevertheless, after more than a century of research, the linguistic relationship between Lemnian and Etruscan -- despite the scanty material -- is nowadays established to a large extent as an undeniable fact. The phonemic systems can not be set to coincide completely, yet it is significant that apart from the already mentioned four vowel system parallels exist in the consonant inventory, too. There are two varieties of s (here written s and sh) and no indications of the voiced plosives b, d, g, while next to each other are to be found in both languages t and th (no aspirate...
  • Computers to translate world's 'lost' languages after program deciphers ancient text

    07/21/2010 12:27:41 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 51 replies
    www.dailymail.co.uk ^ | 7/20/2010 | Niall Firth
    Scientists have used a computer program to decipher a written language that is more than three thousand years old. The program automatically translated the ancient written language of Ugaritic within just a few hours. Scientists hope the breakthrough could help them decipher the few ancient languages that they have been unable to translate so far. Ugaritic was last used around 1200 B.C. in western Syria and consists of dots on clay tablets. It was first discovered in 1920 but was not deciphered until 1932. Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology told the program that the language was related to...
  • Ancient Etruscan childbirth image is first for western art

    10/19/2011 9:01:38 AM PDT · by decimon · 33 replies
    An archaeological excavation at Poggio Colla, the site of a 2,700-year-old Etruscan settlement in Italy's Mugello Valley, has turned up a surprising and unique find: two images of a woman giving birth to a child. Researchers from the Mugello Valley Archaeological Project, which oversees the Poggio Colla excavation site some 20 miles northeast of Florence, discovered the images on a small fragment from a ceramic vessel that is more than 2,600 years old. The images show the head and shoulders of a baby emerging from a mother represented with her knees raised and her face shown in profile, one arm...
  • Unraveling the Etruscan Enigma

    10/15/2010 10:02:40 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies
    Archaeology mag ^ | November/December 2010 | Rossella Lorenzi
    They taught the French to make wine and the Romans to build roads, and they introduced writing to Europe, but the Etruscans have long been considered one of antiquity's great enigmas. No one knew exactly where they came from. Their language was alien to their neighbors. Their religion included the practice of divination, performed by priests who examined animals' entrails to predict the future. Much of our knowledge about Etruscan civilization comes from ancient literary sources and from tomb excavations, many of which were carried out decades ago. But all across Italy, archaeologists are now creating a much richer picture...
  • New findings from ancient tomb in Italy

    08/06/2010 8:48:39 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 15 replies
    United Press International ^ | Thursday, August 5, 2010 | unattributed
    A royal tomb in an Etruscan necropolis in central Italy has yielded fresh archaeological finds during a summer dig, researchers say. Tarquinia, one of the richest Etruscan sites in the Lazio region of Italy, is home to dozens of tombs, but researchers were only recently given permission to excavate the "Queen's Tomb" in detail, ANSA reported. Dating to the mid-seventh century B.C., the crypt is thought to have been a royal burial site although no remains have ever been found. Researchers uncovering the crypt say they are finding images and decorations found in other contemporary cultures, suggesting the ancient city...
  • Etruscan Engineering and Agricultural Achievements: The Ancient City of Spina

    08/17/2004 9:05:30 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies · 1,553+ views
    The Mysterious Etruscans ^ | Last modified on Tue, 17-Aug-2004 15:36:27 GMT | editors
    Over the centuries the belief lingered on that here had been a great, wealthy, powerful commercial city that dominated the mouth of the Po and the shores of the Adriatic, a city of luxury and splendor, a kind of ancestor and predecessor of Venice, founded more than a thousand years later. Classical scholars also knew about Spina, for ancient literary sources indicated that there must once have existed a thriving maritime trading settlement of great economic importance, until the Celtic invasion of the Po valley destroyed it... The final key to its ultimate discovery came from aerial photography. Some...
  • Italy: Ancient Etruscan home found near Grosseto

    06/01/2010 8:45:35 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 36 replies · 572+ views
    ADNKRONOS ^ | Tuesday, May 25, 2010 | AKI
    An ancient Etruscan home dating back more than 2,400 years has been discovered outside Grosseto in central Italy. Hailed as an exceptional find, the luxury home was uncovered at an archeological site at Vetulonia, 200 kilometres north of Rome. Archeologists say it is rare to find an Etruscan home intact and believe the home was built between the 3rd and 1st century BC. Using six Roman and Etruscan coins uncovered at the home, archeologists believe the house collapsed in 79 AD during wars unleashed by Roman general and dictator, Lucio Cornelio Silla. Archeologists have discovered a large quantity of items...
  • Men & ideas on the move: settled lands & colonized minds [review of "Empires and Barbarians"]

    05/24/2010 5:55:55 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies · 251+ views
    Gene Expression 'blog ^ | April 30th, 2010 | Razib Khan
    ...There are cases, such as the Etruscans, where the migration is clear from the genetics, both human and their domesticates. The peopling of Europe after the last Ice Age is now very much an open question. The likelihood that the present population of India is the product of an ancient hybridization event between an European-like population and an indigenous group with more affinity with eastern, than western, Eurasian groups, is now a rather peculiar prehistoric conundrum. It also seems likely that the spread of rice farming in Japan was concomitant with the expansion of a Korea-derived group, the Yayoi, at...
  • Tuscans 'not descended from Etruscans'

    07/05/2009 11:32:18 AM PDT · by BGHater · 22 replies · 1,950+ views
    Italy Mag ^ | 04 July 2009 | Italy
    The current population of Tuscany is not descended from the Etruscans, the people that lived in the region during the Bronze Age, a new Italian study has shown. Researchers at the universities of Florence, Ferrara, Pisa, Venice and Parma discovered the genealogical discontinuity by testing samples of mitochondrial DNA from remains of Etruscans and people who lived in the Middle Ages (between the 10th and 15th centuries) as well as from people living in the region today. While there was a clear genetic link between Medieval Tuscans and the current population, the relationship between modern Tuscans and their Bronze Age...
  • Decoding antiquity: Eight scripts that still can't be read

    05/29/2009 9:14:19 PM PDT · by BGHater · 38 replies · 1,621+ views
    New Scientist ^ | 27 May 2009 | Andrew Robinson
    WRITING is one of the greatest inventions in human history. Perhaps the greatest, since it made history possible. Without writing, there could be no accumulation of knowledge, no historical record, no science - and of course no books, newspapers or internet.The first true writing we know of is Sumerian cuneiform - consisting mainly of wedge-shaped impressions on clay tablets - which was used more than 5000 years ago in Mesopotamia. Soon afterwards writing appeared in Egypt, and much later in Europe, China and Central America. Civilisations have invented hundreds of different writing systems. Some, such as the one you are...
  • Etruscan tomb unearthed in Perugia

    07/09/2008 9:46:57 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 22 replies · 201+ views
    ANSA.it ^ | Tuesday, July 8, 2008 | unattributed
    An ancient Etruscan tomb has resurfaced after centuries underground during the course of building work in the central Italian city of Perugia. The tomb, which has been preserved in excellent condition, contains seven funerary urns, the municipal archaeology department said. It is in the shape of a square and was covered by a sheet of travertine marble, which had apparently remained untouched since being laid centuries ago. The tomb is split into two halves by a pillar and there are two benches running along each side. The funerary urns, which were placed on the benches, were marked with brightly coloured...
  • Ancient World Treasure Unearthed

    10/05/2007 10:57:39 AM PDT · by blam · 12 replies · 822+ views
    BBC ^ | 10-5-2007 | David Willey
    Ancient world treasure unearthed By David Willey BBC News, Rome The head of a satyr was discovered during the dig After seven hot summers of digging, an Italian archaeological team believe they have discovered one of the most important sites of the ancient world. Fanum Voltumnae, a shrine, marketplace and Etruscan political centre, was situated in the upper part of the Tiber river valley. It lies at the foot of a huge outcrop of rock, upon which is perched the mediaeval city of Orvieto. A walled sanctuary area, 5m-wide (16ft) Etruscan roads, an altar, and the foundations of many Roman...
  • Intact 2,000-Year Old Etruscan Tomb Discovered

    08/13/2007 4:43:25 PM PDT · by blam · 30 replies · 1,024+ views
    Reuters ^ | 8-13-2007 | Deepa Babington
    Intact 2,000-year old Etruscan tomb discovered Mon Aug 13, 2007 7:58PM BST By Deepa Babington ROME (Reuters) - Archaeologists have discovered a more than 2,000-year-old Etruscan tomb perfectly preserved in the hills of Tuscany with a treasure trove of artefacts inside, including urns that hold the remains of about 30 people. The tomb, in the Tuscan town of Civitella Paganico, probably dates from between the 1st and 3rd centuries B.C., when Etruscan power was in decline, Andrea Marcocci, who led digging at the site, told Reuters. "It's quite rare to find a tomb intact like this," said Marcocci, who had...
  • On The Origin Of The Etruscan Civilisation

    02/14/2007 8:39:18 AM PST · by blam · 20 replies · 1,054+ views
    New Scientist ^ | 2-14-2007 | Michael Day
    On the origin of the Etruscan civilisation 00:01 14 February 2007 NewScientist.com news service Michael Day Etruscan cippus (grave marker) in the shape of a warrior head. Found in Orvieto, Italy One of anthropology's most enduring mysteries - the origins of the ancient Etruscan civilisation - may finally have been solved, with a study of cattle. This culturally distinct and technologically advanced civilisation inhabited central Italy from about the 8th century BC, until it was assimilated into Roman culture around the end of the 4th century BC. The origins of the Etruscans, with their own non-Indo-European language, have been debated...
  • Etruscan Ruins Show How Ancients Lived

    04/08/2002 5:05:24 AM PDT · by blam · 7 replies · 1,081+ views
    IOL ^ | 4-7-2002 | Shasta Darlington
    Etruscan ruins show how ancients lived April 07 2002 at 11:34AM By Shasta Darlington Rome - The ruins of an Etruscan mining city abandoned almost 3 000 years ago are giving archaeologists an unprecedented look at one of Italy's first and most mysterious civilisations. Since stumbling across the ruins of a single stone dwelling in the early 1980s, archaeologists have found the region, on the shores of a lake in central Italy, was once the site of an Etruscan city in 700 BC and 600 BC. "It's an extraordinary find because almost all Etruscan ruins are necropoli," said Giovannangelo Camporeale,...
  • Etruscan Holy City Discovered

    09/08/2006 7:56:21 PM PDT · by blam · 19 replies · 1,701+ views
    ANSA ^ | 9-8-2006
    Etruscan holy city discovered Fledgling Rome 'trembled' when leaders of 12 cities met (ANSA) - Rome, September 7 - Italian archaeologists believe they have found the mysterious sanctuary which was the religious and political centre of the Etruscan civilisation. The Etruscans were an ancient people known to have lived in the area of Italy between Rome and Florence from the 8th century BC until they were absorbed by Rome about 600 years later. For centuries they dominated the fledgling city on the Tiber and even supplied its first kings. But most traces of the Etruscan civilisation, which produced sophisticated art,...
  • Hub Of Etruscan Civilization Found

    09/04/2006 3:17:17 PM PDT · by blam · 11 replies · 2,814+ views
    The Times ^ | 9-2-2006 | Martin Penner
    Hub of Etruscan civilisation found By Martin Penner Archaeologists believe that they have found the ruins of the religious and political centre of the Etruscan civilisation. The Etruscans lived in the area between Rome and Florence from the 8th century BC until they were absorbed by Romans about 600 years later. The heads of Etruria’s 12 city states would meet to discuss their affairs every spring at a holy place called the Fanum Voltumnae. It was never clear where the Fanum was but archaeologists from Macerata University believe they have found it at a site near the hill town of...
  • Pre-Roman sanctuary discovered [ Etruscan federation ]

    09/02/2006 12:09:24 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 4 replies · 360+ views
    News 24 ^ | Sep 2 2006 | unattributed
    Archaeologists digging near the central Italian town of Orvieto believe they have discovered the 2 500-year-old ruins of the main sanctuary of the Etruscan federation, a central meeting point where political and religious leaders gathered once a year to discuss important matters. The University of Macerata announced on Friday that the site at the foot of the Umbrian town was probably the location of the Fanum Voltumnae, the federal sanctuary for the 12 Etruscans towns. But the project's lead archaeologist, Simonetta Stopponi, warned that the ultimate confirmation would only come with the discovery of an inscription to the Etruscan god...
  • FSU Etruscan expert announces historic discovery at ancient site [ Cetamura ]

    06/30/2006 11:35:36 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies · 372+ views
    FSU News ^ | June 29, 2006 | Barry Ray
    "The building has a highly irregular plan, with stone foundations 3 or 4 feet thick," she said. "One wing of the building is about 60 feet long, flanking a space that has walls running at right angles. Some walls run on a diagonal to the grid, or are curved. There are paved areas alternating with beaten earth floors and what I believe to be a large courtyard in the middle. Some of the foundations are so heavy and thick that they could easily have supported multistoried elements. Within the building's courtyard, de Grummond said, is a freestanding sandstone platform that...
  • Man Leads Archaeologists To Frescoed Tomb (Europe's Oldest)

    06/16/2006 2:21:35 PM PDT · by blam · 21 replies · 966+ views
    ABC News ^ | 6-16-2006
    Man Leads Archaeologists to Frescoed TombSuspected Tomb Raider Leads Archaeologists to Frescoed Tomb North of Rome; May Be Europe's Oldest.This photo provided by the Italian Ministry of Culture on Friday, June 16, 2006 shows a frescoed burial decorated with migratory birds, in the town of Veio, near Rome. Experts on Friday, June 16, 2006 described the tomb as the oldest known frescoed burial chamber in Europe. It belonged to a warrior prince from the nearby Etruscan town of Veio, and dates back to 690 B.C.(AP Photo/Courtesy of Ministry of Culture, HO) VEIO, Italy Jun 16, 2006 (AP)— A suspected tomb...
  • Tuscany's Etruscan Claim Knocked

    05/16/2006 11:30:01 AM PDT · by blam · 19 replies · 618+ views
    ANSA ^ | 5-16-2006
    Tuscany's Etruscan claim knockedModern Tuscans not descendants of ancient people, DNA says (ANSA) - Rome, May 16 - The Tuscans' proud claim to be the descendants of the ancient Etruscans has taken a knock . A DNA comparison of Etruscan skeletons and a sample of living Tuscans has thrown up only "tenuous genetic similarities", said lead researcher Guido Barbujani of Ferrara University . "If the Tuscans were the direct descendants of the Etruscans the DNA should be the same," said Barbujani, a genetecist who coordinated the study with Stanford University in the United States . The study, which appears in...
  • Archaeologists May Have Found What Was Once The Biggest City In Italy

    11/07/2004 5:27:22 PM PST · by blam · 51 replies · 2,055+ views
    The Economist ^ | 11-4-2004
    Scientific treasure hunters Nov 4th 2004 | CLUSIUM, OR POSSIBLY NOT From The Economist print edition Archaeologists may have found what was once the biggest city in Italy REAL archaeology bears about as much resemblance to an Indiana Jones movie as real spying bears to James Bond. Excavation—at least if it is to be meaningfully different from grave robbing—is a matter of painstaking trowel work, not gung-ho gold-grabbing. But there is still a glimmer of the grave robber in many archaeologists, and the search for a juicy royal tomb can stimulate more than just rational, scientific instincts. Few tombs would...
  • The Etruscans: Reopening the Case of the Mute Civilization

    08/04/2004 11:39:04 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies · 947+ views
    New York Times ^ | May 27, 2001 | Alan Riding
    Yet even the catalog is wary of answering the question central to the "mystery" of the Etruscans: where did they come from? Did they migrate from Greece or beyond? Did they travel down from the Alps? Or, as their pre- Indo-European language might suggest, were they a people indigenous to today's Tuscany who suddenly acquired the tools for rapid development? Such are the pros and cons of each theory, the French historian Dominique Briquel notes in his catalog essay, that "the problem must be held to be unresolved." ...[T]hey spoke the same language, which also existed in a written...
  • Huge Etruscan Road Brought To Light

    06/17/2004 3:38:42 PM PDT · by blam · 34 replies · 4,329+ views
    Discovery News ^ | 6-16-2004 | Rossella Lorenzi
    Huge Etruscan Road Brought to Light By Rossella Lorenzi, Discovery News The Excavated Road June 16, 2004 — A plain in Tuscany destined to become a dump has turned out to be an archaeologist's dream, revealing the biggest Etruscan road ever found. Digging in Capannori, near Lucca, archaeologist Michelangelo Zecchini has uncovered startling evidence of an Etruscan "highway" which presumably linked Etruscan Pisa, on the Tyrrhenian coast, to the Adriatic port of Spina. Passing through Bologna, the ancient "two-sea highway" runs just a few meters away from today's modern highway which links Florence to the Tyrrhenian coast. "It all started...
  • Fabled Etruscan Kingdom Emerging?

    04/22/2004 6:18:57 PM PDT · by blam · 14 replies · 760+ views
    Discovery News ^ | 4-22-2004 | Rossella Lorenzi
    Fabled Etruscan Kingdom Emerging? By Rossella Lorenzi, Discovery News April 21, 2004 — The fabled kingdom of the Etruscan king Lars Porsena is coming to light in the Tuscan hills near Florence, according to an Italian University professor. Known as Chamars, where the lucumo (king) Porsena reigned in the 6th century B.C., this was the leading city-state of the Etruscan civilization that dominated much of Italy before the emergence of Rome. It was from there that Porsena is said to have launched his most successful attack upon Rome in order to restore the exiled Tarquinius Superbus to the throne. Porsena...
  • Dietler Discovers Statue In France That Reflects Etruscan Influence

    02/19/2004 3:22:01 PM PST · by blam · 4 replies · 359+ views
    University Of Chicago Chronicle ^ | 2-19-2004 | William Harms
    Dietler discovers statue in France that reflects an Etruscan influence By William Harms News Office This image depicts the reconstruction of the statue Michael Dietler found at Lattes in southern France. An image of the statue is positioned in the torso area of the figure of the warrior." A life-sized statue of a warrior discovered in southern France reflects a stronger cultural influence for the Etruscan civilization throughout the western Mediterranean region than previously appreciated. Michael Dietler, Associate Professor in Anthropology, and his French colleague Michel Py have published a paper in the British journal Antiquity on the Iron Age...
  • Etruscan Demons, Monsters Unearthed

    11/05/2003 8:18:48 AM PST · by blam · 55 replies · 1,399+ views
    Discovery news.com ^ | 11-5-2003 | Rossella Lorenzi
    Etruscan Demons, Monsters Unearthed Rossella Lorenzi, Discovery News Demonic Charioteer with the Shadow of DeathNov. 5, 2003 — Etruscan art, made of strange demons and monsters, is emerging in a Tuscan village, in what could be one of the most important discoveries of recent times, according to scholars who have seen the paintings. Lurking on the left wall of a 4th century B.C. tomb, the exceptionally preserved monsters have been unearthed during the ongoing excavation of the Pianacce necropolis in Sarteano, a village 50 miles from Siena, Italy. "So far we have found some scenes of banquets, snake-like monsters, demons,...
  • Lost No More: An Etruscan Rebirth

    04/15/2003 10:36:32 AM PDT · by blam · 8 replies · 543+ views
    New York Times ^ | 4-15-2003 | John Noble Wilford
    Lost No More: An Etruscan Rebirth By JOHN NOBLE WILFORDNY Times, 4-15-2003 HILADELPHIA — The Romans relished their founding myths. Aeneas, a fugitive from fallen Troy, anchored in the mouth of the Tiber River and there in the hills of Latium rekindled the flame of Trojan greatness. Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars and a sleeping beauty, were suckled by a she-wolf and grew up to establish the city destined for grandeur. In reality, though, the Romans owed more than they ever admitted to their accomplished predecessors and former enemies on the Italian peninsula, the Etruscans. They were known...