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Keyword: mesolithic

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  • A Mesolithic face from Southern Europe

    03/12/2014 4:00:53 AM PDT · by Renfield · 11 replies
    Past Horizons ^ | 3-9-2014
    The Mesolithic, a transitional period that lasted from circa 11,000 to 5,000 years ago (between the Palaeolithic and Neolithic), ends with the advent of agriculture and animal husbandry and the concurrent arrival of new genetic material from the Middle East. The arrival of the Neolithic farmers, with their carbohydrate-based and domesticated animal diet, along with food-borne pathogens and the inherent metabolic /immunological challenges can be reflected in genetic adaptations of post- Mesolithic populations.Pre-Neolithic genetic material The individual at the centre of the study belongs to a group prior to this influx of new genetic material.“The biggest surprise was to discover...
  • Lepenski Vir: a Mesolithic Paradise: The birth of town planning, the birth of sculpture

    08/23/2007 10:46:59 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 28 replies · 330+ views
    Smithsonian (via author's website) ^ | 1975 | Robert Wernick
    Once the inhabitants had settled in, time seems to have stood still in Lepenski Vir. Study of the bones found there shows that there was no admixture of foreign population; the same people remained on the spot, intermarrying generation after generation, perhaps 120 generations in all - well over 2,500 years. During all that time they remained healthy. (Did they, like the ancient Greeks, toss aside the infants that did not live up to their sturdy standards?) There are no deformed or diseased bones here, and the women were so robust that it is hard to tell their skeletons from...
  • Ancient Astronomical Calendar Discovered in Scotland Predates Stonehenge by 6,000 Years

    08/07/2013 1:42:27 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 12 replies
    universetoday.com ^ | August 7, 2013 | David Dickinson on
    A team from the University of Birmingham recently announced an astronomical discovery in Scotland marking the beginnings of recorded time. Announced last month in the Journal of Internet Archaeology, the Mesolithic monument consists of a series of pits near Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Estimated to date from 8,000 B.C., this 10,000 year old structure would pre-date calendars discovered in the Fertile Crescent region of the Middle East by over 5,000 years.
  • Shellfish and the rise of modern human behaviour

    06/23/2013 4:42:34 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies
    Past Horizons ^ | Saturday, June 22, 2013 | unattributed
    Researchers had previously theorised that it was an increase in population that drove behavioural innovations which in turn led to the creation of these artefacts and eventually, the expansion out of Africa. However, by examining mollusc shells from Stone Age sites, Richard Klein of Stanford University and Teresa Steele of University of California, Davis, have determined that a significant population increase did not occur until the Later Stone Age (LSA), after the out of Africa migration had already begun... The researchers found that the median size of MSA shells was larger than that of LSA shells. This showed that selection...
  • Snails Reveal Ancient Human Migration from France to Ireland

    06/23/2013 4:32:45 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 31 replies
    Popular Archaeology ^ | Wednesday, June 19, 2013 | Public Library of Science
    A genetic study of snails, combined with other factors, suggests a migration of Mesolithic peoples from the Pyrenees to Ireland. A recent study of the mitochondrial DNA of the Cepaea nemoralis land snail, a snail curiously common only between Ireland and the Pyrenees region of Southern France, has led researchers to conclude the possibility that ancient Mesolithic people carried the fauna with them in a migration from the French region to Ireland about 8,000 years ago. This correlates with studies of human genetics and the colonization of Ireland, according to the research* published June 19 in the open access journal...
  • Stonehenge 5,000 Years Older Than Thought

    04/20/2013 6:32:59 AM PDT · by Sir Napsalot · 30 replies
    Discovery ^ | 4-19-2013 | Rossella Lorenzi
    Excavation near Stonehenge found evidence of a settlement dating back to 7,500 BC, revealing the site was occupied some 5,000 years earlier than previously thought. Working at Vespasian’s Camp in Amesbury, Wiltshire, less than a mile from the megalithic stones, a team led by archaeologist David Jacques of the Open University unearthed material which contradicted the general belief that no people settled there until as late as 2,500 BC. Indeed, carbon dating of the material revealed the existence of a semi-permanent settlement which was occupied from 7,500 to 4,700 BC. The dating showed that people were present during every millennium...
  • Mesolithic People Adapted Their Environment In Severn Estuary

    01/17/2013 4:47:35 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 2 replies
    Past Horizons ^ | Monday, January 14, 2013 | Source: Reading University
    New and exciting evidence has been found at a threatened archaeological site on the Severn Estuary that seems to show Mesolithic people knew how to adapt their environment to suit their needs... Researchers from the University of Reading found 7500 year-old worked flint tools, bones, charcoal and hazelnut shells while working at Goldcliff, near Newport, south Wales, in September 2012. Charcoal remains discovered on the site suggest these people used fire to encourage the growth of particular plants, such as hazelnuts, crab apples and raspberries. This evidence may indicate that Mesolithic people were deliberately manipulating the environment to increase their...
  • Complex Fish Traps Over 7,500 Years Old Found in Russia

    01/26/2012 8:28:46 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 35 replies
    Popular Archaeology ^ | Wednesday, January 25, 2012 | unattributed
    An international team of archeologists, led by Ignacio Clemente, a researcher with the Spanish National Research Council, has discovered and documented an assemblage of fish seines and traps in the Dubna Basin near Moscow that are dated to be more than 7,500 years old. They say that the equipment, among the oldest found in Europe, displays a surprisingly advanced technical complexity. The finds illuminate the role of fishing among European settlements of the early Holocene (about 10,000 years ago), particularly where people did not practice agriculture until just before the advent of the Iron Age. Says Clemente: "Until now, it...
  • Mesolithic beads found at Welsh dolmen site

    02/21/2011 11:52:55 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    Stone Pages ^ | February 11, 2011 | Edited from George Nash PR
    A recent excavation led by archaeologist George Nash in November 2010 at the Trefael Stone in south-west Wales - originally a portal dolmen transformed in later times in a standing stone - has revealed a small assemblage of exotic artefacts including three drilled shale beads, identical to those found at a nearby Early Mesolithic coastal habitation site. These items, each measuring about 4.5 centimetres in diameter, were found within a disturbed cairn or post-cairn deposit... Similar perforated shale beads have also been found at a number of other sites including Manton Warren (Humberside), Newquay (Cardiganshire), Star Carr (Yorkshire) and Staple...