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Keyword: romanempire

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  • 6th Century Roman Law Text Discovered ... Inside Parchment Recycled as Medieval Bookbinding [tr]

    10/17/2018 10:10:35 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    Ancient Origins ^ | July 25, 2017 | Theodoros Karasavvas
    By combining two imaging techniques (visible hyperspectral imaging and x-ray fluorescence), a diverse team of Northwestern University researchers has developed a new technology that gives access to medieval texts hidden in parchment re-used for ancient book-bindings, as Live Science reported. The new technology is seen by researchers as truly innovative, as it can be used to help decipher the text under the surface of other bookbinding materials. "For generations, scholars have thought this information was inaccessible, so they thought, 'Why bother?'" the study's senior researcher, Marc Walton, a senior scientist at the Northwestern University-Art Institute of Chicago Center for Scientific...
  • Mount Vesuvius caused victims' heads to explode, blood to boil: study

    10/10/2018 8:42:39 PM PDT · by aomagrat · 26 replies
    Fox News ^ | 10 October 2018 | Chris Ciaccia
    Talk about a headache. When Mount Vesuvius erupted, the explosion caused such extreme heat that victims' skulls exploded, their blood boiled and their muscles, flesh and brains were replaced with ash, according to a new study. "New investigations on the victims' skeletons unearthed from the ash deposit filling 12 waterfront chambers have now revealed widespread preservation of atypical red and black mineral residues encrusting the bones, which also impregnate the ash filling the intracranial cavity and the ash-bed encasing the skeletons," the study's abstract reads.
  • Bob Barr: Stepping Closer To That “Thousand Years of Darkness” Reagan Warned Us About in 1964

    10/10/2018 8:03:59 AM PDT · by SleeperCatcher · 14 replies
    The National Sentinel ^ | 10/10/18 | Bob Barr
    Danger Zone: On October 27, 1964, Ronald Reagan, still two years away from serving in public office himself, delivered one of the greatest speeches in modern American history. Delivered to a nationwide radio audience in support of then-GOP presidential candidate Barry Goldwater, the former movie star declared America at a crossroads. Failure to grasp and aggressively defend against the dangers then faced by our country would, Reagan warned, push us into “a thousand years of darkness.” While the specific dangers about which Reagan then spoke were external, his call to action against existential threats applies with at least equal validity...
  • Girl, 8, pulls a 1,500-year-old sword from a lake in Sweden

    10/04/2018 7:10:29 PM PDT · by DUMBGRUNT · 90 replies
    BBC ^ | 4 Oct 2018
    Saga Vanecek found the relic in the Vidöstern lake while at her family's holiday home in Jönköping County. The sword was initially reported to be 1,000 years old, but experts at the local museum now believe it may date to around 1,500 years ago.
  • An Iconographic Treasure Unearthed in Jordan

    10/03/2018 1:47:52 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    CNRS News ^ | October 21, 2018 | Philippe Testard-Vaillant
    ...this subterranean tomb of 52 m2... impressive number of figures (nearly 260, including gods, humans, and animals) painted on the walls of the largest chamber. Of course other Roman tombs from the Decapolis also offer sumptuous mythological decor, but none of them can hold a candle to this one in terms of iconography... Whoever entered the tomb, before it was closed, first glimpsed on his left banqueting deities lying on beds, and tasting offerings brought by humans smaller than themselves. Again to the left of the entrance, a second painting with a country landscape shows peasants busy working the earth...
  • Roman cemetery found at North Lincolnshire building site

    09/24/2018 4:00:41 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies
    BBC ^ | 18 September 2018 | unattributed
    A Roman cemetery has been unearthed on the site of a housing development in North Lincolnshire. Dozens of 2,000-year-old skeletons have been found at the site near Winterton where 135 homes are being built. So far more than 60 graves have been excavated by a team of archaeologists at the 1,500 sq m (16,145 sq ft) site. Pieces of pottery and "grave goods" left for the dead have been found in the plots containing the remains of men, women and children. Natasha Powers, senior manager at Allen Archaeology, said the discovery was "not an everyday find". "We knew there was...
  • Thousands of objects discovered in Scandinavia's first Viking city

    09/15/2018 11:16:17 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | September 13, 2018 | Soren M. Sindbaek for ScienceNordic
    Archaeologists from Aarhus University and Southwest Jutland Museums (Denmark) have been excavating... down to three metres... Thousands of items discovered beneath the streets of Ribe... everything from beads, amulets, coins, and lost combs, to dog excrement and gnawed bones... a piece of a lyre (a harp-like stringed instrument), complete with tuning pegs. This discovery alone gives the Viking trading city of Ribe a whole new soundtrack.Another extraordinary find is the discovery of runic inscriptions...The people who lived here weren't primarily farmers for household purposes but were craftsmen, seafarers, tradesmen, innkeepers, and maybe even lyrists...The early period of Ribe is a...
  • Romans vs Khmers: They came, they saw, they traded... or did they?

    09/13/2018 10:36:20 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    Phnom Penh Post ^ | 4th of July 2015 | Bennett Murray
    In 2nd century AD Egypt, the legendary Greco-Roman scientist Claudius Ptolemy put the extent of the known world onto paper. From his home in Alexandria, he gathered reports from sailors who had made perilous journeys to India and possibly beyond. Though details were sparse, a voyager named Alexander described a distant port called Kattigara on the Sinus Magna (Great Gulf) to the east of the Golden Chersonese peninsula - widely considered to be mainland Malaysia. Halfway across the world around the same time, the bustling seaport Oc Eo was part of the flourishing Funan Kingdom, the earliest known pre-Angkorian civilisation...
  • Roman coins ID'd in Japanese ruins, but their origin baffles

    10/18/2016 7:08:04 PM PDT · by Olog-hai · 16 replies
    Associated Press ^ | Oct 18, 2016 9:18 PM EDT | Mari Yamaguchi
    The eyes of a visiting archaeologist lit up when he was shown the 10 tiny, tarnished discs that had sat unnoticed in storage for two and a half years at a dig on a southern Japan island. He had been to archaeological sites in Italy and Egypt, and recognized the “little round things” as old coins, including a few likely dating to the Roman Empire. “I was so excited I almost forgot what I was there for, and the coins were all we talked about,” said Toshio Tsukamoto of the Gangoji Institute for Research of Cultural Property in Nara, an...
  • Roman coins discovered in ruins of Japanese castle

    09/28/2016 11:56:53 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 21 replies
    fox news ^ | 09/28/2016
    The coins were excavated from the ruins of Katsuren Castle in Okinawa Prefecture, according to the Japan Times, noting that this is the country’s first discovery of its kind. Citing the Board of Education in the city of Uruma, the Japan Times reports that the four copper coins are believed to be from the third to fourth centuries. ... X-ray analysis of the coins has apparently revealed the image of Emperor Constantine I and a soldier carrying a spear. Each coin measures 0.6 inches to 0.8 inches in diameter, according to the report.
  • Ancient Roman coins unearthed at Japan castle

    09/28/2016 8:40:35 AM PDT · by Theoria · 27 replies
    AFP ^ | 28 September 2016 | AFP
    Japanese archaeologists said Wednesday they have for the first time unearthed ancient Roman coins at the ruins of an old castle. The discovery of 10 bronze and copper coins -- the oldest dating from about 300-400 AD -- in southern Okinawa caught researchers by surprise. It was the first time Roman Empire coins have been discovered in Japan, thousands of kilometres from where they were likely minted. "At first I thought they were one cent coins dropped by US soldiers," archaeologist Hiroki Miyagi told AFP. "But after washing them in water I realised they were much older. I was really...
  • The Speyer Wine Bottle: the oldest unopened bottle of wine in the world

    09/06/2018 10:56:14 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 86 replies
    The Vintage News ^ | November 23, 2016 | Brad Smithfield
    The age of the Speyer wine bottle is epic, estimated at around 1,650 years. Its makers did well by sealing it with hot wax and splashing it with olive oil, which is how the bottle, containing a presumably once drinkable white wine, has maintained the liquid inside it... Microbiologists have recommended not opening the wine and the same opinion was shared by the museum's wine department curator, Ludger Tekampe, who in the past stated that if the bottle were to be opened, "We are not sure whether or not it could stand the shock of the air." ..finding the Speyer...
  • K-12: Let's Listen to a Real Educator

    04/09/2018 6:34:30 PM PDT · by BruceDeitrickPrice · 11 replies
    Renew America ^ | January 13, 2018 | Bruce Deitrick Price
    I think it's a fair suspicion that our Education Establishment lie much too often. If not that, their ideas are narrow, their horizons limited. Most children, they seem to believe, are mud, lacking any special gifts. Last week I met a different kind of educator, a Roman named Quintilian, 35-100 AD. (He and Cicero, 106-63 BC, have long been considered the two great masters of oratory, language, and education.) All it took was a few quotes and I knew that Marcus Fabius Quintilianus was brilliant, big-minded, and bold. If we had a dozen guys like this, the ed games are...
  • Roman mega-villa bigger than the Taj Mahal is found in Oxfordshire packed with trophies including..

    08/27/2018 7:54:51 AM PDT · by bitt · 76 replies
    dailymail.co.uk ^ | 8/24/2018 | Phoebe Weston
    FULL TITLE: Roman mega-villa bigger than the Taj Mahal is found in Oxfordshire packed with trophies including coins and boar tusks alongside the sarcophagus of a woman The historic Roman structure is the second largest ever discovered in the UK The foundations measure 85m by 85m (278ft x 278ft) and date back to 99 AD It lies beneath a crop in a field near Broughton Castle near Banbury, Oxfordshire The land is owned by the third cousin of actor Ralph Fiennes Archaeologists discovered a sarcophagus inside the villa with the skeletal remains of an unknown woman
  • This Golden Head Adds a Twist to Ancient Roman History [Waldgirmes, Germany]

    08/23/2018 11:36:40 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 33 replies
    Nat Geog ^ | August 17, 2018 | Andrew Curry
    The settlement covered nearly 20 acres and had a defensive wall but no military buildings. Its existence shows that the Romans were living next to and trading with German "barbarians" peacefully for years, right up until the Teutoburg defeat, according to lead researcher Gabriele Rasbach of the German Archaeological Institute. Most of the settlement’s buildings were made of wood, and based on tree-ring data, archaeologists say the town was built from scratch beginning in 4 B.C. Behind 10-foot-tall timber walls, Waldgirmes had pottery and woodworking workshops, Roman-style residences, and even traces of lead plumbing. A multistory administrative building sat at...
  • Archaeologists Find Silk Road Equal

    06/12/2002 3:30:44 PM PDT · by blam · 24 replies · 353+ views
    CNN.com ^ | 6-12-2002
    <p>Local Ababda nomads dig in one of the streets in Berenike, which holds an array of artifacts that scientists say reveals an "impressive" sea trade between the Roman Empire and India.</p> <p>LOS ANGELES, California (AP) -- Spices, gems and other exotic cargo excavated from an ancient port on Egypt's Red Sea show that the sea trade 2,000 years ago between the Roman Empire and India was more extensive than previously thought and even rivaled the legendary Silk Road, archaeologists say.</p>
  • Evidence in the bones reveals rickets in Roman times

    08/23/2018 12:53:40 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 37 replies
    Guardian UK ^ | Sunday, August 19, 2018 | Mark Brown
    Rickets is mostly seen as a 19th-century disease, but research has revealed that the Romans also had a big problem with getting enough vitamin D. Researchers from Historic England and McMaster University in Canada examined 2,787 skeletons from 18 cemeteries across the Roman empire and discovered that rickets was a widespread phenomenon 2,000 years ago. Rickets is caused by vitamin D deficiency, often because of a lack of exposure to sunshine... During the three-year project, researchers examined skeletons from northern England to southern Spain, looking for the deformities generally seen in rickets. Evidence for rickets was found in more than...
  • Papyrus in Ancient Greek reveals insults ...from man to man

    08/18/2018 10:37:29 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 37 replies
    Keep Talking Greece ^ | August 16, 2018 | unattributed
    A certain Valerius and a certain Athanasius lived during the 5th century AD in Egypt. 1500 years ago, the certain Valerius wrote a letter to Athanasius in Ancient Greek. The letter contained insults and threats of lashing and burning. A fragment of the letter,  written on a Papyrus was translated by scientists. "You trickster, you traitor, you son of a b**** ..." Valerius writes to Athanasius. However, the reason why Valerius was fuming so much remains unknown as the rest of the papyrus is missing. An x-rated papyrus? 'Valerius to Athanasius: You trickster, you traitor, you son of a b****...
  • Rescuing a Roman Mosaic

    01/22/2006 7:40:39 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies · 742+ views
    Museum of Fine Arts, Boston ^ | Tuesday, March 1, 2005 - Wednesday, March 15, 2006 | mfa staff
    The mosaic was acquired by the MFA in 2002 from Dumbarton Oaks Research Center in Washington, DC, where it had been stored, unseen, for more than sixty years. Since its acquisition, the fragile mosaic surface has been stabilized, and crumbling concrete and rusting iron backings replaced with new supports. Our conservators are now meticulously cleaning the surface of the mosaic and reconstructing its patterned outer border—work that is taking place on view to the public through early 2006.
  • Reclining and Dining (and Drinking) in Ancient Rome

    08/12/2018 4:49:25 PM PDT · by SamAdams76 · 33 replies
    The Iris ^ | Shelby Brown
    The ancient Greeks had a recumbent approach to their (male-only) dinner parties, as I discussed in a previous post: elite men reclined, propped on pillows, to drink, converse, and—sometimes—overindulge. The practice of reclining and dining continued into ancient Rome, but with a few additions—for one, respectable women were invited to join the party, and for another, drinking was not a separate, post-dinner event, but became part of the dining experience. An association of dining with luxury led to 19th-century depictions, like the one above, of Roman diners leading the soft life (here, without reclining). The Greeks used single couches onto...