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Keyword: romanempire

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  • USO Canteen FReeper Style ~ Ancient Roman Military: Roman Tactics ~ August 19, 2003

    08/19/2003 2:52:17 AM PDT · by LaDivaLoca · 395 replies · 5,566+ views
    The Roman Empire ^ | August 19, 2003 | LaDivaLoca
    ANCIENT WARFARE   ANCIENT ROMAN MILITARY(continuation) PART II-C: ROMAN TACTICSFrom Creasy's Battle of the Metaurus ( ) The tactics of the Roman legions had not yet acquired that perfection which it received from the military genius of Marius, and which we read of in the first chapter of Gibbon. We possess, in that great work, an account of the Roman legions at the end of the commonwealth, and during the early ages of the empire, which those alone can adequately admire who have attempted a similar description. We have also, in the sixth and seventeenth books of Polybius, an...
  • Researchers Find Rare Coin, Other Artifacts at Bethsaida Dig Site

    07/22/2014 3:04:14 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 23 replies
    University of Nebraska Omaha ^ | July 17, 2014 | Charley Reed
    The highlight of the excavation was the discovery of a Judea Capta coin, which was minted by Roman Emporor Domitian during his reign of 81 – 96 CE in honor of the conquest of Judea and the destruction of Jersusalem in 70 CE by his father, Vespasian, and brother, Titus. Christie Cobb, a doctoral student at Drew University in New Jersey, discovered the coin. There are only 48 other versions of this coin that have been found, and fewer still at Biblical sites such as Bethsaida. “The coin confirms other ceramic data about the date of the large Roman period...
  • 'Italy's Ginger Gene Spread From Sicily'

    07/18/2014 1:53:50 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 33 replies
    Over the centuries, they’ve been scorned, persecuted and marginalized. But it was an example of modern-day disdain towards redheads that prompted an Italian photographer’s mission to safeguard their diversity, The Local has learned. Let’s face it, redheads get a tough time, especially in the early years of their life. I should know, because I am one. But more on that later. Marina Rosso, a 29-year-old fine art photographer and researcher from Udine, is not a redhead as the English translation of her surname might suggest. But after hearing in 2011 that flame-haired men were being rejected from the world’s largest...
  • The Mystery of the Copper Scroll

    07/11/2014 3:37:23 PM PDT · by robowombat · 25 replies
    CBN News Middle East Bureau ^ | Saturday, July 11, 2009 | Chris Mitchell
    The Mystery of the Copper Scroll By Chris Mitchell CBN News Middle East Bureau Chief Saturday, July 11, 2009 JERUSALEM, Israel - In 1947, a Bedouin shepherd wandered the hills of Qumran in search of a missing sheep. He threw a stone into a cave, hoping to drive the lost animal outside. Instead, the sound of shattered pottery drew the shepherd inside the cave. There he stumbled on the greatest archaeological find of the 20th century: the Dead Sea Scrolls. The Copper Scroll In the years that followed, archaeologists found eleven caves and more than 900 documents here at Qumran....
  • What Rome's Arch-Enemies Wore Into Battle

    07/10/2014 10:15:51 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies
    Forbes ^ | July 8, 2014 | Paul Rodgers
    Naval archaeologists think they’ve found the only example of armor from Carthage to survive the destruction of the city-state by Rome in 146BC. The helmet, recovered from the site of the Battle of the Egadi Islands, northwest of Sicily, is dramatically different from the Celtic style worn across Europe, popularly known as a Roman helmet. It appears to have a nose guard, a broad brim protecting the back of the neck from ear to ear, and a high, narrow crest, said Dr Jeff Royal, director of archaeology at the RPM Nautical Foundation in Florida. Roman helmets, called montefortinos, are easily...
  • VIDEO: Five skeletons uncovered during big dig near Roman Villa

    07/04/2014 5:30:08 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 1 replies
    Bournemouth Echo ^ | Thursday, July 3, 2014 | Gayle McDonald
    Archaeologists from Bournemouth have uncovered ancient burials during a dig near a Roman villa in north Dorset... It’s thought the remains, which date back to the mid-4th century, could belong to three generations of the same family who owned the villa. The skeletons of two adult males, two adult females and one elderly female were discovered at the farm, which is currently being excavated as part of the Durotriges Big Dig project. Miles Russell, senior lecturer in archaeology at Bournemouth University and one of the archaeologists leading the dig, said: “The discovery is of great significance as it is the...
  • Earliest military camp discovered at Carnuntum

    06/21/2014 2:10:58 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    Austrian Times ^ | Wednesday, June 18, 2014 | unattributed
    Archaeologists have discovered one of the earliest Roman military camps in the Carnuntum on the Danube near Vienna. The discovery of the extensive military camp, that is believed to be the size of six football pitches, was done using a high tech radar machine that can detect objects deep into the ground. The camp was unearthed at the Archaeological Park Carnuntum, located in Lower Austria between Vienna and the Slovakian capital Bratislava. It was discovered near to the remains of an ancient village and researchers believe it is probably the earliest military camp at Carnuntum. The discovery follows that made...
  • Something You Didn't Know About Louisiana (Ilenos, Canary Islands)/

    06/16/2014 6:52:55 PM PDT · by blam · 25 replies
    Free Republic - ^ | 6-16-2014 | Gilbert C. Din/Sidney Villere
    Something You Didn't Know About Louisiana (Ilenos, Canary Islands) Gilbert C. Din/Sidney Villere ISLENOS, CANARY ISLANDS The archipelago of the Canaries consists of seven main islands, having a total area of less than 6 percent of the size of Louisiana, lying about sixty-five miles west of Morocco in Northern Africa. They were formed as a result of volcanic activity. It is a rugged, mountainous terrain, and plains are almost nonexistent. Lack of water is a serious problem. The westernmost islands receive the most rain, while the two islands closest to the Sahara Desert and lower in elevation have some...
  • Something You Didn't Know About Cajuns (Ilenos, Canary Islands)

    10/06/2002 6:10:13 PM PDT · by blam · 68 replies · 5,576+ views ^ | unknown | Gilbert C. Din/Sidney Villere
    ISLENOS, CANARY ISLANDS The archipelago of the Canaries consists of seven main islands, having a total area of less than 6 percent of the size of Louisiana, lying about sixty-five miles west of Morocco in Northern Africa. They were formed as a result of volcanic activity. It is a rugged, mountainous terrain, and plains are almost nonexistent. Lack of water is a serious problem. The westernmost islands receive the most rain, while the two islands closest to the Sahara Desert and lower in elevation have some deserts. The higher elevations on some of the western islands have pleasant temperatures, and...
  • Remains of 'End of the World' Epidemic Found in Ancient Egypt [3rd c AD]

    06/16/2014 2:52:58 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies
    LiveScience ^ | June 16, 2014 | Owen Jarus
    Working at the Funerary Complex of Harwa and Akhimenru in the west bank of the ancient city of Thebes (modern-day Luxor) in Egypt, the team of the Italian Archaeological Mission to Luxor (MAIL) found bodies covered with a thick layer of lime (historically used as a disinfectant). The researchers also found three kilns where the lime was produced, as well as a giant bonfire containing human remains, where many of the plague victims were incinerated. Pottery remains found in the kilns allowed researchers to date the grisly operation to the third century A.D., a time when a series of epidemics...
  • Iron Age road link to Iceni tribe

    08/15/2011 10:45:25 PM PDT · by Pontiac · 15 replies · 1+ views
    BBC ^ | 8/15/11 | Louise Ord
    A suspected Iron Age road, made of timber and preserved in peat for 2,000 years, has been uncovered by archaeologists in East Anglia. The site, excavated in June, may have been part of a route across the River Waveney and surrounding wetland at Geldeston in Norfolk, say experts. Causeways were first found in the area in 2006, during flood defence work at the nearby Suffolk village of Beccles. It is thought the road is pre-Roman, built by the local Iceni tribe. In AD60, the Iceni ambushed one Roman legion and sacked Roman settlements at London and Colchester before being defeated.
  • Migration Period cremations unearthed in Poland

    06/14/2014 5:37:29 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies
    Past Horizons ^ | Thursday, June 12, 2014 | via Science and Scholarship in Poland
    Dozens of cremation graves dating to around 400 AD; the start of the Great Migration period, are being studied at Łężany, northeastern Poland, by a team from the Institute of Archaeology, University of Warsaw... The burial ground was discovered accidentally in Autumn 2012 during forestry work with the initial excavations starting last year. The necropolis consisted of single graves with exclusively cremated human remains, the ashes were interred directly in the ground in either shallow scoops or in earthenware burial urns. Archaeologists have also located small clusters of human bones deposited in pure sand... Uniquely for this region four cicada...
  • TVAS News: North Berstead warrior burial, Bognor Regis

    06/13/2014 6:23:46 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies
    Thames Valley Archaeological Services ^ | June 8th or 9th, 2014 | unattributed
    Archaeologists from TVAS have unearthed the grave of a warrior who died at around the time of Caesar's Gallic Wars, in the 50s BC... The Iron Age people of this area were in essence pro-Roman, and the Emperor Claudius, a century later, launched an invasion, initially, to restore the local king Verica to his throne. Our deceased does not seem rich enough to have been a king, but his weaponry, and likely date of death, suggest he may have been one of the mercenaries Caesar claims were accustomed to fight for the Gauls against him, which he used as one...
  • Atheists Skeptical of Atwill’s Claim of a ‘Fabricated Jesus’

    10/11/2013 9:31:20 PM PDT · by Olog-hai · 61 replies
    Las Vegas Guardian Express ^ | October 10, 2013 | Rebecca Savastio
    Self-proclaimed Biblical scholar Joseph Atwill has written a book in which he claims that Jesus was fabricated by a little-known group called the Flavians. He also claims he has some sort of “smoking gun” type of “confession” from these ancient people that proves beyond a shadow of a doubt that they entered into a conspiracy with the Roman government of the time to fabricate a character called Jesus as a “gentle Messiah” figure to wage psychological warfare on, and control, the masses so they would pay Caesar taxes without complaining. He is apparently going to present this evidence at a...
  • Has The Roman Dodecahedron Mystery Been Solved?

    06/04/2014 7:14:28 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 29 replies
    gralienreport ^ | June 3, 2014 by | Micah Hanks
    Though more than 100 of the strange objects are known to exist, their purpose remains a puzzling mystery that has perplexed archaeologists since their first discovery. All throughout Europe, small geometric objects known as Roman dodecahedrons have been recovered. As far north as Wales, and further south toward the Mediterranean, the dodecahedrons, usually made of bronze or stone, are seldom larger than about eight to ten centimeters in size. So what was their purpose? Part of what has led to their mystery has been the speculation surrounding their use, as no classical accounts or narratives seem to mention them, let...
  • Mould for minting Roman coins found in Talkad [India]

    05/30/2014 4:39:12 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies
    Deccan Herald ^ | May 19, 2014 | Akram Mohammed
    For those who think financial fraud or circulating fake currencies is a modern day phenomenon, an ancient Roman coin mould on display at the Department of Archaeology, Museums and Heritage in the city is a startling revelation. The Roman coin mould, which is being displayed for the first time since its excavation in 1993, indicates that fake coins were in circulation around 19 to 20 centuries ago. The terracotta mould is among the most important objects displayed at the exhibition, apart from terracotta figurines, iron objects, bronze dies, stone beads. M S Krishnamurthy, a retired professor of Archaeology who led...
  • GIS technology verifies Caesar and Helvetii history

    05/24/2014 8:42:51 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    Phys Spam Org ^ | May 2014 | Science Network WA
    An international team is using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) modelling to assess Julius Caesar's account of his war with a Celtic tribe. According to Caesar, more than a quarter of a million Helvetii were settled in the Swiss plateau before they decided to abandon their territory and invade Gaul in 58 BCE. In his Gallic Wars he says the Helvitii were running out of food. UWA archaeologist Tom Whitley is developing a GIS model to test Caesar's population estimate and is testing geophysical techniques to see if they can detect signs of the migration and war. He is using the...
  • Treasure trove reveals Iron Age town [Sweden]

    11/29/2013 6:27:14 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies
    Science Nordic ^ | November 23, 2013 | Ingrid Spilde
    Västra Vång in Blekinge is now a sleepy rural community on Sweden’s southern Baltic coast. It has never been mentioned in ancient or medieval writings. So why are gold figurines and bronze busts turning up there? ... No less than 29 guldgubbar have been found beneath the turf. The term means “little old man of gold”, and is also found in Norway and Denmark. These are thin pieces of hammered gold, fashioned as clothed men or women. The figurines date back to the 6th century AD and were made for a few centuries. They are made of very thinly beaten...
  • Ancient Roman Military Camp Unearthed in Eastern Germany

    05/18/2014 6:16:10 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 27 replies
    ScienceNow ^ | 13 May 2014 | Andrew Curry
    Archaeologists have confirmed the presence of a long-lost Roman military camp deep in eastern Germany. The 18-hectare site, found near the town of Hachelbich in Thuringia, would have sheltered a Roman legion of up to 5000 troops. Its location in a broad valley with few impediments suggests it was a stopover on the way to invade territory further east... The Hachelbich site, along with a battlefield near Hannover uncovered in 2008, show... that the Romans were willing to cross their frontier when it suited their political or military needs. The encampment was discovered in 2010, during routine excavations as part...
  • Excavations unearth basilica in Bursa

    05/07/2014 6:52:56 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    Hurriyet ^ | May 2, 2014 | Anadolu Agency
    Excavations at a tower in the Tophane portion of Bursa’s city walls have revealed a basilica from the early Roman era that could be one of the oldest structures ever discovered in the northwestern province. Architect İbrahim Yılmaz, who has been conducting the restoration projects on Bursa’s city walls, said the Tophane city walls restoration project included an area of 1,200 square meters from the north of the Saltanat Gate to the Kaplıca Gate... Speaking about the technical features of the basilica, Yılmaz said: “There is a round apse [the place for religious ceremonies] and a window bay in front...
  • Rebuilding the temple in Jerusalem?

    05/07/2014 8:26:24 AM PDT · by 2ndDivisionVet · 92 replies
    The Deseret News ^ | May 3, 2014 | William Hamblin and Daniel Peterson
    The dramatic recent collapse of the Arab-Israeli peace talks and the ongoing political turmoil involving the Temple Mount have again focused world attention on the centuries-old struggle for that sacred site. Since antiquity, the roughly 37 acres of the Temple Mount and its immediate surroundings have frequently been the focus of interreligious strife. The destruction of the Jewish temple by the Romans in A.D. 70 was a devastating event in the history of Judaism. It served as a transforming catalyst in both the origins of Christianity and the transition of Israelite religion from a priestly sacrifice-centered system to the legalistic...
  • Hadrian's wall boosted economy for ancient Britons, archaeologists discover

    11/24/2008 3:51:39 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies · 798+ views
    Telegraph ^ | Saturday, November 22, 2008 | Patrick Sawer
    The 73-mile long Roman wall, built in AD 122 to defend the Roman Empire from hostile Celtic tribes, created a thriving economy to serve the occupying army, according to aerial surveys. Farmers, traders, craftsmen, labourers and prostitutes seized the occasion to make money from the presence of hundreds of Roman troops... The research carried out by English Heritage has revealed over 2,700 previously unrecorded historic features, including prehistoric burial mounds and first century farmsteads, medieval sheep farms, 19th century lead mines and even a WWII gun battery, sited along the 15 foot high wall which stretched from Wallsend on the...
  • Hope for further Vindolanda tablet discoveries

    05/05/2014 1:10:43 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies
    Past Horizons ^ | Wednesday, April 30, 2014 | Vindolanda Trust
    The site of Roman Vindolanda, in the central section of Hadrian’s Wall, had over 300 years of Roman occupation, with at least nine forts and settlements built one on top of the other... was one of the main military posts on the northern frontier of Britain before the building of Hadrian’s Wall. Excavations there in 1973 uncovered writing tablets which had been preserved in waterlogged conditions in rubbish deposits in and around the commanding officer’s residence. These, and hundreds of other fragments which have come to light in subsequent excavations, are the oldest surviving handwritten documents in Britain, containing everything...
  • Roman Comet 5,000 Times More Powerful Than A-Bomb

    10/17/2004 3:36:42 PM PDT · by freedom44 · 56 replies · 2,144+ views
    Scotsman ^ | 10/17/04 | John von Radowitz
    People living in southern Germany during Roman times may have witnessed a comet impact 5,000 times more destructive than the Hiroshima atom bomb, researchers say. Scientists believe a field of craters around Lake Chiemsee, in south-east Bavaria, was caused by fragments of a huge comet that broke up in the Earth’s atmosphere. Celtic artefacts found at the site, including a number of coins, appear to have been strongly heated on one side. This discovery, together with evidence from ancient tree rings and Roman reports of “stones falling from the sky”, has led researchers to conclude that the impact happened in...
  • Rome church opens after centuries under rubble

    04/12/2004 10:00:54 AM PDT · by NYer · 18 replies · 99+ views
    MSNBC ^ | April 2004
    After 12 centuries under rubble and 24 years of restoration, Rome has opened the doors to Santa Maria Antiqua, the oldest church in the Roman Forum's ancient ruins and its rare collection of early medieval art. An earthquake buried the church and its numerous Byzantine and early Christian frescoes in 847 and it remained untouched until excavation and reconstruction began in 1900. Much of the structure had survived and restorers have been hard at work on the interior since 1980 with the site to reopen to the public on April 10 until the end of May. "The Santa Maria...
  • The Portraiture of Caligula in Right Profile- AR Denarii: The Imagery and Iconography- Joe Geranio

    04/23/2006 6:15:10 PM PDT · by Joe Geranio · 11 replies · 461+ views
    The Portraiture of Caligula ^ | 4/22/06 | Joe Geranio
    The Portraiture of Caligula in Right Profile- AR Denarii: The Imagery and Iconography By Joe Geranio For photos at portraitsofcaligula.con under basesclaudius tab For some time now I have been fascinated with the portraiture of Caligula in the round! He has typically been portrayed in the round (typology)1 , and his physiognomy. as follows, but first Most of these portraits are based upon official portraits, we can assume as Caligula (Princeps) wished to be portrayed some twelve to 30 sculptural likenesses of Caligula have survived,2 but these identifications can be quite subjective due to familial assimilation. Caligula’s characteristics typical are:...
  • New research refutes myth of pure Scandinavian race (Midnight at the oasis)

    06/09/2008 4:48:39 PM PDT · by decimon · 30 replies · 70+ views
    University of Copenhagen ^ | Jun 3, 2008 | Unknown
    A team of forensic scientists at the University of Copenhagen has studied human remains found in two ancient Danish burial grounds dating back to the iron age, and discovered a man who appears to be of arabian origin. The findings suggest that human beings were as genetically diverse 2000 years ago as they are today and indicate greater mobility among iron age populations than was previously thought. The findings also suggest that people in the Danish iron age did not live and die in small, isolated villages but, on the contrary, were in constant contact with the wider world. On...
  • A Roman hoard from the end of empire

    05/01/2014 9:44:13 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 46 replies
    Past Horizons ^ | April 27, 2014 | VU University Amsterdam
    Dutch archaeologists have recently completed the rescue excavation of a unique treasure hoard dating to the beginning of the 5th century AD, from a field in Limburg... According to the Byzantine historian Zosimus, Constantine III tried to re-secure the entire Roman Rhine frontier against Germanic invaders... The historians Orosius and Zosimus tells us that Constantine III solved the problem of the invading Germanic groups by liberal use of the money bag along with developing close alliances to Germanic warlords on both sides of the Rhine... The Echt hoard would therefore have belonged to a Germanic officer in Roman service –...
  • Eusebius' Onomasticon: Geographical Knowledge in Byzantine Palestine

    01/01/2005 1:36:08 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 4 replies · 520+ views
    Palestine Exploration Fund ^ | 17 March, 2004, Last modified 30 April, 2004 | Joan E. Taylor and Rupert L. Chapman
    The most widely held view is that the modern site of Beitin was Bethel, however, the detailed information given by Eusebius did not particularly suit this identification... Eusebius had used Bethel as a central place for identification of the location of other places, second in importance only to Jerusalem, and had given distances from four other locations. The first of these, at the twelfth milestone north of Jerusalem, presented few problems, but the second, 4 milestones east of Gibeon, was more problematic, did not really fit Beitin, and was better suited to el-Bireh... Archaeologically, although both Eusebius and Jerome described...
  • Ancient puppy paw prints found on Roman tiles

    04/21/2014 3:52:08 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 34 replies
    LiveScience ^ | April 18, 2014 | Megan Gannon
    The paw prints and hoof prints of a few meddlesome animals have been preserved for posterity on ancient Roman tiles recently discovered by archaeologists in England... The artifacts, which could be nearly 2,000 years old, were found in the Blackfriars area of Leicester... Wardell Armstrong Archaeology was brought in to dig at a site where a construction company plans to build student housing. At least one of the tiles is tainted with dog paw prints, and one is marked with the hoof prints of a sheep or a goat that trampled on the clay before it was dry... The tiles...
  • Buried city of Pompeii unveils three new houses [well, not new...]

    04/20/2014 6:28:34 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 35 replies
    ANSA/UPI ^ | April 17, 2014 | Ed Adamczyk
    There is new real state to be seen in the Pompeii, Italy, archaeological site, with three restored houses open to the public. In time for Easter tourists, three additional houses in the ancient city of Pompeii, Italy, buried in a volcano eruption in 79 A.D., were opened Thursday. Italian Culture Minister Dario Franceschini inaugurated the three restored houses, or domus, in a ceremony at the celebrated archeological site. The houses were formerly occupied by the families of Marcus Lucretius Fronto, Romulus and Remus and Trittolemo, the office of Pompeii’s archeological superintendent said. Superintendent Massimo Osanna described them as “aristocratic houses.”...
  • Ancient Rome was bigger than previously thought, archaeologists find

    04/17/2014 3:21:06 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 31 replies
    Telegraph (UK) ^ | April 16, 2014 | unattributed
    The researchers have been using an established technique known as magnetometry, which involves systematically and rapidly scanning the landscape with small handheld instruments in order to identify localised magnetic anomalies relating to buried ancient structures. These are then mapped out with specialised computer software, providing images similar to aerial photographs, which can be interpreted by archaeologists. In antiquity, the landscape in this recent study was known as the Isola Sacra and was surrounded by a major canal to the north, the river Tiber to the east and south, and the Tyrrhenian sea to the west. At the southernmost side of...
  • Ancient Artisans' Footprints Discovered Beneath Lod Mosaic

    10/14/2009 8:54:53 PM PDT · by bogusname · 12 replies · 616+ views
    Arutz Sheva ^ | 10/14/09 | Hana Levi Julian
    The ancient footprints of the artisans who built a stunning 1,700-year-old mosaic floor in Lod were discovered recently, when conservators from the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) were in the process of detaching the huge work of art from the ground. As the conservation experts worked on the plaster bedding to be done before detaching the mosaic, they were surprised to notice there were ancient foot and sandal prints beneath it. Clearly, the builders that had worked on the floor sometimes wore their sandals, and sometimes worked in their bare feet...
  • Footprints found under ancient mosaic

    10/14/2009 10:39:12 AM PDT · by Jet Jaguar · 12 replies · 647+ views
    JPost ^ | October 14, 2009 | By JAMIE ROMM
    While they may not have been the markings of a pair of Naot sandals, Israel Antiquities Authority conservators discovered footprints over 1,700 years-old, under the Lod Mosaic and at least one print resembling a modern sandal. Head of the Israel Antiquities AuthorityArt Conservation Branch Jacques Neguer said that when removing a section of a mosaic it is customary to clean its bedding, and study the material from which it is made and the construction stages and during that process, they found the footprints under the mosaic. "We look for drawings and sketches that the artists made in the plaster and...
  • 1,700 year old Footprints of the Builders of the Lod Mosaic Exposed

    10/14/2009 5:32:00 AM PDT · by SJackson · 11 replies · 686+ views
    1,700 year old Footprints of the Builders of the Lod Mosaic Exposed Press Release Wednesday, October 14, 2009 The Footprints of the Builders of the Lod Mosaic were Exposed While removing the mosaic from the ground, Israel Antiquities Authority conservators were surprised to discover 1,700 year old foot and sandal prints beneath it Head of the Israel Antiquities Authority Art Conservation Branch, "It's exciting. This is the first time I have ever encountered personal evidence such as this under a mosaic". Step by step, piece by piece, the conservation experts of the Israel Antiquities Authority detached the Lod mosaic...
  • `Impressive' villa mosaic unearthed near Caesarea

    04/18/2005 6:35:32 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 27 replies · 753+ views
    Haaretz ^ | April 17, 2005 | Amiram Barkat
    A 500-square-meter mosaic depicting an intricate design of flamingos, peacocks, ducks and other animals that adorned the floor of a fifth-century C.E. villa, was unearthed recently on a hill overlooking the Mediterranean near Caesarea. Parts of the floor were first discovered in the 1950s by archaeologist Shmuel Yeivin. However, it was not fully excavated at the time due to budgetary constraints. This time, after an initial week-long excavation by Dr. Yosef Porat and Peter Gendelman of the Israel Antiquities Authority, the authority refused to continue the dig, citing a lack of funds. The Caesarea Development Corporation has agreed to pay...
  • Predators and Prey: A Roman Mosaic from Lod, Israel

    04/16/2014 12:03:59 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 15 replies
    Past Horizons ^ | Monday, April 14, 2014 | Waddesdon Manor (source)
    One of the oldest surviving complete Roman mosaics dating from 1,700 years ago, a spectacular discovery made in Lod in Israel, will go on show at Waddesdon Manor in Buckinghamshire, UK... from 5 June – 2 November 2014. Measuring eight metres long and four metres wide, and in exceptional condition, the Lod mosaic depicts a paradise of birds, animals, shells and fishes, including one of the earliest images of a rhinoceros and a giraffe, richly decorated with geometric patterns and set in lush landscapes.Ancient city of LyddaThe mosaic was accidentally discovered in 1996, during highway construction work in the Israeli...
  • Fall of Rome Recorded in Trees

    01/18/2011 10:49:18 PM PST · by neverdem · 38 replies
    ScienceNOW ^ | 13 January 2011 | Andrew Curry
    Enlarge Image Preserved. Climate changes recorded in tree rings correlate with important events in European history, such as the Black Death. Credit: Wikimedia When empires rise and fall and plagues sweep over the land, people have traditionally cursed the stars. But perhaps they should blame the weather. A new analysis of European tree-ring samples suggests that mild summers may have been the key to the rise of the Roman Empire—and that prolonged droughts, cold snaps, and other climate changes might have played a part in historical upheavals, from the barbarian invasions that brought about Rome's collapse to the Black...
  • English Heritage steps in to rescue prehistoric earthwork ["Roman Ridge"]

    02/14/2011 6:16:22 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies
    Stone Pages ^ | Sunday, February 13, 2011 | Archaeo News
    The so-called Roman Ridge is a 2,000-year-old earthwork which pre-dates the arrival of the Romans in Britain. Experts believe it was constructed to mark territories or grazing areas for cattle in an area which once marked the southern borders of the Brigantes, the biggest tribe in Celtic Britain who lived in what is now northern England. The portion of the earthwork, which stands up to two metres tall and stretches for 730 metres into Swinton Wood, is a rare survivor. The feature once covered 12 miles between Wincobank and the area beyond Wath upon Dearne. It will now be repaired...
  • Roman Imperial Port Facilities Emerge Under Archaeological Investigation

    04/12/2014 12:19:31 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies
    Popular Archaeology ^ | Friday, April 11, 2014 | unattributed
    Known as Vada Volaterrana, it has been identified as a key port system located in present-day Tuscany, Italy, used anciently by the Romans of the city of Volaterrae (today's Volterra) for the import and export of trade goods throughout the Mediterranean. The main harbor was located north of the mouth of the Cecina river, at S. Gaetano di Vada... The ancient city of Volterra, or Volaterrae, which was served by the Vada Volaterrana port system, was first settled by the Etruscans in the 8th century B.C.E. During the succeeding centuries the village had developed into a major city with power...
  • Beachy Head Lady was young sub-Saharan Roman with good teeth, say archaeologists

    04/01/2014 3:24:40 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 22 replies
    Culture 24 ^ | March 28, 2014 | Ben Miller
    ...The facial reconstruction was done by Caroline Wilkinson from Dundee University, one of the country’s foremost reconstructors... Caroline said, ‘oh my, you realise you’ve got a sub-Saharan African here?’ Our osteo hadn’t picked that up, but Caroline subsequently had it looked at by two more experts who agreed, without being prompted, that this individual showed so many traits of being a sub-Saharan African person... The radiocarbon dating came back with a firm Roman date – around 200 or 250 AD. That was a relief. It’s not without precedent to find Africans from this date in Britain, such as the famous...
  • Claudius' Naumachia on Fucine Lake (Those About To Die, chap III)

    11/24/2005 7:45:06 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies · 1,178+ views
    Those About To Die (via Kurt Saxon) ^ | 1950s (I believe) | Daniel P. Mannix
    The greatest naumachia of all time was the naval engagement staged by Claudius. As Augustus' lake was too small, the mad emperor decided to use the Fucine Lake (now called the Lago di Fucino) some sixty miles to the east of Rome. This lake had no natural outlet and in the spring it often flooded many miles of surrounding county. To overcome this trouble, a tunnel three and a half miles long had been cut through solid rock from the lake to the Litis River to carry off the surplus water. This job had taken thirty thousand men eleven years...
  • A Visigoth In Kent?

    02/21/2006 12:03:31 PM PST · by blam · 9 replies · 573+ views
    A Visigoth in Kent? The excavations at Springhead uncovered a large number of brooches. One in particular has turned out to be a very exciting discovery. X-ray photography showed that the 5th-6th century iron bow brooch was of Visigothic design, of a type known as Estagel. The Visigoths (West Goths) were one of the German tribes. Settled near the Black Sea in the 3rd century AD, by the 6th century they had migrated west and reached Spain and northern France. Kent was probably the most cosmopolitan region in the country at this time and Saxons and Jutes have left evidence...
  • A Visigoth in Kent?

    02/21/2006 12:19:07 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies · 331+ views
    Wessex Archaeology ^ | January 2006 | Roman Finds Group Newsletter
    Kent was probably the most cosmopolitan region in the country at this time and Saxons and Jutes have left evidence of their culture here. In the last 30 years or so, a number of objects of Visigothic design have come to light, mainly in south-east England. Now this brooch adds to the evidence for connections between the people of Kent and the small number of Visigothic groups known to have lived in northern France at the time.
  • Archaeologists Find Ancient Israel Tunnels (used during revolt against Romans 66 to 70 A.D.)

    03/13/2006 6:55:03 PM PST · by NormsRevenge · 22 replies · 907+ views
    AP on Yahoo ^ | 3/13/06 | Laura Resnick - ap
    JERUSALEM - Underground chambers and tunnels used during a Jewish revolt against the Romans nearly 2,000 years ago have been uncovered in northern Israel, archaeologists said Monday. The Jews laid in supplies and were preparing to hide from the Romans during their revolt in A.D. 66-70, the experts said. The pits, which are linked by short tunnels, would have served as a concealed subterranean home. Yardenna Alexandre of the Israel Antiquities Authority said the find shows the ancient Jews planned and prepared for the uprising, contrary to the common perception that the revolt began spontaneously. "It definitely was not spontaneous,"...
  • When In Vietnam, Build Boats As The Romans Do

    04/21/2006 11:03:33 AM PDT · by blam · 26 replies · 1,154+ views
    Science Magazine ^ | 3-26-2006 | Richard Stone
    When in Vietnam, Build Boats as the Romans Do Richard Stone INDO-PACIFIC PREHISTORY ASSOCIATION CONGRESS, 20-26 MARCH 2006, MANILA In December 2004, researchers drained a canal in northern Vietnam in search of ancient textiles from graves. They found that and a whole lot more. Protruding from the canal bank at Dong Xa was a 2000-year-old log boat that had been used as a coffin. After a closer look at the woodwork, archaeologists Peter Bellwood and Judith Cameron of Australia National University in Canberra and their colleagues were astounded to find that the method for fitting planks to hull matched that...
  • The Marsala Punic Warship

    04/13/2006 12:31:09 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 5 replies · 319+ views
    Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum ^ | circa 1999 | Honor Frost
    Punta Scario is opposite to and only twenty minutes by sail from, the Egadi Islands which gave their name to the Roman naval victory that took place on the morning of March the 10th, 241 BC and ended the First Punic War. The wreck's contents, epigraphy and Carbon 14 determinations are consistent with this period, while circumstantial evidence points to a connection with the Battle itself. The Ship's architecture and contents show that it was not a merchantman, but some kind of hastily built auxiliary warship, possibly a Liburnian. After the Battle the wind had changed direction, so that by...
  • Italians Dig Deep to Reveal Forgotten Roman City

    04/22/2006 8:04:40 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies · 504+ views
    Ancient Worlds (Reuters, Yahoo) ^ | Sun Aug 17, 2003 | Estelle Shirbon
    for 10 years, an Italian team has been beavering away underground to reveal the wonders of Pozzuoli, once the port of ancient Rome, which is buried under a 16th century city. Excavators at Pompeii, entombed in ash and toxic debris by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79, were able to remove the volcanic material and expose the city to the open air. But in Pozzuoli, whose beauty was such that the great Roman orator Cicero called it "little Rome," the ancient streets were encased in the foundations of a new city built by the Spanish in the 1500s,...
  • Archaeologists discover unusual network of burial chambers in Rome

    05/02/2006 10:16:28 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies · 662+ views
    Catholic News Service ^ | May 2, 2006 | John Thavis
    Archaeologists repairing a Roman catacomb have discovered an unusual network of underground burial chambers containing the elegantly dressed corpses of more than 1,000 people... The rooms appear to date back to the second century and are thought to be a place of early Christian burial. Because of the large number of bodies deposited over a relatively short period, experts believe a natural disaster or epidemic may have occurred at the time. The corpses, dressed in fine clothes embroidered with gold thread, were carefully wrapped in sheets and covered in lime. Balsamic fragrances were also applied, according to Raffaella Giuliani, chief...
  • Nero was innocent of burning down Rome

    12/10/2001 6:16:55 AM PST · by H.R. Gross · 41 replies · 3,440+ views
    Sunday Times of London ^ | 12/9/01 | DIPESH GADHER AND JACK GRIMSTON
    THE Roman emperor Nero, a byword for cruelty and excess, has been falsely blamed for burning down Rome by propagandists covering up for Christian and Jewish saboteurs, according to new research. The fire, which destroyed most of the ancient city in AD64, has traditionally been blamed on a plot by Nero to destroy his opponents. However, Gerhard Baudy, professor of antiquities at Konstanz University in Bavaria, claims the fire was part of a revolt to overthrow the Roman empire by a group who believed they were fulfilling divine prophecies. “It was highly unlikely this fire was an accident,” said Baudy. ...