Skip to comments.JAPANESE PRESS HEAVY SOLOMONS DRIVE; RUSSIANS FALL BACK IN NORTH STALINGRAD (10/16/42)
Posted on 10/16/2012 5:02:14 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
US carrier planes hit Japanese supplies
Friday, October 16, 1942 www.onwar.com
Aircraft from the USS Hornet bomb Japanese transports [photo at link]
In the Solomon Islands... Near Guadalcanal, American aircraft from the carrier USS Hornet raid supply bases on Santa Isabel. On Guadalcanal, the Japanese increase their bombardment of American positions in preparation for a major attack.
On Madagascar... The British take Ambositra, 140 miles south of the capital city of Tananarive.
October 16th, 1942
Minesweeper HMS Circe commissioned.
Trawler HMS Ironbound commissioned and loaned to RCN. (Dave Shirlaw)
GERMANY: U-340 commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)
U.S.S.R.: Soviet submarine “Sch-308” of the Baltic Fleet, Ladoga and Onega Flotillas is sunk by a U-boat, at Sedra-Kvarken strait. (Sergey Anisimov)(69)
LIBYA: US Army, Middle East Air Force B-24s bomb shipping in Bengasi harbour but other B-17s and B-24s dispatched to attack Tobruk and Bengasi are forced to abort by bad weather. (Jack McKillop)
INDIA: A cyclone kills 40,000 people in Bengal, mainly affecting the area south of Calcutta and badly disrupting supplies to the Burma front.
THAILAND: US submarines mine the approaches to Bangkok. One of these is theUSNsubmarine USS Thresher (SS-200) achieves the first U.S. Navy submarine mine plant of World War II. (Jack McKillop)
SOLOMON ISLANDS: USS Hornet aircraft strike Japanese positions at Rekata Bay on Santa Isabella, north of Guadalcanal and on Guadalcanal itself.
During the night, a Japanese surface force (Rear Admiral Omori Sentaro), with heavy cruisers HIJMS Maya and HIJMS Myoko, and light cruiser HIJMS Isuzu and seven destroyers (Rear Admiral Tanaka Raizo), shells Henderson Field on Guadalcanal.
During the day, Seabees patch up Henderson Field runways enough for use by fighters. USMC SBD Dauntlesses and P-39and P-400 Airacobras fly 7 ground-attack missions against the Japanese invasion force landing at the Kokumbona-Doma Reef area just 8 miles (12.8 km) away however, the enemy continues to bombard Henderson Field by air strike and artillery and to land troops. Assisting in these attacks are aircraft from Task Force TF 17, formed around the aircraft carrier USS Hornet (CV-8) (Rear Admiral George D. Murray), which strike Japanese troops on Guadalcanal, and the seaplane base at Rekata Bay, Santa Isabel Island. USS Hornet is spotted by an IJN search plane late in the morning and 9 “Val” dive bombers (Aichi D3A, Navy Type 99 Carrier Bombers) are dispatched from Rabaul, New Britain Island, to attack but they cannot find the carrier.
The seaplane tender (destroyer) USS McFarland (AVD-14) and two other ships make an emergency run to Guadalcanal to deliver aviation fuel. While unloading cargo and embarking wounded personnel in Lunga Roads, McFarland is attacked by the 9 “Val” dive bombers that could not find the Hornet.
While the first seven scored no hits, the eighth hits a gasoline barge in tow alongside the tender’s starboard quarter setting 40,000 U.S. gallons (151,416.5 liters) afire. The blazing barge is cut loose as the ninth plane made its run. At least one bomb hits McFarland’s stern, knocking out her rudder and steering engine. Her crew managed to splash one plane, but 5 men are killed, 6 are missing and 12 are critically wounded. As the Japanese aircraft pull out, Marine Lieutenant Colonel Harold W. Bauer, who is leading 26 Marine Fighting Squadron Two Hundred Twelve (VMF-212) F4F Wildcats to Guadalcanal from Espiritu Santo Island, New Hebrides Islands, arrives and single-handedly attacks them and shoots down 4 of the “Vals.” Bauer had downed 4 “Zeke” fighters on 3 October and he is awarded the Medal of Honor for these two missions. USS McFarland is towed to Florida Island, where she moored to the beach in the upper channel (later called McFarland Channel) of Tulagi harbor.
By the end of the day, there are 66 operational aircraft on Guadalcanal.
During the day, Fifth Air Force B-17s attack targets in the Solomon Islands, including the airfield at Buin on Bougainville Island, and shipping off Moila Point and the Shortland Islands. (John Nicholas and Jack McKillop)
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC: US Fifth Air Force A-20 Havocs and B-25s hit the village of Pawaia, trails in the Kokoda area, the Buna-Kokoda trail, and villages at the mouth and along the Mambare River in New Guinea; and B-25s also bomb the Mubo-Salamaua trail. B-17s bomb an airfield at Rabaul, New Britain Island. (Jack McKillop)
TERRITORY OS ALASKA: ALEUTIAN ISLANDS: The Eleventh Air Force dispatches a B-17 Flying Fortress, 6 B-26 Marauders, and 4 P-38 Lightnings to bomb Kiska Island. Based on a PBY report, the B-26s attack 2 IJN destroyers at low level and sink one and severely damage the other. One B-26 is shot down. (Jack McKillop)
U.S.A.: Terrytoons releases the cartoon “The Mouse of Tomorrow” starring Mighty Mouse. This is Mighty Mouse’s first appearance. (Jack McKillop)
The British motion picture “One of Our Aircraft Is Missing” is released in the U.S. Directed by Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, this war film about an RAF bomber crew shot down in the Netherlands stars Eric Portman, Bernard Miles and Peter Ustinov as a Dutch priest.
The plot has the crew of an RAF Wellington “B” for Bertie going down in the Netherlands while returning from a bombing mission in Germany and, with the aid of the Dutch underground, attempting to return to England. The film is nominated for 2 technical Academy Awards. (Jack McKillop)
Submarine USS Jack launched.
Destroyers USS Bullard and Kidd laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)
CUBA: Cuba and Russia establish diplomatic relations. (Dave Shirlaw)
ATLANTIC OCEAN: Convoy SC-104 has fought its way through a fierce running battle with a wolfpack from the Wotan U-boat group, despite howling south-west winds and heavy seas which hampered the escort. In total only eight of the convoy’s 47 merchant ships have been sunk.
The U-boat pack spotted the convoy on 12 October, and in the next two nights it sank seven vessels, even though the Germans had great difficulty in getting sighting signals in the atmospheric disturbance created by the gales. On 13 October U-221 homed in on the main convoy and sank three ships in 40 minutes. On 14 October she sank two more. And in the small hours of today three other U-boats sank one ship each.
The escort group, according to Commander S. Heathcote, “pounced like terriers” on every sign of a U-boat. The rolling of the ships in the raging seas reduced the accuracy of the RDF and Asdic soundings, but repeated depth-charge attacks forced some U-boats to the surface, and an RAF Liberator sank U-661 yesterday. Last night Lt-Cdr John Waterhouse in the destroyer HMS VISCOUNT managed to ram and sink U-619, but the violence of the collision severely damaged the VISCOUNT, which has had to pull out of the escort. A third U-boat, U-353, was destroyed today by the senior officer’s ship HMS FAME, at 53.54N, 29.30W, using aerial depth charges; two crew get to and spring the after hatch, 1 survives 28 hours until rescue as PoW. There are another 5 survivors but 39 die. (Mark Horan)
U-160 sank SS Castle Harbor and damaged SS Winona in Convoy TRIN-19. (Dave Shirlaw)
"German Jews deported to the East had to leave their property behind.
This photograph shows the auction of abandoned Jewish property in Hanau.
The German government not only benefited from the profits brought by such sales, but, just as important from an ideological perspective, real estate was "Aryanized."
The ability to purchase Jewish property at rock-bottom prices encouraged the local population to support the deportations."
So Nazis have already figured out where Allies plan to land in France?
Well, considering how long the Axis have to get ready for it, I'd bet there's no way an Allied assault at Normandy would succeed, right?
Great pics of Gen. Stillwell....Thanks Homer.
I'll bet you won't often see three-star generals personally supervising rifle practice.
I assume the Allies were reconitering all along the French coast for most of the war but it is interesting Normandy is mentioned
On Page 4 Meyer Levin did not live long afterward.
New York, Feb. 18 1943 (JTA)
Sgt. Meyer Levin, the Jewish boy from Brooklyn, who first broke into the headlines as bombardier on the plane piloted by Capt. Colin Kelley which sank the Japanese battleship Haruna, and who then went on to write aerial history in the Pacific skies, is dead, the War Department has notified his family. Levin, the holder of three decorations for gallantry in action, died when his bomber was shot down in the New Guinea region, the official report stated.
The son of Sam and Leah Levin, the young bombardier was the first American Jewish hero of the war. Only a few months ago the Borough of Brooklyn, where he lived, declared a special “Meyer Levin Day” and a large celebration was held outside his home. Prominent political figures paid tribute to his heroism and a plaque listing his exploits was presented to his parents.
Levin, who was only 26, was in the Philippines when the war broke out and fought there until last March when he was evacuated to Australia. His decorations included the Distinguished Service Cross, the Silver Star and the Oak Leaf Cluster. He joined the Air Corps in June, 1939.
"Spreading the Wealth" as a philosophy has never changed has it?