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IBM's $3bn bet on next-gen computers: Carbon nanotubes, neuro chips
theregister.co.uk ^ | 9 Jul 2014 | Jack Clark,

Posted on 07/12/2014 10:46:29 PM PDT by BenLurkin

IBM boffins have been given a tidy $3bn cash pile to solve a problem that lurks not too far in our future.

That problem is the imminent breakdown in conventional chip operation and chip materials as we shrink transistor gates from today's 14nm process size to 10nm and 7nm.

At around 7nm, which most industry observers expect we will hit in the early 2020s, things start to get really unpleasant. More and more jostling electrons jump in and out of gates against processor designers' wishes, leading to a frustrating problem known as gate current leakage.

...

These investment areas include: quantum computing, neurosynaptic computing, silicon photonics, carbon nanotubes, gallium arsenide, low-power transistors and graphene.

It's an ambitious list of some well understood technologies and some less understood ones.

Silicon photonics, for example, is an area where companies like Intel and Corning are doing work to make silicon photonic cables, and IBM rivals like HP are preparing their own endeavors.

"Nearer term we are looking at integrating components of conventional Von Neumann systems like connecting processors and memory in a more integrated way," Guha said. "Silicon photonics is going to play a huge role over there [for] efficient and cheap optical interconnects. You might see implementations in a few years timeframe."

...

Between quantum computing and silicon photonics are the many medium-term technologies that IBM expects to develop over the next few years.

The company sees carbon nanotubes (CNT) as a good candidate for the replacement of silicon as they are "three to ten times better than silicon tech on a [process] node-to-node basis". Production of CNT at mass scale is ramping up as well, he said: "You have to make carbon nanotubes with purity levels that are six nines. Today we are at four nines..."

(Excerpt) Read more at theregister.co.uk ...


TOPICS: Business/Economy; Computers/Internet; Science; Society
KEYWORDS:

1 posted on 07/12/2014 10:46:29 PM PDT by BenLurkin
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To: BenLurkin

Related?

Lomiko’s Graphene 3D Lab Files Patent for Multiple Material Printer Filament
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/3113868/posts


2 posted on 07/12/2014 10:52:38 PM PDT by 2ndDivisionVet (The most dangerous man to any government is the man who is able to think things out for himself.)
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To: BenLurkin

That’s all well and good — but are they going to formally verify the chip-designs for future processors?
It seems to me that having your processor mathematically proven correct would be a good thing.


3 posted on 07/12/2014 10:54:39 PM PDT by OneWingedShark (Q: Why am I here? A: To do Justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with my God.)
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To: OneWingedShark

There is no law that says computers need to have the same hardware. I guess it’d be okay for computers to have totally different technology through and through.


4 posted on 07/12/2014 10:56:39 PM PDT by GeronL (Vote for Conservatives not for Republicans)
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To: GeronL
There is no law that says computers need to have the same hardware.

Nothing in my statement indicates I would want that. -- just that I want to be sure that it works as intended.

I guess it’d be okay for computers to have totally different technology through and through.

It is.

5 posted on 07/12/2014 10:58:45 PM PDT by OneWingedShark (Q: Why am I here? A: To do Justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with my God.)
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To: OneWingedShark

as long as they can browse the web and send e-mail, they’ll have customers.


6 posted on 07/12/2014 11:01:39 PM PDT by GeronL (Vote for Conservatives not for Republicans)
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To: Darksheare

pingie thing...


7 posted on 07/12/2014 11:04:37 PM PDT by NoCmpromiz (John 14:6 is a non-pluralistic comment.)
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To: NoCmpromiz

Neuromancer is almost here?


8 posted on 07/13/2014 2:23:41 AM PDT by Darksheare (I don't have a copy. one's free..... Even robots will kill for it!)
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To: Darksheare

She’s not a ten but she’s six nines...?


9 posted on 07/13/2014 2:27:12 AM PDT by tet68 ( " We would not die in that man's company, that fears his fellowship to die with us...." Henry V.)
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To: tet68

All the nines are after the decimal point. She’s not quite a one, but getting closer.


10 posted on 07/13/2014 2:46:51 AM PDT by Cboldt
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To: tet68

Next up: razorgirls and brainjackings.


11 posted on 07/13/2014 3:55:59 AM PDT by Darksheare (I don't have a copy. one's free..... Even robots will kill for it!)
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To: BenLurkin

How much of this will be done in China considering IBM is largely an Chinese company now.


12 posted on 07/13/2014 3:58:25 AM PDT by driftdiver (I could eat it raw, but why do that when I have a fire.)
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To: GeronL

As long as it isn’t Lotus Notes.


13 posted on 07/13/2014 4:45:27 AM PDT by wally_bert (There are no winners in a game of losers. I'm Tommy Joyce, welcome to the Oriental Lounge.)
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To: BenLurkin
That`s pretty bold talk for a one-eyed fat man.

Processing power and higher density integration is important, but handling 'big data' is where the major challenge is now, and more so in the future.

14 posted on 07/13/2014 5:09:23 AM PDT by uncommonsense (Liberals see what they believe; Conservatives believe what they see.)
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