Skip to comments.THE ASSUMPTION OF MARY: A BELIEF SINCE APOSTOLIC TIMES [Ecumenical]
Posted on 08/15/2008 8:57:20 AM PDT by Salvation
THE ASSUMPTION OF MARY: A BELIEF SINCE APOSTOLIC TIMES
Father Clifford Stevens
The Assumption is the oldest feast day of Our Lady, but we don't know how it first came to be celebrated.
Its origin is lost in those days when Jerusalem was restored as a sacred city, at the time of the Roman Emperor Constantine (c. 285-337). By then it had been a pagan city for two centuries, ever since Emperor Hadrian (76-138) had leveled it around the year 135 and rebuilt it as <Aelia Capitolina> in honor of Jupiter.
For 200 years, every memory of Jesus was obliterated from the city, and the sites made holy by His life, death and Resurrection became pagan temples.
After the building of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in 336, the sacred sites began to be restored and memories of the life of Our Lord began to be celebrated by the people of Jerusalem. One of the memories about his mother centered around the "Tomb of Mary," close to Mount Zion, where the early Christian community had lived.
On the hill itself was the "Place of Dormition," the spot of Mary's "falling asleep," where she had died. The "Tomb of Mary" was where she was buried.
At this time, the "Memory of Mary" was being celebrated. Later it was to become our feast of the Assumption.
For a time, the "Memory of Mary" was marked only in Palestine, but then it was extended by the emperor to all the churches of the East. In the seventh century, it began to be celebrated in Rome under the title of the "Falling Asleep" ("Dormitio") of the Mother of God.
Soon the name was changed to the "Assumption of Mary," since there was more to the feast than her dying. It also proclaimed that she had been taken up, body and soul, into heaven.
That belief was ancient, dating back to the apostles themselves. What was clear from the beginning was that there were no relics of Mary to be venerated, and that an empty tomb stood on the edge of Jerusalem near the site of her death. That location also soon became a place of pilgrimage. (Today, the Benedictine Abbey of the Dormition of Mary stands on the spot.)
At the Council of Chalcedon in 451, when bishops from throughout the Mediterranean world gathered in Constantinople, Emperor Marcian asked the Patriarch of Jerusalem to bring the relics of Mary to Constantinople to be enshrined in the capitol. The patriarch explained to the emperor that there were no relics of Mary in Jerusalem, that "Mary had died in the presence of the apostles; but her tomb, when opened later . . . was found empty and so the apostles concluded that the body was taken up into heaven."
In the eighth century, St. John Damascene was known for giving sermons at the holy places in Jerusalem. At the Tomb of Mary, he expressed the belief of the Church on the meaning of the feast: "Although the body was duly buried, it did not remain in the state of death, neither was it dissolved by decay. . . . You were transferred to your heavenly home, O Lady, Queen and Mother of God in truth."
All the feast days of Mary mark the great mysteries of her life and her part in the work of redemption. The central mystery of her life and person is her divine motherhood, celebrated both at Christmas and a week later (Jan. 1) on the feast of the Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God. The Immaculate Conception (Dec. 8) marks the preparation for that motherhood, so that she had the fullness of grace from the first moment of her existence, completely untouched by sin. Her whole being throbbed with divine life from the very beginning, readying her for the exalted role of mother of the Savior.
The Assumption completes God's work in her since it was not fitting that the flesh that had given life to God himself should ever undergo corruption. The Assumption is God's crowning of His work as Mary ends her earthly life and enters eternity. The feast turns our eyes in that direction, where we will follow when our earthly life is over.
The feast days of the Church are not just the commemoration of historical events; they do not look only to the past. They look to the present and to the future and give us an insight into our own relationship with God. The Assumption looks to eternity and gives us hope that we, too, will follow Our Lady when our life is ended.
The prayer for the feast reads: "All-powerful and ever-living God: You raised the sinless Virgin Mary, mother of your Son, body and soul, to the glory of heaven. May we see heaven as our final goal and come to share her glory."
In 1950, in the Apostolic Constitution <Munificentissimus Deus>, Pope Pius XII proclaimed the Assumption of Mary a dogma of the Catholic Church in these words: "The Immaculate Mother of God, the ever-virgin Mary, having completed the course of her earthly life, was assumed body and soul into heaven."
With that, an ancient belief became Catholic doctrine and the Assumption was declared a truth revealed by God.
Father Clifford Stevens writes from Tintern Monastery in Oakdale, Neb.
This article was taken from the July-August 1996 issue of "Catholic Heritage". To subscribe write Our Sunday Visitor, Inc., 200 Noll Plaza, Huntington, IN 46750-9957 or call 1-800-348-2440. Published bimonthly at a charge of $18.00 per year.
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the Benedictine Abbey of the Dormition of Mary
There appears to be another tradition which the good Father does not mention: St. John was apparently sent to Ephesus as bishop and Mary having been put into his care, he took her along. The tradition in the area is that he found a cabin for her on the mountain ridge behind the town where she lived until she was assumed into heaven.
I have been to the location and the foundation stones have been dated to Apostolic times.
Catholicism is man’s wisdom added to God’s wisdom. The two don’t mix. Catholicism is cursed by adding to and taking away from the Bible and the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
I believe you are mistaken. The Protestant Bible lacks some books that are in the Catholic version. The Catholic version (accepted for over 1500 years) predates the Protestant version.
However, I don’t think Protestants are cursed because they left a few books out. I just think they are in error.
That was quick. Off to Mass.
***Catholicism is mans wisdom added to Gods wisdom. The two dont mix. Catholicism is cursed by adding to and taking away from the Bible and the Gospel of Jesus Christ.***
Doesn’t sound very ecumenical to me and doesn’t seem necessarily related to the topic and the article.
By the way, we set the content of the Bible; it was Luther et al that removed portions Scripture and Luther wanted to rid the NT of most of the Epistles plus Revelation. Just so ya know.
Can we call you ‘Moderatoor’? It has a nice ring to it... :)
Come now. Luther had doubts about a few of the Epistles, such as James and Jude. To say that he wanted to remove most of them entirely is beyond hyperbole.
My priest said that he believed she died in Ephesus too. There are other thoughts, however, on the subject.
But the fact that he wanted to remove ANY of them is telling, isn’t it? (He considered James to be “an epistle of straw”, for example.) Unfortunately, that is the genesis of Protestant thought. Protestants claim to follow sola scriptura and sole fide, yet they have removed books from the canon of the Bible, and there is no basis in scripture for either of those doctrines. (Luther added the word “alone” to the German translation of Romans 3:28.)
Catholicism adds to what Protestants believe since Catholics also believe in Holy Tradition.
Have you read any of the Early Fathers and their writings about the assumption of Mary into heaven?
I feel terrible. I’ve been sick for the last week and I’m not able to attend this mass. I’m pretty depressed. Thank you for sending this to me. The Blessed Mother will be especially revered in my prayers tonight. Ave Maria!
Prayers that you will soon be better.