Skip to comments.Vatican Diary / The "who's who" of the new pope's electors (broken down by continent)
Posted on 03/05/2013 4:47:20 AM PST by NYer
VATICAN CITY, March 5, 2013 – Subtracting the two who have declined to take part in the conclave, the Scottish Keith Michael Patrick O'Brian and the Indonesian Jesuit Julius Darmaatmadja, the cardinals who will enter the Sistine Chapel to elect the successor of Benedict XVI at the moment number 115.
Below they are listed by continent and by nation, with the place of activity of each one, the abbreviation of any religious order of membership, the date of birth and the indication of the pope who conferred the scarlet on them, John Paul II (JP-II) or Benedict XVI (B-XVI).
Followed by further documentation of their roles and backgrounds.
EUROPE - 60 cardinals (37 B-XVI and 23 JP-II)
Italy - 28 (20 B-XVI and 8 JP-II)
AMATO Angelo S.D.B, curia, 1938 (B-XVI)
ANTONELLI Ennio, ex curia, 1936 (JP-II)
BAGNASCO Angelo, abp. Genova, 1943 (B-XVI)
BERTELLO Giuseppe, curia, 1942 (B-XVI)
BERTONE Tarcisio S.D.B, curia, 1934 (JP-II)
BETORI Giuseppe, abp. Firenze, 1947 (B-XVI)
CAFFARRA Carlo, abp. Bologna, 1938 (B-XVI)
CALCAGNO Domenico, curia, 1943 (B-XVI)
COCCOPALMERIO Francesco, curia, 1938 (B-XVI)
COMASTRI Angelo, curia, 1943 (B-XVI)
DE PAOLIS Velasio C.S., ex curia, 1935 (B-XVI)
FARINA Raffaele S.D.B, ex curia, 1933 (B-XVI)
FILONI Fernando, curia, 1946 (B-XVI)
LAJOLO Giovanni, ex curia, 1935 (B-XVI)
MONTERISI Francesco, ex curia, 1934 (B-XVI)
NICORA Attilio, curia, 1937 (JP-II)
PIACENZA Mauro, curia, 1944 (B-XVI)
POLETTO Severino, abp. em. Torino, 1933 (JP-II)
RAVASI Gianfranco, curia, 1942 (B-XVI)
RE Giovanni Battista, ex curia, 1934 (JP-II)
ROMEO Paolo, abp. Palermo, 1938 (B-XVI)
SARDI Paolo, ex curia, 1934 (B-XVI)
SCOLA Angelo, abp. Milano, 1941 (JP-II)
SEPE Crescenzio, abp. Napoli, 1943 (JP-II)
TETTAMANZI Dionigi, abp. em. Milano, 1934 (JP-II)
VALLINI Agostino, Rome vicar general, 1940 (B-XVI)
VEGLIO’ Antonio M., curia, 1938 (B-XVI)
VERSALDI Giuseppe, curia, 1943 (B-XVI)
Germany – 6 (3 B-XVI and 3 JP-II)
CORDES Paul Josef, ex curia, 1934 (B-XVI)
KASPER Walter, ex curia, 1933 (JP-II)
LEHMANN Karl, bishop Mainz, 1936 (JP-II)
MARX Reinhard, abp. Munich, 1953 (B-XVI)
MEISNER Joachim, abp. Cologne, 1933 (JP-II)
WOELKI Rainer M., abp. Berlin, 1956 (B-XVI)
Spain – 5 (3 B-XVI and 2 JP-II)
ABRIL Y CASTELLÓ Santos, curia, 1935 (B-XVI)
AMIGO VALLEJO Carlos O.F.M., abp. em. Seville, 1934 (JP-II)
CAÑIZARES LLOVERA Antonio, curia, 1945 (B-XVI)
MARTÍNEZ SISTACH Lluís, abp. Barcelona,1937 (B-XVI)
ROUCO VARELA Antonio María, abp. Madrid, 1936 (JP-II)
France – 4 (2 B-XVI and 2 JP-II)
BARBARIN Philippe, abp. Lyon, 1950 (JP-II)
RICARD Jean-Pierre, abp. Bordeaux, 1944 (B-XVI)
TAURAN Jean-Louis, curia, 1943 (JP-II)
VINGT-TROIS André, abp. Paris, 1942 (B-XVI)
Poland – 4 (3 B-XVI and 1 JP-II)
DZIWISZ Stanislaw, abp. Krakow, 1939 (B-XVI)
GROCHOLEWSKI Zenon, curia, 1939 (JP-II)
NYCZ Kazimierz, abp. Warsaw, 1950 (B-XVI)
RYLKO Stanislaw, curia, 1945 (B-XVI)
Portugal – 2 (1 B-XVI and 1 JP-II)
MONTEIRO DE CASTRO Manuel, curia, 1938 (B-XVI)
POLICARPO José da Cruz, patriarch Lisbon, 1936 (JP-II)
Others – 11 (5 B-XVI and 6 JP-II)
BACKIS Audrys Juozas, abp. Vilnius, Lithuania, 1937 (JP-II)
BOZANIC Josip, abp. Zagabria, Croatia, 1949 (JP-II)
BRADY Sean Baptist, abp, Armagh, Ireland, 1939 (B-XVI)
DANNEELS Godfried, abp. em. Brussels, Belgium, 1933 (JP-II)
DUKA Dominik op, abp. Prague, Czech Republic, 1943 (B-XVI)
EIJK Willem Jacobus, abp. Utrecht, Holland, 1953 (B-XVI)
ERD? Peter, abp. Esztergom, Hungary, 1952 (JP-II)
KOCH Kurt, curia, Switzerland, 1950 (B-XVI)
PULJIC Vinko, abp. Vrhbosna-Sarajevo, Bosnia, 1945 (JP-II)
RODÉ Franc cm, ex curia, Slovenia, 1934 (B-XVI)
SCHÖNBORN Christoph O.P., abp. Vienna, Austria, 1945 (JP-II)
AMERICAS – 33 (17 B-XVI and 16 JP-II)
Latin AMERICA – 19 (8 B-XVI and 11 JP-II)
Brazil – 5 (3B-XVI and 2 JP-II)
AGNELO Geraldo Majella, abp. em. São Salvador da Bahia, 1933 (JP-II)
BRAZ DE AVIZ Joao, curia, 1947 (B-XVI)
DAMASCENO ASSIS Raymundo, abp. Aparecida, 1937 (B-XVI)
HUMMES Cláudio O.F.M., ex curia, 1934 (JP-II)
SCHERER Odilo Pablo, abp. São Paulo, 1949 (B-XVI)
Mexico – 3 (1 B-XVI and 2 JP-II)
RIVERA CARRERA Norberto, abp. Mexico, 1942 (JP-II)
SANDOVAL IÑIGUEZ Juan, abp. em. Guadalajara, 1933 (JP-II)
ROBLES ORTEGA Francisco, abp Guadalajara, 1949 (B-XVI)
Argentina – 2 (1 B-XVI and 1 JP-II)
BERGOGLIO Jorge Mario S.J., abp. Buenos Aires, 1936 (JP-II)
SANDRI Leonardo, curia, 1943 (B-XVI)
Others – 9 (3 B-XVI and 6 JP-II)
CIPRIANI THORNE Juan Luis, Opus Dei, abp. Lima, Perù, 1943 (JP-II)
ERRAZURIZ OSSA Francisco J., Schönstatt, abp. em. Santiago, Chile, 1933 (JP-II)
LOPEZ-RODRIGUEZ Nicolas de Jesus, abp. Santo Domingo, 1936 (JP-II)
ORTEGA Y ALAMINO Jaime Lucas, abp. Havana, Cuba, 1936 (JP-II)
RODRIGUEZ MARADIAGA Oscar A. S.D.B, abp. Tegucigalpa, Honduras, 1942 (JP-II)
SALAZAR GOMEZ Ruben, abp. Bogotà, Colombia, 1942 (B-XVI)
TERRAZAS SANDOVAL Julio C.Ss.R., abp. Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, 1936 (JP-II)
UROSA SAVINO Jorge Liberato, abp. Caracas, Venezuela, 1942 (B-XVI)
VELA CHIRIBOGA Raul Eduardo, abp. em. Quito, Ecuador, 1934 (B-XVI)
NORTH AMERICA – 14 (9 B-XVI and 5 JP-II)
United States – 11 (8 B-XVI and 3 JP-II)
BURKE Raymond Leo, curia, 1948 (B-XVI)
DINARDO Daniel Nicholas, abp. Galveston-Houston, 1949 (B-XVI)
DOLAN Timothy Michael, abp. New York, 1950 (B-XVI)
GEORGE Eugene Francis O.M.I., abp. Chicago, 1937 (JP-II)
HARVEY James Michael, curia, 1949 (B-XVI)
LEVADA William Joseph, ex curia, 1936 (B-XVI)
MAHONY Roger Michael, abp. em. Los Angeles, 1936 (JP-II)
O’BRIEN Edwin Frederick, curia, 1939 (B-XVI)
O'MALLEY Sean Patrick O.F.M. Cap., abp. Boston, 1944 (B-XVI)
RIGALI Justin Francis, abp. em. Philadelphia, 1935 (JP-II)
WUERL Donald William, abp. Washington DC, 1940 (B-XVI)
Canada – 3 (1 B-XVI and 2 JP-II)
COLLINS Thomas Christopher, abp. Toronto, 1947 (B-XVI)
OUELLET Marc P.S.S., curia, 1944 (JP-II)
TURCOTTE Jean-Claude, abp. em. Montreal, 1936 (JP-II)
AFRICA – 11 (6 B-XVI and 5 JP-II)
Nigeria – 2 (1 B-XVI and 1 JP-II)
OKOGIE Anthony Olubunmi, abp. Lagos, 1936 (JP-II)
ONAIYEKAN John Olorunfemi, abp. Abuja, 1944 (B-XVI)
Others – 9 (5 B-XVI and 4 JP-II)
MONSENGWO PASINYA Laurent, abp. Kinshasa, RD Congo, 1939 (B-XVI)
NAGUIB Antonios, patriarch em. Alexandria of the Copts, Egypt, 1935 (B-XVI)
NAPIER Wilfrid Fox O.F.M., abp. Durban, South Africa, 1941 (JP-II)
NJUE John, abp. Nairobi, Kenya, 1944 (B-XVI)
PENGO Polycarp, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 1944 (JP-II)
SARAH Robert, curia, Guinea, 1945 (B-XVI)
SARR Theodore-Adrien, abp. Dakar, Senegal, 1936 (B-XVI)
TURKSON Peter Kodwo Appiah, abp. Cape Coast, Ghana, 1948 (JP-II)
ZUBEIR WAKO Gabriel, abp. Khartoum, Sudan, 1941 (JP-II)
ASIA – 10 (7 B-XVI and 3 JP-II)
India – 5 (3 BVI and 2 (JP-II)
ALENCHERRY George, maj. abp. Ernakulam of the Malankars, 1945 (B-XVI)
DIAS Ivan, ex curia, 1936 (JP-II)
GRACIAS Oswald, abp. Bombay, 1944 (B-XVI)
THOTTUNKAL Baselios Cleemis, maj. abp. Trivandrum of the Malankars, 1959 (B-XVI)
TOPPO Telesphore Placidus, abp. Ranchi, 1939 (JP-II)
Others – 5 (4 B-XVI and 1 JP-II)
PATABENDIGE DON A. M. Ranjith, abp. Colombo, Sri Lanka, 1947 (B-XVI)
PHAM MINH MAN Jean-Baptiste, abp. Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam, 1934 (JP-II)
RAI Bechara Boutros, Patriarch Antioch of the Maronites, Lebanon, 1940 (B-XVI)
TAGLE Luis Antonio, abp. Manila, Philippines, 1957 (B-XVI)
TONG HON John, bishop Hong Kong, China, 1939 (B-XVI)
OCEANIA - 1 (JP-II)
PELL George, abp. Sydney, Australia, 1941 (JP-II)
Able to participate not at the conclave but at the general congregations that precede it are the cardinals over the age of eighty. At the beginning of the sede vacante there were 90 of them, 52 of them European (21 Italians), 11 Latin Americans (4 Brazilians), 8 North Americans (all from the United States), 9 Asians, 7 Africans, and 3 from Oceania.
A curiosity: also entering the conclave will be German cardinal Kasper, who turned eighty on March 4. Under the regulations previous to those issued by John Paul II in 1996, he would not have been admitted.
There are 19 cardinals belonging to religious orders who will participate in the conclave (15 are over the age of eighty).
The most numerous are the Salesians, with 4 cardinals: Amato, Bertone, Farina, Rodriguez Maradiaga. The Franciscan friars minor follow with 3: Amigo Vallejo, Hummes, Napier. The Dominicans have 2: Schonborn and Duka. With only one cardinal are the Jesuits (Bergoglio), the Vincentians (Rodé), the Redemptorists (Terrazas), the Capuchins (O'Malley), the Oblates (George), the Sulpicians (Ouellet), and the members of the Schönstatt Institute (Errazuriz Ossa).
The college of the pope's electors also includes a member of Opus Dei (Cipriani Thorne), an historic representative of Communion of Liberation (Scola), and at least a pair of friends of the Focolare movement (Antonelli and Braz de Aviz). Strongly sympathetic toward the Neocatecumenals are Filoni, Cordes, and Cañizares. Dias is close to the charismatic movement.
There are 40 cardinal electors who are working or have finished their ecclesiastical “cursus honorum” in the curia or in other Roman offices.
The Italians are 19, of whom 13 are active (Amato, Bertello, Bertone, Calcagno, Coccopalmerio, Comastri, Filoni, Nicora, Piacenza, Ravasi, Sardi, Vegliò, and Versaldi) and 6 in retirement (Antonelli, De Paolis, Farina, Lajolo, Monterisi, Re).
The cardinals from the United States are 4 (3 of them active - Burke, Harvey, and O’Brien - and the retired Levada). The Spanish are 2 (Cañizares, Abril y Castelló) and the same for the Polish (Grocholewski and Rylko), all of them active. There are also 2 Germans, but both of them in retirement: Cordes and Kasper.
From Latin America come the Argentine Sandri and the Brazilian Braz de Aviz (active) and the other Brazilian Hummus (retired).
From Europe come the French Tauran, the Portuguese Monteiro, and the Swiss Koch - all of them active - and the retired Rodé, Slovenian.
The African members of the curia, active, are the Ghanaian Turkson and the Guinean Sarah. Also an active member of the curia is the Canadian Ouellet, while the Indian Dias is retired.
Of these 40, half have pastoral experience as bishops: Antonelli, Bertone, Calcagno, Coccopalmerio, Comastri, Nicora, Versaldi, Kasper, Rodé, Canizares Llovera, Koch, Hummes, Braz de Aviz, Burke, Levada, O’Brien, Ouellet, Dias, Turkson, and Sarah.
While among the cardinals now at the head of a diocese who have previously had positions of responsibility in the Vatican are Sepe, Vallini, Dziwisz, Backis, Agnelo, Hummes, Errazuriz Ossa, Rigali, and Patabendige Don. Scherer, Wuerl and DiNardo have also long worked in the curia, but as officials.
Finally, here are the 16 cardinal electors who come from pontifical diplomacy. They are: Bertello, Filoni, Lajolo, Monterisi, Re, Romeo, Sepe, Vegliò, Tauran, Abril y Castelló, Monteiro de Castro, Backis, Sandri, Harvey, Rigali, Dias.
Cardinal Sardi moreover, although he did not attend the ecclesiastical pontifical academy, acquired the qualification of apostolic nuncio, with the connected benefits, when as the head of the office of pontifical “ghost writers” he was promoted to archbishop by John Paul II.
English translation by Matthew Sherry, Ballwin, Missouri, U.S.A.
The latest three articles from www.chiesa:
> Toward the Conclave. The Pressure on the Cardinals
Yesterday the vetoes of the governments. Today the onslaught of the media. The turbulent run-up to the election of the new pope
> The Testament of the Wise Helmsman
The central passages of the last address of pope Joseph Ratzinger, Wednesday, February 27, 2013. "I no longer bear the authority of the office, but I remain within the enclosure of Saint Peter"
> Vatican Diary / The last appointments before the departure
From Gänswein to Balestrero, passing through the IOR. An analysis of the appointments decided by Benedict XVI in the final phase of his pontificate. Not all of them were obligatory. Will they be a hindrance or a help to the future pope?
Is there a list that sorts them according to fidelity to orthodoxy? Just axin’ . . . ;-)
Shortly after the pope announced that he would be stepping down, a catholic blogger thought it might be interesting to create a "Survivor Sistine Chapel" competition. He posted certain guidelines - based on age (60-71), geography/culture, linguistic ability, and sound orthodoxy. It took 20 days, but he narrowed the list down to the top 10 (based on those criteria). FWIW, you may want to check out those results: Survivor: Sistine Chapel.
Thank you very much, dearest NYer.
I’m praying faithfully.
I just wonder who’s gonna do the cardinalling while the cardinals are locked up in the conclave? Who’ll watch the shops?
Cardinals have aides who take over administrative duties. Bishops continue to run their dioceses, priests run their parishes ... the church continues to function. No appointments at this time.
While a filter was nominally applied to leave out those who were too theologically far from the norm, he only used it to take out four of 35 on his day 18. http://adeiinthelife.blogspot.ca/2013/03/day-eighteen.html
I would be very interested in orthodoxy and backbone—but as I don’t have a vote my interests don’t need to be informed—or matter much.
JPII set the wheels in motion. Benedict XVI accelerated the pace. Both claimed these changes represent the true intentions of VCII. Since the wheels are already moving, I doubt the next pontiff will pull the emergency brake. Reverent liturgy is an important aspect of growing the faith. The next pope, from what we have recently been told, will immediately be confronted with a secret dossier that will need to be addressed immediately. Again, from what I have been able to gather, Benedict XVI eliminated hundreds of bishops worldwide last year. He did it quietly. (I know of one bishop here in NY who fell into that group). There are more that need to be removed, following the same or a similar approach. (no need to feed the media wolves with fodder for the evening news) THAT will be the priority.
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How cool! He has Cardinal Piacenza as the #1 pick - he’s the Cardinal I adopted last week!! Been praying for him.
I hate to disagree with your optimism, but I don’t see things moving so quickly that there is a need to even apply an emergency brake for things to glide to a stop.
I glanced through the whole of New York province, and do not see any really notable episcopal moves. Kmeic and Clark both passed 75 and were retired on those grounds—and not immediately, at least in Clark’s case (resignation was accepted on St. Matthew’s feast, five months after his birthday). Brooklyn and New York each have one auxillary who has taken early retirement—but the NY one was in 2002, so hardly a B16 move, and the Brooklyn one was only a few years short of 75. The Bishops of the 70’s are nearly all gone, and the 80’s are following, but that is a function of attrition rather than shrewdness.
There have been a few very early retirements in the past year, but I believe that they are more in the order of a dozen or two—I do follow episcopal appointments closely.
If Hubbard has been secretly replaced, I’ll be impressed—but it looks like another case of aging out. Less than 8 months to go at this point.
There also isn’t a whole lot to work with in many places. Ouellet has greatly impressed me with what he has done in Quebec building something from virtually nothing, but humanly speaking I doubt that it is replicable on a world-wide scale because he lacks first hand knowledge of most places and finding subordinates who are trustworthy and can gather and emply knowledge is difficult in the Church.
I still don’t understand Levada (I grew up in Oregon).
While the secret dossier will need to be dealt with immediately, putting it off is one way of dealing with it.
I think the number of really lame Cardinals likely exceeds a third—and that the number of zealous Cardinals may approach a third. Pray and fast.
Several years ago, I posted a thread entitled: Why Doesn't the Pope Do Something about "Bad" Bishops?" Link. In the article, Fr. Robert Johansen explains:
When it comes to dealing with an erring bishop, a pope is far more likely to employ methods such as persuasion, fraternal correction, and gentle chiding than he is to wield the club of disciplinemuch less the atomic bomb of removal. There are at least three reasons for this. The first is charity: If a bishop is saying or doing bad or dumb things, we are allespecially the popeobliged to assume in charity that he is well-intentioned and is acting either out of ignorance or confusion, barring evidence to the contrary (supposition, conjecture, and probability do not count as evidence).
The second reason that a pope will be reluctant to attempt to discipline a bishop is that of evidence. As I pointed out above, the Church always has viewed removing a bishop as drastic surgery, fraught with danger in and of itself. So there needs to be very strong evidence that the damage done by removing a bishop will be less than the damage caused by his remaining.
The third reason popes are reluctant to depose bishops is the danger of schism. Whenever a bishop is removed, there is at least the possibility that he may elect to leave the Church altogether and set up on his own church, taking many of the faithful with him.
While I cannot speak of Kmeic, Bishop Clark is the one who was removed upon his retirement. Normally, when a bishop retires, he is asked to remain on until such time as a replacement is named. In the case of Bishop Clark, the situation is quite different. I don't know of any other but I have not pursued it any further. On September 21, 2012, Pope Benedict XVI appointed Robert Cunningham, the bishop of Syracuse, as Apostolic Administrator of the Rochester Diocese. He will oversee the Rochester Diocese until a permanent bishop has been appointed. Bishop Matthew Clark announced his retirement that same Friday morning, effective immediately.
The Holy Father has approached this, as I pointed out earlier, in as quiet a manner as possible. We just saw a similar situation played out with Scotland's Cardinal Keith O'Brien. On February 25, 2013, the UK's most senior Roman Catholic cleric, resigned as the head of the Scottish Catholic church after being accused of "inappropriate acts" towards fellow priests. Initially, he denied the allegations. However, in a statement released by the church, it emerged that the pope had accepted O'Brien's resignation a week earlier, on 18 February. Two days ago, the cardinal admitted sexual misconduct. Fortunately, he has chosen not to participate in the conclave.
If Hubbard has been secretly replaced, Ill be impressedbut it looks like another case of aging out. Less than 8 months to go at this point.
Given what I posted above, it should come as no surprise that he has been allowed to remain in place until his retirement. He probably believes he dodged a bullet with the pope's resignation. Last week's edition of The Evangelist, the official newspaper for the RC Diocese of Albany, featured a picture of the Holy Father, above which was written in bold uppercase font:
There was no pretense about the bishop's feelings on the matter.
I fully understand that there are very good arguments that can be made for not forcibly retiring bishops before 75//or burning them at the stake. Still, there have been times when such moves have been made. Quinn retired from San Francisco more than 8 years shy of 75. A few such moves have been made of late.
Administrators are also not unheard of.
As all resignations need to be in as of the 75th birthday— Clark’s sat for five months before being accepted. Trautman’s sat for 54 weeks. While it would require some work bureaucratically, and I can see that this may be too much, fast tracking replacements for those turning 75 who are in dire need of replacement seems not too much to ask. I would hope that Hubbard would be gone no later than All Saints’ Day—what would you think if he weren’t replaced until next April?